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chose to repose himself in the bosom of his native country.

In the year 1795 he was elevated to the rank of Field Marshal, and afterwards constituted Commander in Chief of the British army. This latter promotion took place at the death of Lord Amherst, who attained to great celebrity in the military prosession. His Royal Highness's assiduity in his present high station, is known to all; and it is equally certain that, in the army, he has made many considerable improvements.

In the present Expedition, in which his Royal Highness has now taken a distinguished part, we must expect to meet with a vigorous opposition. The French, it is known, are tenacious of their conquests; and the Hollanders who have joined themselves to that party, will not easily relinquish the power they have obtained.— Terrible will be the conflict, and important the issue. . It is a little remarkable, that about this time last century, the Stadtholder nobly came over to desend our liberties; and we are now engaged in restoring the fame chief magistrate to the throne of hit ancestors. Every thing will be done which British valour can effect. The fleet of the enemy, indeed, is already in our hands, and their Territory, may soon fall into, our po Session.

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[No. XXXIII.]
MUMBO IUMBO.

MRi Park tells us, in his Travels through Africa, that he faw, near one of their village!, " a fort of masquerade habit hanging upon a tree, made of the bark of trees, which he was told belonged to MUMBO Jumbo. This is a strange bug-bear, common in ail the Mandirrgo towns, and employed by the Pagan natives in keeping the women insubjeBion; for as they are not restricted in the number of their wives, every. one marries as many as he can conveniently maintain; and it often happens that the ladies disagree among themselves: family quarrels sometimes arrive at such a height, that the voice of the husband is disregarded in the tumult. Then the interposition of Mumbo Jumbo is invoked, and is always decisive. This strange minister of justice, this sovereign arbiter of domestic strise, disguised in his masquerade attire, and armed with the rod of public authority, announces his coming by loud; and dilmal screams in the adjacent woods. H.e begins, as soon as it is dark, to enter the town, and proceeds to a place where all the inhabitants are assembled to meet him. The appearance of Mumbo Jumbo, it may bo supposed, is unpleasing to the African ladies, but they do not resuse to appear when summoned; and the ceremony commences with dancing and singing, which conti-. nues till midnight, when Mumbo seizes on the offender. The unfortunate victim being stripped naked, is tied to a post and severely scourged with Mumbo's rod, amidst the (hours and derision of the whole assembly; and it Is remarkable, that the rest of the women are very clamorous and outrageous in their abuse of their unfortunate

sister,

sister, until day-light puts an end to this disgusting revelry *."

RACINE, BOILEAU, AND POPE.

Nature, fays Lord Orford, that produces famples of all qualities, and in the scale of gradation, exhibits all possible. shades, affords us types that are more apposite than words. The eagle is sublime, the lion majestie, the swan gracesul, the monkey pert, and the bear ridiculously aukward. 1 mention these as more expressive than I could make desinitions of my meaning; but I will only apply the swan, under whose wings I will shelter an apology for Racine, whose pieces give me the idea of that bird. The colouring of the swan is pure, his attitudes are gracesul, he never displeases you when failing on his proper element. His seet are ugly, his walk not natural; he can soar, but it is with difficulty. Still the impression a swan leaves is that of grace.—So does Racine.

Boileau may be compared to a dog, whose fagacity is remarkable, as well as its fawning on its master, and its snarling at those he dislikes. If Boileau was too stern to admit the pliancy of grace, he compenfates by good sense and propriety. He is like, for 1 will drop animals, an upright magistrate, whom you respect, but whose public justice and severity leave an awe that discourages familiarity. His copies of the ancients may be too servile; but is a good translator deserves praise, Boileau deserves more j he certainly does not fall below his originals, and, considering when he wrote, has a greater merit still. By his imitations, he held out to hit countrymen models of taste, and banished totally the bad taste of his predecessors. For his Lutrin, replete with excellent poetry, wit, humour, and fatire, he certainly was not obliged to the ancients. Except Horace, how

* For a surther account of African manners, we refer the reader to a long and interesting extract in this Month's Review.

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little idea had either the Greeks or Romans of wit and humour! Aristophanes and Lucian, compared with the moderns, were, the one a blackguard, the other a buffoon. To my eyes, the Lutrin.the Dispenfary, and the Rape of the Lock, are standards of elegance and grace not to be paralleled by antiquity, and are eternal and mortifying reproaches to Voltaire, whose indelicacy in the Pucelle, degraded him as much, when compared with the three authors I have named, as his Henriade leaves Virgil, and even Lucan, whom he more resembles, by far his superiors. The Dunciad is dishonoured by the offensive images of the games; but the poetry appears to me admirable, and though the fourth book has obscurities, I preser it to the three others. It has descriptions not to be surpassed by any poet that ever existed, and which, surely, a writer merely ingenious, will never equal. The lines on Italy, on Venice, on Convents, have all that grace for which I contend, as an ingredient distinct from the general beauties allotted to poetry; and the Rape of the Lock, besides the originality of the invention, is a standard of graceful writing. In general, I believe what I call grace is denominated elegance; bus I think grace is lomething higher. I will explain myself by instances rather than by wjords, Apollo is graceful—Mercury elegant.

LOCKE

Humorously describes the misery of the school.boy who is to write a theme, and having nothing to fay, goes about with the usual petition, in these cases, to His companions—-" Pray give me a little fense f"

ENGLISH STYLE.

Dr. Johnson fays, that whoever would acquire a, pure English style, must give his days and nights to Addison. We do not, however, seel this exclusive preserence for Addison's melodious periods: his page is ever elegant, but sometimes, it is too diffuse. Hume,

Slacks-one, Blackstone, and Smith, have a proper degree of strength and energy combined with their elegance. Gibbon fays that the persect composition and well-turned periods of JDr. Robertson, excited his hopes that he might one day become his equal in writing; but " the calm philosophy, the careless inimitable beauties of his friend and rival Hume, often forced me to close the volume with a mixed senfation of delight and despair." From this testimony we may judge, that ^simple flyle appears, to the best judges, to be the more dissicult to obtain, and more desirable than that highly ornamented diction to which writers of inserior taste aspire. Gibbon tells us with great candour, that his friend Hume advised him to beware of the rhetorical style of French eloquence. Hume, observed that the English language and English taste do not admit of this prosusion of ornament.

MADAM ROLAND.

When she was led to execution, exclaimed, as (he passed the statue of liberty !" Oh liberty, what crimes are committed in thy name!"

"COMPANY AND BOOKS.

Formerly it was wisely faid, " Tell me what company a man keeps, and I will tell you what he is;" but since literature has spread a new influence over the world, we must add, " Tell me what company he has kept, and what books he has read, and I will tell you what he is.''

ARCHBISHOP BECKET.

He was archbishop of Canterbury and lord Chancellor in the reign of Henry IJ. Before he was railed to the see of Canterbury, he was a very supple courtier, and conformed himself in every thing to the humour of the king. But after he was made archbishop, he occasioned much disturbance..by his pride, insolence, and

turbulcncy.

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