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30 saying, Go
26. ch. xiii.
" and they cast their garments upon the colt, and they set 2 Kings ix. Jesus thereon. 36 And as he went, they spread their clothes in the way. 37 And when he was come nigh, even now at the descent of the mount of Olives, the whole multitude of the disciples began to rejoice and praise God with a loud voice for all the mighty works that they had 38 saying, Blessed be the King that cometh in o P. cxvii. the name of the Lord: P peace in heaven, and glory in the ph highest. 39 And some of the Pharisees from among the multitude said unto him, Master, rebuke thy disciples. 40 And he answered and said unto them, I tell you that, if these should hold their peace, 9 the stones_m would imme- a Hab. ii. 11. diately cry out. 41 And when he was come near, he beheld the city, and wept over it, 42 saying, If thou hadst r John xi. 35. homitted by many ancient authorities.
p ch. ii. 14. Eph. ii. 14.
see on ver. 34.
j literally, that the Lord: see on ver. 31.
JERUSALEM. Matt. xxi. 1-9. Mark
39, 40.] THE PHARISEES MURMUR: OUR LORD'S REPLY. Peculiar to Luke. 39.] These Pharisees could hardly in any sense be disciples of Jesus. Their spirit was just that of modern Socinianism: the prophetic expressions used, and the lofty epithets applied to Him, who was VOL. I.
m read, will.
merely in their view a teacher (so is the word rendered " master"), offended them. 40.] A proverbial expression-but probably not without reference to Habakkuk ii. 11.
41-44.] OUR LORD WEEPS OVER JERUSALEM. Peculiar (in this form) to Luke. 41.] Our Lord stood on the lower part of the Mount of Olives, whence the view of the city even now is very striking. What a history of divine Love and human ingratitude lay before him! When He grieved, it was for the hardness of men's hearts: when He wept, in Bethany and here, it was over the fruits of sin. 42.] "Those who lament," says Euthymius in reference to the unfinished form of this sentence, "are in the habit of breaking off their sayings, by reason of the vehemence of their affection." Perhaps in the actual words spoken by the
known, even thou, [" at least] in this [° thy] day, the things which belong unto [thy] peace but now they are hid from thine eyes. 43 For the days shall come upon thee,
s Isa. xxix. 3, that thine enemies shall cast a trench about thee, and
4. Jer. vi. 3, 6. ch. xxi. 20.
compass thee round, and keep thee in on every side,
t1 Kings ix. 7, 44 and shall lay thee even with the ground, and thy
u Matt. xxiv. 2. children within thee; and "they shall not leave in thee
Mark xiii. 2.
ch. xxi. 6.
one stone upon another; because thou knewest not the
v Dan. ix. 24.
chi. 68, 78. time of thy visitation. 45 w And he went into the temple,
1 Pet. ii. 12.
w John ii. 14,
and began to cast out them that sold [° therein] [Pand
them that bought]; 46 saying unto them, It is written, My house is the house of prayer: but ye have made it a den of thieves. 47 And he taught daily in the temple.
x Isa. lvi. 7.
y Jer. vii. 11.
z Mark xi. 18. But the chief priests and the scribes and the chief of the
John vii. 19:
people sought to destroy him, 48 and could not find what they might do for all the people were very attentive to hear him.
XX. 1 And it came to pass, that on one of those days, as he taught the people in the temple, and preached the gospel, the chief priests and the scribes came upon him with the elders, 2 and spake unto him, saying, Tell us aby n omitted by several of the oldest MSS.
• omitted by many ancient authorities.
Pomit, with many ancient authorities, and the express testimony of Origen.
I literally, hung on him in hearing him. See Acts xvi. 14.
a Acts iv.7: vii. 27.
Lord there may have been an allusion to
ch. vii. 29.
Mark xii. 1.
what authority doest thou these things? or who is he that gave thee this authority? 3 And he answered and said unto them, I will also ask you one thing; and answer me : 4 The baptism of John, was it from heaven, or of men? 5 And they reasoned with themselves, saying, If we shall say, From heaven; he will say, Why [t then] believed ye him not? 6 But [and] if we say, Of men; all the people will stone us for they be persuaded that John was a b Matt. xiv. 5. prophet. 7 And they answered, that they could not tell whence it was. 8 And Jesus said unto them, Neither tell I you by what authority I do these things. 9 Then began he to speak to the people this parable; A [t certain] man Matt. xxi. 33. planted a vineyard, and let it forth to husbandmen, and ▾ went into a far country for a long time. 10 And at the season he sent a servant to the husbandmen, that they should give him of the fruit of the vineyard: but the husbandmen beat him, and sent him away empty. 11 And again he sent another servant: and they beat him also, and entreated him shamefully, and sent him away empty. 12 And again he sent a third: and they wounded him also, and cast him out. 13 Then said the lord of the vineyard, What shall I do? I will send my beloved son: it may be they will reverence him [when they see him]. 14 But when the husbandmen saw him, they reasoned among themselves, saying, This is the heir: [come,] let us kill him, that the inheritance may be our's. 15 So they cast him out of the vineyard, and killed him. What therefore shall the lord of the vineyard do unto them? 16 He shall come and destroy these husbandmen, and shall give the vineyard to others. And when they heard it, they said, y God forbid. 17 And he beheld them, and said, What is
a not in the original.
W omitted by many ancient authorities, but perhaps as not being expressed in Matthew and Mark.
I literally, Let it not be.
9-19.] PARABLE OF THE VINEYARD LET OUT TO HUSBANDMEN. Matt. xxi. 33-46. Mark xii. 1-12. See notes on Matthew for the sense; and for comparison of the reports, on Mark. 9.] The parable was spoken to the people-but (ver. 19) at, with reference to, against the
being in Jerusalem. 2.] or that is, chief priests and scribes. Bengel suggests "to speak more definitely." that He addressed it to the people, to guard against interruption on the part of the chief priests. 14. when the husbandmen saw him] This is taken up from when they see him of the verse before, and is emphatic-On the contrary, when they saw him 17.] The then infers the negation of Let it not be-'How then,
e Dan. ii. 34, 35. but
a Ps. cxviii. 22. this then that is written, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner? 18 Whosoever shall fall upon that stone shall be broken; on whomsoever it shall fall, it will grind him to powder. 19 And the chief priests and the scribes the same hour sought to lay hands on him; and they feared the people for they perceived that he had spoken this parable against them.
20 And they watched him, and sent forth a spies, which should feign themselves just men, that they might take hold of his words, that so they might deliver him unto the power and authority of the governor. 21 And they asked him, saying, Master, we know that thou sayest and teachest rightly, neither acceptest thou the person of any, but teachest the way of God truly: 22 Is it lawful for us to give tribute unto Cæsar, or no? 23 But he perceived their craftiness, and said unto them, [ce Why tempt ye me?] 24 Shew me a penny. Whose image and superscription hath it? They answered and said, Cæsar's. 25 And he said unto them, Render therefore unto Cæsar the things which be Cæsar's, and unto God the things which be God's. 26 And they could not take hold of his words before the people: and they marvelled at his answer, and held their peace.
27 Then came to him certain of the Sadducees, which deny that there is any resurrection; and they asked him, g Deut. xxv. 5. saying, Master, Moses wrote unto us, If any man's
f Acts xxiii. 6,
brother die, having a wife, and he die without children, that his brother should take his wife, and raise up seed unto his brother. 29 There were therefore seven brethren :
Z render, hath fallen.
render, the ruling power,
supposing your wish to be fulfilled, could
20-26.] REPLY CONCERNING THE LAWFULNESS OF TRIBUTE TO CESAR. Matt. xxii. 15-22. Mark xii. 13-17, where see notes as before. 20.] Spies: literally, men suborned, instructed and arranged for that purpose. that they might....] they, not the spies, but the
brender, of him by a word.
The A.V., in rendering his words, has mistaken the construction of the clause. It is, that they might lay hold of him by some saying; "catch him by a word," as St. Mark. unto the ruling (Roman) power (genus), unto the authority of the governor (species). The form of the sentence in the original renders the separation of the two necessary.
27-40.] REPLY TO THE SADDUCEES RESPECTING THE RESURRECTION. Matt. xxii. 23-33; Mark xii. 18-27, and notes. 29.] therefore: i. e. well then—
and unto the authority.
and the first took a wife, and died without children. 30 And the second [8 took her to wife, and he died childless.] 31 and the third took her; and in like manner the seven also [h: and they] left no children, and died. 32 Last of all the woman died also. 33 Therefore in the resurrection whose wife of them i is she? for i seven had her to wife. 34 And Jesus [h answering] said unto them, The children of this world marry, and are given in marriage: 35 but they which shall be accounted worthy to obtain that world, and the resurrection from the dead, neither marry, nor are given in marriage: 36 m neither can they die any more: for they are equal unto the h1 Cor. xv. 42, angels; and are " the children of God, being the children, of the resurrection. 37 Now that the dead k even Moses shewed at the bush, when he called the Exod. iii. 6. Lord the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob. 38 a For he is not a God of the dead, but of the living for all live unto him. 39 Then certain of the 1 Rom. vi. 10, scribes answering said, Master, thou hast well said. 40 qq And after that they durst not ask him any question at all. homit.
49, 52. 1 John i Rom. viii. 23.
g omitted by many ancient authorities.
read and render, doth the woman become?
j render, the seven.
render, have been.
n render, sons.
'as an example of this law, . . . .
34, 35.] Peculiar to Luke, and important. For this present state of men, marriage is an ordained and natural thing; but in "that world," which is by the context the state of the first resurrection (nothing being said of the rest of the dead, though the bare fact might be predicated of them also), they who are found worthy to obtain that state of life and the resurrection from the dead, are no longer under the ordinance of marriage: for neither can they any more die; i. e. they will have no need of a succession and renewal, which is the main purpose of marriage. 36.] The fact, that they are equal unto the angels, is alleged, not as shewing them to be without passions or lusts, but as setting forth their immortality. sons of God is here used, not in its ethical sense, as applied to believers in this world, but its metaphysical sense, as denoting the essential state of the blessed after the resurrection-they are, by their resurrection,
literally, sons. m render, for neither.
• render, in the history concerning the bush. I render, But.
44 read, For.
essentially partakers of the divine nature,