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tell, and his book may be regarded as a guide to A short time previously, Huxley, assisted by T. J. what the observant country resident ought to see and Parker, had begun to organise his pioneer practical nolice, rather than as an exponent of fresh facts. In classes in biology at South Kensington, and Howes's places, indeed, he forsakes his usual style for what first scientific work consisted in making a series of we suppose must be called word-painting," but enlarged coloured drawings illustrating the anatomy we can scarcely congratulate him on the result of of various animals, and thus further developing his the change. Neither, we think, is he altogether powers as a draughtsman. These drawings now happy in his theory that bird-song is largely due to form the well known series hanging on the walls of rivalry and jealousy; although his eagerness to trace out the reason of every phenomenon in natural life the waboratory at the Royal College of Science, copies

of which were subsequently made by Howes for use is a trait deserving of the highest commendation. in various universities and colleges in this country The reader who follows in Mr. Robinson's foot- and abroad. Although he had no previous scientific

training, he rapidly became

expert anatomist, and many of his exquisite dissections are still to be seen on the shelves of the laboratory.

All this time, Howes was taking every advantage of

opportunities for studying under our greatest biological teacher in a school of high tradition, where students are able to devote themselves

subject at a time, and are fortunate in being unhampered by syllabuses. He was soon appointed assistant demonstrator, and

Parker's election to the chair of biology in the University of Otago, Howes succeeded him chief demonstrator, so that his originality, zeal, and thusiasm had full scope for development. The wide knowledge he gradually obtained of his subject, his

valuable contributions to FIG. 1.-Young Peewit hiding. From “The Country Day by Day."

zoological literature, and especially

his

power steps and takes him as guide will not have much to and influence as a teacher, soon made it apparent learn about the animals and plants of his native that he

take an important place in the district after a year's diligent apprenticeship.

scientific world. On Huxley's partial retirement in R. L.

1885. Howes was appointed assistant professor, and in 1895—when the chair of biology was sub

divided-professor of zoology. During his career as PROF. G. B. HOWES, F.R.S.

demonstrator, he had also for two years held the post

of lecturer on comparative anatomy to the St. George's GEOS EORGE BOND HOWES, whose state of health Hospital Medical School.

for the past two years had been the cause of In 1897, Howes was elected to the fellowship of grave anxiety, passed away on February 4. Born in the Royal Society. He was a vice-president of the London on September 7, 1853, his active and useful Zoological Society, honorary zoological secretary to life was cut short at the age of fifty-one.

the Linnean Society, honorary treasurer of the Howes was of Huguenot extraction; his father, the Anatomical Society, ex-president of the Malacological late T. J. Howes, married the daughter of the Society, president of Section D of the British Associlate Captain G. H. Bond-a member of ation at the Belfast meeting, corresponding member talented family. While attending a private school of the New York Academy of Science, and an he spent his spare time in making microscopical honorary member of the New Zealand Institute. He slides, and a prize of one of J. G. Wood's books also took an active interest in the work of several helped to arouse further his interest in natural history. local natural history societies, of which he was a His parents at first intended that he should prepare member. In 1902 he acted on the committee for the for entering the Church, but this plan was given up, reorganisation of the Zoological Gardens, and in the and on leaving school he was for a short time in same year received the degree of D.Sc.,, honoris business, which proved very distasteful to him. causa, in the Victoria University, having previously Having worked out the anatomy of the house-fly, -in 1898-received that of LL.D. at St. Andrews. made careful drawings of his preparations, and given He had held examinerships in several universities, a lecture on the subject, his talent was recognised e.g. London, Oxford, Victoria, and New Zealand. by a friend of the family—a clergyman—who intro- The veneration and affection which Howes felt for duced him to Mr. Walter White, then secretary to his great chief were unbounded, and apparent in all the Royal Society. Through Mr. White's instru- his work, to carry on which on the lines laid down mentality an introduction was obtained to Prof.

by Huxley was the summit of his ambition. Huxley, and this resulted in an appointment under His publications are too numerous to be mentioned the Science and Art Department.

in detail; they consist of some fifty papers and

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addresses, as well as numerous reviews and articles, the north gallery. No sooner was the piercing efferred than all written in a characteristic style; apart from the the accumulated water fowed rapidly away down the two editions of his well known “ Atlas," and the southern side, and was discharged into Italy without doing revised and extended editions of Huxley and Martin's damage. It is unnecessary again to direct attention to the Elementary Biology" (in collaboration with Prof. D. H. Scott),

He also edited the translation by particulars of this triumph of engineering skill, for a Bernard of Wiedersheim's “ Bau des Menschen," and

detailed account of the difficulties with which the engineers had undertaken to prepare a new edition of Huxley's have had to contend, and the expedients utilised to surminus “ Anatomy of Vertebrated Animals," which he had

these obstacles, will be found in an article by Mr. Francis mapped out in his mind, but never actually began.

Fox in NATURE for October 27, 1904 (p. 628, vol. Ixx.), The His original work deals mainly with vertebrate com

work that now remains to be done is to put in place the parative anatomy, and all shows the same thorough-masonry arching, to cover over the water channel beneath ness and accurate knowledge.

the floor of the tunnel, and to lay the permanent way. It Considerable and important as his direct contribu- is expected that within three months trains will be running, tions to science have been, they only represent a part and the railway will prove a vital link in the line of comof his life's work in this direction, for he considered munication between the Italian cities and mid-Europe. it his duty to devote much time to the business of scientific societies and in helping any serious workers On Friday, March 17, Senor Manuel Garcia, the inventor who applied to him; he spared no trouble in assisting of the laryngoscope, will complete his hundredth year, and others.

the anniversary will be celebrated by a meeting of laryngoNever a robust man, Howes's power of work was extraordinary. He never seemed to be in a hurry, Hanover Square. We learn from the British Medicul Journal

logists at the rooms of the Royal Medico-Chirurgical Society. and did not give one the impression that he spent an excessive amount of time in reading the current

that the Spanish Ambassador will attend to congratulate literature of his subject, although his knowledge and

the illustrious centenarian in the name of the Governinent memory in this direction were quite unique. His of his native country, and among the addresses will be one mind was of a remarkable type, and was, one may from the Royal Society, before which Senor Garcia read his say, almost overburdened with details, though he

Physiological Observations on the Human never lost sight of the main issue, and was always Voice" just fifty years ago. The Berlin, Vienna, French, clear and stimulating. He absorbed everything which Dutch, Belgian, and South and West German Laryngological had the remotest bearing on his science, and would talk by the hour on almost every branch of zoology;

Societies will send special deputations. Most of the addresses one had only to ask him some question and he would

will be taken as read, and the proceedings will conclude either have the point at issue at his finger-ends, or

with the presentation of a portrait of Senor Garcia, painted would at once give references to the most recent by Mr. John Sargent, R.A., together with an album conpapers on the subject. When giving a lecture or an taining the names of all the subscribers. In the evening 3 address, he would put so much into an hour's dis- banquet will take place at the Hotel Cecil, at which it is course as to make his hearers marvel at his memory hoped that Senor Garcia himself will be present. and grasp of the subject. His presidential address to the zoological section of the British Association in The death is announced, on February 6, of Father Timoteo 1902 contains no less than 186 references to original | Bertelli. Father Bertelli was born in Bologna in 1826, and authorities, and its preparation must have cost him was the son of the professor of astronomy at the University an enormous amount of labour at a time when he was of Bologna. At eighteen he joined the Order of the already over-fatigued.

Barnabites, and taught physics in various colleges of the Howes was a man of high moral standard and Order. In 1871 he joined the Collège de la Querce in ingenuous nature, generous and unselfish in all he did, and his death is mourned by a wide circle of

Florence, with which institution he appears to have been scientific friends, who will long cherish the memory

associated continuously until the time of his death, except of his friendship and hospitality. He carried out his

for the three years 1895-7, when he was called to Rome own belief that" higher ambition than that of adding by Leo XIII. to succeed Father Denza at the Vatican to the sum of knowledge no man can have; wealth, Observatory. But his state of health did not permit him perinfluence, position, all fade before it; but we must manently to accept this position, and in 1897 he returned to die for it if our work is to live after us."

Florence. Father Bertelli first devoted himself to meteor W. N. P. ology, and later was attracted by the study of seismic

phenomena, inventing the tromometer to assist in his ob

servations. He gave much attention to researches into the NOTES.

history of the sciences and especially to that of the mariner's The following fifteen candidates have been selected by the compass. The results of his life's work are contained in council of the Royal Society to be recommended for election sonie sixty memoirs, the first of which is dated 1839. into the society :-Mr. J. G. Adami, Mr. W. A. Bone, Mr. J. E. Campbell, Mr. W. H. Dines, Capt. A. Mostyn

Dr. A. S. PACKARD, professor of zoology and geology at Field, R.N., Mr. M. O. Forster, Mr. E. S. Goodrich, Mr.

Brown University, died on February 14, at the age of F. G. Hopkins, Mr. G, W. Lamplugh, Mr. E. W. MacBride,

sixty-six years. The death occurred, on February 22, of Prof. F. W'. Oliver, Lieut.-Col. D. Prain, I.M.S., Mr.

Dr. Ernst F. Dürre, formerly professor of metallurgy at G. F. C. Searle, Hon. R. J. Strutt, and Mr. E. T. Whittaker.

Aix-la-Chapelle, and author of several important treatises on

the metallurgy of iron and steel. Dr. Guido Hauck, professor Tre piercing of the Simplon Tunnel was completed at of mathematics at the Berlin Technical College, died on 7.20 a.m. on February 24. At the time of piercing, the January 14. The deaths are also announced of J. C. V. north gallery was inaccessible on account of the accumulation Hoffmann, founder and editor of the Zeitschrift fur matheof water. The south gallery is on a lower level than the matischen und naturwissenschaftlichen Unterricht, Dr. north, and the final connection was made by the explosion of T. H. Behrens, professor of microchemistry at Delfdt, Prof. charges placed in holes driven into the roof of the south Ludwig von Tetmeyer, principal of the Vienna Technical gallery, which left a large hole on a level with the floor of College, and Prof. Ditscheiner, of Vienna,

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