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then suggested were really the best; if you, Æschines, in particular, were thus persnaded, and it was no partial affection for me, that prompted you to give me up the hopes, the applause, the honors, which, attended that course I then advised, but the superior force of truth and your utter inability to point out any more eligible course ;) if this was the case, I say, is it not highly cruel ard unjust to arraigo those measures now, when you could not then propose any better?
Note 2.- When the parenthesis is long, it may be pronounced with a degree of monotone or sameness of voice, in order to distinguish it from the rest of the sentence.
Since, then, every sort of good which is immediately of importance to happiness, must be perceived by some immediate power or sepse, antecedent to any opinions or reasoning', (for it is the business of reason to compare the several sorts of good perceived by the several senses, and to find out the proper means for obtaining them,) we must therefore carefully inquire into the several sublimer perceptive powers or senses : since it is by them we best discover what state or course of life best answers the intention of God and nature, and wherein true happiness consists.
Note 3.—The small intervening members, said 1, says he, continued they, &c., follow the inflection and tone of the member which precedes them, in a higher and feebler tone of voice.
'Thus, then, said he, since you are so urgent, it is thus that I cod. ceive it. The sovereign good is that, the possession of which render as happy. And now, said I, do we possess it? Is it sensual or in tellectual? There, you are entering, said he, upon the detail.
HARMONIC INFLECTION. Besides that variety which necessarily arises from annexing certaja inflections to senter.ces of a particular import or structure, there in still another source of variety, in those parts of a sentence where the mense is not at all concerned, and where the variety is merely to please
There are many members of sentences which may be differ. antly pro junced without greatly affecting their rariety and harmony.
It is chiefly toward the end of a sentence that the hermonic inficeiioe be necessary in order to form an agreeable cadence.
BULE I.- When a series of similar sentences, or members
of sentences, form a branch of a subject or paragraph, the last sentence or member must fall gradually into a lower tone, and adopt the harmonic inflection, on such words as form the most agreeable cadence.
Since I have mentioned this unaccountable zeal whics Appears in atheists and infidels, I'must farther observe, that they are likewise in a most particular manner pos. gessed with the spirit of bige ry. They are wedded' to opinions' full of contradiction and impossibility', and at the same time' look upon the smallest difficulty in an article' of faith' as a sufficient reason for rejecting it.
RULE II. – When the last member of a sentence ends with four accented words, the falling inflection takes place on the first and last, and the rising on the second and third.
1. The immortality of the soul is the basis of morality, and the source of all the pleasing' hopes' and secret joys', that can arise in the heart' of a reasonable mreature'. 2. A brave' man struggling in the storms' of fate',
Aad greatly' falling' with a fallag' state'.
RULE III.- When there are three accented words
at the end of the last member, the first has either the rising or falling, the second the rising, and the last the falling infiection.
EXAMPLE. Cicero concludes his celebrated books, De Oratore, with some precepts for pronunciation and action, without which part he affirms, that the best orator in the world can never succeed, and an indifferent one, who is master of this, shall gain much greater' applause!
ECHO Is here used to express that repetition of a word or thought, which immediately arises from a word or thought that preceded it.
RULE. —The echoing word ought always to be pronounced with the rising in,tection in a high tone of voice, and a long pause after it, when it implies any degree of passion.
EXAMPLE. 1. Augustin became a Christian! Augustin' ! who had mastered all the learning of his age, and whose subtle mind had anticipated the objections of future unbelievers.
Bossuet was a Christian! Bossuet? whose soaring genius and wonderful intellectual vision ar acknowledged and honored by all.
* The echoing word is printed in italics, and marked with the rising inflection
THE MONOTONE, In certain solemn and sublime passages has a wordersul force and ligcity; and by the uncommonness of its use, it even addh greatly to test variety with which the ear is so much delighted.*
Outshone the wealth of Ormus or of Inde,
CIRCUMFLEXES, The rising circumflex begins with the falling inflection and ends with the rising upon the same syllable, and seems as it were to twist the voice upward. This turn of the voice is marked in this man ger, ()
EXAMPLE. But it is foolish in us to compare Drusus Africanus and ourselves with Clodius; all our other calamities were tolerable; but no one can patiently bear the death of Clodius.
The falling circumfex begins with the rising inflection, and ends with the falling upon the same syllable, and seems to twist the voice downward. This turn of the voice may be marked by the common circumflex : thus, (..)
EXAMPLE. Queen. Hamlet, you have your father much offended. Hamlet. Madam, yoû have my father much offended.
* This monotone may be defined to be a continuation or sameness of sound upon certain syllables of a word, exactly like that produced by repeatedly striking a bell ;--such a stroke may be louder or softer but contigues exactly in the same pitch. To express this tone upon paper, a horizontal line may be adopted ; such a one as is generally need to express a long syllable in verre : thus (-.)
Both these circumflex infiections may be exempliñed in the words In a speech of the Clown in Shakspeare's As You Like.It.
I knew when seven justices could not take up a quarrel; but when the parties were met themselves, one of them thought but of an If; as if you said sở, then a said sô. O ho! did
O ho! did you sð? So they shook hands and were sworn brothers.
CLIMAX OR A GRADUAL INCREASE OF SIGNIFICATION, Requires an increasing swell of the voice on every suc
ceeding particular, and a degree of animation corres ponding with the nature of the subject.
EXAMPLE. 1. After we have practised good actions awhile, thes become easy, and when they are easy, we begin to take pleasure in them; and when they please us, we de then frequently; and, by frequency of acts, a thing grows into a habit; and a confirmed habit is a second kind of nature; and, so far as anything is natural, so far it is necessary, and we can hardly do otherwise; nay, we do it many
times when we do not think of it.
ACCENT. RULE.—Emphasis requires a transposition of accent,
when two words which have u sameness in part of their formation, are opposed to each other in sense.
EXAMPLES. 1. What is done', cannot be undone.*
* The signs ('and,) besides denoting the inflections, mark ale Ibe accented syllables.
Whatever inflection be adopted, the accented syllable is always