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and the number of apprentices and young workmen rooms have been adapted for practical work in physics, attending them has increased four-fold.
in addition to the four mentioned above, in which The great success which the rapid growth of poly- | practical work in chemistry is also carried on. Thus technics in different parts of London, since the form- fifty laboratories have been equipped in secondary ation of the Technical Education Board in 1893, has schools for boys, with bench accommodation for more had in the development of evening instruction has than 1200 pupils working simultaneously, or for 6000 not, the report points out, been achieved at the expense pupils working one day a week. Twenty-five science of other institutions; it represents a new growth, not lecture-rooms have been provided, sixteen of these the transference of instruction from old to new institu- being specially constructed for the purpose in new tions. Many changes have taken place in the older buildings. A large number of additional science polytechnics to bring them more into touch with masters have been appointed as a result of the Board's modern requirements, and this has been accompanied maintenance grants. In secondary schools for girls, in nearly every case by an increase in the volume of laboratories have in some cases been provided for instruction. Statistics have been compiled, with re-practical work in physics, chemistry, and botany, and gard to the attendances which have been made, from some of those in existence have been equipped suitably 1893 for a period extending over eight years. It has to meet modern requirements.
A. T. S. been impossible to give particulars with regard to all the 4000 classes in the numerous subjects of instruction aided by the London County Council, but mechanical engineering, electrical engineering, carpentry and
NOTES. joinery, plumbing, other building trade classes, experi
Tue list of appointments on the occasion of His Majesty's mntal physics, chemistry, and mathematics have been selected. The total volume of instruction in these sub
birthday includes the following honours conferred upon men
of science :--Mr. W. H. M. Christie, C.B., F.R.S., has jects, taken together, shows an increase from 118,732 student-hours in 1893 to 454,363 student-hours' for been promoted to the rank of Knight Commander of the 1900-1. Since then the number of artisan students
Order of the Bath (K.C.B. Civil Division). Dr. J. W. has been increasing steadily. The increase in the Swan, F.R.S., has received the honour of Knighthood. amount of work done by the students, speaking The Hon. C. A. Parsons, F.R.S., has been appointed a generally, appears to have been even greater than the Companion of the Order of the Bath (C.B.). Mr. Francis growth in numbers. A growing proportion of the Watts, Director of Agriculture in the Island of Antigua, and students are now, it is satisfactory to find, taking analytical and agricultural chemist for the colony of the advantage of the systematic courses which have been Leeward Islands, has been made a Companion of the Order arranged, involving attendance on several evenings a
of Saint Michael and Saint George (C.M.G.). week; and it is not surprising to find the Board recording its belief that the educational value of the The council of the Royal Society has made the following work done in polytechnics, especially as regards the award of medals for this year :—The Copley medal to Sir şvung mechanic, has been in this way greatly William Crookes, F.R.S., for his long-continued researches increased As has been frequently pointed out, it was from the
in spectroscopic chemistry, on electrical and mechanical first the policy of the Board to avail itself of the oppor
phenomena in highly rarefied gases, on radio-active phenotunity of aiding the supply of technical instruction
mena, and other subjects. The Rumford medal to Prof. rather than of creating a direct supply, wherever public Ernest Rutherford, F.R.S., for his researches on radioinstitutions have existed capable of responding to the activity, particularly for his discovery of the existence and board's aid by such developments of efficient technical properties of the gaseous emanations from radio-active instruction as might be expected to meet the require- bodies. A Royal medal to Colonel David Bruce, R.A.M.C., ments of the district. It has been necessary, however, F.R.S., for his researches in the pathology of Malta fever, to provide two classes of institution, for the conduct of
nagana, and sleeping sickness, and especially for his disa hich the London County Council is wholly re
coveries as regards the exact causes of these diseases. A sponsible, viz. :
Royal medal to Prof. William Burnside, F.R.S., for his (a) Institutions which provide instruction of such a
researches in mathematics, particularly in the theory of highly specialised character that it is necessary to theni to draw their students from the whole of
groups. The Davy medal to Prof. William Henry Perkin, London; for it has been impossible for any institution jun., F.R.S., for his discoveries in organic chemistry. The with the ordinary sources of income to provide the
Darwin medal to Mr. William Bateson, F.R.S., for his equipment and the highly specialised teachers contribution to the theory of organic evolution by his reneressary.
searches on variation and heredity. The Sylvester medal (b) Local institutions, providing instruction of a more to Prof. Georg Cantor for his researches in the theories of ordinary character in districts in which no public in- aggregates and of sets of points of the arithmetic contitutions under a responsible governing body existed tinuum, of transfinite numbers, and Fourier's series. The which could be utilised for the Council's requirements, Hughes medal to Dr. Joseph Wilson Swan for his invention There are many other subjects of interest included
of the electric incandescent lamp and various improvements in the report, and some of them have already been dealt with from time to time in these columns. It must
in practical applications of electricity. suffice here, by way of conclusion, to mention briefly The following is a list of fellows who have been recomthe work the Board has accomplished in aiding and mended by the president and council of the Royal Society extending satisfactory instruction in science in the
for election into the council for the year 1905, at the public Secondary schools of London. Seventeen anniversary meeting to be held on November 30 :-president, hemical laboratories have been equipped in new build
Sir William Huggins, K.C.B., O.M.; treasurer, Mr. A. B. ings, generally in wings added to existing school premises, and three rooms used for class purposes have Kempe; secretaries, Prof. J. Larmor, Sir Archibald Geikie ; bæn converted into chemical laboratories: Four large foreign secretary, Mr. F. Darwin. Other members of the recoms have been fitted up for practical work in physics council :-Dr. Shelford Bidwell, Mr. G. A. Boulenger, and shemistry. Sixteen physical laboratories have Colonel D. Bruce, R.A.M.C., Mr. F. W. Dyson, Prof. Percy been equipped in new buildings, and ten large class- F. Frankland, Prof. F. Gotch, Dr. E. W. Hobson, Prof.