« PreviousContinue »
coefficients in its irreducible components : Prof. W.
Paris. Burnside. The first part of the paper contains a deter- Acadenty of Sciences, March 6.-M. Troost in the chair. mination of the number of times that any given irreducible - The president read a telegram from Dr. Jean Charcot component occurs, when any representation of a group of concerning the work of the Antarctic Expedition.--On the finite order as a transitive permutation group is completely orthogonal trajectories of a family of surfaces : Gaston reduced. The second part of the paper is occupied with the Darboux.-A rational formula for the coefficient of abactual reduction of the permutation group. The reduction | sorption of light by a translucent body : J. Boussinesq. takes two forms according as the domain of rationality is –The study of 1-methyl-4-benzylcyclohexanol and i-methyldefined by the characteristics, or by the roots of unity of 4-dibenzylcyclohexanol : A. Haller and F. March. Methylwhich the characteristics are functions.-On the theory of cyclohexanone reacts with sodium derivatives of alcohols in the logarithmic potential : Prof. T. J. l’A. Bromwich. a manner resembling camphor, the sodium derivative of The paper is occupied with the conditions for the existence benzyl alcohol giving a mixture of methyl-benzyl- and of the second differential coefficients of the potential within methyl-dibenzyl-hexanol, separable by fractional distillation an area carrying surface-density, and of the first differential in a vacuum.-Eumedon convictor, a crustacean accomcoefficients of the potential on a curve carrying line-density. panying a sea-urchin : E. L. Bouvier and G. Seurat. It a corner of the area in the first case, or of the curve The Eumedon occupies a pouch near the anal region of in the second, the differential coefficients in question do not the sea-urchin, and is well protected by the long spines exist unless the axes of coordinates have certain special of the latter. The crustacean is not parasitic on its host, directions.--Alternative expressions for perpetuant types :
the relations between the two closely resembling those P. W. Wood.--An informal communication on the theory | holding between Pionodesmotes phormosoae and the seaof geodesics was made by Prof. Forsyth.
urchin Phormosoma uranus.-On the constitution of sun
spots : Th. Moreux. A discussion of the penumbra of the CAMBRIDGE.
large sun-spot of January, 1904, of which a drawing is Philosophical Society, February 27. - Mr. F. H. Neville given. The second penumbra, attributed by some observers in the chair.-Soluble forms of metallic dihydroxytartrates : to irregularities in the nucleus of the spot, is clearly shown, H. J. H. Fenton, F.R.S. Sodium dihydroxytartrate is re
and the author regards this as an additional proof of the markable for its very sparing solubility in water, and it
theory advanced by him in June, 1900.-On sliding friction : has previously been shown by the author that this property L. Lecornu. The author considers that the law of may be made use of for the qualitative and quantitative Coulomb cannot be regarded as rigorously true, but is estimation of sodium. When equivalent quantities of rather an empirical rule only roughly approximate.—The dihydroxytartaric acid and sodium ethylate are mixed in
oscillations of railway carriages on their springs : Georges alcoholic solution a semi-transparent gelatinous precipitate Marié. The author has deduced a relation between the is obtained which is altogether unlike the salt above
periodic variations in level of the permanent way, the mentioned and is extremely easily soluble in water. Its | friction of the spring, and the deflection of the spring, and aqueous solution after standing for a few minutes deposits a
has applied this experimentally to various classes of rolling while, crystalline precipitate of the sodium salt in its ordinary stock. As a rule, the condition of convergence was realised, hydrated form. The calcium salt shows a similar behaviour, but there were a few faulty vehicles in which this was not and it would appear that the ordinary metallic dihydroxy- the case. --On the determination by the chronometer of tartrates must be regarded as derivatives of a hydrated form differences of latitude at Madagascar and Réunion : M. of the acid C,H,,.-Studies on unsaturated ketonic com- Driencourt. The data given have a probable accuracy pounds : S. Ruhemann. The author has continued his re
This precision is rarely attained in such searches on the combination of mercaptans with unsaturated measurements, and details of the working methods are ketones (see Trans. Chem Soc., 1905, Ixxxvii., 17). In the light given.-On the determination of gaseous densities and the of previous researches, an explanation is given of the catalytic accuracy possible in such measurements : A. Leduc. For action of organic bases in the formation of additive products the more permanent gases the author regards the possible of mercaptans with unsaturated ketonic compounds.--Some accuracy in the density as about 1 in 10,000 ; for the more compounds of guanidine with sugars : R. S. Morrell and easily condensable gases the probable accuracy is lower. A. E. Bellars. The addition of guanidine to a solution of The results recently published by MM. Moissan and any sugar in absolute alcohol causes a precipitate of an Chavanne, Moissan and Binet du Jassoneix, Guye and addition product of the sugar and the base. The compounds | Pintza, and Jacquerod and Pintza are criticised.— The are only slightly hydrolysed in aqueous solution, but they action of radium bromide on the electrical resistance of are easily decomposed by acids. Their optical properties metals : Bronislas Sabat. Bromide of radium, placed near are peculiar ; in some cases the rotation angle is opposite wires of bismuth, iron, steel, copper, platinum, brass and in sign to that of the parent sugar, in others there is a German silver, increases their electrical resistance. This marked multi-rotation. The influence of strong electro- effect cannot be wholly attributed to the rise of temperature magnetic fields on the spark spectra of some metals : J. E. caused by the radium salt.-Contribution to the study of Purvis. The electromagnet is an exceptionally strong one. ionisation in flames : Pierre Massoulier. Previous exThe pole pieces are conical, and the strength of the field perimenters have employed electrodes placed one above the betwe’n the two poles with a current of 25 amperes is other in the flame, and the dissymmetry thus necessarily 40,000 C.G.S. units. It was placed in such a position that introduced partially masks the results. The author employs a line joining the poles was perpendicular to a line drawn vertical electrodes placed symmetrically in the fame, and from the slit to the grating. The metals of which an the reversal of the field is then without effect on the course account is given are gold, bismuth, antimony, lead, and of the phenomena. Curves are given showing the relation tin. The results so far show that amongst the various lines between the distances from the electrodes and the fall of a considerable number are divided into triplets; whilst, of potential.-The variations of the equivalent spark of an those which do not show any division, some seem to be X-ray tube : S. Turchini. On the time that appears before widened when the spark is in the field. By analysing the precipitation appears in solutions of hyposulphites : Gaston divided lines by means of a calcite crystal, the components Gaillard.—On the electrolytic solution of platinum in do not seem to be polarised in the same way; i.e. the outside sulphuric acid : André Brochet and Joseph Petit. Platcomponents of one triplet are vibrating perpendicular to the inum is dissolved in sulphuric acid under the action of a lines of force, whilst those of another are parallel to the variable current, and the action of the alternating current lines of force, and the same applies to the inner component. is not specially due to the change in the sense of the Some lines appear as doublets; but in many cases most current. In the presence of an oxidising agent the solution probably the doublets are reversals, and these phenomena of the platinum is impeded.-A comparison of the physical are particularly marked amongst the lines of antimony and properties of pure nickel and cobalt : II. Copaux. Nickel bismuth. It will be necessary to study these with the and cobalt have been obtained practically free from other magnet placed "end on." Two lines may be very close metals, and containing only one or two thousandths of ingether, one stronger than the other, and the stronger line non-metallic impurities. They are magnetic, very crystalwill be divided into three, whilst the weaker one is slightly line metals, not malleable in the cold. They differ in apwidened only. The work is still in progress, and with other pearance, cobalt being bright, resembling silver, whilst metals.
nickel is dull. Determinations of the density, hardness,
melting point, electrical resistance, and breaking load are
SATURDAY, MARCH 18.
Royal INSTITUTION, at 3.-Electrical Properties of Radio-active Sabgiven.—The action of potassium permanganate on salts of
stances : Prof. J. J. Thomson, F.R.S. hydroxylamine : L. J. Simon. A study of the oxidation
MONDAY, MARCH 20. of the nitrate, phosphate, and arsenate of hydroxylamine.- Society of Arts, at 8. — Telephony: H. L. Webb. On quadrivalent oxygen : E. E. Blaise. The author has VICTORIA INSTITUTE, at 4.30. - The Nebular and Planetesimal Theories succeeded in obtaining a zinc compound,
of the Earth's Origin : Warren Upham,
TUESDAY, MARCH 21. (C,Hz),.O.(1).Zn.(I).O.(C,H3)2,
Royal INSTITUTION, at 5.- Engineering Problems : Prof. W. E. Dalby crystallising in fine prisms, and corresponding in com
ROYAL STATISTICAL Society, at 5.
ZOOLOGICAL SOCIETY, at 8.30. position to the magnesium compound previously described.
INSTITUTION OF Civil ENGINEERS, at 8.-Discussion: Shipbuilding fer The bearing of this compound on the theory of quad- the Navy: Lord Brassey, K.C.B.-Paper: Coolgardie Water-Supply rivalent oxygen is discussed.-On the decomposition of C. S. R. Palmer.
WEDNESDAY, MARCH 22. orthonitrobenzyl alcohol under the influence of aqueous
GEOLOGICAL Society, at 8.-An Experiment in Mountain-Building and alcoholic soda : P. Carré. On the comparative as- Part II. : Lord Avebury, P.C., F.R.S.- The Rhætic Rocks of Moesimilability of ammonia salts, amines, amides, and nitriles : mouthsbire : L. Richardson. L. Lutz. Experiments with Aspergillus and Penicillium Society of Dyers AND COLOURISTS, at 7.30.-The Dyeing and Finishing
of Leather for Bookbinding ; with remarks on Preparatory Manufacturing show that of all nitrogenous compounds amides are the
Processes : F. W. Colin Robinson. --A Dyeing Drum Door, removable most easily assimilated ; ammonia salts come next, then
and replaceable without stopping the Drum : #. W. Ley. amines and nitriles.-The distribution of estragol and
THURSDAY, MARCH 23. terpene compounds between the various parts of an annual ROYAL SOCIETY, at 4.30.- Bakerian Lecture: The Reception and plant : Eug. charabot and G. Laloue.-On the so-called Utilisation of Energy by the Green Leaf: Dr. Horace T. Brown, F.RS
INSTITUTION OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERS, at 8.-Report of Experiments physicochemical analysis of arable earth : H. Lagatu.
carried out at the National Physical Laboratory: On the Effect of Heat A description of a graphical mode of representing the on the Electrical and Mechanical Properties of Dielectrics, and on the analysis into three proximate constituents of an arable Temperature Distribution in the Interior of Field Coils : E. H. Rayne: earth.-On some facts relating to the development of the
-Discussion: On Temperature Curves and the Rating of Electrica:
Machinery : R. Goldschmidt. kidney in Elasmobranchs : I. Borcea. A detailed study, ROYAL INSTITUTION, at 5.-The Reasonableness of Architecture : Thomas illustrated with four diagrams, of the development G. Jackson of the renal system of Acanthias vulgaris.-On
FRIDAY, MARCH 24.
ROYAL INSTITUTION, at 9.-A Pertinacious Current: Sir Oliver Lodge form of scales peculiar to the Pandalidæ : H. Coutière.
F.R.S. -On some anomalous forms of amitosis in the epithelium PHYSICAL SOCIETY, at 5.-Note on the Voltage Ratios of an Inverted of mammals : M. Pacaut.-On some diseases of the Rotary Converter : W. C. Clinton.-On the Flux of Ligbt from the tobacco plant : Georges Delacroix.-An experimental study
Electric Arc with varying Power Supply: G. B. Dyke – The Applicatioc of the Cymonieter and the Determination of the Coefficient of
Coupling of the conditions which determine the penetration of the of Oscillation Transformers: Prof. J. A. Fleming, F.R.S.- Exhibition vapours of chloroform into the blood during chloroformic of Cymometers and other Instruments, anæsthesia, and on the influence of the variations of the
INSTITUTION OF Civil ENGINEERS, at 8.-The Wanki to Victoria Fal.
Section ; Victoria Falls Railway : C. T. Gardner.-Design of a Double pulmonary ventilation on this penetration : J. Tissot. It Line Plate-Girder Railway-Bridge : H. S. Coppock. is shown that, contrary to the view generally accepted,
SATURDAY, MARCH 25. during anæsthesia with mixtures containing between 7 and
Royal INSTITUTION, at 3.-Electrical Properties of Radioactive Sub 12 per cent. of chloroform there is no possibility of es- stances : Prof. J. J. "Thomson, F.R.S. tablishing an equilibrium between the blood and the mixture, since this equilibrium would correspond to a fatal dose of chloroform. The variable equilibrium which is actually produced depends largely on the pulmonary ven
PAGE tilation.-On the secreting power of the kidney : Henri Lamy and André Mayer.—The spectroscopic study of
Modern Optical Theory.
457 oxyhæmoglobin : M. Piettre and A. Vila.-The action of
Technical Analysis. By J. B. C. ammoniacal salts on the nitrification of sodium nitrite by
The Zoological Record. By R. L.
Our Book Shelf :the nitric ferment: E. Boullanger and L. Massol.-On the distemper of dogs : H. Carré. On a geological section
Kirby: “A Synonymic Catalogue of Orthoptera."
M. B. of the High Atlas in the region of Glaoui, Morocco : Paul
Guttmann : Lemoine.—Examination of the fossils brought from the
Percentage Tables for Elementary Yunnan by the Lantenois expedition : H. Mansuy. The
Analysis."—A. S. study of these fossils confirms the analogies previously
Hodges : "How to Photograph with Roll and Cat recognised between the primary and secondary fauna of the
Films” Indo-Chinese region and the synchronic fauna of India and
Nolan : “The Telescope" Central Asia.-The Bishop's circle of Mt. Pelée, Mar
Letters to the Editor :tinique : F. A. Forel.
The Infection of Laboratories by Radium.-A. S.
International Atomic Weights.—Dr. F. Mollwo DIARY OF SOCIETIES.
461 THURSDAY, MARCH 16. The Planet Fortuna.-W. T. ; W. E. P.
401 ROYAL SOCIETY, at 4.30.-A New Radio-active Element, wbich evolves Thorium Emanation. Preliminary Communication : Dr. O. Hahn.-A
Costa Rica. (Illustrated.) By Colonel George Earl Determination of the Amountsi Neon and Helium in Atmospheric Air:
461 Sir William Ramsay, K.C.B., F.R.S.-A Preliminary Note upon the Progress in Aërial Navigation. By Prof. G. H. Question of the Nutrition of the Early mbryo: E. Emrys-Roberts. On the Absence or Marked Diminution of Free Hydrochloric Acid in the
403 Gastric Contents, in Malignant Disease of Organs other than the
Phaistos and Hagia Triada, Crete
Structure of the Corona
Radiant Point of ihe Bielid Meteors the Microspheric and Megalospheric Tests in this Genus : J. J. Lister, Brightness of Encke's Comet E.R.S. --Observations on the Brains of Man and Animals with Trypanosome Infection. Preliminary Note: Dr. F. W. Mott, F.R.S.
January Fireballs ROYAL INSTITUTION, at 5.--Recent Astronomical Progress : Prof. H. H.
Rotation of Jupiter's Sate'lites I. and II. Turner, F.R.S.
Orbits of Minor Planets SOCIETY OF Arts, at 4- 30.--Manipur and its Tribes: T.C. Hodson. Effect of Autumnal Rainfall upon Wheat Crops. LINNEAN SOCIETY, at 8.-Contributions to the Flora of Liberia: Dr. Otto Stapf. -- Exhibitions : Penguins and other Birds from the Falkland
(With Diagram.) By Dr. W. N. Shaw, F.R.S.
Forthcoming Books of Science
University and Educational Intelligence
Diary of Societies
OF Speculum Plane and Concave Reflectors, Silvered
Glass Planes, Disc Prisms, &C. PARALLEL WEB, and POSITION MICROMETERS of highest quality, SOLAR EYEPIECES (the Polarising Solar Eyepiece is specially recommended), &c.
And of EVERY KIND OF SPECTROSCOPE.
duarded Gold Medal St.
All other air pumps superseded.
DINES' NEW SELF-RECORDING
“ GER Y K”
JAMES J. HICKS,
Designed to give a trace from which the height at any time may be determined to .005 inch. This end is attained by arranging the details of con. struction so that the friction of all the moving parts, and more particularly that between the pen and the paper, may be reduced to absolute minimum, and also by an automatic temperature correction.
Results hitherto only possible with mercury pumps are readily obtainable by the Geryk." Used by all leading scientists. Far more rapid than any other
vacuum pump. Price from
Write for 24 : 5 : 0. LIST F.45. Pulsometer Engineering, CO,L!
Nine Elms Ironworks, Reading.
JF Descriptive Illustrated
8, 9, & 10
Goods Entrance : 10 Half-Moon Street.
Apparatus for estimation of sulphur in spent oxide.
Importers, Manufacturers, and Dealers in
Plain and Stoppered Bottles,
List of Chemicals, free on application.
(PRODUCING BOTH GAS
AND SOLUTION), Which will last for many months in constant tuse without renewals or
Geology. Price 6d.
(to which Address Subscriptions should be sent)
SPECTRUM TUBES BREWSTER, SMITH & Co.,
Showing the true Spectrum of Argon,
of Hydrogen and the common gases.
A. C. COSSOR,
Telephone : 10547 Central.
READING MICROSCOPES, RESISTANCE COILS, &c. 56 CHARING CROSS ROAD, LONDON, W.C.
ir SPECIAL TERMS TO COLLEGES, SCHOOLS, INSTITUTES, &c. MACMILLAN & CO.'S LIST. LANDSCAPE IN HISTORY & OTHER ESSAYS. By Sir ARCHIBALD GEIKIE, D.C.L., F.R.S.
8vo. 88. 6d, net. ACADEMY AND LITERATURE.—"There are few subjects of more speculative interest than the connection which exists between man and his physical surroundings. . . . Sir Archibald Geikie in these thoughtsul essays has done something towards elucidating the dependence of man's intellectual achievement on his physical environment."
A MANUAL OF QUATERNIONS.
By CHARLES JASPER JOLY, M.A., D.Sc., F.R.S., Sec. R.I.A. ; Fellow of Trinity College, Dublin ; Andrews' Professor of Astronomy in the University of Dublin, and Royal Astronomer of Ireland.
8vo. 10s. net.
AN INTRODUCTION TO THE CALCULUS. .
BASED ON GRAPHICAL METHODS. By GEORGE A. GIBSON, M.A., F.R.S.E., Professor of Mathematics in the Glasgow and West of Scotlan 1 Technical College
Crown 8vo. 38. 6d. SCHOOL WORLD. —“The book is full of interest, both on account of the many interesting problems in which it abowods, and because it contains several methods of treatment which are not found in the usual text-books."
MACMILLAN AND CO., LIMITED, LONDON.
WATKINS & DONCASTER.
Prompt Payment of Olaims.
Naturalists and Manufacturers of
BRANCHES OF NATURAL HISTORY.
Workmen true to Nature.
(Five Doors from Charing Cross.) 1 Our Catalogue (96 pp.) Post free on application.
Gentlemen interested in the above study are invited to send to
JAMES R. GREGORY & CO., 1 Kelso Place, Kensington Court, London, W.,
for a Prospectus of THE TWENTIETH CENTURY ATLAS OF
MICROSCOPICAL PETROGRAPHY, now being issued in Twelve Monthly Parts, each Part containing Four Fine
Half-Tone Plates, and also Four actual Rock Sections. Subscription in advance, either Monthly, 7/-; Quarterly, 21/»; or for the whole Series of 12 Monthly Parts & 48 Sections, £4 4s.
ROCKS, MINERALS, FOSSILS. For Collectors, Students, Technical Schools, Colleges, &c.
COLLECTIONS IN POLISHED DEAL BOXES. 25 Specimens, 5/6; 50 do., 10/6; 100 do., 21/-; 200 do., 42/
20 Coal Measure Rocks and Fossils, 12/6; do., larger, 15/-. Adapted for the Board of Education Examinations in
Geology, Physiography, and Mineralogy.
selection. Specimens sent on approval.
Boxes, Models of Crystals, &c., &c.
NEW CATALOGUE POST FREE. THOMAS D. RUSSELL, 78 Newgate St., London, E.C.
ALBERT EDWARD JAMRACH
(Late CHARLES JAMRACH),
NATURALIST, 180 ST. GEORGE STREET EAST. Implements of Savage Warfare, Idols, Sacred Masks, Peruvian Pottery,
Netsukis China, Lacquers, Gongs, Shells, and other Curios.
THE LARGEST MAKER IN ENGLAND
of Apparatus in all Departments of
including Radiography, High Frequency, Hydro-Electric and
INDUCTION COILS AND STATIC MACHINES A SPECIALITY.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN HOSPITALS, &c.
LISTS ON APPLICATION. 82 HATTON GARDEN, LONDON.
LIVING SPECIMENS FOR
THE MICROSCOPE. Volvox, Spirogyra, Desmids, Diatoms, Amoeba, Arcella, Actinosphærium, Vorticella, Stentor, Hydra, Floscularia, Stephanoceros, Melicerta, and many other specimens of Pond Life. Price is. per Tube, Post Free. Helix pomatia, Astacus, Amphioxus, Rana, Anodon, &c., for Dissection purposes.
THOMAS BOLTON, 25 BALSALL HEATH ROAD, BIRMINGHAM. MARINE BIOLOGICAL ASSOCIATION
OF THE UNITED KINGDOM.
THE LABORATORY, PLYMOUTH. The following animals can always be supplied, either living or preserved by the best methods :
Sycon ; Clava, Obelia, Sertularia ; Actinia, Tealia, Caryophyllia, Alcy.
For prices and more detailed lists apply to
A List of this Series of Steel and
ST. MARTIN'S STREET, LONDON, W.C.
NOTICE.-Advertisements and business letters for NATURE should be addressed to the Publishers; Editorial
CHARGES FOR ADVERTISEMENTS.
£ s. d.
£ s. d, Yearly
6 Quarter Page, or Half
a Column Half-yearly
Half-yearly 0 14 6
1 15 0 O 15 6
One Sixteenth Page, or Eighth Col. 10
Half a Page, or a Column 3 5
6 6 • The first line being in heavy type is charged for as Two Lines. Cheques and Money Orders payable to MACMILLAN & CO., Limited.
OFFICE: ST. MARTIN'S STREET, LONDON, WC.