## geoENV II — Geostatistics for Environmental ApplicationsJaime Gómez-Hernández, A.O. Soares, Roland Froidevaux This book contains selected contributions from the geoENV98 - the Second European Conference on Geostatistics for Environmental Sciences, held in Valencia, Spain in November 1998. This second book of the geoENV series illustrates the developments on geostatistics as applied to the environmental sciences which have occurred during the past two years. It also presents practical applications which will be of interest to both researchers and practitioners. The book starts with three keynote papers on ecology, climatology and soil science, followed by forty-three contributions. The contents of the book are eminently practical. The objective of the editors was to compile a set of papers in which the reader could perceive how geostatistics is applied within the environmental sciences. A few selected theoretical contributions are also included. The papers are organized in the following seven main areas Air pollution Climatology Ecology Hydrogeology Soil Science Theory Other applications presenting applications varying from particle matter analysis, noise exposure sampling, space-time modeling of ozone levels, downscaling of precipitation, kriging with categorical external drift, analysis of fish abundance, combining variograms and radio-telemetry in ecology, kriging radionuclide deposition, mapping of soil contamination, network design for soil monitoring, inverse modeling in hydrogeology, groundwater transport modeling, coastal evolution mapping to spatial modeling of cancer ratios. Audience: This publication will be of great interest and practical value to geostatisticians working both in academia and in industry. |

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### Contents

A review of linear geostatistics for fisheries survey design and stock assessment | 1 |

Representation of conditional random distributions as a problem of spatial interpolation | 13 |

Sampling estimating and understanding soil pollution | 25 |

Spatial analysis of particulate matter in an urban environment | 41 |

a case study of seasalt measured on lichens | 53 |

Spatial prediction of sulfur dioxide in the eastern United States | 65 |

Spatial interpolation of ozone exposure in Norway from spacetime data | 77 |

application to sulphate deposition trends over Europe | 89 |

Inverse geostatistical modeling of pumping and tracer tests within a shearzone in granite | 295 |

Comparison of stochastic calibration methods for Modflow using the realworld case Wierden | 307 |

Geostatistical analyses of the Gorleben Channel | 319 |

Simulation of nonergodic transport in 2D heterogeneous | 331 |

Geostatistical generation of threedimensional aquifer realizations using the conditional sis approach with direction trends imposed on variogram models | 343 |

performance comparison of cumulative and class indicator approached for pollution risk assessment | 357 |

A geostatistical analysis of cropped and uncropped soil from the Jimperding Brook catchment of Western Australia | 369 |

Geostatistical estimation techniques applies to radionuclide deposition | 381 |

Sampling multiphase noise exposure time series | 101 |

Evaluation of environmental costs of SO emissions using stochastic images | 113 |

The Larsen model from a De Wijsian perspective | 125 |

Geostatistical segmentation of rainfall data | 139 |

Downscaling of precipitation combining kriging and empirical orthogonal function analysis | 151 |

use of thematic maps in spatial prediction and application to local climate interpolation for agriculture | 163 |

Modelling of nonstationary spatial structure using parametric radial basis deformations | 175 |

A maximum likelihood estimator for semivariogram parameters in kriging | 187 |

A geostatistical analysis of the spatial distribution and abundance of cod haddock and whiting in North Scotland | 201 |

analysis of secondorder characteristics | 213 |

Mapping the spatial distribution of waders on south Tagus riverside | 225 |

an application of the variogram to radiotelemetry data | 237 |

Interpolation of groundwater quality parameters using geological and land use classification | 247 |

A couples Markov chain model for quantification of uncertainty in transport in heterogeneous formations | 259 |

Prediction of steady stat flow in randomly heterogeneous formation by conditional nonlocal finite elements | 271 |

Inverse modelling of groundwater flow in 3D fractured media | 283 |

Optimising the size of sampling units in an area frame | 393 |

Accounting for scaledependent correlation in the spatial prediction of soil properties | 405 |

Geostatistic survey and amelioration of an inland salt affected area in the lake of Texcoco Mexico | 417 |

an empirical validation | 429 |

Geostatistic study of salt distribution in Laguna de Salinas Alicante Spain | 441 |

Conditional stochastic cosimulations of the Chernobyl fallout | 453 |

Sampling to monitor soil in England and Wales | 465 |

Assessing the variability of the variogram estimator | 479 |

Criteria for multivariate spatial sampling design based on covariance matrix perturbation | 491 |

Coastal evolution by dual kriging | 505 |

Hydric erosion in talus by terrestrial photogramme | 515 |

A bayesian model in epidemiology | 527 |

The effect of scalerelated issues on the geostatistical analysis of Ordnance Survey digital elevation data at the national scale | 537 |

Image filtering by kriging analysis | 549 |

561 | |

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### Common terms and phrases

algorithm analysis anisotropy application approach aquifer average braided river calculated ccdf coefficients cokriging component computed concentration conditional considered correlation function correlograms covariance function covariance matrix cross-validation data set defined density dispersion distance domain dunlin ensemble environmental equation error estimation variance external drift facies Figure flow function Gaussian geological geostatistical global Gomez-Hernandez Goovaerts Gorleben grid groundwater heterogeneous hydraulic conductivity hydraulic head images indicator interpolation interval isotropic Journel kriged estimates linear locations maps Matheron maximum maximum likelihood mean mean square error measurements method MODFLOW multivariate nonlocal nugget effect observed obtained optimal optimised ordinary kriging parameters performed Petitgas plume pollution prediction rainfall random field range region residuals sampling scale semivariogram shows simulation soil space space-time spatial correlation spatial distribution spatial interpolation spherical model square stationary statistical stochastic subset survey techniques temporal trend uncertainty values variable variation variogram model vector Wijsian