Notions of Nationhood in Bengal: Perspectives on Samaj, C. 1867-1905

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BRILL, 2009 - Philosophy - 408 pages
This book reopens the debate on colonial nationalisms, going beyond derivative , borrowed , political and modernist paradigms. It introduces the conceptual category of samaj to demonstrate how indigenous socio-cultural origins in Bengal interacted with late-colonial discourses to produce the notion of a nation. Samaj (a historical society and an idea-in-practice) was a site for reconfiguring antecedents and negotiating fragmentation. Drawing on indigenous sources, this study shows how caste, class, ethnicity, region and community were refracted to conceptualise wider unities. The mapping of cultural continuities through change facilitates a more nuanced investigation of the ontology of nationhood, seeing it as related to, but more than political nationalism. It outlines a fresh paradigm for recalibrating postcolonial identities, offering interpretive strategies to mediate fragmentation.
 

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Contents

Acknowledgments
ix
Introduction
54
Chapter One Nationalist Ideologues Ideas and their Dissemination
98
Chapter Two Recreating a Jati
130
ChapterThree Samaj and Perspectives on Unity
139
Lower Orders in Bengal
173
Chapter Five Contiguous Ethnicities
221
Chapter Six SubRegional Essences and the Regional Self
271
The Idea of India
309
Conclusion
351
Bibliography
361
Glossary
379
Index
385
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About the author (2009)

Swarupa Gupta, Ph.D. (2004) in History, SOAS (University of London), is Fellow at Maulana Azad Institute of Asian Studies, Calcutta. Her publications include articles in "Modern Asian Studies," "Studies in History" and "Economic and Political Weekly."

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