« PreviousContinue »
bravery, or virtue. That man is little to be envied» Whose patriotism would not gain force upon the plains of Marathon, or whose piety would not grow warmer among the ruins of hna I"
After a fortnight's stay in this part of Devonshire, i with rtatregret bid my friend, and his family, an adieu; for in many respects they reminded me of the happy group delineated by Thomson, and who are faid to have been blessed with,
An elegant sussiciency, content,
My next letter will embrace Exeter, Honitcn, and Taunton. That you may, however, be relieved from this long, and perhaps tedious narrative, I hasten, my worthy friend, to subscribe myself,
MANNERS A Nil MANAGEMENT OF THE HOGS,
DURING THE TIME OF THEIR AUTUMNAL
[From Gi-jiin'i Retnarki on Forest Scenery.]
THE sirst step the swineherd takes is, to investigate some close sheltered part of the forest, where there is a conveniency of water, and plenty of oak or beech mast; the former of which he prefers, when he can have it in abundance. He next sixes on some spreading tree, round the bole of which he wattles a light circular sence, of the dimensions he wants, and Vol. VHI. O covering covering it roughly with boughs and sods, he sills it plentisully with straw or sern.
Having made this preparation, he collects his colony among the farmers; with whom he commonly agrees fora milling a head, and will get together a herd of Five or six Hundred Hogs. Having driven them to their destined habitation, he gives them a plentisul supper of acorns or beech mast, which he had already provided, founding his horn during the repast. He then turns them into the litter, where, after a long journey and a hearty meal, they steep deliciousty.
The next morning fie lets them look a little around them, shows them the pool or stream, where they may occasionally drink, leaves them to pick up the offals of the last night's meal, and as the evening draws on, gives them another plentisul repast, under the neighbouring trees, which rain acorns upon them for an hour together, at the sound of his horn. He then sends them again to sleep.
The following day he is, perhaps, at the pains 0; procuring them another meal, with music playing as . usual. He then leaves them a little more to themselves, having an eye, however, on the evening hours. But as their bellies are sull, they seldom wander far from home, retiring, commonly, very orderly and early to bed.
After this, he throws his stye open, and leaves them to cater for themselves, and from henceforward has little more trouble with them during the whole time of their migration. Now and then, in calm weather, when mast falls sparingly, he calls them, perhaps, together, by the music of his horn, to a gratuitous meal; but, in general, they need little attention, returning regularly home at night, though they often wander in the day, ti5o or three miles from their stye. There are experienced leaders in all herds, which have speut this roving lise before, and can instruct their juniors in the
method of it! By this management the herd is carried home to their respective owners in such condition, that a little dry meat will soon fatten them.
CHARACTERISTIC OF EA(jH MONTH IN THE YEAR,
Chiefly extracted fnm the New Edition os Ox. Aikin's
CALENDAR OF NATURE.
- The fading many-colour'd wood,
Shade decp'ning over shade, the country round
i. /"^HIEF business of nature, at this season, with \i^t respect to the vegetable world is dissemination, for the feeds are now to be deposited in the fostering bosom of the earth. z. The parent vegetable, if herbaceous, either totally perilhes,or dies down to the root; isa tree ox shrub, casts away ail its tender leaves. 3. Seeds scattered in various manners, some by the winds, which, therefore, most generally, to be met with, as dandelion, groundsel, rag-wort, thistles, &c. others by hooks, catching hold on animals palling, as common burs; some thrown abroad by an elastic spring, as the touch-me-not, and cuckooflower ; others eaten by birds and discharged, uninjured, by them, flying. 4. Gloom »f the declining year enlivened by the rich and bright colours of fadiusr leaves, to some more interesting than O » tlie the blossoms of spring or the radiance and verdure of summer:
Those virgin leaves, of purest vivid green,
5. Ripened berries in a great variety adorn the hedges, as the hip, the haw, the floe, the black-berry, and the berries of the bryony, privet, honey-suckle, elder, holly, and woody night-shade. 6. These a valuable supply for birds in cold weather, and Lord Bacon fays they are moll plentisul when the ensuing winter is to be most severe. 7. The swallow, which builds its nest under the eaves of houses, difappears; then the fand-martin, the smallest kind of swallow, and latest in migration. 8. Theroytton, or hooded-crow, bred in the north, now migrates to the southern districts, next to the raven for destruction, so that in Scotland a reward is offered for its head. 9. Woodeock begins to appear, and water-fowl arise from their arctic summer residence, to winter on the shores of Britain. 10. The amusements of rooks, in the evening, now curious; a pleasing murmur, not unlike the cry of a pack of hounds in deep hollow woods, or the tumbling of the tide on a pebbly ihore. Stares also begin to congregate in the sens, destroying the reeds. 11. Ground covered with spiders, weaving gojsamer. 1z. A remarkable shower of gossamer mentioned in White's Natural History. 13. Fogs thick ana frequent, because the cold air condenses the vapour rising from the warm earth. 14. This month the height of the hunting season—the weather being suitable and the products of the earth housed:
All now is free as air, and the gay pack
15.,Bee-hives despoiled of their honey. 16. In the wine countries of Europe the vintage now takes place. 17. This month, on account of its mild temperature, chosen for brewing malt liquor, designed for long keeping, therefore called old October. 18. The decoy business begins in the marsh lands of Lincolnshire. 19. London market supplied from thence, particularly from the ten decoys near Wainflcet, which have been known lo send to the metropolis, in a single season, 31,z00 ducks, teals, and widgeons. z0. The farmer continues *o sow corn, but not wheat, till the end of it; acorns sown, forest and fruit trees planted ; a sew flowers still sheer the eye, a second blow of some kinds, particularly the -woodbine, but the scent of all these very faint; but she Green House forming a beautiful contrast with the nakedness of the sields and garden, is, at this period, ia high perfection.