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269. This World - Painting, being a sub-! Proverbs. 1. He, whose espenditure is more ject of such great importance, and one that than his income, must be poor; bui he that receines is inseparably connected with emphusis, we more than he spends, must be rich. 2. What will dwell upon it a little longer, and apply some speakers fuil in, as in depth, they diske up it practically; for--unless we get into the in-, as to length. 3. Iloney, canned with I'vle lubor, is
4. We lerno!s of the subject, all our e forts will be generally spent with lilile considerunt x. nearly unquiling. A very good way to olten lose those things that are certoix, wlule we
5. le, who perfect ourself in this style of painting, is- pursue others that are diveblos
knours nothing, doubts nothing. 6. Many perclove the eyes, after having inenorised the words, (or get some one to read thein delibe. whom they have injured. 7. without sureat and
sons feel an irreconcilable ennully-towards those rately,) and infix the thoughts and fretings labor, no work is purrected. 8. Accumulated of the author in the minil, and let there be a
wealth--brings care, and a thirat for increasing commingling of them with your own, in such riches. 9. Whether in prosperiry, or adrersity, a way, that there will be an entire re-produc- we should always endeavor to preserve equation, and re-formation of them,-a new crede nimity. 10. Do not grieve for inat which is irrelion. The effect of this kind of exercise on coverably lost. 11. Use soft words, and Ruled the minil, will be like that of the warm 3:1, arguments. 12. A full purse never lacks friends. and refreshing rain, in developing and per Dissimulation. Dissimulation in youth, festing vegetation.
l is the forerunner of perfily in old age; ils THUNDER STORM OY THE ALPS. first appearance--is the fatal omen of grow
Far along ing neprarity, and future shunil. It degrades From peak 10 peak, the rattling crags among, parts and learning, obscures the lustre of Leaps the live thunder! not from one lone cloud, every accomplishment, and sinks us into conBut every mountain-now, hath found a longue, tempt. The path of filschool is a perplexing And Jura-answers through her misty shroud,
After the first departure from sine Back to the joyous Alps, who called aloud.
cerity, it is not in our power to stor; me arThy spirit - Independence,-let me share, tifice unavoidably leads on to another; till.
Lord of the lion hearl-and eagle eye! as the intricacy of the labyrinth increuses, we Thy steps 1 follow, with my bosom bare, are lett entangled in our snure.
Nor heed the storms that howl across the sky. Tin greatly win-to talk with our past hours,
Pain-is perfect misery, the worst of cvils ; Anlask then what report--they bore to beaven;
And excessire, overturns all pierce.
"Tis base-o change with fortune, and deny 270. CHEMISTRY--treats of the composi
A faithful friend, because in poocrty. tion of all material substances, their sensible
Who lives to nature, -rarely can be poor; properties and relations, and the effects pro
Who lives to fancy, never can be rich. duced upon them--by cohesion, uffinity, light, Music-resembles poetry ; in eachheat, and electricily. Its study--reflects light Are nameless graces, which no methods teach, upon all these effects, and is subsidiary to the
And which a master's hand alone - can reach. natural and medical sciences: indeed, its ap Bright-eyed fancy-hovering o'er, plication extends throughout the wiler ranre Scatters-from her pictured ura, of all the physical arts; and hence, ranks Thoughts--that breathe, and words--that burn. among the most useful of the sciences. If the If good--we plant not, rice--will fill the place,
fuir sex--would understand this subject, only And rankest needs--the richest soil-defuce. 60 far as it relates to house-keeping, they But the good man, whose soul in pure, would see, that there is no necessity of hav- Unspotted, and of pardon--sura, ing poor soup, or bad breaul, or of making Looks thro' the darkness of the gloomy night, other mistakes in their culinary preparations.
And sees the dawning-of a glorious lighe. Anecdote. Mad Man. A min, who was
Would you taste the tranquil scene ? aj parently more of a wit-than a mad-mun,
Be sure your bosom--be serene ; but who, notwithstanding, was confined in a
Devoid of hate, devoid of strife, mad-house, being asked how he came there,
Devoid of all that poisons life.
And much it 'vails you—in their place, answered—" Merely a dispute of words; I said that all men were mad; and all said
To grant the lore-of human race. I was ma?; the majority--ccrriel the point,
How deep-yon azure-dyes the sky, And here, am."
Where orbs of gold-unnuberid lic,
While, through their ranks, in silver price,
The nether crescent-seems to giide!
Thou sun, said I, fair light!
And thou, enlightened earth. so frosh and gau! Where virtue-seeks to enter.
Ye hills and dales, ye rirers, woods, and plaine, Lovers say, the heart-hath treble wrong, And ve that lire, and more, fair creatures, tell, When it is barred--the aidance of the tongue. Tell if you can, how caine I thuis, hoje here!
271. RYTHM-poetical measure, or verse: 1 Proverbs. 1. Truth-is but another name-for of which there are various kinds. Prose-is fact. 2. There is a mental, as well as civil comman's natural language, which is rather monwealth. 3. The end of learning, is usefulinose and unconfinet. Poetry-originates in niess.--not reputation. 4. Study the principles of the effeclions, prose in the thoughly, of the things.--as well as their uses. 6. Common sense hunan mind; tho’soine poems are occasione --which is rery un-common, is the best sease ally prosaic, and some prose--poctie: feel- in the world. 6. No one can hit a mark, without ing predominates in the former,-thought, aiming at it; and skill is acquired, by repeated in the latter. Our rules for reading and attempts. 7. Never do anything with indifference; speaking are the same, whether in prose or
and do everything as perfectly as possible. B. poetry: for in all cases, the manner must be Never cut out a piece of a neurspaper, till you
have looked on the other side. 9. In prosperity, adapted to the matter; the sound to the sense : in other words, the mind's perception
-prepare for a change; in adversity, --hope for
cne. 10. Hlaste--ig a poor apology; take time, and and feeling of the matter, must dictate the aplin your work well. 11. Personal effort--seldom propriate manner; " suit the action to the rails to obtain its object. 12. Some people never coord, the word to the action; and o’erstep have enongh. not the modesty of nature."
Autumn. It was a glorious day in auYon cloud is bright, and beautiful-it floats tumn. The sky, of unsullied blue, glowed Alone in God's horizon; on its edge
like a sapphire. The universal air-was tilla The stars seem hunglike pearls: it looks as pure ed with stillness. Not a breeze whisperedAs 'were an angel'8 shroud, -the white cymar not a bird flapped its wing. It was the triof purity, just peeping through its folds
umph of repose--when the undying energies To give a pitying look-on this sad world.
of man--slumbered for a moment.---when Go visit it, and find, that all is false;
even the contlict of his passions was suspendIta glories--are but fog, and its white form Is prighted to some coming thunder-gust;-
ed. Beautiful, melancholy autumn! whose The rain, the wind, the lightning, have their source
ruddy ripeness--whispers of decay; whose In such bright meetings. Gaze not at the clouds, richest fints--mingle with the “sear and yelYowever beautiful. Gaze at the sky,
low leaf,” as if the lusty year--had toiled The clear, blue, tranquil, fired, and glorious sky.
through youth and manhood for wealth, 272. AGNCULTURE—is the art of cultiva- which overtlows, just when waning life--inting the grounl; it includes, also, the rear- dicates, that the power of enjoyment--is passe ing and management of domestic animals; ing away. it is sometimes called Farming, and Hus Varieties. 1. What is the differencebandry: and, although simple in its opcra- between reading and reflection? 2. To look lions, it derives great benefit from Machinery, away from principles, and see only their apr -whence it takes its implements; from pliculion, tends to idolatry. 3. Suspicion is Chemistry,--whence it derives a knowledge the effect--of the association of iderus--misof soils, and the means of fertilizing them; directed by the inagination; it never exists from Botany,—which teaches a knowledge of --without a shade of insanity. the plamts-to be cultivated or destroyed; | Tho' deep, yet clear; tho' gentle, yet not dull; and from Zoology--which teaches the habits strong, without rage,--without o'erflowing-full. and peculiarities of the animals it rears, and 5. In what manner- is uniformity in events the means of improving them for use-and--depending, appurently, on contingent cirprofil.
cums'ances, to be accounted for ? 6. Only Anecdote. Kosciusko, the hero of Poland, by appealing to first principles--can we re. wishing to make a present to a Clergyman, lorer, or maintain--the spirit and essence, sent it by a young man, and desired him to of genuine uisdom, and intelligence. 7 The tuke the horse, which he himself usually rode. greatest degree of self-abusement, if real, is On his return, the young man said—he the nearest approach to the Divine Presence. would never ride his horse again, unless he Naw, shrink not-froin the word " Farewell,” give his purse at the same time; for, said he. As if it were Friendship's final knell : “as soon as a poor man on the road takes off
Such fears-may prove but rain:
To souls, that heavenrard soar;
May meet,-10 part no more. llateful to you, as these chains are-to ma.
Duties -are ours; consequences are God's
273. The three philosophical divisions of | Proverbs. 1. Never begin things, and then Poetry (as well as of Prose) in relation to the leave them unfinished. 2. lave a place for every inint, are--RELIGIOUS, having reterence thing: and when you have used in, put it back to the supreme Being, and what is above us again. 2. Prureils--bear age; and he, who wonud in the scale of creation; the social and ci
do well, may see himself in thein, as in a lookingVI!, or midille; what is around us, and glass. 4. Politeness — costs nothing, and muy do evithin, relating to the great family of man:
much good. 5. Tediousness-is oiten fatal to our and the external, which refers, principally, to object. 6. Where there is no hope, there is no en
deavor. 7. Unequal friendships-are easily disthe kingdom of Nature, which is beiow us; solved. 8. Slouh-consumes faster than labor. vil the animal, vegetable, and mineral: (do Lost rimeris never found again; and time erough not include mankind in the animal king- yer
, is always little enough. 10. Industry--pays dom; they are human; it is sensualism debts; despair--increases them. 11. Troops of fxwhich has degraded man to rank with uni- ries--inarch in the drunkard's triumph. 12. Suc mals.) The common divisions of Poetry are cess-consecrates the foulest crimes. --Pastoral, Lyric, Didactic, Satire, Sonnets, Anecdote. The Buys and Frogs. L'E: Descriptive, Epic, Tragic, and Comic; to which trange tells us, in his fables, that a number some add, Sacred, Classic, Romantic, Elegiac, of boys were one day watching frogs at the Mythologic, Eclogue, Ballad, and Epitaph. side of a pod; and that when any of them
274. Management of the Breath. From put their heads above the water, the boy's what we have said, you see the importance pelted them down again, with stones. One of attending to this sulject. Very few per- of the frogs, appealing to the humanity oi' sous-breathe sufficiently often, when read the boys, made this striking observation, ing, speaking, or singing. All the direciions “Chillren, you do not consider, that though the author has seen on this subject—are at this may be sport to you, it is death to 118." variance with truth and nature. There are Folly and Wisdom. Many parents --a jew instances, when a long breath is neces- labor hard, and live sparingly, that they may sary; but they are very rare. To acquire a give their children a sturt in the world: but long breath, exercise on all the difficulties or setting a son afloat with money left to himrespirutim, — and pursue a similar course is like tying bladders under the arms of one for strengthening a weak voice ; also, practice who cannot swint; and ten to one he will long quantity, walking up hill, and running, droun ; but teach him to swim, and he will when reciting. In the following, breathe at never need bladders: give a child a good eduleast once, while reading each period. “He cution, and it will give him such a start—as died young, (breathe,) but he died happy. will secure usefulness and victory in the race Ilis friends have not had him long, (breathe,) he is to run. but his death - (breathe) is the greatest Varieties. 1. Is it possible--for a createst trouble and grief, (breathe,) they ever had. being to merit any thing-at the hands of He has enjoyed the sweets of the world-God? 2. The instincts of animals--are their breathe,) only for a little while, (breathe,) | laws of life; they seem to be sensible of their but he never tasted its bitters.” The writer ends of being, and the means of attaining is aware of being, in this respect, in opposi- then. 3. Truth-is that resemblance to, or tion to authorities; but he cannot be influ- conformily with Nature, that is presented to enced by that, so long as he is persuaded that the mind, by the relation of ideas, whether truth and nature are u'ith him. If one does simple, or complex. 4. There is a divinitynot breathe sufliciently often, he will be al-shapes our ends, rough hew them as we will. most sure to speak too rapilly: and, as the 5. 'Tis better, to be lowly born, and range object of Elocution is--to convince and per with humble livers--in content, than to be suale, how can one expect to do this, if he pricked up-in glittering grirf, and wear a does not give his hearers time to think, or golden sorrow'. 6. Whatever is seen, by the reuson, about what he says? How can a bodily eye, or perceived by the outward senses, jury--keep pace with a lawyer, whose lan-is but an effect--from the spiritual world, and gua e rides post-haste! If his reason, and a true representative of some principle therearguments, are hurled upon the ear, like in, and proper to it; for that world is in the flashes of lightning upon the eye, how can human soul,--and mind. they be remembered, or produce the intended I ramble-by the evening sea etfect? If one does not breathe at the proper The light-house-glimmering from afar, times and places, the sense is not fully con And fleecy clouds-are scouring free veyed, and the lungs are injuriously atlected. O'er rising moon, and twinkling star; Too unfrequent breathing, and rapid speak
In distance-floats the waning sail, ini, must be aroiled; but beware of the orp Or brighuy glearns the plashing oat, posite extreme, unless you wish to lull your And mingles-with the shining gale Tearers to sleep.
The billow-murmuring on the shore; Ask of other earth-why oaks--were made
But one thing wants the wanderer thereTaller and stronger--than the werds they shade. A kindred soul, the scene to share.
275. Emphasis. This is a very impor-1 Proverbs. 1. Every act of violence-learis tant part of our subject ; and unless the pu- to difficult results. 2. The house of a true friend pil is certain, that he perfectly understands is always a sure asylum. 3. It is sweet-10 soothe Accent, he is advised to review it again. Ac- the wretched, and initigate their misfortunes 4 Ile cented syllables, are to other syllables, in the has done the mischief, and I bear the blame. 5. same word, what emphatic syllables, are to It is common to fools--to mention their neighbor's words in the same sentence,-nence, it may faults; while they are forgetul of their own.
Endeavor to conquer adverse circumstances; and be seen, that as the islea--is always associated with the accented vowel, and changes, not submit to them. 7. It is wise--to derive know
ledge, even from an enemy. 8. He, who flies froin when the seat of accent is changed; as in judgment, confesses the crime imputed to him. 9. Au-gust, and au-gust; so, the mind's eye-We are generally willing to beliere—what we always accompanies the emphatic word. Ex. wish to be true. 10. Let justice Le done, tho ho Doctor Johnson, (says Cicero,) was a great heavens fall. 11. The more riches a fool hus, the orator. Thus emphasised, we make Cicero foolisher he is. 12. When the heart—is past hope say, that Dr. Johnson--was a great orator. the face-is pasi shame. 13. Despair-has ruined Corrected, thus: Dr. Johnson says-Cicero many a one. was a great orator. Practice on this sentence,
Philosophy of Mind. No philosophy of till every thing appertaining to correct em- the mind can be valuable, that does not pro. phasis is familiar. All the words in this pose an inquiry into the connection between book, printed in different type, are more or mind and matter. Attention to the subject less emphatic: and some are emphatic that of our own consciousness, alone, excludes the are in the common type.
possibility of their being well observed, be276. Emphasis-is an increase of accent cause the conditions of their being well semn on the accented voucls of important words, -are neglected. That there is a direct conthe more perfectly to convey the sense of the nection between mind and malter, the soul author. There are only two ways of ma- and body, is an indisputable fact; and it is king it : which are the same as in accent ; viz: perfectly idle, to pretend to examine the qual by stress and QUANTITY. First, by stress : ities of the former, without reference to the Ex. 1. The difference between what is true latter. The comprehension of the action of -and folse, gooi-and evil, is very great. mind and the reaction of matter, involves 2. Some reports--are true: others--are false. the true principles of Intellectual Philosophy 3. Truth tells us, that certain affections and Psychology. are evil: but False says, they are good. 4.
Varieties. 1. Which is the most desiraGood mon--love, and pructice, whiat is good ble, to know and understand much; or, to and true; but wicket men-love, and pruc- make a right use of what we know and untice, what is false, and evil. 5. Heuren- derstand? 2. The Jew-asks a sign; the consists of all that is gool and true; but Greeks-seek after wisdom. 3. Do not the Jlell-consists of all that is false, and evil.
shadows of great thoughts, sometimes fall 277. Horticulture--or Gardening, is on our minds? the art of preparing and cultivating gardens, Who friendship-with a knave has made, including pleasure-grounds, and ornamental Is judged a partner in the trade; shrubbery : its close relation to Agriculture, T'is thus, that on the choice of friends, renders it difficult to distinguish between Our good, or evil name-depends. them. As involving principles of taste, and 5. Envy no man's good, or truth: seek not elements of beauty, it may be classed with to be him. If less than thee, give that which the Fine Arts; but its connection with the he asketh of thee, at all times; if more than Useful Arts--presents a stronger relation; thee, envy not: neither seek to depreciate ; and, whether considered in reference to use and beware of rashly condemning what is fulness, or ornament, it deserves much at- above thee,-lest thou materially hurt thyself. tention, and exerts a salutary influence over 6. We may as soon take fire-into the bin its rotaries.
som, without being burned, or touch tur Anecdote. Working a Passage. An without being defiled, as to frequent and deo Irishman, having applied to work his passage light in--bad company, without a stain upon or a canal-boat, and being employed to lead our moral character. the horses on the tow-path; on arriving at the place of destination, declared he would sooner Mine eyes-have seen the beautiful, go on foot, than work his passage in America.
Mine ears--have heard their thrilling voice,
My heart-has feit their potent Tule-
The fears of hope, the hope of joys-
But never-has my sight approved
A fairer--than my sister--no!
As, her dear brother," spoken low.
278. INVOLUNTARY EFFORTS. Let no one Proverbs. 1. It is well not only to seem pure; imagine, that it is the design of this system to but, to be pure. 2. Aim at desert, rather than the make arbitrary readers, and speakers; far ward. 3. If you are in a thriving way, stick to it, from it: if the system were not founded in and let well enough, alone. 4. Trifles--otien deNATURE, such might be the result. Þy mak-cide much—concerning the character of a person. ing use of the principles here developed, we 5. Believe yourself capable of learning what others return to truth and nature; provided we have have learned. 6. Aroid all estrenes ; and tire, wandered from them; consequently, the ef- and act, in the golden medium. 7. The loaded Ort becomes involuntary: as was the case
tree --- always bends with its fruits; as virti'« with the whistling of little Jimmy, in school; stoops beneath humility. &. Without frigandet,
none can be rich; and with is--few can be poor. who, when his teacher was about to correct 9. The used key—is always bright. 10. Man is a him, esclaimed, “No, no; it was not I that being who makes turgains; one tlog never exwhistied, it whistled itself." No one can be changes bones with another dog. 11. You can do a good reader, or speaker, till the effort be- it, if you only think so, and try. 12. Quick be comes involuntary; he must will, and it shall lievers-need broad shoulders. be done. Unfortunately, some think they Anecdote. New Character. Lord Hardy. must do some great thing; whereas, they who was so much addicted to the bottle, as in have only to wash, and be clean.
be always under the influence of liquor, pre279. Epic, or heroic poetry, has for its sub- vious to a masquerade night, inquired of Fool, jort the exploits of some hero, or heroes, of “what new character he ought to appear in ?" national celebrity; Lyric poetry is designed “New character," said the other,“ suppose to be set to music, as psalms, hymns, odes you go sober, my lord.” He took the hint of and songs; Elgiac poetry involves solemn, the comedian, and actually reformed. or mournful subjects; Epitaphs are inscrip Industry. It industry is no more than tions on tumb-stones; Pastoral poetry treats habit, tis at least an excellent one. “If you of rural atiairs, and the social allections; it is ask me, which is the real hereditary sin of appropriate to shopherds ; Didactie poetry is human nature, do you imaxine I shall answer designed to convey instruction; Satyric pride, or luxury, or ambition, or egotism? poetry is for reproving the vices, errors and No; I shall say—indolence. Who conquers follies of the world, by holding them up to indolence, will conquer all the rest.” Indeed, rilicule; Descriptive poetry describes inter all good principles must stagnate, without esting subjects, mental or natural; and mental activity. Romunlic poetry has for its subjects, tales, Varieties, 1. A prime minister - was romances, and novels, probable, or supernat asked, how he could perform such a vast ural.
amount of business, and yet, have so much 280. CAUSE AND Effect. Such are the de- leisure? He replied, I do erery thing at the fects of our education, that we are brought up time. 2. Would wings — be folded in the almost as ignorant of our bodies and minds, worm, if they were not one day to enable it as of the man in the moon: the consequence to fly? 3. The perfection of religion and is, we are imposed upon by the shoe-maker, science-will be united; their sphere of opethe tailor, the mantua-maker, the carpenter ration ascertained, and their periods of vicisand joiner, the cabinet-maker, the miller and situdes known in that better age, which is baker, the cook and the washer, and by al
approaching. most every body else: we are a race of abusers
Let fools--the studious despise ; of one another. When we get a pair of shoes, There's nothing lost, by being wise. the first question is, how well do they look? Whatever perils--inay alarm us. So also of the coat and dress, the house, the
Kind words-will never harm us. chair, the flour, and breau, &c., &c. oh, 6. Pure, and undefiled religion, is the sheets when shall we be wise, and understand the anchor of happiness, the perfection and glory things that so nearly concern our temporal or human nature; its essence is a conscience welfare? Having eyes, we see not aright; void of offence toward God, and man. 7. having ears, we hear wrong: our feelings, There is a providence in every pulsation, and tuste, and smell-betray us, because they are in all the particulars that concern it: as the perverted. The enemy comes in upon us like sun - never ceases to shine, so the Lord a flood, and who will lift up a standard against never ceases to bless. hin!
There is a roice-I shall hear no more-
There are tones, whose music, for me, is o'er, Like leaves on trees--the race of man is found, Sucet as the odors of spring were they;-Now, green in youth, now, withoing on the ground. Precious and rich-but, they died away; another race the following spring supplies; They carne like peace to my heart and are They fall successive, and successire rise :
Never again will they murinur here; So--generations-in their course decay,
They have gone--like the blush of a summer morn, 8o--fourish these, when thoseare passed away. Like a cr mson cloud--through the sunset borne.
GENERATIOXS OP MAX.