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COUNSELS, CIVIL AND MORAL:

AND

THE WISDOM OF THE ANCIENTS.

By FRANCIS BACON,

BARON OF VERUt.AM, VISCOUNT ST. ALBAN, AND LORD HIGH
CHANCELLOR OF ENGLAND.

WITH A BIOGRAPHICAL NOTICE BY A. SPIERS, PH. D.,
PREFACE BY B. MONTAGU, ESQ., AND
NOTES BY DIFFERENT WRITERS.

BOSTON:

LITTLE, BROWN AND COMPANY.

M.DCCC.LVI

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Entered according to Act nf Congress, in the yi.nr 1856, by Little, Brows And Company, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the District of Massachusetts.

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ADVERTISEMENT.

In preparing the present volume for the press, use has been freely made of several publications which have recently appeared in England. The Biographical Notice of the author is taken from an edition of the Essays, by A. Spiers, Ph. D. To this has been added the Preface to Pickering's edition of the Essays and Wisdom of the Ancients, by Basil Montagu, Esq. Parker's edition, by Thomas Markby, M. A., has furnished the arrangement of the Table prefixed to the Essays, and also " the references to the most important quotations." The Notes, including the translations of the Latin, are chiefly copied from Bonn's edition, prepared by Joseph Devey, M. A. We have given the modern translation of the Wisdom of the Ancients contained in Bonn's edition, in preference to that " done by Sir Arthur Gorges," although the last mentioned has a claim upon regard, as having been made by a contemporary of Lord Bacon, and published in his lifetime. Its language is in the style of English current in the author's age, and for this reason may resemble more nearly what the philosopher himself would have used, had he composed the work in his own tongue instead of Latin.

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