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THE

AMERICAN HISTORICAL

REVIEW

BOARD OF EDITORS
GEORGE B. ADAMS

ANDREW C. MCLAUGHLIN
ALBERT BUSHNELL HART

WILLIAM M. SLOANE
J. FRANKLIN JAMESON

H. MORSE STEPHENS

MANAGING EDITOR
ANDREW C. MCLAUGHLIN

VOL. VIII

OCTOBER 1902 TO JULY 1903

New York :
THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

LONDON: MACMILLAN & CO., LTD.

COPYRIGHT, 1903
BY THE MACMILLAN COMPANY

PRESS OF
THE NEW ERA PRINTING COMPANY,

LANCASTER, PA,

The

American Historical Review

THE FINANCIAL RELATIONS OF THE KNIGHTS

TEMPLARS TO THE ENGLISH CROWN

THI

HE order of the Knights Templars is familiar to all readers of

the history or romance of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries for its courage, military prowess, wealth, and somewhat arrogant pride. The Templars together with the Knights of the Hospital of St. John long formed the most stable element in the Holy Land and their military services there have received full recognition. But the order also rendered important services to Christendom in a very different field of action. In the unwarlike atmosphere of the counting-room, the soldiers of the Temple, for over a century, handled much of the capital of western Europe, becoming expert accountants, judicious administrators, and pioneers in that development of credit and its instruments, which was destined to revolutionize the methods of commerce and finance. This civil aspect of the Knights Templars is comparatively little known. The custom of storing treasure at the New Temple in London is described and illustrated by Mr. Addison whose history of the order appeared in 1842.2

Professor Cunningham, in the third edition of his Growth

1 The following contractions are used in the foot-notes that follow :

Bond is the abbreviated reference to Extracts from the Liberate Rolls, by E. A. Bond Archæologia, XXVIII. London, 1840.

Delisle is for “ Mémoire sur les Opérations Financières des Templiers. Mémoires de l'Institut National de France.” Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres, XXXIII. Paris, 1888.

R. C. is for Record Commission,

Rot. Claus. is for Rotuli Litterarum Clausarum, 1204-1227. Ed. T. D. Hardy. Record Commission. 2 vols. London, 1833-1844.

Rot. Pat. is for Rotuli Litterarum Patentium, 1201-1216. Ed. T. D. Hardy. Record Commission. London, 1835.

R. S. is for “ Rolls Series."

Rymer is for Fædera, ed. Thomas Rymer. Record Commission, 4 vols. London, 1816-1869.

2 History of the Knights Templars, pp. 122–125. AM. HIST. REV., VOL. VIII.-I

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