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report to the Egyptian Council of Ministers. It appears The concluding issue of the Proceedings of the Philathat the theory of stresses upon masonry dams requires delphia Academy for 1904 contains the reports of the important modifications, which will have to be taken into secretaries and curators for that year, from which it consideration in all future designs for such works. We appears that the society continues to be in a flourishing understand that much experimental work on the subject is condition, both as regards its publications and its museum. at present in progress, and that results of great interest to hydraulic engineers may be expected.
In an article published in Naturen for March, Mr. J.
Rekstad shows the value of photography to illustrate the The anniversary dinner of the Chemical Society was held
secular variation in glacier terminations, the respective at the Whitehall Rooms, Hótel Métropole, on March 29,
differences between two glaciers in August, 1899, and when the president, Prof. W. A. Tilden, was in the chair, September, 1903, being admirably exhibited. In both inand many leading representatives of the physical sciences stances, it may be remarked, there has been very decided were present. Sir William Church, in giving the toast of shrinkage in the length of the glacier. The value of * Prosperity to the Chemical Society,' spoke of the photographs of this nature as a basis of comparison in advances which chemical science has made, and declared the years to come will be very great. that the advantages which have accrued to the United
We have been favoured with a copy of No. 17 of the Kingdom, as a result of the work of chemists, cannot be
Boletin of the Institute of Mining Engineers of Peru, over-estimated. Prof. Meldola submitted the
which contains an account of certain annelid remains and “ Scientific Institutions," which was responded to by Prof.
ammonites in the Salto del Fraile and Morro Solar disJ. Larmor and Dr. R. T. Glazebrook. Sir William
tricts by Mr. C. I. Lisson. Both formations appear to be Ramsay proposed the toast of " The Guests, and in re
of Neocomian age, the higher beds of Salto del Fraile plying Mr. Haldane said that as science never stood still,
being remarkable for the number of borings of annelids but progressed continually, so the Government of this
of the genus Tigillites they contain, while the lower Morro country must, if the nation is to hold its own, make an increasing use of science in all departments of the State
Solar stratum is noteworthy for its ammonites of the
group Sonneratia. service. He expressed the belief that in the course of the next few years the position of science in the Govern
Is the Report and Transactions of the East Kent Scienment of the country will be much more prominent, and tific and Natural History Society for the past year, the that scientific methods will become much more general. secretary takes occasion to direct attention to the general Prof. Perry also spoke.
apathy towards matters scientific prevailing in that portion of the county he represents. Owing to this cause,
the A MEETING of the Institution of Naval Architects will be
season's excursions were practically a failure, and there held at the Society of Arts, John Street, Adelphi, on
may be some connection between this apathy and the April 12-14. Lord Glasgow, president of the institution,
fact that it has hitherto been found impracticable properly who will occupy the chair, will deliver his address on
to arrange and display the natural history collections in April 12 ; and Mr. W. E. Smith, C.B., Colonel N. Soliani,
the Royal Museum. and Mr. Herbert Rowell will submit papers for discussion. On April 13 Prof. J. H. Biles will read a paper on the The Zoologist for March opens with an article by Mr. strength of ships, with special reference to experiments Lydekker on the small Asiatic mountain antelopes known and calculations made upon His Majesty's ship Wolf, and as gorals. The main object of the article was to describe other papers will be submitted by Mr. F. H. Alexander, the Burmese species; but in the course of his investigation Mr. J. Bruhn, Mr. R. E. Froude, Mr. C. E. Stromeyer, the author was led to believe in the existence of two Mr. A. W. Johns, and Herr S. Popper. Among the papers Himalayan representatives of this group, one of which he to be read on April 14 is one on the Admiralty course names l'rotragus bedfordi, on account of the type speciof study for the training of naval architects by Mr. men having lived in the park at Woburn. In the penE. L. Attwood, and another on submarine signalling by ultimate line on p. 84 we notice that the word eastern means of sound by Mr. J. B. Millet, of Boston, U.S.A. should be western.'' The second article, by Mr. John
Gurney, is devoted to Norfolk bird-life in 1904, and it is The Royal medals of the Royal Geographical Society
interesting to note that in the spring of that year the for this year have been awarded to Sir Martin Conway
author had the good fortune to see two avocets and seven (founder's medal) for his explorations of various moun
spoonbills on Breydon Broad. tain regions of the world, and his work among the islands of Spitsbergen ; and to Captain C. H. D. Ryder, R.E. From the fisheries branch of the Department of Agri(patron's medal), for the important and extensive work culture and Technical Instruction for Ireland we have rewhich he accomplished while acting as principal survey ceived a copy of No. 4 of Scientific Investigations, containofficer on the recent Tibet Mission. The Victoria research ing an account by Messrs. Holt and Tattersall of schizopod medal, for distinguished service to the cause of geo- crustaceans from the north-east Atlantic slope, and a note graphical research, as distinguished from exploration, has one genus of the same group by Dr. Calman. In been awarded to Mr. J. G. Bartholomew. The Murchison proposing several new generic types, the authors of the grant goes to Mr. William Wallace, C.M.G., Deputy High first paper suggest that these may prove of only temporary Commissioner of the Northern Nigerian Protectorate. value, and add the remark that these, if not forgotten, Colonel F. R. Maunsell, R.A., has been awarded the Gill will, at least, cease to be harmful whenever the fashion inemorial for his explorations during many years' resi- of reviving deservedly forgotten names has run its due dence in Asia Minor ; Mr. F. J. Lewis the Cuthbert Peek
Dr. Calman proposes the name Nematobrachion grant for contributions to the knowledge of botanical dis- to replace his Nematodactylus of 1896, which he regards as tribution by his researches into the geographical distribu- preoccupied by Richardson's Nemadactylus. Evidently tion of vegetation in the north of England; and Captain neither of the three authors are in sympathy with the Philip Maud. R.E., the Back grant for survey work in rules for nomenclature in zoology drawn up by the Paris 1903 along the southern border of Abyssinia.