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MERCHANT VENTURERS' SCHOOL, ,
LIVING SPECIMENS FOR THE MICROSCOPE. BRISTOL. The HEAD-MASTERSHIP of this School of Science, Art. Technology,
GOLD MEDAL awarded at the FISHERIES EXHIBITION ED and Commerce will become VACANT after the Examinations in MÅÝ | THOMAS BOLTON, 83 CAMDEN STREET, BIRMINGHAM, 1890.
The School works in connection with the Department of Science and Art, and the Head-Master must be qualified to teach, and superintend teaching, description. He also sent out Volvox globator, 1 row Ova, Philodina romela
Who last week sent to his subscribers Brachionus pala, with sketch and under the conditions laid down by that Department. He will be required to devote his whole time to the work of the School, Stephanoceros, Argulus foliaceus; also Amabe, Hydra, Vorricella. Crastas
Floscularia, Corethra plumicornis, Limnias ceratophylli. Melicerta ringe and to be responsible personally for the Chemical Branch of it, which has large and well-appointed Laboratories.
Dog-Fish, Amphioxus, and other Specimens for Biological Laboratory wart There are upwards of 1300 Students now in attendance.
Weekly Announcements will be made in this place of organisms T B Evening Classes form an important part of the School.
is supplying. Applications for the Head-Mastership must be sent in to the underwritten address before JANUARY 31, 1890, and may be accompanied by Copies of
Specimen Tube, One Shilling, post free. not more than Five Testimonials. Applications from Candidates who cannot show that they have had expe
Twenty-six Tubes in Course of Six Months for Subscription of 4t .. rience in teaching and in organizing Schools, and in the modes of scientific
or Twelve Tubes for 1os. 6d. and technical education, or from Candidates above the age of Thirty-five,
Portfolio of Drawings, Eleven Parts, is, each. will not be considered.
The Salary, made up partly of a fixed payment, partly of Capitation Fees, and partly of a share of Grants on results of examinations, will be guaranteed
CRYSTAL PALACE EDUCATIONAL at not less than £500 a year Further information may be obtained from GEORGE H. Pope, Merchants'
INSTITUTIONS. Hall, Bristol.
THIRTIETH SESSION. ROYAL INSTITUTION OF GREAT
The Highest Education in Art, Science, and Literature
LAD'FS. -I. THE SCHOOL Fine Arts, Letters, Science, N* BRITAIN,
Ladies.-II. THE JUNIOR DIVISION, Complete Educatie ALBEMARLE STREET, PICCADILLY, W.
Gentlemex.-SCHOOL OF PRACTICAL ENGINEERING TUESDAY Next (January 21). at 3 o'clock, GEORGE JOHN Mechanical Course. II. Civil Engineering Division. III. Ci ROMANES, Esq., M.A., F.R.S, Fullerian Professor of Physiolngy, R.I.: Section. First of Ten Lectures on the POST-DARWINIAN PERIOD. One Guinea Prospectuses in the Library next Byzantine Court, Crystal Palace. the Course. THURSDAY (January 23), at 3 o'clock, EDWIN ROSCOE MUL
F. K. J. SHENTON, F.R. Hist. S. LINS, Esq. : First of Three Lectures on SCULPTURE in RELATION
Superintendent Educational Department to the AGE. Half-a-Guinea.
SATURDAY (January 25) at 3 o'cl»ck, Prof. FLOWER: C.BP.Ch The ROYAL COLLEGE of PHYSICIANS HORSE and of its EXTINCT and EXISTING ALLIES. Hall-a of LONDON and The ROYAL COLLEGE Subscription to all the Courses in the Season, Two Guineas.
of SURGEONS of ENGLAND
Notice is hereby given that the Appointment of a DIRECTOR to pa tend the New Laboratories erected by the Colleges on the Victoria Embank
ment will shortly be made, and Candidates for the Appointment are we CITY AND GUILDS OF LONDON inv ted to transmit to the SECRETARY, on or before FRIDAY, January INSTITUTE FOR THE ADVANCE
their Applications, accompanied by a Statement of their Qualificatum t
the Post, MENT OF TECHNICAL EDUCATION. Particulars relating to the Salary and to the Duties of the Apprentara
may be obtained on Application to the SECRETARY, Examination Ha CENTRAL INSTITUTION.
Victoria Embankment, London, W.C. COURSE OF LECTURES ON ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY,
FREDERIC G. HALLETT, Secretary,
January 1, 1890. By Prof. W. L. AYRTON, F.R.S. The Course for the Spring Term includes Lectures on Accumulators, NATIONAL HOME READING UNION. Electric Lamps, Arc and Incandescent.
Transformers, Direct and Alternate Current, Electric Traction, Telpherage, The Council propose to Appoint a GENERAL SECRETARY. Saturs. Distribution of Energy electrically.
£300 per annum, with increment proportional to number of Members Fee, of Guineas per Term, or 3 Guineas per Session.
L'niversity Graduate desirable. Under Forty. Whole time given to work The Lectures will be given on MONDAYS and WEDNESDAYS from 4 Applications, with Copies of not more than Six Testimomals, and Thre to 5 O'Clock, beginning on JANUARY 15.
References, to be sent to Dr. HILL, Master of Downing College, Camlırsdge.
PRINCIPAL-DR. H. J. WEBB, B.Sc.
Thorough practical and scientific Training in Agriculture. Preparation
for the Colonies. Students gained the First. Third, and Fourth Scholar EDINBURGH.
ships of the Royal Agricultural Society, 1868. PROFESSORSHIP OF PHYSICS AND ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING.
WANTED, by the MIDLAND SOCIETY The Governors having resolved to apprint a Professor of Physics and of NATURAL SCIENCE and LITERATURE, Two SCIENTIFIC Electrical Engineering, will be glad to receive applications from Candidates
LECTURERS, for February 12 and May 14. Experimental Lectures for the appointment. Written Applications, accompanied by 30 Copies of preferred. Reply, stating Lowest Fee, as above, 13 Ranmour Part. Testimonials, should be sent to the TREASURER of George Heriot's Trust on Sheffield. or before JANUARY 20, 1890
The salary of the Professor is. £400 per Annum. Enquiries as to EXAMINATIONS. – THOROUGH PREthe Duties of the Professorship should be addressed to Principal OGILVIE, at the Heriot-Watt College. Candidates are requested to abstain from calling PARATION by Graduates for Matriculation, Intermediate Arts sad on the Governors unless they are invited to do so.
Science, Prelim. Sci., &c. Special facilities for practical wurt is
AN EXPERIENCED MICROSCOPIST,
Cambridge, who has at present time to spare, would UNDER GOVERNMENT GRANT of £4000 for the TAKE SKETCHING from MICROSCUPE. -MICROSCOPE. Vr.
Promotion of Scientific Research.-Applications for the Year 1890, to be Deek's, High Street, Shanklin, Isle of Wight. considered at the Annual Meeting of the Government Grant Comm.ttee, House, London, W., marked - Government Grant," before MARCH", OSTEOLOGICAL SPECIMENS, and must be written upon Printed Forms which' may be obtained of MODELS, &c. -MOORE BROS., 49 Hardman Street, Liverpook the ASSISTANT SECRETARY.
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so that the strong expression of opinion in favour of the The nineteenth century, however, affords no shelter to muzzling regulations (in conjunction with the dis- the man of science to discover benefits for his fellowingenuousness of the argument of their opponents) is men, for although the progress of knowledge bas fortueasily understood.
nately destroyed the Inquisition, yet society tolerates From a survey of the known behaviour of animals the existence of the anti-vivisectionist agitation, which noi affected with rabies, and in accordance with the measures only scatters broadcast the foulest and falsest aspersions on customarily adopted in dealing with infection among such a man's life and character, but in its most recent animals, where as in the present case it is not desirable development violently opposes the advance of hygiene. to interfere with their free movement from place to place, Mr. Chaplin declared a number of counties as infected, taking areas around to provide sufficient margin against
POLYTECHNICS FOR LONDON. conveyance of contagion.
It is this wise and carefully-designed attempt to stamp comes to the wise decision to utilize the proout the disease, which the Standard, alone in the Press, visions of the new Technical Instruction Act, it is proły has attacked in the most unmeasured language. Having able that for the most part Londoners will have to look for no “case” from the scientific and medical stand-point, intermediate and higher technical instruction to other the editor through his leader-writers abuses his opponent's agencies than rate-aided schools, at all events in the attorney (if Mr. Chaplin will forgive the simile). The immediate future. In these matters London is in a Conservatives in Kent are positively called upon by the exceptional position as the capital of the Empire. in leading daily paper of their party to vote against their the first place, it is the natural home of the Normal own Government, and why? Because they are asked to Schools of Science and Art which form part of the help stamp out rabies; and at what cost? it may be machinery of the Science and Art Department. And asked. None save that of the hire of a muzzle.
besides this, it is the centre of greatest activity of the This is where the difficulty of our kind of Government organization of the City and Guilds Institute, whose three arises. Because a solitary voice in the Press objects to a model Colleges are all situated within the metropolitaa sanitary measure, which has nothing whatever to do with area. politics, ill-feeling is to be aroused among the voters. It The proportion, however, of the inhabitants of Londun is, however, satisfactory to add that possibly no such whose education is affected by these higher institutionattempt on the part of any journal has ever met with such is necessarily small. The Government schools are im a chilling reception from the rest of its contemporaries-- perial rather than local, and their situation is chose those who have not refrained from observations on the regardless of the industrial needs of London The matter having only mentioned it to utterly condemn it. Central Institution of the City and Guilds likewie
A sanitary question, to our mind, becomes a question of belies its name by its situation at South Kensiagi.vn moral right or wrong when the means proposed for its The other two schools of the City and Guilds, at Fir solution involve nothing beyond a little reasonable trouble, bury and Kennington, have a direct and most importar and it is this view of the matter which we fancy finally relation to surrounding industries, and keep bigb ! crystallizes out in the form of what is called public standard of what teaching in applied science and ar opinion. After the process of the actual experience of ought to be. But teaching of this high order is very the last five years, public opinion is evidently set in the expensive, though the fees charged may be low, and e direction of preventing hydrophobia by muzzling. It is recent years a newer and more popular movement bar of course impossible that Mr. Chaplin should yield to sprung up, aiming at a lower standard of instruction this, the first abusive attack that has been made upon him carried on at less cost, and adapted, so far as practicable. in his official capacity, but certainly if anything should to the benefit of the mass of working men. support him, it is the cognizance of the unworthiness of The best type of such institutions in London is the the opposition which the Standard has fomented against, so-called “ Polytechnic" in Regent Street. The basis of his action in the service of the community.
the organization is the Young Men's Christian Instàcte We should wish in conclusion to direct attention to started some years ago by Mr. Quintin Hogg Round certain obvious deductions which can justly be drawn this nucleus he has gradually built up an institution in from the history of this matter, and other events con- which evening classes, recreation, and gymnastics bs : nected with the subject of rabies.
all a part. Under his guidance the Institute has grria: Both the prevention and the cure of this horrible to great dimensions, and a number of very largely-attendee zymotic malady are the outcome of close scientific experi- classes of all kinds are now conducted in the buildir mental work. It was reserved for M. Pasteur to make which for many years was occupied by the * Polyteches clear and harmonize the various stages (always obscure of the diving-bell and Prof. Pepper. Many of the class and apparently contradictory at first) of our knowledge are in general and commercial subjects, but there is by the immense progress he inaugurated and carried out science and art classes in connection with South Kesin the study of infection.
sington, technological classes in connection with the Cs It is M. Pasteur who himself has pointed out better and Guilds Institute, and trade and practical classa 13 than anyone how the disease can be prevented from attack- various industries and handicrafts. The greater par: 200 ing man or animals, and he is the first who has shown held in the evening, but there are also day classes: * in the slightest degree how it can be prevented from day schools for boys and girls are attached to the inseca developing in the system after it has gained access to the tion. body.
It will be seen that this experiment in technical educa
tion dilfers very materially in plan from that of such an in- grants to the erection of technical and recreative institutes stitution as Finsbury College. The educational side of the in various parts of London, somewhat on the model of Polytechnic does not form an organized school course the Regent Street Polytechnic, and to give a permanent so much as a set of classes among which a student may endowment to these institutes, as well as to the Polychoose, and the standard aimed at is not so high. But technic and the People's Palace already in existence. there is this obvious advantage in taking the Polytechnic | Each institute is to be governed under a scheme, devised 23 a model for similar institutions that the instruction, so by the Charity Commission, and is to be subject to the Éx as it goes, is far less costly than at Finsbury, being general control of a Central Governing Body of Trustees. largely subsidized by science and art grants,
The objects of the institutes are threefold. They are The example of the Polytechnic has been recently fol- to be social centres, where concerts and entertainments lowed, with a certain amount of success, at the People's may be given, and where outside clubs and working men's Palace in Mile End, where the Drapers Company have societies may have an opportunity of meeting ; they are devoted the funds which they have withdrawn from the to include young men's and young women's institutes City and Guilds Institute to building and endowing a for social and recreative purposes, open to “ young school somewhat on the Polytechnic lines.
persons” between the ages of sixteen and twenty-five ; While these institutions have been developing, the and lastly, they are to provide for the educational wants of Clarity Commissioners have been engaged in pursuance the working classes in the neighbourhood. Libraries, of Mr. Bryce's Act of 1883 in framing a scheme for the museums, swimming-baths, and gymnasia will form part application of the funds of the City parochial charities of the equipment of most of these institutions. in the benefit of the working classes of greater London. It is with the educational work of these “Polytechnics” l'he Commissioners came early to the determination that we are here most directly concerned. But their da devole a large proportion of the proceeds of the chari- educational and social sides must be very closely linked cies to some educational purpose, and decided further that together, and the success of the classes will largely the min direction of the educational institutions thus depend on the success of the institute as a whole. Encutablished should be technical and industrial.
trance to the clubs may, under the scheme, be made conIt is not our purpose to enter at all into the questions tingent on entrance to the classes, as is now the case at the but lave been raised as to the mode of division of the People's Palace, though such a course seems to us to be unendowment between secular and ecclesiastical purposes, wise. In any case we must not pass over the social side of 1x the wisdom of tying up the greater part of the dis- the institutes without a word. The Young Men's Institute passable funds in perpetuity. There are plenty of keen at the Polytechnic has been a great success, but it has tservers who will make their views felt on these questions; been a growth of time, and it has grown round the nucleus and indeed many champions of other schemes, such as of the Y.M.C.A. The social Institute at the People's Palace de promotion of open spaces, are already in the field. has sprung suddenly into existence, without the pre-existing lat we must regard the main object to which the funds nucleus; it is admitted to have been a failure, and is ali be devoted as practically decided. The Charity now suppressed. Can the lesson be mistaken? Doubt"unumissioners gave notice of it in their last Report, and less the Charity Commissioners are alive to the difficulty. belle exception seemed then to be taken to the project. Their detailed regulations for the management of an instiince then large sums of money have been raised by tute, of which the draft has been published, are, in the ascal subscriptions on the faith of the proposal. It is too main, carefully drawn. But those who hope that the |hte now to advocate the application of the main part of scheme will result in the growth of a number of Palaces une fund to any other object than education, and those of Delight which will delight Mr. Walter Besant's heart shu are agitating for such a change are, in our opinion, will be doomed to disappointment. There will be no Fasting their powder and shot.
"People's Palaces”-only “ Young People's Institutes." But while the public is easily induced to join in a The present People's Palace will be constrained to conpeneral outcry which, if it has any justification, certainly fine its membership in future to persons between the fomes far too late, it is quite possible that, unless vigilant ages of sixteen and twenty-five. Why this limitafare is exercised, the final scheme may come into force tion? We see with pleasure that the Goldsmiths' Comthout those alterations and improvements in detail pany, who are founding an institute at New Cross on bkich seem individually of small importance, but may somewhat the same model as those proposed by the make all the difference between a good and a bad scheme scheme, have struck out the upper limit. There are far \ tecinical education for London. The funds handled too many of these restrictions in the scheme. For Le far larger than those authorized to be raised for the example, smoking and dancing are (the latter with certain brule of Wales under the new Intermediate Education specified exceptions) forbidden. Surely details such as bok
. It behoves all friends of education to take care these can be left to the by-laws of the several institutes. hal these large endowments are used aright.
Here, again, the Goldsmiths' Company have shown themLet us glance, then, at the main outline of the scheme selves in advance of the Charity Commission. o far as it relates to technical education. The Com We have a similar criticism to make on the whole of Dissioners were instructed under the Act to make pro- the educational scheme. There is too little guidance in tision for the "poorer classes.” Consequently any matters of principle, too much restriction in matters of echnical schools established or aided under the scheme detail. aust aim directly at the benefit of the workman rather Perhaps the most important thing to ensure is that the kan that of the manager.
Central Governing Body shall be a strong body, exercising The Commissioners propose to devote large capital effective supervision over the teaching of the various
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