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prominent part in an erent of some historic im

portance--the opening of the coftin of Charles I. This biography, remarks Dr. Munk, has been and a partial examination of the remains. The written at the request formally expressed to him

details gives are taken frou the acconnt slrawn up by the College of Physicians, with the object of

i by Sir Henry by command of the Prince Etegent, perpetuating the knowledge of a distinguished

and need not be further referred to except to eluci. ohysician and scholar, and to rescue Sir Henry

date the facts regarding the small portion of a verHalford's memory from the oblivion into which it

tebra of the King's neck, which was not put back was fast falling. In carrying out this object, and

into the coffin. Mr. G. T. Bettany, in his memoir of possibly having in view the charges of unpro

Halford in the “Dictionary of National Biography," fessional and ignoble conduct that were once

quoting froin J. F. Clarke's " Autobiographical brought against Sir Henry, the author goes

Recollections, "says :-“When Charles I.'s cofin was on to say :-"I have striven to place myself

opened in 1813 he (Halford) obtained possession of a in the period of which I am speaking, and out of

portion of the fourth cervicalvertebra, which had been that in which I am actually writing. A due degree

cut through by the axe, and used to show it at his of candour is needed, alike by the author and the

dinner table as a curiosity." Dr. Munk's version reader, in judging between the conventional

is as follows :-"It was not deemed necessary by opinions of the present time and of those which the Prince Regent that the coffin should be again then prerailed. We have to judge of men accord

opened to replace the bone, which his Royal ing to their actual environments, and I have sought

Highness then, with several kind expressions, pre to place Sir Henry Halford, his personality and

sented to Sir Henry Halford as a memorial of the character, in due relation to his conteniporaries

poor King himself, and as a mark of his own and surroundings, and to the spirit of the time in

esteem for him. Sir Henry, who valued the relic which he lived." Dr. Munk states that he is in.

very highly, had & case carved of lignum ritie debted to the present Sir H. St. John Halford, the

lined with gold, and a fitting Latin inscription inside physician's grandson, for the use of all the letters, the lid, in which he placed it, and in which it was diaries, pocket and note books, engagement and

scrupulously kept as long as it remained in the fee books which are preserved at Wistow,

Halford family. It was shown at times to among them being some notes made by the second persons curious about it, and its existence in Sir Baronet, who at one time intended to write his

Henry's possession thus became known, and was father's biography. Henry Vaughan, afterwards

somewhat severely commented upon. The relic Sir Henry Halford, was second of the many dis

with its case, t may be stated, was restored by the tinguished sons of James Vaughan, M.D., of

present Baronet to the Prince of Wales, who Leicester, and was born in that town on the 2nd of

ordered it to be deposited upon the coffin of October, 1766. The father devoted the whole of

where it is now understood to be. his professional income to the education of his sons,

ginnortapt ore i Balord's among whom were John Vaughan, Judge of the

bad attended daring Court of Common Pleas, who died in 1839 ; Peter,

one last ten years, was dead, and was socceeded by who became Dean of Chester ; Cliarles Richard,

Sir Henry's

great patron George IV. A few months diplomatist, and for some years Minister to the United

later Halford was elected President of the Royal States; and Edward Thomas, vicar of St. Martin's,

College of Physicians, and was largely instrumental Leicester, and the father of Dean Vaughan, lately

in bringing about the removal of the College from Master of the Temple. Henry Vaughan went at

Warwick-lane, Newgate-street, to its present site an early age to Rugby, whence in due course he

in Pall-mall. Dr. Munk mentions the changes proceeded to Christ Church, Oxford, and took his

wrought in the College in 1835, when it severed its degree of M.A. in 1788. On quitting Oxford he

"time-honoured connection" with the two Universtudied medicine, anatomy, and chemistry at Edin

sities, and animadverts somewhat severely on the burgh, which at the time ranked among the highest

physicians of to-day in comparison with those of schools of medicine in Europe. His degree as

the esrlier period he is writing about. The author M.D. was taken at Oxford in 1791, after which he

recalls a lamentable event in Sir Henry Halford's for a time assisted his father at Leicester, and

career-that occasion on which he abandoned practised as a physician at Scarborough. He then

his friend, neighbour, and fellow traveller, Mr. determined to try his fortune in London, and,

Lockley, when the latter was seized with having borrowed £1,000, he established himself apoplesy, and removed into the station at in the great city, where his high attainments,


“ All must admit,” remarks Dr. Munk, pleasing manners, and influential friends soon

“ that Sir Henry committed a grave error in leavsecured for him & social success. His marriage

ing his friend insensible, in the hands of strangers in 1795 with the daughter of Lord St. John of

at a railway station ; and all must wish that on Bletsoe confirmed his position, and when in 1802

subsequent reflection it had been frankly admitted he settled down at No. 16, Curzon-street he was in

to be so. But it was not." When Sir Henry's command of a large and lucrative practice. What

professional work diminished after the death of brought him into still higher repute was his

William IV. he occupied himself much up to the diagnosis of the disease froin which Georgina, the

time of his death with the composition of Latin beautiful Duchess of Devonshire, died in 1806.

poetry, several specimens of which, taken from Sir * Lady Halford told Dr. Francis Hawkins that

Henry's published "Nugæ Metrics," are given by from the time of the Duchess of Deronshire's death

Dr. Munk. Sir Henry died on the 9th of March, the door bell in Curzon-street was rarely still, and

1844, aged seventy-seven, of extreme exhaustion that thenceforth there was never any want of

brought op by long continued attacks of tic-doulou

reux. patients," a long list of whom is given by Dr. Munk.

A final chapter is devoted to a summing-up Some curious information is added about the pro.

Sir Henry's character, both professional and fessional incomes made by Dr. Vaughan and other

general. " His attainments as a practical physician eminent physicians of the time. From a table pre

were of the highest order. Although, perhaps, sented of Dr. Vaughan's income it appears that

inferior to his great contemporary and friend, Dr. when he started in 1792 his professional receipts doubtedly superior to him in that which constitutes

Baillie, in minuteness of diagnosis, he was un ! for the year were £220, which sum increases year by year till 1809, when they had reached £9,840.

the real aim and office of the physician--the cure In the year last named Dr. Vaughan was called to

and alleviation of disease." The reader may judge Windsor to attend the Princess Amelia, and soon

of Sir Henry's personal appearance from two excelafterwards was appointed Physician-in-Ordinary to

lent engravings included in this interesting George III. and to the Prince of Wales, afterwards

memoir, one from a painting by Sir Thomas

Lawrence, the other from a drawing taken by Prince Regent, and from that time till the death

H. Room in 1837. of William IV. Dr. Vaughan's professional income was about £10,000 a year, and occasionally reached * The Life of Sir Henry Halford, Bart., G.C.H., J.D., £12,000. The incomes of other physicians like

F.R.S., President of the Royal College of Physicians, Dr. Chambers and Halford's friend, Dr. Matthew

Physician to George III., George IV.,

Willian IV., and to

her Majesty Queen Victoria. By William Munki, M.D., Baillie, ranged between £7,000 and £10,000 a year. F.S.A., Fellow and late Vice-Presirlent of the Royal In 1809 also Dr. Vaughan, as the now eldest sur- College of Physicians of London. London : Longnans, viring son of Dr. James Vaughan, became heir to Green, and Co. the Halford estate of Wistow, changed his name to

Halford, and was created a baronet. Sir Charles Halford's widow, afterwards Countess of Denbigh, died in 1814, and Sir Henry Halford then succeeded to the estate, about which he often declared to his

friends that he was a rich man before he came into Wistow, but had been & poor man ever











1701 TO 1800.






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