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New Term Commences JANUARY 9, 1905.

(Close to Holloway Stn., G.N.R., and Ilighbury Stn., N.L.R.) Mathematics

SJ. L. S. HATTON, M.A., and


Mechanical Engineering...

Day and Evening Courses in the above under recognised teachers in-
D. A. Low, M.I.M.E., and J. A.

Electrical Engineering


SR. A. LEHFELDT, D.Sc., and
W. H. WRITE, B.A., B.Sc.


V. H. BLACKMAN, M.A. The DAY CLASSES for students over 16 years of age include full three years' technical courses in Chemistry and Engineering, and three years' exceptionally large and well equipped.

Separate Laboratories for Elementary, Advanced and Honours students courses for London University Degrees (Pass and Honours). EVENING CLASSES are held in Advanced Technical and Scientific

RESEARCH. subjects, and for London University Degrees. SCHOLARSHIPS of the value of £40 per annum will be awarded by the Applied Chemistry and Physics, and Engineering, in rooms specially

Accommodation and apparatus provided for research in either Pure as Drapers' Company in June next. CALENDAR with full particulars post free, 4d.

adapted for this purpose.

Full particulars at the Institute or sent on receipt of postcard.
J. L. S. HATTON, Director of Studies.


Manresa Road, Chelsen, S.W., Day College Courses of thirty hours THE LONDON SCHOOL OF TROPICAL per week are conducted in preparation for the London University

MEDICINE. Degrees of B.Sc. in Mechanical and Electrical Engineering, in Chemistry, Physics and the Natural Sciences. The composition fee for the (UNDER THE AUSPICES OF HIS MAJESTY'S GOVERNMENT.) Session of three terms, 1904-1905, is £15. These Courses are recog. nised for "Internal Students of the University, and consist of lecture and laboratory instruction. TheCourses are conducted by:


HOSPITAL SOCIETY.) MATHEMATICS and PHYSICS, S. Skinner, W. H. Eccles, J. Lister and L. Lownds; BOTANY, H. B. Lacey and T. G. Hill; GEO. The next SESSION commences on MONDAY, JANUARY 16, 1995. LOGY, A. J. Maslen. In the evenings similar Courses will be con- For Prospectus, Syllabus, and other particulars, apply to the Secretary ducted, but at £2 per Session. Also TECHNICAL DAY COURSES P. MICHELLI, Esq., Seamen's Hospital, Greenwich, S.E. of three years. duration are arranged as a preparation for the Engineering, Electrical and Chemical and Metallurgical professions. The Laboratories and Workshop are open for RESEARCH under the direction of the Principal and the Heads of Departments. Further particulars may be obtained on application to the Secretary,


MEDICAL EXAMS. who will send either the Day College Prospectus and Calendar or the Especial Course of Instruction in THERAPEUTICS, PHARMAEvening Class Prospectus for 3.d. The Prospectus may be had at COLOGY and MICROSCOPY for INSTITUTE OF CHEMISTRY the Office for id.


Mr. FREDERICK DAVIS, The Laboratories, LONDON SCHOOL OF TROPICAL (Registered in Column B (Advanced Education), Teachers Registration

Councií, Board of Education, S.W.),

49 and 51 IMPERIAL BUILDINGS, LUDGATE CIRCUS, E.C. ROYAL ALBERT DOCK, LONDON, E. PROTOZOOLOGY.-The School is about to establish a special depart

THE GROCERS' COMPANY'S ment for the study and teaching of this subject, and invites applications from gentlemen willing to serve as Teachers and to occupy themselves in

SCHOLARSHIPS. research work. Candidates holding medical qualifications will be preferred.

For the purpose of encouraging original research in Sanitary Science, the The appointment will be for six years, and the pay will commence at 6250, rising by yearly increments of £50 to £500 per annum.

Grocers' Company offer Two Scholarships, each of 6300 a year, with an

Luncheon and iea will be provided.

allowance to meet the cost of apparatus and materials and for general The Protozoologist will be expected to devote his whole time to the

expenses in connection with the work, tenable for two years, subject to ths

conditions of the scheme under which they are established. service of the School, and to be prepared to teach for one hour per diem in the aggregate is required.

Applications must be sent in before April 1 to the CLERK OF THE Applications, stating age, together with copies of not more than three

Grocers' COMPANY, Grocers' Hall, London, E.C., from whom the recent testimonials, to be sent in on or before January 2, 1905, to the under

necessary forms and further information may be obtained. signed, from whom further particulars may be obtained. By order,

THE VICTORIA UNIVERSITY OF December 14, 1904. P. MICHELLI, Secretary.


The Council desires to proceed to the APPOINTMENT of a PRO


The Professor will be responsible for the organisation of the Engineering

Department, and will have the direction of the Engineering Laboratory. ROYAL ALBERT DOCK, LONDON, E.

He may take a consulting practice under specified conditions. HELMINTHOLOGY.-The School is about to establish a special

His stipend will be composed of a fixed salary and a share of the fees. department for the study and teaching of this subject, and invites appli.

and the Council guarantee that the total income will not be less than £1003 cations from gentlemen willing to serve as Teachers and to occupy them.

per annum during the first three years, selves in research work. Candidates holding medical qualifications will be

A detailed statement of the conditions of appointment may be obtained preferred.

from the REGISTRAR. The appointment will be for six years, and the pay will commence at

Applications, with references and such testimonials (not exceeding three £250, rising by yearly increments of £50 10 £500 per annum. Luncheon

in number) as the candidate may desire, should be sent on or before and tea will be provided.

February 15 to the RegistRAR, The Heiminthologist will be expected to devote his whole time to the service of the School, and to be prepared to teach for one hour per diem in SOUTH-WESTERN POLYTECHNIC, the aggregate if required.

CHELSEA. Applications, stating age, together with copies of not more than three testimonials, to be sent in on or belore January 2, 1905, to the undersigned, Through the resignation of Mr. L. D. Coueslant, B.Sc., who has been from whom further particulars may be obtained.

appointed Head of the Civil and Mechanical Engineering Department at By order,

the Technical College, Sunderland, the Governing Body are prepared to December 14, 1904.

P. MICHELLI, Secretary. receive applications for the post of LECTURER in MECHANICAL

ENGINEERING. MASTER WANTED for Cape Colony, . Mr. Coueslant was a Recognised Lecturer under the University of CHEMISTRY and MATHEMATICS.


Graduate ; unmarried. Churchman preferred. Daily morning chapel. Leading Public School.

Salary of £150 per annum.

Application Forms may be obtained from the SecretARY, and these £250, with board and lodging all the year round. Free passage. Must sail in January. It is essential that preliminary enquiries be accom

should be sent in by Thursday, January 12, 1905. panied by testimonials and brief statement of degree, age, and career. Address – PROFESSOR LEWIS, Cambridge.

For other Scholastic Advertisements, see page lxxxvii.



Principal ... WILLIAM GANNON, M.A. The Governors invite applications for the post of LECTURER and DEMONSTRATOR in ENGINEERING. Commencing salary, 6150 per annum. Particulars of the post may be obtained from the Principal on receipt of a stamped addressed foolscap, envelope. All applications, to be made on special forms, must be lodged with the Principal before December 31, 1984.

A. J. NAYLOR, December 14, 1904.

Clerk to the Governors. NEW ZEALAND. APPLICATIONS (to be delivered at the Agent-General's Office not later than January 24, 1905) are invited for the APPOINTMENT of PROFESSOR of' PHYSIOLOGY at the University of Otago. Age limit, 25 to 40 years of age. Salary, £600, with half of the class fees.

For further particulars and for the forms on which the application must be made apply to the AGENT-GENERAL FOR NEW ZEALAND, No. 13, Victoria Street, 1 ondon, S.W. SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICAL

MASTERSHIPS VACANT. Science Public College, £200; North England. Chemistry and Physics, 6175. Mathematics and Chemistry,

Ireland, 6150. Chemistry, £120. Mathematical, £180. A list of Masterships, England, Continent, and Over Sea, sent to all Candidates. ORELLANA & Co.,

Established over 40 years, 80 Wigmore Street, Cavendish Square, London, W.

(lale 44 Old Bond Street).

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(Medical and SCHOLASTIC Agency, Estab. 1860), Clock House, Arundel Street, Strand, W.C. Applications are invited for the following appts. :-(1) Public Sch., Nat. Sc and Drawg., 6150+fees; valuable post to good man. (2) Chem. and Physics-little English. Games preferred. $120, res. (3) Chem. + Magnetism and Electricity. 6100, res. (4) Wrangler, Public School. $110, res. (s) County School, Matbs. £110, non-rei. Many January Appointments.

RAINBAND SPECTROSCOPE (Grace's). Mr. JOHN BROWNING begs to draw attention to the advantages of this very powerful, portable, and efficient Instrument, which is specially adapted for predicting coming, rain. It is provided with a rack motion focussing arrangement, and it is applicable to every purpose for which Direct Vision Spectroscope can be used. Price, in Morocco Leather Case

£3 8s. 6d. For use with the above“ HOW TO FORETELL THE WEATHER WITH

THE POCKET SPECTROSCOPE." By F. W. CORY, F.R.M.S., M.R.C.S., &c. With 10 Illustrations. In paper cover, 1s.; in cloth, 1s. 6d. STUDENTS' SPECTROSCOPES, £7, £8 16s., and £15. Illustrated Catalogues of Spectroscopes or Telescopes post free.



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MASTERS.-Required (1) Graduate for Science and Drawing. $150. (a) Graduate for Chemistry and Physics. 6130. (3) Chemistry, Physics, &c. £140. (4) Mathematics, Chemistry and Physics. £105, resident. (5) Mathematics, Chemistry and Physics. £100, resident. For particulars of the above and many other vacancies, address GRIFFITHS, SMITH, POWELL & SMITH, Scholastic Agents (Estd. 1833),

34 Bedford Street, Strand, London. Wanted in a Provincial Town South of

Ireland, a Practical SCIENCE MASTER, B.Sc. Liberal salary to a suitable Master, capable of helping at the Higher Mathematics and languages, English, French and Latin.—"Box 1834," c/o NATURE Ofice.

ENFIELD GRAMMAR SCHOOL. Wanted in January, a MASTER for SCIENCE-and some MATHE. MATICS - trained in Laboratory. Capable Teacher. Salary, 6150. Apply to HEAD MASTER. Situations Vacant. In а Laboratory in

Manchester. Vacancy for one or two pupils. Specialities :-Dyeing, Printing, rubber and research work on these subjects. Moderate premium. Box No. 2, Bookstall, Eccles Station, near Manchester.

For other Scholastic Advertisements, see page Ixxxvi. TYPE-WRITING UNDERTAKEN BY

TIFIC MSS. (Classical Tripos, Intermediate Arts, Cambridge Higher
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bridge Type-writing Agency, 10 Duke Street, Aldephi, W.C.
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Jledical, Science and Civil-Service Students encouraged.
Specify Wants and Estimates will be supplied by Return Post.


£3 10 0


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OF VITAL PRODUCTS PATENT PRISM BINOCULAR. And the Inter-Relations between Organic Compounds.

By R. MELDOLA, F.R.S., Y.P.C.S., F.I.C., &c., Professor of Chemistry in the City and Guilds of London

Technical College, Finsbury.

Vol. I. Super Royal 8vo. 218. net.
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I 22.


less ménages. The class that supplies unskilled labour, the old servile class, will tend to disappear.

The invention of machines capable of performing THE FUTURE OF THE HUMAN RACE.

more cheaply all the work that has hitherto fallen to (1) Mankind in the Making. Pp. viii + 429. Price the unskilled will make such

unnecessary. 75. 6d. (2) Anticipations. Pp. Price 6d. Peasant proprietors and all small land-holders must (London : Chapman and Hall, Ltd., 1903.) (3) The pass away. They represent stagnation, and there is Food of the Gods. Pp. 317. (London: Macmillan room only for go-ahead, adaptable people. Those who

and Co., Ltd., 1904.) Price 6s. By H. G. Wells. fail to adapt themselves will fall into the abyss, the MR, WELLS is a man of imagination, and he great sink in which wallow all those who are unfitted

has let his imaginative faculty play about the for the new conditions. The people of the abyss are great problems that obtrude themselves when we con- to be encouraged to extinguish themselves, to template the new conditions under which civilised man practise what would commonly be called vice without is now living, conditions which must inevitably under- offspring resulting: go further change as science advances. Three books

Mr. Wells is quite alive to the need of an antiseptic of his more especially claim to forecast the future in a wealthy society such as he foresees. To keep of our race, and to lay down the lines on which

down excessive accumulations of wealth he proposes education should proceed. These three are “ Antici- heavy death duties, and heavy graduated duties upon pations," a very bold attempt to peer into the future; irresponsible incomes, with, perhaps, in addition, * The Food of the Gods," a lively romance full of

a system of terminable liability for borrowers.” But humour that does not pall from beginning to end of besides this there will be at work for many years to the book; and “Mankind in the Making," a series come “ that most stern and educational of all masters of essays dealing mainly with education, and advo

-war." In its methods war will be very unlike anycating radical changes in our methods.

thing of which we have as yet had experience. There As to style, Mr. Wells is a hard hitter. He pounds will be marksmen few in number, but possessed of at all classes or professions or trades which fall below skill altogether beyond that of the marksmen of to his standard of efficiency, or who represent, as he day. The army will no longer be officered by men thinks, mouldering ideas and systems. He cannot too stupid and indifferent to use properly the inventalk patiently of bishops, schoolmasters, army men or

tions of science. No masses of raw, unskilled lads plumbers. His philosophy has had its origin in the will be driven on to the slaughter. theory of evolution. He looks at the race of men in

Some greater synthesis will emerge. Mr. Wells the past, the present, and the future, and he sees a reviews the various large groups of peoples which long series of births. The individual is trustee for make up the greater part of the population of the the race of the principle of life. The idea of this earth. There is the Russian group, the German, trusteeship is to Mr. Wells a great and ennobling one. Latin, and English groups, and there are the Yellow A man must not look upon his individual life as the Races. Mr. Wells does not think the Russian or the all-important thing, but must find his true happiness German likely to predominate. In the French he has in the propagation and education of offspring. Never- a great belief, though they do not “ breed like theless, we find in “ Anticipations” that this ideal will rabbits.” The richness and power of their literature be shared only by a limited number of people. In the make him think their language will extend itself far. world he pictures are many childless ménages, and He laments the comparative poverty and meagreness Mr. Wells himself is prepared to tolerate relaxation of our literature. Still, he inclines to the belief that of the marriage law and even “ sterile gratification." | a great dominant synthesis of the English-speaking But in this new world there will be also many men peoples may be formed. Germany will be cowed by of strenuous earnestness and of religious purpose, the combined English and American Navies, and though not professing a definitely Christian faith, who Anglo-Saxonism will eventually triumph. will be the leading spirits. As a rule they will be There remain the Yellow Races. Their star, too, fathers of families, for the childless ménages will not will pale before that of the Anglo-Saxons. But all fit in with their theory of things.

syntheses, however great, will eventually fuse into These men of energy-men of science, engineers, one. There will be a World State, and rival nationdoctors, and so forth-will shape policy and adminisalities will be a thing of the past. “ Against these tration. The result will be marvellous efficiency, such old isolations, these obsolescent particularisms, the as is rarely if ever seen now. There will be no king. forces of mechanical and scientific development fight Monarchy will have given place to the New Republic. and fight irresistibly." Royalty is connected with all things out of date, with All these speculations are very interesting reading, aristocratic privileges, ridiculous costumes and decor- but we cannot help regretting that Mr. Wells did not ations. Therefore it must go. In the New Republic, study and reflect a little longer before writing. His though so efficiently managed, there will be many imagination, unclogged by knowledge, is apt to run idlers. There will be an enormous development of away with him. Though he expresses the greatest irresponsible wealth, great numbers of people living reverence for Darwin and his successors, he does not on invested money, having no cares of management show a very thorough grip of the principles of evoluand no duties in connection with their property. It tion. To begin with, he seems unaware of the part is among this class mainly that will be found the child in the national life that is played by the lower stratum

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of society, the “ stagnant masses as he would call not the knowledge itself, the making of discoveries, them. From this stratum emerge the men of energy not the enjoyment of them. so dear to Mr. Wells's heart. Occasionally the son This being so, there is a fallacy running all through of a poor man, say in Scotland or Yorkshire, rises to that very humorous romance - The Food of the eminence. Far more often it takes more than one Gods”; in the story those who are fed on this food generation to climb the ladder. But this does not alter in their infancy and youth grow to a height of some the fact that this substratum is an absolute necessity. | forty feet. The inventors do not add to their inches. For the upper strata do not keep up their numbers, In its application this is not true. The mass of manand society has been truly described as an organism kind remain small in brain and character—they grow, that is perpetually renewing itself from its base. But but do not grow much, when their youth is nurtured Mr. Wells knows only of the abyss into which tumble on the clearest and noblest ideas. The few thinkers, all the failures of modern life. Such a valuable discoverers, inventors are the giants. As to education, national asset as peasant land-holders he despises and Mr. Wells has much to say that is worth pondering. wishes to abolish. Yet from such "stagnant" classes He wishes boys to make a real study of the Eaglish spring the families that work upward and produce the language and literature. On our success in teaching men of energy that do the highest work of the nation. English and producing good literature depends the The downward movement of which Mr. Wells talks answer to the question : Will English retreat before so much is comparatively but a puny stream. No the tongue of some rival synthesis, or will it become doubt there is an abyss, no doubt there are in our big the language of the world? For educational purtowns not a few degraded families which are tending poses, the dead languages, as we might expect, are to die out. Yet even the most degraded produce here tried and found wanting. Those who teach them are and there a man of grit, a man, for instance, who ' fumbling with the keys at the door of a room that enlists and rises to be a non-commissioned officer. was ransacked long ago."

F. W. H. The pick of the slum-bred men make fine fighters.

Mr. Wells wishes all citizens to be energetic and up to date. The unadaptable masses must be got rid

BRITISH FRESHWATER ALGE. of. They must be instructed so that the indulgence of their sexual instincts may not lead to their having

A Treatise on the British Freshwater Algae. By Prof. offspring. Reckless parentage must be in every way

G. S. West. Pp. xv + 372. (Cambridge: At the discouraged. And yet Mr. Wells declares that he

University Press, 1904.) Price 1os. 6d. net.

Vol. i. cannot devise any system of selection by which it A Monograph of the British Desmidiaceae. would be possible to breed good citizens; the qualities

By W. West and Prof. G. S. West. Pp. xxxvi + 224. demanded are too diverse. So we are to get rid of

(London : Printed for the Ray Society, 1904.) Price the reckless classes and depend solely on the careful

HOEVER has sought to gain a practical knowis, put a stop to natural selection; but there is to be

ledge of the British freshwater Algæ has in no scientific selection to take its place. The result the past been often checked by the impossibility of would indeed be disastrous. As it is, our national | determining, by the aid of English works, many of the physique may be poor, but what there is in the nation forms met with. During the twenty years that have of physical vigour is due to the great amount of elapsed since the issue of the latest large English elimination, probably not far .short of 50 per cent., work on the group (Cooke's “ British Freshwater that still goes on.

Algæ”) very great progress has been made in most Here is another strange forecast. War is “ the countries of Europe, in North America, and to some most educational of all masters," and yet after many

extent in other countries also, in the study of these years a great world state will arise and there will be plants. Very many species previously unknown have a kind of millennium. If war the great educator, been detected, and much light has been thrown on the great antiseptic, is no more, surely the world is obscure life-histories, on the effects of environment, likely to be the worse for its absence. What is to and on the relationships of the various Algæ to one make the world better? No doubt Mr. Wells would another, and to other organisms of simple structure. say,

“ The advance of science.” Science is his sheet | But while so much new knowledge has been gained, it anchor. It is to ennoble the national life so that even is dispersed in various languages and in numerous the idle holders of irresponsible wealth will be power- volumes; and there has been, in English, no trustless to degrade it. But will this be so? No doubt the worthy guide even to the published results of these inventor is ennobled by his brain labour, by his striving years dealing with the British freshwater Algæ. Thus to make his dream a reality. And the men of energy it has become more and more difficult to pursue the who find practical applications of his discoveries are study with success, and the need of adequate presentdoing work of a kind that often, though not always, ation of the subject has been felt to be very urgent. elevates the character. But what of the people who | The works just issued by the Messrs. West are most merely make use of the discoveries and inventions of welcome, and mark a very great advance on earlier others? The man who invents a locomotive engine books in English dealing with these Algæ. The is likely, at the lowest, to be above the pettiest mean authors possess a unique knowledge of the species and nesses. But the mere travelling in railway trains of their distribution in Britain, the result of personal leaves men morally no better and no worse. The investigations carried on unweariedly in many and striving after knowledge is the ennobling thing, and varied districts of the British Islands. They have

255. net.


. We are to introduce careful parentage, that W!

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