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Apex of the Sun's Way, Lewis Boss, 548
Aplin (O. V.), the Birds of Oxfordshire, R. Bowdler Sharpe,

169
Aquaria, the Management of, W. P. Seal, 18
Arc Light, Joseph McGrath, 154
Archæology : Interesting Remains discovered in Hamburg, 21;

Archæological Congress at Moscow, 283; Cambridge Archæological Museum, 324 ; Proposed Archäological Survey of Ceylon, 372 ; Vaphio (Morea) Rock-Sepulchre, S. Reinach, 500; Archaeology and Ethnology of Easter Island, Walter

Hough, 569 Arctic Ice Cap, is Greenland our, S. E. Peal, 58 Arctic (North Pole) Expedition, Dr. Nansen's Plan for, 374 Arctic Voyagers, Cause of Change of Skin-Colour in, Prof.

Holmgren, 546 Area of the Land and Depths of the Oceans in Former Periods, i

T. Mellard Reade, 103 Argentina, Dr. Hermann Burmeister on the Fossil Horses and

other Mammals of, 82 Argentine Ornithology, P. L. Sclater, F.R.S., and W. H.

Hudson, R. Bowdler Sharpe, 7 Argyll (the Duke of, F.R.S.): Acquired Characters and Con

genital Variation, 173, 294, 366; and the Neo-Darwinians,

W. T. Thiselton Dyer, F.R.S., 247 Arloing (M.), Diastases Secreted by Bacillus heminecrobiophilus,

143 Armenia, the Catastrophe of Kantzorik, F. M. Corpi, 190 Armstrong (Prof. II. E., F.R.S.), Constitution of Tri-derivatives

of Naphthalene, 454 Arnaud, Digitaline and Tanghinine, 48 Arrest's (D'), Comet, G. Leveau, 596 Ascension, the “Rollers” of, Prof. Cleveland Abbe, 585 Ascidians and Crabs, Prof. W. A. Herdman, 344 Asia, Central : Colonel Roborovski's Expedition in, 234; the

Russian Expeditions in, 352 Asia Minor, Prof. Bornmüller's Botanical Tour through, 136 Asiatic Cholera, Bacteria of, Dr. E. Klein, F.R.S., 509 Assaying, Text-book of, C. Beringer and J. J. Beringer, Thomas

Gibb, 245 Assmann (Dr.): Aspiration Thermometers, 239 ; Climatological

Considerations about Influenza, 325 Association for Improvement of Geometrical Teaching, 207, 282 Association of Public Sanitary Inspectors, 324 Assyrian Sculptured Group, Explanation of, Dr. E. B. Tylor,

F.R.S., 283 Asteroid, a New, 450 Asteroids, Discovery of, Dr. Palisa, 522 ; M. Charlois, 522 Astronomy : Our Astronomical Column, 19, 44, 68, 87, 114,

138, 163, 210, 232, 256, 285, 304, 326, 350, 374, 402, 428, 449, 472, 496, 521, 548, 571, 595; Stellar Parallax by means of Photography, Prof. Pritchard, 19; Measurements of Double Stars, S. W. Burnham, 19; Barnard's Comet, 1888–89, 19; Biographical Note on J. C. Houzeau, M. A. Lancaster, 20; Karlsruhe Observatory, 20; Objects for the Spectroscope, A. Fowler, 20, 44, 68, 87, 114, 138, 163, 183, 210, 232, 256, 285, 304, 326, 350, 374, 402, 428, 449, 472, 496, 521, 548, 571, 595 ; Large Scale Charts of the Constellations, Arthur Cottam, 45; Barnard's Comet, II. 1889, March 31, 45; the Structure of Jupiter's Belt 3. III., Dr. Terby, 45; Hand-book of Descriptive and Practical Astronomy, G. F. Chambers, 49; Ancient Chinese Astronomical Instruments, 66; the Minimum Sun-spot Period, M. Bruguière, 68; Return of Brorsen's Comet, Dr. E. Lamp, 69; the Companion of n Pegasi, 69 ; General Bibliography of Astronomy, 69; J. C. Houzeau's Vade Mecum, 69; a New Comet discovered by Lewis Swist, 69; Total Solar Eclipse of 1886, 88 ; Palermo Observatory, 88, Variable Star Y Cygni, 88; Paramatta Observatcry, 88 ; Minor Planet, 282 (Clorinde), 88 ; Comet Davidson (e 1889), 88 ; New Variable Star in Hydra, 88 ; Rev. S. J. Perry, F.R.S., on Sun-spots in High Southern Latitudes, 88; Origin of Shooting-Stars, 92; M. H. Faye on the Orbit of Winnecke's Periodical Comet, 94 ; Jupiter's Satellites, Ch. André, 94; Star Distances, Miss A. M. Clerke, 81; Sun-spot of June, July, and August 1889, 115; Photographic Star Spectra, 115; Comet Brooks (d 1889, July 6), Dr. Knopf, 115 ; Comet Swift ( 1889, November 17), Dr. Zelbr, 115; S Cassiopeiæ, Rev. T. E. Espin, 115; New Double Stars, Miss A. M. Clerke, 132 ; Brazilian Honours to French Astronomers, 135; Photometric Intensity of Coronal Light, 139 ; Corona of January 1, 1889, Prof. "Tacchini, 139; Minor Planet 12

(Victoria), 139;

Comet Swift 1 f 1889, November 17), Dr. R. Schorr, 139; Periodic Comets, 139; the Eclipse Parties, 139 ; Period of l' Coronæ, S. C. Chandler, 163, Identity of Brooks's Comet (d 1889) with Lexell's Comet, S. C. Chand. ler, 163 ; some Photographic Star Spectra, 163; Magartade and Colour of Argus, 164; Ortåt of Barnard's Comet, 1884 II., 164; Spectrum of Algol, 164; the Newall Telescope for the Cniversity of Cambridge, 166 : Variable Star in Cluster G.C. 3636. Prof. Pickering, 183; Changes in Lunar Craters, Prof. Thury, 183; the Satellite of Algol, W. H, S. Monck, 198; Recent Observations of Jupiter, W. F. Denning, 206 ; Dr. Peter's Star Catalogue, 210; Longitude of Mount Hamilton, 211; Comet Borelly :$ 1889. December 12), 211; Comet Brooks ld 1889, Juiy 6, 211: the Solar Eclipse, 211; Identity of Comet Vico (1844" with Brooks's (1889), 233 ; Observations of some Saspected Variables, Rev. John G. Hagen, 233; Spectrum of a Metallic Prominence, 233 ; Comet Swist 1889. November 17, Dr. Zelbr, Dr. Lamp,

233; Solar Spots and Prominences, Prof. Tacchini, 233 : Meteor, Rev. T. W. Morton, 249; the Temperature of the Moon, Prof. Langley, 257; on the Orbit of Struve 228, J. E. Gore, 257; Orbit of Swift's Comet, V. 1880), 257; on the Variability of R Vulpeculæ, 257 ; on the Rotation of Mercury, 257; the Cluster G.C. 1420, and the Nebula N.G.C. 2237, Dr. Lewis Swift, 285; on the Spectrum of

Ursæ Majoris, Prof. Pickering, 285 ; Spectroscopic Observations of Algol, Prof. Vogel, 286; the Meteorite of Mighei, J. Rutherford Hill, 298 ; Total Eclipse of January 1, 1889. Prof. Holden, 305; Orbits of the Companions of Brooks's Comet (1889, V., July 61, 305;

Greenwich Observatory, 305; Star Land, Sir Robert S. Ball, F.R.S., 315; Eight Rainbows seen at the same time, Sir William Thomson, F.R.S., 316; Dr. Percival Frast, F.R.S., 316; Annuaire du Bureau des Longitudes, 1890, 327; Annuaire de l'Observatoire Royal de Bruxelles, 1890, 327; Royal Astronomical Society, 327; Total Solar Eclipse of 1886, Dr. Schuster, F.R.S., 327 Solar Halos and Parhelia, 330 ; a Photographic Method for Determining Variability in Stars, Isaac Roberts, 332 ; Earth Tremors from Trains, and

their Effects on Astronomical Instruments, H. H. Turner, 344 : the Nuclei of Great Comet II. of 1882, F. Tisserand, 358 ; Spectrum of the Zodiacal Light, Maxwell Hall, 351; Solar and Stellar Motions, Prof. J. R. Eastman, 351; Den Echt Observatory, 351 ; Transit Observations at Melbourne Observatory, 351; the Maintaining and Working of the Great Newall "Telescope, 357; Is the Copernican System of Astronomy True? W. S. Cassedy, 366 ; Progress of Astronomy in 1886, Prof. Winlock, 374; Maximum Light Intensity of the Solar Spectrum, Dr. Mengarini, 374 ; Spectrum of Borelly's Comet 3 1889), 374: Spectra of 8 and 4 Centauri, 374 ; on the Star System Scorpii, 374; the Total Eclipse, Prof. David P. Todd, 379; Scenery of the Heavens, by J. E. Gore, 391; the Distance of the Stars, Dr. W. H. S. Monck, 392 ; Ephemeris of Brooks's Comet (d 1889), 403; New Short Period Variable in Ophiuchus, 403 ; Observations of the Magnitude of lapetus, 403 ; Observations of Ursa Majoris and B Auriga, 403; the Movement of Planets, F. Tisserand, 406; Total Solar Eclipse of December 22, 1889, M. A. De La Baume Pluvinel, 428 ; Comets and Asteroids discovered in 1889, 428; Mass of Saturn, Asaph Hall, 429; the Astronomical Observatory of Harvard College, 446; the Soiar and the Lunar Spectrum, Prof. Langley, 450 ; the Corona of 1889, December 22, W. H. Wesley, 450 ; Nebular Hypothesis, Herbert Spencer, 450 ; Nebula, General Catalogue No. 4795, W. E. Jackson, 450 ; a New Asteroid, 450 ; Hues's Treatise on the Globes (1592), 459; Astronomy with an Opera Glass, Garrett P, Serviss, 462 ; Méguéia Meteorite, Prof. Simaschko, 472; Velocity of the Propagation of Gravitation, J. Van Hepperger, 472; Vatican Observatory, 472; Double-Star Observations, S. W. Burnham, 472 ; Sunspot in High La'itudes, G. Dierckx, 472; the Elements of Astronomy, Prof. C. A. Young, 485; Death and Obituary Notice of, Prof. C. M.V. Montigny.,

479; Observatory at Madagascar, 497 ; the Great Comet of 1882, 522 ; Melbourne Star Catalogue, 522; Brooks's Comet (a 1890). 522 ; Discovery of Asteroids, 522 ; Solar Activity in 1889, 522; New Light from Solar Eclipses, William M. Page, William E. Plummer, 529; the Apex of the Sun's Way, Lewis Boss, 548; Stability of the Rings of Saturn, O. Callandreau, 548; Brooks's Comet (a 1890), 549 ; Bright Lines in Stellar Spectra, Rev. J. E. Espin, 549; the Moon in London, Rev. T. R. R. Stebbing, 586 ; the Effect of Railways on Instruments in Observatories, 592 ;

Mathematical Study of Solar Corona, Prof. F. H. Bigelow, Bassot (M.), Difference of Longitude between Paris and Leyd en

595 ; Solar Observations at Rome, Prof. Tacchini, 595 ; 215

D'Arrest's Comet, G. Lcveau, 596; Astronomical Society Basutoland, Sir Marshall Clarke on Education in, 86

of France, 596; Observations of Sun-spots made at Lyons Bataillon (E.), the Metamorphosis of Anoura, 23

Observatory in 1889, by Em. Marchand, 599

Batoum, Curious Marine Phenomenon at, 426

Atacama, on the supposed Enormous Showers of Meteorites in Bears and Wolves in Bosnia, 325

the Desert of, 108

Bebber (Dr. Van): Loomis on Rainfall of the Earth, 43; De-

Atlantic, Waterspont in, 470

pendence of the Force of Winds upon Surface over which

Atlantic, North, Pilot Chart of, February 1890, 401

they blow, 372

Atlantic Ocean, Pilot Chart of the North, 85

Beck (C. R.), Crystalline Substances obtained from Fruits of
Atlas, Facsimile, to the Early History of Cartography, by A. E. various Species of Citrus, 527
Nordenskiöld, 558

Becker (G. F.), Geology of the Quicksilver Deposits of the

Atlas of Algæ, a New, Dr. J. Reinke, 127

Pacific Slope, 532

Atlas of the World, Library Reference, John Bartholomew, 413 Beddard (Frank E.), the Pigment of the Touraco and the Tree

Atmosphere, General Circulation of, Dr. Pernter, 325

Porcupine, 152

Atmospheric Circulation, A. Buchan, 363

Bedford College, London, Physical and Chemical Laboratories
Atmospheric Dust, Dr. William Marcet, F.R.S., 358, 473 at, 160, 279
Atomic Volumes of Elements Present in Iron and their Influence Bee, Wax Organs of, G. Carlet, 407

on its Molecular Structure, the Relation between, Prof, W.c. Beetle Settlement in Disused Gasometer, T. H. Hall, 520
Roberts-Austen, F.R.S., 420

Beevor (C. E., M.D.), Arrangement of Excitable Fibres of

Attention, Psychology of, Th. Ribot, 460

Internal Capsules of Bonnet Monkey, 166

Auger (V.), a New Class of Diacetones, 215

Before and After Darwin, Prof. G. J. Romanes, F.R.S., 524

Australia Australasian Association for the Advancement of Behal (A.), a New Class of Diacetones, 215

Science, 400; Prof. Orme Masson, 441; Decrease of Bellati (Prof. M.), the Absorption of Hydrogen by Iron, 380

Kangaroos, 43; Exploration of the Musgrave Ranges, 86; Belt, Fighting for the, F. C. Constable, 199

Sheep Farming in, Prof. Wallace, 113; the Useful Plants of, Ben Nevis Observatory Report for January 1890, 348

J. H. Maiden, 194; Among Canibals, Carl Lumholtz, 200 ; Benda (Dr.), the Coiled Glands in the Skin, 24

Tietkens's Explorations in Central, 286 ; Australia Twice Beneden (P. J. Van), Histoire Naturelle des Cétacés des Mers

Traversed, Ernest Giles, 341; Report on the Meteorology of d'Europe, 223

Australia, C. L. Wragge, 348; A. J. Campbell's Collections Benedikt (Dr. R.) and Dr. E. Knecht, Chemistry of the Coal
of Bird Skins and Eggs from Western Australia, 593

Tar Colours, 8
Austria (H.I.H. the late Prince Rudolph of), Notes on Sport | Bengal, Technical Education in, 66
and Ornithology, R. Bowdler Sharpe, 169

Benham (W. B.), Earthworms from Pennsylvania, 560
Aveling (Rev. F. W.), Light and Heat, 558

Bennett (Alfred W.): Fossil Rhizocarps, 154 ; the Revised Ter-

Avian Anatomy, Dr. R. W. Shufeldt on, 594

minology in Cryptogamic Botany, 225

Ayrton (Prof. W. E., F.R.S.), Galvanometers, 310, 381 Benzoic Acid, New Form of, 594

Berget (Alphonse), Relation between Electric and Thermal

Conductivities of Metals, 287
B-Inosite, Maquenne, 215

Beringer (C.) and J. J. Beringer, Text-book of Assaying,

Babylonian Metrical System, the, Dr. Lehmann, 167

Thomas Gibb, 245

Bacillus heminecrobiophilus, Diastases Secreted by, Arloing, Berlin : Physiological Society, 23, 95, 119, 288, 359, 407, 479,
143

504, 528, 599 ; Berlin Academy of Sciences, Money Grants,
Backhouse (T. W.), Luminous Clouds, 297

42; Research Grants, 426; Physical Society, 95, 167, 215,
Bacteria : of Asiatic Cholera, Dr É, Klein, F.R.S., 509 ; 239, 263, 383, 407, 480, 504, 551 ; the Proposed Berlin In-

Biology of Anaerobic Bacteria, Dr. Weyl, 359; Luminous ternational Horticultural Exhibition, 283 ; Berlin Nachtigall
and Plastic Food of Phosphorescent Bacteria, Dr. Beyerinck, Gesellschaft, 426 ; Meteorological Society of, 95, 215, 383,
552; Bacteriological Laboratory, Poona, 469

479, 504; Berlin Natural Science Museum, Opening of, 112

Bailey (G. H.), Behaviour of more Stable Oxides at High “Bermuda Islands," the, Angelo Heilprin, Dr. H. B. Guppy,

Temperatures, 502

193

Baker (T. W.), a Meteor, 418

Bermuda Islands, Proposed Meteorological Station at the, 85
Bala Volcanic Series of Caernarvonshire and Associated Rocks ; Bernoulli on the St. Petersburg Problem, 165

being the Sedgwick Prize Essay for 1888, Alfred Harker, 414 Bernthsen (A.), a Text-book of Organic Chemistry, 172
Ball John, F.R.S.), Botanical Bequest, 17

Berry (David), Bequest of £100,000 to the University of St.

Ball (Sir Robert S., F.R.S.): "Time and Tide, a Romance of Andrews by, 41

the Moon," 30 ; "Star Land," 315

Berthelot (M.): Animal Heat, 119; the Carbon Graphites,

Ball (V., LL.D., F.R.S.), Tavernier's Travels in India, 313 311 ; Formation of Nitrates in Plants, 311; Berthelot and P.
Ballarat School of Mines, Melbourne, 593

Petit on Animal Heat and the Combustion of Urea, 94

Balloon, Asbestos Hot-air, in India, Successful Use of, Percival Bertillon (Jacques): Application of Photography to Study of

Spencer, 325

Physical Peculiarities engendered by different Occupations,

Ballot (Christoforus Henricus Diedericus Buys), Obituary Notice 230; on the Identification of Criminals by Measurement, 592

of, 371

Bertrand (J.), Calcul des Probabilités, 6

Banana Disease in Fiji, Sea-water Cure for, 19

Bertrand's Refractometer, Prof. S. P. Thompson, 526

Bar, New Method of Measuring small Elongations of a, Signor Bertrand's Idiocyclophanous Prism, Prof. S. P. Thompson, 574

Cardani, 427

Berwickshire, the Birds of, Geo. Muirhead, R. Bowdler Sharpe,

Barbados Monkey, the, Colonel H. W. Feilden, 349

169
Barber (Thos. Walter), the Engineer's Sketch Book, 52 Besson (M.): Combination of Ammonia and Phosphorette 1
Rarclay (H. G.), Bird-preservation in the Farne Islands, 112 Hydrogen with Dichloride and Dibromide of Silicon, 359 ;
Barillot (Ernest), Manuel de l'Analyse des Vins, 510

Combination of Gaseous Phosphoretted Hydrogen with

Barnard (E. E.): Measurements of Double Stars, 19; Comet Boron and Silicium Fluorides, 287

1888-89, 20; Comet II. 1889, March 31, 45 ; Comet 6 Bethnal Green Free Library, Proposed Enlargement of, 349

1889. Comet c 1889, discovered by, 428

Betts (Benjamin), a New Logical Machine, 79

Barnard (James), the Last Living Aboriginal of Tasmania, 43 Bevan (E. J.): Acetylation of Cellulose, 142; the Constituents

Barometer, Diurnal Range of, A. Angot, 449

of Flax, 143

Barrows (W. II.), the Food of Crows, 137

Beyerinck (Dr.), Luminous and Plastic Food of Phosphorescent

Bartholomew (John), Library Reference Atlas of the World, 413 Bacteria, 552

Barus (Carl), the Molecular Stability of Metals, particularly of Beyern, Prehistoric Burial Ground in Caucasus discovered by,

Iron and Steel, 369

43

Bashore (H. B.), (American) Indian Pipe, 303

Beynon (Richard), Effect of Oil on Disturbed Water, 205
Basset (A. B., F.R.S.): Extension and Flexure of Cylindrical Bezold (Prof. von), on the Production of Clouds, 95

and Spherical Thin Elastic Shells, 238 ; on the Effect of Oil Bible, the Religion of the Semites, Prof. W. Robertson Smith,
on Disturbed Water, 297

337

Bibliography of Astronomy, General, 69

92; Journal of Botany. 92 ; Soora Giornale Botanico Italiano,
Bibliotheque Photographinse, P. Mbesard, 224

92; Cool Cultivation d Tropical, &c., Plants, Thiselton Dyer,
Eiddas,
Liect-General Sur Robert, Cyprus, 45

136 ; Botanical Tour through Asia Minor, Prof. Bornmaller's
Bidachit Ir... Comet Books - 1890, 571

136 ; Tubercles on Roots of Leguminous Plants, Prof. H.
Bidwester, F.RS., Lectrification of Steam, 213 Marshall Ward, F.R.S. 140; the Flora of Suffolk, by Dr.
Big Crane, East Africa and its, Captain Sir John C. Willoughby, i w. M. Hind, 149: Soxices Grass, Lalang sangapore:

298
Bigelow (Prof. F. H.,, Mathematical Study of Solar Corona, Index of British Plants, Robert Turball, 196 ; Hand-book of

Practical Botany for the Botanical Laboratory and Private
Brology : Proposed Lacastrine Station on Lake Plon, 18 ; Prof. Student, E. Strasburger, 223; the Revised Terminology in

Weismann's Eva Dr. St. George Mivart, F.R.S., 38 ; Cryptogamic Botany, Alfred W. Bennert, 225; Flower-Land,
Marine Bictogy, the Puffin Island Station, 364 ; Biology of an Introduction to Botany, Robert Fisher, 347; the Cace de
Anaerobic Bacteria, Dr. Weyl, 359; the Botanical Institute Mer, 256; Malayan Plants in Calcutta Herbarius, 283; the
and Marine station at Kiel, 397

Weather Plant (Abru frecaterins), Dr. Francis Oliver, 283;
Bionomicy, "Like to Like," a Fundamental Principle in, Prof. St. Louis, the Shaw Bequest for the Eadowment of Botanic
Geo. J. Romanes, F.R.S., 535; John T. Gulick, 535

Garden at, 324; the Ke Bulletin, 325, 426 : Sweet-scented
Bripravervation in the Farne Islands, H. G. Barclay, 112 Fern, 349;

Das australische Florenelement in Europa, Dr.
Birds of Berwickshire, Geo. Muirhead, R. Bowdler Sharpe, Constantin Freiherr von Ettingshansen, 365 : Effects of Fog

on Plants under Glass, 372; Manistus alba iBokhara Clover)
Birds: Csant Salvadori on the Birds of New Guinea and the as a Weed in Western States of Amenca, 372; Germination
Mouta leiande, 85

of Castor-oil Plant Seed. J. R. Green, 380; Die Arten der
Barris, Dr. R. W. Shufeldt on Avian Anatomy, 594

Gattung Ephedra, von Dr. Otto Stapf, 390 : the Botanical
Bris of India, V.I., E. W. Oates, 388

Institute and Marine Station at Kiel, 397; Hygrometric Club
Buds in My Garden, W. T. Greene, K Bowdler Sharpe, 169 Moss from Mexico, 401; Botanical Gazette, 405 : Diseases of
Birds Oxfordshire, 0. V. Aplin, R. Bowdler Sharpe, 169 Plants, Prof. H. Marshall Ward, F.RS, 436; the Botanical
Birds, Sea, the Wanton Destruction of, G. W. Lamplugh, 490 Laboratory in the Royal Gardens, Peradeniya, Ceylon, 445 ;
Black Sea : Proposed Scientific Investigation of, 348; the Level Handleiding tot de kennis der Flora van Nederlandsch Indie,
of the, 356

461; Abnormal Shoots of Ivy, W.F. R. Weldon, 464;

Seed.
Bladder in Fishes, the, Prof. Liebreich, 359

ing of Sugar-Cane, D. Morris, 478; True Nature of Callas,
Blanchard (Prof. Raphael) : Discovery of Carotine Pigment in Spencer Moore, 478; the Dispersal of Plants, as Illustrated by

Alpine Lake Crustacean, 325 ; a Colouring-matter from the Flora of the Keeling Islands, Dr. H. B. Gappy, 492;
Díaptomus analogous to Carotin, 383

Salad-plants, H. de Vilmorin, 494: the Native Ebony of St.
Blanford (Dr., F.R.S.), Presidential Address to the Geological Helena, Morris, 519 ; Sell-colonization of Coco-nut Palm, W.
Society, 455

B. Hemsley, 537 Suggestion for Facilitating the Study of
Blind Species, Cave Fauna of North America, with Remarks Botany in India. G. Carstensen, 546 : Self-colonization of

on the Anatomy of the Brain and Origin of the, A. S. Coco-nut Palm, Captain W. J. L. Wharton, F.R.S., 585;
Packard, 507

Organization of Fossil Plants of Coal-measures, Prof. William
Blumentritt (Dr. F.), Ethnology of Philippine Islands, 327 son, F.R.S., 572; Botanical Condition of German Ocean,
Blunfield (R. W.), Alexandrian Garden Pest, 181

Major Reinhold, 569; a Blue Primrose, 369; Threatened Ex-
Boat, Submarine, Periscope for Navigating, 349

tinction of Cyclamen in Savoy, 569: How to know Grasses
Bodmer (G. R.), Hydraulic Motors, Turbines and Pressure by their Leaves, A. X, M'Alpine, Prof. John Wrightson, 557
Engines, 27

| Bottomley (. T., F.R.S.), Four-Figure Mathematical Tables,
Bogdanovitch (M.), in Central Asia, 352

510
Boguski (J. J.), Variations of Electric Resistance of Nitric , Bouchard (Cb.), Mechanism of the Local Lesion in Infectious
Peroxide at various Temperatures, 119

Diseases, 48
Boilers, Marine and Land, T. W. Trailí, 486

Bourdon's Pressure-Gauge : Prof. A. M. Worthington, 296 ;
Boilers, the Evaporative Efficiency of, C. E. Stromeyer, 516 Prof. A. G. Greenhill, F.R.S., 517
Boisbaudran (Lecoq de), some New Fluorescent Materials, 287 Bournemouth Industrial and Loan Exhibition, Science Exhibits
Bollettino of Italian Geographical Society, 164

in, 545
Bonavia (Dr. E.), the Cultivated Oranges and Lemons of India Boussingault (M.), Proposed Statue to the late, 207, 348
and Ceylon, C. B. Clarke, F.R.S., 579

Boutzoureano (M.), on a Xew Series of Salts of Selenite, 87
Bone and Dentine, the Longevity of Textural Elements, par. Bower (J. A.), Science of Every-day Life, 78
ticularly in, John Cleland, 392

Boys (C. V., F.R.S.), on the Cavendish Experiment, 155
Bonn, Earthquake at, 470

Brande (Dr.), Taxine, a New Alkaloid from Yew Leaves, &c.,
Bonney (Prof. T. G., F.R.S.): Crystalline Schists and their 496

Relations to Mesozoic Rocks in Lepontine Alps, 333; a Geo- Brandis (Sir D., F.R.S.), a Manual of Forestry, William
logical Map of the Alpine Chain, 483

Schlich, 121
Bonsdorf (A. B.), the Secular Cpheaval of the Coasts of Fin. Brassart Brothers' New Seismoscopes, 137
land, 348

Brazil, Dr. Lund's Exploration of the Limestone Caverns of, 26
Boole (Mary), a New Logical Machine, 79

Brazilian Honours to French Astronomers, 135
Borelly's Comet (g 1889, December 12), 211, 374, 429

Bréal (M.), Fixation of Nitrogen of the Leguminosæ, 23
Borneo (British North), Gold Exploration in, 182

| Breathing, Thought and : R. Barrett Pope, 297 ; Prof. F. Max
Bort (Teisserenc de), Barometric Gradients, 161

Müller, 317 ; Rev. W. Clement Ley, 317; Mrs. J. C. Murray-
Bosnia : Earthquakes in, 136 ; Bears and Wolves in, 325 | Aynsley, 441
Boss (Lewis), Apex of the Sun's Way, 548

Brewery and Malt-House, the Microscope in the, Chas. Geo.
Botany : On a New Application of Photography to the De. Mathews and Francis Edw. Lott, 246

monstration of Physiological Processes in Plants, Walter Brezina (A.), Die Meteoritensammlung des kk mineralog.
Gardiner, 16; Foreign Botanical Appointments, 17, 136 ; Hofkabinetes in Wien, 127
Russian Botanical Appointments, 42; John Ball Bequest, Brezina (A.) and E. Cohen, Die Structur und Zusammensetzung
17; European Weeds in America, 18; Sea-water Cure for der Meteoreisen erläutert durch photographische Abbildungen
the Banana Disease, 19; some Provençal Tree Hybrids, G. geätzter Schnittflächen, 127
de Saporta, 23 ; Retarded Germination, 31; the African Brick Buildings, Magnetism in, R. W. Wilson, 405
Oil Palm in Labuan, 42; Street Plants in Manchester, 42; Bridge across the Bosphorus, Proposed, 568
Enumeratio Specierum Varietatumque Generis Dianthus, F. Bridge, Chenab, Testing of, 372
N. Williams, 51; Morphology and Biology of Oidium albicans, Bridge, Testing of the New Forth, 281 ; Opening of the, 429
Linossier and Roux, 72; the Flora of Derbyshire, by the Rev. Bright Lines in Stellar Spectra, Rev. J. E. Espin, 549
W. H. Painter, 77 ; Pinks of Western Europe, by F. N. Brinton (Dr. D. G.): Ethnologic Affinity of Ancient Etruscans,
Williams, 78; Curious Dwarf Japanese Tree, *Thuja obtusa, 66 ; Etruscans a Libyan Offshoot, 448 ; the Cradle of the
86; Herr Kny, on Trees Growing in an Inverted Position, Semites, 569
86; How Plants maintain themselves in the Struggle for British Association, Second Report of the Committee on Teach-
Existence, Prof. Walter Gardiner, 90 ; the Botanical Gazette, ing Chemistry, 160

British Earthquakes, Record of, Charles Davison, 9; William Campbell (A. J.), Collections of Western Australian Birdskins

White, 202

and Eggs, 593

British Guiana, the Journal Timehri, 549

Canada, Mining and Mineral Statistics of, 87
British Journal Photographic Almanac, 1890, 510

Canary, Effects of Musical Sounds on a, 593
British Museum : Reading Room, 199; Electric Light at the, Cannibals, Among, Carl Lumholtz, 200

301 ; Catalogue of the Fossil Reptilia and Amphibia in the, Capacity, Specific Inductive, Prof. Oliver J. Lodge, F.R.S., 30
Richard Lydekker, 534

Capital, Accumulations of, in the United Kingdom in 1875-85,

British Plants, Index of, Robert Turnbull, 196

Robert Giffen, 211

Brodhun (Dr.), New Contrast-Photometer, 552

Capital, the Growth of, Robert Giffen, 553
Brook and its Banks, the, Rev. J. G. Wood, 53

Carbutt (Mrs. E. H.), Five Months' Fine Weather in Canada,
Brooks (W.): Comet a 1889, Comet d 1889, discovered by, 428; Western United States, and Mexico, 247

Comet (d 1889, July 6) Dr. Knopf, 115, 211; Brooks's Comet Cardani (Signor), New Method of measuring Small Elongations
(1889), Identity of Comet Vico (1844) with, 233 ; Orbits of of a Bar, 427
the Companions of, 305 ; Brooks's Comet (a 1890), 522, 549 ; Carinthia, Earthquake in, 284
Dr. Bidschof, 571

Carlet (G.), Wax Organs of Bees, 407
Brorsen's Comet, Return of, Dr. E. Lamp, 69

Carlier (E. W.), Note on a Probable Nervous Affection observed
Brown (Arthur), Mirages, 225

in an Insect, 197
Brown (A. B.), the Steering of Steam ships, 516

Carnelley (Prof.): the Relation of Physiological Action to
Brown (Prof. Crum), a New Synthesis of Dibasic Organic Acids, Atomic Weight, 189; Attempt to express Periodic Law of
431

Chemical Elements by Algebraic Formula, 304
Brown (H. T., F.R.S.), Identity of Cerebrose and Galactose, Carotine Pigment in Alpine Lake Crustacean, Discovery of, by
262

Prof. Raphael Blanchard, 325, 383

Browne (Montagu), the Vertebrate Animals of Leicestershire Carruthers (G. T.), Locusts in the Red Sea, 153

and Rutland, 220

Carstensen (G.), Suggestion for Facilitating Study of Botany in

Bruce (E. S.), an Optical Feature of Lightning Flashes, 406 India, 546
Bruguière (M.), Minimum Sun-spot Period, 68

Cartailhac (Emile), La France Préhistorique, 102
Brush-Turkeys on the Smaller Islands north of Celebes, Dr. Carter (Brudenell), Vision-Testing for Practical Purposes, 302
A. B. Meyer, 514

Cartography, Facsimile Atlas to the Early History of, A. E.
(G, H.), Stability of Rotating Spheroid of Perfect Liquid, Nordenskiöld, 558

526

Carus-Wilson (Charles A.): Behaviour of Steel under Mechanical

Bryce's (Prof. J.) Speech on Presentation of A. R. Wallace for Stress, 213; the Rupture of Steel by Longitudinal Stress,
Degree of D.C.L. at Oxford, 112

574
Buchan (A.), Atmospheric Circulation, 363

Cashmere, North-West, Dauvergne's Journey in, 165
Buchan (Dr.), Influenza and Weather, 596

Cassedy (W. S.), Is the Copernican System of Astronomy True ?,
Buffalo in Northern Australia, Increase of, 18

366

Bulk of Ocean Water, Is the, a Fixed Quantity, A. J. Jukes. Cassiopeiæ, S, Rev. T. E. Espin, 115

Browne, 130

Catalogue of the Fossil Reptilia and Amphibia in the British

Bulk of Ocean Water, Does the, Increase, T. Mellard Reade, Museum (Natural History), Richard Lydekker, 534
175; Rev. Osmond Fisher, 197

Cattle-poisoning by Ergotized Lolium, 569

Bulkeley (Owen T.), the Lesser Antilles, 268

Caucasus, Prehistoric Burial Ground in, Beyern, 43

Bulletin de l'Académie Royal de Belgique, 212, 237

Caucasus, Search and Travel in the, D. W. Freshfield, 351

Bulletin de la Société d'Anthropologie, 332,

Caucasus, a Trip through the Eastern, Hon. John Abercromby,

Bulletin de la Société Imperiale des Naturalistes de Moscou, 92 391

Bummelen (Van), Composition of Tobacco-growing Soils in Causes of Variation, E. D. Cope on, Prof. E. Ray Lankester,

Deli and Java, 384

F.R.S., 128

Burder (Geo. F.), Self-luminous Clouds, 198

Cave Dwelling in New Zealand, Discovery of, H. O. Forbes

Burmah, a Thousand Miles on an Elephant in the Shan States,

209

Holt S. Hallett, 265

Cave Fauna of North America, with Remarks on the Anatomy

Burmeister (Dr. Hermann), on the Fossil Horses and other of the Brain and Origin of the Blind Species, A. S. Packard,

Mammals of Argentina, 82

507

Burnham (S. W.): Measurements of Double Stars, 19; Double Cavendish Experiment, C. V. Boys, F.R.S., on the, 155

Star Observations, 472

Cayley (Prof. A., F.R.S.), Roots of an Algebraic Equation,

Burton (C. V.), a Physical Basis for the Theory of Errors, 47 335, 359

Burton (F. M.), Chiff-Chaff Singing in September, 298

Celebes Photographs, Dr. A. B. Meyer, 471 ; Brush-Turkeys

Burton (Prof. W. K.), Electrical Cloud Phenomena, 10

on the Smaller İslands north of, Dr. A. B. Meyer, 514

Buschan (Herr), Prehistoric Textiles, 182

Celts in Hampshire, Characteristic Survivals of, T. W. Shore,

Butter, Cocoa-Nut, 162, 284

406

Butterflies, Maltese, George Fraser, 199

Centauri, Spectra of 8 and , 374

Buys-Ballot (Prof. C. H. D.), Death of, 324

Cetacea, Rorqual musculus stranded in Médoc District, 113
Cétacés des Mers d'Europe, Histoire Naturelle des, P. J. Van

Beneden, 223
Caballero (Dr. E.), Remarkable Meteor at Pontevedra, 303 Ceylon : Geodetical Survey of, 86; the Veddahs of, Dr. Arthur
Cælum, New Variable in, Prof. Pickering, 571

Thomson, 303 ; Asiatic Society, 349; Proposed Archäological

Caernarvonshire, Volcanic Rocks of, Alfred Harker, 414

Survey of, 372

Calculus of Probabilities, J. Bertrand, 6

Chabrie' (M.): the Chlorides of Selenium, 284; Gas obtained
California, Spread of the Australian Ladybird in, J. R. Dobbins, by Heating Silver Fluoride with Chloroform in Sealed Tube,
161

521

Callandreau (O.), Stability of the Rings of Saturn, 548 Chaffinch, the, E. J. Lowe, F.R.S., 394

Calorimeter, the Steam, J. Joly, 212

Challenger Expedition : Report on the Magnetical Results of the

Camboué (Rev. Paul), Distribution of Animals and Plants by Voyage of H.M.S., E. W. Creak, F.R.S., 105 ; Zoological

Ocean Currents, 103

Results of the, 217; Report on the Scientific Results of the

Cambrian and Silurian, Sedgwick and Murchison, Prof. James Exploring Voyage of H.M.S., 361 ; Meteorological Report

D. Dana, 421

of the, 443

Cambridge University of, Appointment of Examiners, 23 ; Chambers (G. F.), Hand-book of Descriptive and Practical

the Mechanical Workshops at, 23; the John Lucas Walker Astronomy, 49

Fund, 23; Election of Fellows at St. John's College, 23; Chandler (s. Č.): Period of u Coronæ, 163; Identity of

Science and the Indian Civil Service, 25 Physiology at, 41; Brooks's Comet (d 1889) with Lexell's Comet (1770), 163

the Newall Telescope, 166 ; Archäological Museum, 324 ; Characters, Acquired : and Congenital Variation, the Duke of

University Natural Science Club Conversazione, 371 ; An Argyll, F.R.S., 173, 294 ; Palæontological Evidence for the

thropometry at, 560; Dr. John Venn, F.R.S., 450 ; Francis Transmission of, Henry Fairfield Osborn, 227 ; Congenital

Galton, F.R.S., 454

Variation, the Duke of Argyll, F.R.S., 366 ; Right Rev.

Bishop R. Courtenay, 367; Dr. J. Cowper, 368 ; Inheritance Chlorides, Crisner, 401 ; Diethyline Diamine, Dr. J. of, Herbert Spencer, 414 ; Prof. E. Ray Lankester, F.R.S., Sieber, 428 ; Analysis of Carcote (Chili) Meteorite, Drs. Will

415 ; Transmission of, Prof. E. Ray Lankester, F.R.S., 486 and Pinnow, 428 ; Prof. Crum Brown on a New Synthesis of Charlois (M.), Discovery of Asteroids, 522

Dibasic Organic Acids, 431; the Vapour-pressure of Acetic Charts of the Constellations, Large Scale, Arthur Cottam, 45 Acid Solutions, Raoult and Recoura, 431 ; Volumetric EstimaChatelier (H. Le), Electrical Resistance of Iron Alloys at High tion of Copper, Etard and Lebean, 431; Crystalline Allotropic Temperatures, 383

Forms of Sulphur, Dr. Muthmann, 449; Nitrous Anhydride Chelmsford, Earthquake at, 256

and Nitric Peroxide, Prof. Ramsay, F.R.S., 454; ConstituChelmsford, Supposed Earthquake at, on January 7, Chas. tion of Tri-derivatives of Naphthalene, Armstrong and Wynne, Davison, 369

454; Estimation of Free Halogens and Iodides in presence Chemistry : Chemistry of the Coal-tar Colours, Dr. R. Benedikt of Chlorine and Bromine, P. Lebeau, 479;

a New Alkaloid and Dr. E. Knecht, 8; Experiments upon Simultaneous Pro (Taxine) from Leaves, &c., of Yew Tree, Drs. Hilger and duction of Pure Crystals of Sodium Carbonate and Chlorine Brande, 496; Behaviour of more Stable Oxides at High Gas from Common Salt, Dr. Hempel, 19; the Microscope as Temperatures, Dr. G. H. Bailey and W. B. Hopkins, 502 ; Applied to Physiological Chemistry, Prof. Kossel, 23 ; Sorbite, Influence of Different Oxides on Decomposition of Potassium Vincent and Delachanal on, 23; Double Nitrites of Ruth Chlorate, Fowler and Grant, 502; Ammonium Hypochlorite, enium and Potassium, Joly and Vezes, 23 ; Agricultural Cross and Bevan, 502; the Production of Ozone by Flames, Chemistry, Fixation of Nitrogen by the Leguminosa, M. J. T. Cundall, 502 ; Action of Sulphuric Acid on Aluminium, Bréal, 23; Air in the Soil, Th. Schlesing, fils, 23; the A. Ditte, 503 ; the Dextro- and Lævo-rotatory Borneol Exhaustion of Soils Cultivated without Manure, and the Value Camphorates, A. Haller, 503 ; Isolation of Fluoroform, M. of Organic Matter in Soil, P. P. Dehérain, 119; the Fer Meslans, 521; Gas oblained by heating Silver Fluoride with mentation of Stable Manure, Th. Schlesing, 143 ; Composi Chloroform in Sealed Tube, M. Chabrié, 521; the Glow of Phostion of Tobacco-growing. Soils in Deli and Java, Van phorus, Prof. T. E. Thorpe, F.R.S., 523 ; Apparatus for DisBummelen, 384; Absorption of Atmospheric Ammonia by tilling Mercury in Vacuum, Prof. Dunstan, 526; Thecry of Soils, H. Schlæsing, 479 ; Redetermination of Atomic Weight Osmotic Pressure, Prof. S. U. Pickering, 526; Crystalline Subof Palladium, Dr. E. H. Keiser, 44 ; Nitrosochloride of stances obtained from Fruits of various Species of Citrus, Prof. Pinol, a new Isomer of Camphor, 44 ; Researches on Digita W. A. Tilden, F.R.S., and C. R. Beck, 527 ; Studies on iso. line and Tanghinine, Arnaud, 48; Phenyl-thiophene, A. meric Change, IV. ; Halogen Derivatives of Quinone, A. R. Renard, 48; the Composition of the Chemical Elements, A. Ling, 527 ; Hydrazine, Drs. Curtius and Jay, 547 ; Crystals of M. Stapley, 56; New Mode of Preparing Manganese, Dr. Lime, H. A. Miers, 560; a Nitrosoplatinichloride, M. Vézes, Glatzel, 67 ; Laboratory at Stalybridge Mechanics' Institute, 576 ; Glycollic Nitrile and Direct Synthesis of Glycollic Acid, 85; a Case of Chemical Equilibrium, W. H. Pendlebury, Louis Henry, 576; Nessler's Ammonia Test as a Micro104 ; a New Method of Preparing Fluorine, M. Moissan, Chemical Reagent for Tannin, Spencer Moore, 585 ; New 117; Perfected Mode of Preparation of Fluorine, Henri Form of Benzoic Acid, 594 Moissan, 138; the Anhydrous Platinous Fluoride, H. Moissan, Chenab Bridge, Testing of, 372 119; Introduction to Chemical Science, R, P. Williams and Chiff-Chaff Singing in September, F. M. Burton, 298 ; Rev. B. P. Lascelles, 128; Chemical Society, 142, 191, 262, 335,

W. Clement Ley, 317 468, 502, 519 ; Isolation of Tetrahydrate of Sulphuric Acid Chin Tribes, North Burma, the, G. B. Sacchiero, 375 existing in Solution, S. U. Pickering, 142 ; Magnetic Rotation China, Flora of, 46 of Nitric Acid, &c., Dr. W. H. Perkin, F.R.S., 142 ; Phos- China, Increasing Coldness of Climate in, 570 phorus Oxyfluoride, Method of making, Thorpe and Hambly, China, Scientific Education in, the Question of Language, 162 142 ; Acetylation of Cellulose, Cross and Bevan, 142 ; Action Chinese Astronomical Instruments, Ancient, 66 of Light on Moist Oxygen, Dr. A. Richardson, 142 ; a-ß- Chloroform, the Hyderabad Commission, 154, 289 Dibenzoylstyrolene and Zinin's Lepiden Derivatives, Japp and Cholera, Bacteria of Asiatic, Dr. E. Klein, F.R.S., 509 Klingemann, 142; Oxyamidosulphonates and their Conversion Cholera Epidemics, the Suspected Connection between Influenza into Hyponitrites, Divers and Haga, 143 ; Constituents of and, Dr. Smolenski, 282 Flax, Cross and Bevan, 143 ; a Text-book of Organic Chemis- Chree (C.), Effects of Pressure on Magnetization of Cobalt, 237 try, A. Bernthsen, 172; Synoptical Tables of Organic and Chrystal (Prof. G.), Algebra, an Elementary Text-book for the Inorganic Chemistry, Clement J. Leaper, 510; Compounds of Higher Classes of Secondary Schools and for Colleges, II., Phenanthraquinone with Metallic Salts, Japp and Turner,

338 191; B-Inosite, Maquenne, 215; a New Class of Diacetones, Cicadida, Oriental, W. L. Distant's Monograph on, 161 Behal and Auger, 215 ; Examination of Migheï (June 9, 1889) Cingalese Manuscripts, Ancient, 349 Meteorite, Stanislas Meunier, 232; Frangulin, Thorpe and City and Guilds of London Institute, 160 Robinson, 262; Arabinon, C. o. Sullivan, F.R.S., 262; the City of Paris, the Accident to the Engines of, 592 Identity of Cerebrose and Galactose, Brown and Morris, Civil Service Examinations, the Future Indian, 265 262 ; Action of Chloroform and Alcoholic Potash on Hydra- Civilization, Early Egyptian, W, M. Flinders-Petrie, 109 zines, Dr. S. Ruhemann, 263 ; Refracting Powers of Simple Clarke (Sir Marshall) on Education in Basutoland, 86 Salts in Solution, E. Doumer, 263 ; the Chlorides of Selenium, Cleland (John), the Longevity of Textural Elements, particularly Chabrié, 284; Combinations of Gaseous Phosphoretted Hydro in Dentine and Bone, 392 gen with Boron and Silicium Fluorides, Besson, 287 1 the Clerke (Miss A. M.): Star Distances, 81; New Double Stars, Story of Chemistry, Harold Picton, F.R.S., 292; the 132 Chemistry of Photography, R. Meldola, F.R.S., 293 ; At Climate, Dr. Bushrod W. James on American Resorts, with tempt to express Periodic Law of Elements by Algebraic Notes on their, 79 Formula, Prof. Carnelley, 304; the Physical and Chemical Climate in China, Increasing Coldness of, 570 Characteristics of Meteorites as throwing Light upon their Clorinde, New Minor Planet, 88 Past History, J. Norman Lockyer, F.R.S., 305 ; the Carbon Cloud Phenomena, Electrical, Prof. W. K. Burton, 10 Graphites, Berthelot and Petit

, 311 ; Formation of Nitrates Clouds : Prof. von Bezold on the Production of, 95; Luminous in Plants, Ber helot, 311 ; Refracting Power of Double Salts Night, Evan McLennan, 131 ; Sell-luminous Clouds, Geo. in Solution, E. Doumer, 312 ; New Method of Synthesizing F. Burder, 198; C. E. Stromeyer, 225; T W. Backhouse, Indigo, Dr. Flimm, 326 ; New Method of Estimating Oxy. 297; Joseph John Murphy, 298 ; Robert B. White, 369; gen Dissolved in Water, Dr. Thresh, 335; Phosphorus Photographs of Luminons, O. Jesse, 592 Trifluoride, M. Moissan, 349 ; Combinations of Ammonia Clover, Bokhara, as a Weed in Western States of America, and Phosphuretted Hydrogen with Dichloride and Di 372 bromide of Silicon, Besson, 359 ; Report on the Scientific Clupea harengus, some Stages in Development of Brain of, E. Results of the Exploring Voyage of H.M.S. Challenger,

W. L. Holt, 525 361; Two Gaseous Fluorides of Carbon, Moissan, 3731 Cluster G.C. 3636, Variable Star in, Prof. Pickering, 183 the Absorption of Hydrogen by Iron, Bellati and Lussana, Cluster G.C. 1420 and the Nebula N.G.C. 2237, Dr. Lewis 380; New Estimates of Molecular Distance, Dr. Peddie, Swift, 285 382; a Dictionary of Applied Chemistry by Prof. T. E. Coal-tar Colours, Chemistry of the, Dr. R. Benedikt and Dr. Thorpe, F.R.S., Vol. I., Sir H. E. Roscoe, M.P., F.R.S., E. Knecht, 8 387 ; New Compounds of Hydroxylamine with Metallic Coal: Discovery of, in Kent, 400 ; Prof. W. Boyd Dawkins,

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