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PART VII.

Prosody

Punctuation

135

146
196

A COMPENDIOUS GRAMMAR

AND

PHILOLOGICAL HAND-BOOK OF THE

ENGLISH LANGUAGE.

PART I.

DEFINITIONS.—ORTHOEPY.-ORTHOGRAPHY.

Language (French langue, Lat. lingua = Language. tongue) is the expression of our thoughts by words, both spoken and written.

Language is made up of words; words, of syllables; and syllables, of letters.

Letters are conventional symbols representing Letters. the different sounds of the voice.

They were formerly pictures of different objects which they were intended to represent; that is, they formed a pictorial alphabet.

A Syllable( sullabein=to take together, Greek) Syllable. is a single vowel sound, without or with one or more consonants, capable of being pronounced by a single effort of the voice.

A Word consists of one or more syllables Word. having a distinct and independent meaning; as, one, orchard, glorious.

ble.

Grammar.

Mono

A Monosyllable (monos = alone, Greek) is a syllable.

word consisting of only one syllable; as, a, man,

the. Dissyllable. A Dissyllable (dis = two, Greek) is a word

consisting of two syllables; as, garden, deist. Trisyllable. A Trisyllable (tri = three, Greek) is a word

consisting of three syllables; as, formerly. Polysylla

A Polysyllable (polus = many, Greek) is a word consisting of many syllables ; as, luminary, tyrannically.

Grammar (grapho to write, Greek) teaches the art of speaking and writing our thoughts correctly.

Grammar is divided into four parts :-(1.) Orthoepy and Orthography; (2.) Etymology

or Accidence; (3.) Syntax; (4.) Prosody. Orthoepy. Orthoepy (orthos = correct, and

to speak, Greek) means the correct pronunciation of words, and refers to spoken language.

Orthography (orthos = correct, and grapho = graphy.

to write, Greek) means the correct spelling of

words, and refers to written language. Etymology. Etymology (etumos = true, and logos = word,

Greek) is the true derivation of a word. It also has another and more general meaning, in which it corresponds with Accidence, when it teaches the inflections of words. In this sense, a rule of Etymology and a rule of Accidence mean the same thing

Accidence (accidentia=things happening, Lat.) treats of the inflections which words undergo. It teaches the rules for the formation of the cases and plurals of nouns, the tenses of verbs, etc.

epo

Ortho

Accidence.

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