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For legal assistance, by means of which twenty-nine poor debtors have been liberated from Newgate, after long imprisonments, (the number of whose wives and children exceeded one hundred and twenty souls), and many of them were sailors arrested by crimps on sham actions, or persons imprisoned on false pretence, 231. 10s.'
The expenses of advertising and printing, we are sorry to perceive, amount to a very large fum ; but this may perhaps necessarily attend the first establishment of such a fund, and may, in future, if its existence should become permanent, be considerably diminished. The application of the fund, as stated in the Appendix, seems, for the most part, to have been judicious. From one item it appears, that porter was allowed to several prisoners threatened with low fevers for want of adequate sustenance. The general allowance to the prisoners in Newgate is hardly sufficient for their support. Whenever they are exposed to fevers from want of nourifhment, this allowance ought surely to be immediately augmented. The fevere discipline of the army inflicts, in ordinary cases, only that degree of chastisement which the soldier is able to bear; and the discipline of the gaol ought to be equally careful of the lives of those who are suffering the penalty of imprisonment. As the duties of the sheriffs demand a frequent inspection of the gaols and prisons within their jurisdiction, they muft necessarily be enabled to judge in what instances relief may be granted with propriety and effect; and we earnestly hope, that those who are now in office will strenuously exert themselves in support of a fund, which may so easily be rendered a source of such extensive and invaluable relief.
It is unnecessary to conduct our readers through the other prifons. They exhibit nearly the same scenes as those we have just quitted. They are generally crowded to excess; and the inconveniences arising from this circumstance, and from the indiscriminate mixture of the prisoners, are such as have been already described. In general, however, their condition is not so comfortless as in Newgate ; and, in some of them, the prisoners have the benefit of more air and exercise, and some few advantages in point of accommodation
The last point which our limits permit us to notice, relates to the sheriffs officers and the lock-up houses. The writs annually addressed to the sheriffs of Middlesex, our author computes at no less than twenty-four thousand. The duty of executing and returning them is for the most part confided to certain perfons, who act as deputies to the under-sheriffs. In the city of London, this duty is executed by the secondaries, who are permanent underTheriffs, and who obtain their appointments from the corporation by purchase. Thirty-nine sheriffs officers, or bailiffs, each having two or three asliftants, are employed by the office of the M 4