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admired alcavala America Andalusia appears Asturias attention Aviles bishop bread Cadiz Castille Catalonia cathedral cent chiefly church cloth commerce commodities confess convents corn corregidor count Campomanes court cultivated diseases ditto dred ducats duke eight hundred elegant Escurial expence fame fanegas feet five hundred former forty four hundred friends grant gremios half hundred thousand king kingdom of Castille labour land leagues Luis de Vargas Madrid manufactures marquis millions minister mules nations neral never Old Castille ounces Oviedo parish pence Peru plough Porto Bello pounds sterling present principal produce province provisions quarts received reckoned rent revenue rich royal Salamanca sand seven Seville shew shillings Sierra Morena sixteen Spain Spaniards Spanish sterling thirty thou thousand pounds thousand reals three hundred tion trade treasures twenty Valdemoro vast village wealth wheat whilst whole wine
Page 114 - The largeft mirrors are made in a brafs frame, one hundred and fixty-two inches long, ninety-three wide, and fix deep, weighing near nine tons. Thefe are defigned wholly for the royal palaces, and for prefents from the king.
Page 14 - ... hardware, with many articles of which this prov. supplies the rest of Spain, its manufactures are in a very backward state. Mr. Townsend says of the inhabitants, " They eat little flesh ; they drink little wine : their usual diet Is Indian corn, with beans, pease, chestnuts, apples, pears, melons, und cucumbers; and even their bread, made of Indian corn, has neither barm nor leaven, but is unfermented, and In the state of dough : their drink is water.
Page 100 - Her frame was naturally delicate, her imagination lively, and her mind, incapable of being fixed by trivial objects, turned with avidity to those which religion offered, the moment they were presented to her view. But, unfortunately, meeting with the writings of S. Jerom...
Page 150 - ... and leave the refufe for the church. In the country villages, the monks bear rule ; at leaft within their limits, and even in the cities, they fet up their pretenfions.
Page 236 - The wealth which proceeds from industry resembles the copious yet tranquil stream, which passes silent, and almost invisible, enriches the whole extent of country through which it flows; but the treasures of the new world, like a swelling torrent, were seen, heard, felt, and admired ; yet their first operation was to desolate and lay waste the spot on which they fell. The shock was sudden ; the contrast was too great. Spain overflowed with specie...
Page 62 - ... year 1350, when the plague, which ravaged Europe for several years, had desolated Spain, leaving only one-third of its former inhabitants to cultivate the soil. But perhaps we ought to look for its origin in more remote and distant ages, when the whole country was occupied by shepherd nations. . . . Occupying the hills with their numerous flocks and herds, it was natural for them in winter to quit a country then covered deep with snow, and to seek the more temperate regions of the south ; till...
Page 294 - The mode of filling them with air is singular; for, instead of working with his hand, a man walks backwards and forwards along an inclined plane of about 1 5 feet in length, which is balanced in the middle on its axis ; under each end is a pair of bellows, of about six feet by three and a half.
Page 294 - ... of about fifteen feet in length, which is balanced in the middle on its axis; under each end is a pair of bellows, of about fix feet by three and an half; th,efe communicate with five other pair...
Page 63 - ... mayotal or chief shepherd, to whom he allows annually one hundred doblons, or £75, and a horse; and for every flock of two hundred sheep, a separate shepherd, who is paid according to his merit, from eight shillings a month to thirty, besides two pounds of bread a day for himself, and as much for his dog, with the privilege of keeping a few goats on his own account. The produce of...