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No. 1850, VOL. 71]
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[All Rights are Reserved. The “NEWTONIAN”
REYNOLDS & BRANSON, Ltd.
Government (Indian, Home, and Colonial).
Can be worked from any House Supply. Complete with
50s. On a 200-Volt Circuit the Triple gives 1000 Candle-power
CHEMICAL AND PHYSICAL BENCH, illustrated above, as supplied to National Physical Laboratory, Teddington, fitted for Gas, Water
Illustrations, free on application.
14 COMMERCIAL STREET, LEEDS.
NEWTON & CO., 3 FLEET STREET, LONDON.
THE NEW BOOK
NEGRETTI & ZAMBRA'S
SELF-RECORDING METEOROLOGICAL INSTRUMENTS.
PRICE ONE SHILLING.
Containing an original description of the principles and function of the photographic lens. Together with the
latest workshop methods. Then there follows a series of chapters on practical photography and the effect of lenses on results. The chief types are discussed and compared by means of original diagrams. Also an appendix on the Gauss Theory and on a new system of lens testing. The book
A SIMPLE TREATISE."
POST FREE 1/3
EDITION DE LUXE, 3/6 POST FREE,
THE NEW PATTERN COMBINED BARO-THERMOGRAPH. The above instrument combines in one apparatus the Recording Baro. meter and Recording Thermometer, giving thus on one and the same chart continuous records of the atmospheric pressure and temperature for seven days. Illustrated Price Lists of Self-Recording and other Scientific
Instruments Post Free to all parts of the World.
38 HOLBORN VIADUCT, E.C. Branches-45 CORNIIILL, and 122 REGENT STREET.
OPTICAL CONVENTION, 1905.
BREAMS BUILDINGS, CHANEERY LANE, E.C.
FACULTY OF SCIENCE.
DAY AND EVENING COURSES.
SJ. E. MACKENZIE, Ph.D., D.Sc
(H. WREN, Ph.D., BA., B.Sc. Sir WM. De Wiveleslie ABNEY, K.C.B., D.C.L, F.R.S.
(ALBERT GRIFFITHS, D.Sc. The Right Hon. The LORD BLYTHSWOOD.
D. OWEN, B.A., B.Sc.
(B. W. CLACK, B.Sc.
E. H. SMART, M.A.
*** (W. G. Birt, B.A., B.Sc. The Right Hon. THE EARL OF CRAWFORD, K.T., LL.D., F.R.S.
SA. B. RENDLE, M.A., D.Sc. MR. Thos. R. Dall'EYER, F.R.A.S.
F. E. FRITSCH, Ph.D., B.Sc The Hon. ALBAN G. H. Gees, M.A., M.P.,
H. W. UNTHANK, B.A., B.Sc.
Assaying, Metallurgy & Mining. Geo. PATCHIN, A.R.S.M The Right Hon. THE LORD KELVIN, O.M., G.C.V.O., F.R.S. RESEARCH in Chemistry and Physics in well-equipped laboratories. The Right Hon. The LORD RAYLEIGH, O.M., D.C.L., F.R.S. French, German, Spanish, Russian, Dutch, & Italian Classes. The Right Hon. The Earl Of Rosse, K.P., D.C.L., F.R.S.
EVENING CLASSES also in Biology, Physiology, Practical Geoder HE OPTICAL CONVENTION will be held at the North.
Building and Machine Construction, Steam, Theoretical and Apple AMPTON INSTITUTE, CLERKENWELL, E.C., from May 31 to
Mechanics, Land and Quantity Surveying, and Estimating. June 3, inclusive.
Calendar 6d. (post free 8d.), on application to the SECRETARY. The object of the Convention is to bring into co-operation those interested in Optical Matters, from all sides of the question, theo. retical, practical, and commercial.
ST. THOMAS'S HOSPITAL, The mornings will be devoted to papers and discussions on Optical subjects. These will be collected in a volume to be issued by the
ALBERT EMBANKMENT, S.E.
(UNIVERSITY OF LONDON.) EXHIBITION OF OPTICAL & SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS
The SUMMER SESSION will COMMENCE on APRIL 26. of British manufacture, in the large hall of the Northampton Institute,
The Hospital occupies one of the finest sites in London, and contains bea during the Convention, open daily from 12 to 10 p.m. In connection
Beds, of which 540 are in constant use. with this, a catalogue is in preparation, which will be a useful work
Entrance and other Scholarships and Prizes (26 in number) of the vale. of reference in regard to instruments manufactured in this country.
of more than £500, are offered for competition each year. The Subscription for Membership of the Convention will be five Upwards of 60 Resident and other Appointments are open to Student shillings. Applications for membersbip should be addressed to the after qualification. Hon. Sec., Mr. F. J. SELBY, M.A., Elm Lodge, Teddington,
A Students' Club forms part of the Medical School Buildings, and the Middlesex, who will be glad to furnish further particulars if desired.
Athletic Ground, nine acres in extent, situated at Chiswick, can be reacted
in forty minutes from the Hospital. ADMISSION to the Exhibition, daily, ONE SHILLING,
A Prospectus, containing full particulars, may be obtained from the after 7 p.m., Sixpence.
undersigned. Tickets admitting to the Exhibition at any time while it is open, 2/6.
J. H. FISHER, B.S. Lond., Dean.
(UNDER THE AUSPICES of His MAJESTY'S GOVERNMENT, I UNIVERSITY OF BIRMINGHAM. THE LONDON SCHOOL OF TROPICAL faculties.
(UNIVERSITY OF LONDON.)
CONNAUGHT ROAD, ALBERT DOCK, E.
(IN CONNECTION WITH THE HOSPITALS OF THE SEAMEN | ENGINEERING, METALLURGY, MINING, BREWING,
The next SESSION commences on MONDAY, MAY 1, 1905.
For Prospectus, Syllabus, and other particulars, apply to tbe Secretary
P. MICHELLI, Esq., Seamen's Hospital, Greenwich, S.E.
THE LONDON SCHOOL OF TROPICAL with a qualified Woman Demonstrator.
MEDICINE. Graduates of other Universities may, after two years' study or research, take a Master's Degree.
“CRAGGS' RESEARCH PRIZE." Syllabuses with all information will be sent on application to the A Prize of £50 will be awarded in October to a past or present Sales SECRETARY.
of the School who, during the current year (October to atcexr) as to
the most valuable contribution to Tropical Medicine. The la: of the as EAST LONDON TECHNICAL
having already been published will not disqualify.
Contributions must be written in English.
Essays must be sent in on or before October I next to the Vedi al Tar
who will be glad to afford further information. SENIOR ENTRANCE SCHOLARSHIPS.
London School of Tropical Medicine,
Royal Albert Dock, E.
THE VICTORIA on the result of an examination to be held by the London Inter-Collegiate Scholarships' Board, full particulars of which, with forms of entry, may be UNIVERSITY OF MANCHESTER obtained from the SECRETARY of the Board, King's College, London, W.C.
FACULTY of MEDICINE
(including the DENTAL, PHARMACEUTICAL and Pr'YIC The Drapers' Company also offer for competition Ten Junior Entrance
HEALTH DEPARTMENTS). Scholarships, which, in addition to the money value, will entitle the holders The SUMMER SESSION will commence on Tuesday, April 15 to exemption from the College tuition fees, value gis first year, 623 second registration of Students will begin on this day at 9.3um year, and £30 third year. Candidates must be between 15 and 16 years of continued during the week (Saturday excepted). age on September 1, 1905. These Scholarships will be awarded on the London County Council Intermediate Scholarships Examination in May
PROSPECTUSES, giving full information as to coutin strahy
the MEDICAL and DENTAL DEGREES and DIPLOMAN The qualifications of means and residence attached to the Council's
will be forwarded on application to the Registrar. Scholarships will not apply to the Company's Scholarships. Forms of entry may be obtained from the CLERK to the Drapers' Company, Drapers' Hall, Throgmorton Street, E.C.
For other Scholastic Advertisements, seegy csaje.
Pp. xii + 179
78 By F. SHILLINGTON SCALES, F.M.S.
Illustrations. "This is an admirable work containing exactly the information required by everyone who has occasion to use the microscope as an instrument of research. The volume contains much that ought to be, but is not, known to many who regard themselves as expert microscopists, and a more practical handbook on the microscope does not exist."-Pharmaceutical Journal.
London : BAILLIÈRE, TINDALL AND cox, 8 Henrietta Street, Covent Garden.
The Official Organ of the British Electrotherapeutic Society.
TO SCIENTIFIC MEN ABROAD
AN INTERNATIONAL MONTHLY REVIEW COVERING
ALL BRANCHES OF ELECTROTHERAPEUTICS. Subscription, 12/- per Annum, Post Free throughout the World.
Single Numbers, 1/- ; Post Free, 1/2. LONDON : A. SIEGLE, 2 LANGHAM PLACE, W.
THOMAS PRINCE, SCIENTIFIC BOOKSELLER.
All books advertised and reviewed in NATURE are supplied
at lowest cash prices. Orders by post promptly dispatched. 85 PRAED STREET, LONDON, W. DAVID NUTT, 57-59 Long Acre, London, W.C.
Importer of Foreign Literature and Publisher. All FOREIGN WORKS reviewed in Nature are on sale or can be procured at shortest notice from David Nitt, at Continental l'rices.
SUBSCRIPTIONS can be effected through DAVID Nutt to all FOREIGN PERIODICALS.
RARE and OUT OF PRINT FOREIGN WORKS sought for with. out charge, and supplied at the most moderate prices. SECONDHAND FOREIGN CATALOGUES supplied regularly on demand, and orders executed therefrom.
English Books (New and Second-hand) and Periodicals promptly supplied at lowest rates. German and French Banknotes and Stamps received in payment. References
in all parts of the world. W. MULLER, Export Bookseller, London, W.
59 CASTLE STREET EAST, OXFORD STREET. SCIENTIFIC AND
EDUCATIONAL BOOKS NEW & SECOND HAND. LARGEST STOCK in LONDON of SECOND. HAND School, Classical, Mechanical, ELEMEN. TARY and ADVANCED SCIENTIFIC BOOKS
at about HALF PUBLISHED PRICE. Mathematical, Theological, and Foreign Books.
KEYS AND TRANSLATIONS.
LONDON, W.C. (Formerly of 39 HOLYWELL STREET, STRAND).
Enquiries by letter receive immediate attention.
Sales by Auction..
LONDON (ROYAL FREE HOSPITAL) WANTED, by the Lancashire Education SCHOOL OF MEDICINE FOR WOMEN. Committee for the Dairy School, Hutton, near Preston, Lecturer on
Dairy Bacteriology and Practical Dairying from May 23 to Septemba if, 8 HUNTER STREET, BRUNSWICK SQUARE, W.C. 1905: Salary at the rate of 44 per week. Appliclums and copies o The SUMMER SESSION will begin on May 2, 1905.
testimonials to be sent in not later than May I to the DIRECTOE entering on that date can compete for the Entrance Scholarships awarded
op EDUCATION, County Offices, Preston. in October. Special classes are arranged for the Preliminary Scientific and M.B. Examinations of the University of London.
SCIENCE MISTRESS required for Public Particulars as to fees, scholarships, &c., can be obtained from the
School in London. Degree or University Honours essential. Ne SECRETAKY, Miss Douie, MB J. A. H. COCK, M.D., Dean.
es., £130. Apply Mr. TRUMAN'S EDUCATIONAL AGENCY, & Holles Street, Cavendish Square, London, W. No fee is charged anless a:
engagement be secured through this Agency, when the cruis ar TUITION BY
Vacation employment required by Analyst,
Ph.D., F.I.C. Used to lea hing and to literary work of sciemisc For MATRICULATION, B.A., SCHOLARSHIPS, and PRO
character, also to typewriting, photography, glass-blowing, and FESSIONAL PRELIMINARIES. Tuition in Latin, Greek, French,
research. Own appliances. Small remuneration sccepted. Easter to German, Italian, Mathematics, Mechanics, Physics, Chemis
July.-Apply " Beta," clo NATURE. try, Psychology, Logic, Political Economy, Book-keeping: The Staff includes Graduates of Oxford, Cambridge, London, and Royal Universities. --Address Mr. J. CHARLESTON, B.A , Burlington Currespond. FOR SALE.-X-Rays Outfit. 10" Apps Coil, ence College, Clapbam Common, London, S.W.
6 "Q21" accumulators, stand, tubes, sundries, in good working order.
Also 6" Apps Coil and 6" Harvey and Peak Coil. Can be seen by EGYPTIAN GOVERNMENT
appointment, London Stereoscopic Company, 54 Cheapeide. SCHOOLS.
For Sale.--"Nature," 1903, 1904, 1905 (to date), In view of the extension of Secondary Education in Egypt, applications
and pine numbers 1902. Offers to “ R.," c/o NATURE. are invited for new ASSISTANT-MASTERSHIPS in Secondary Schools under Ministry of Public Instruction. Masters to begin work in September, in Cairo or Alexandria, and to teach in English exclusively. Over 400 boys TYPE-WRITING UNDERTAKEN BY in each school, mainly Mohammedans. In the case of one of the Masters now required, the subject mainly essential is Science (Experimental Physics
HIGHLY EDUCATED WOMEN ACCUSTOMED TO SCIEN and Chemistry); six of the new Masters will be principally engaged in
TIFIC MSS. (Classical Tripos, Intermediate Arts, Cambridge Highe teaching Mathematics (Arithmetic, Geometry, and Algebra); the others will
Local, thorough acquaintance with Modern Languages). Rescuro, be concerned more particularly with the teaching of English. Candidates
Revision, Translation. Scale of charges on application. The Cam must be not less than 23 nor over 30 years of age, have a robust constitution,
bridge Type-writing Agency, 10 Duke Street, Adelphi, W.C. and have taken a University Degree in Honours. They must have ex. perience as Teachers : preference will be given to applicants who hold a Diploma in Teaching." Salary, £295 per annum (LEg.24 per mensem), rising to 6393 per annum (Leg.32 per mensem). Allowance for passage out to Egypt. Teaching hours, on an average, four daily, Fridays only excepted. Summer vacation not less than two months.
Applications, with full statement of qualifications, and accompanied by copies only of testimonials, must be sent in before May 15, 1905, marked
PALL MALL. outside Assistant Masterships,” and addressed to the SECRETARY: General, Ministry of Public Instruction, Cairo, Egypt, to whom candidates may apply for further information.
On View.- The Collection of Minerals of the late
JOHN HAWKINS. SCHOOL OF AGRICULTURE,
MESSRS. FOSTER respectfully announce GHIZEH, EGYPT.
for SALE by AUCTION, at the Gallery, 54 Pall Mall, JUNIOR LECTURER IN AGRICULTURE.
to-morrow, Friday, April 14, at I o'clock precisely, Applications are invited for the post of JUNIOR LECTURER in PART of the extensive and valuable COLLECTION AGRICULTURE at the School of Agriculture, Ghizeh, under the Ministry of Public Instruction.
of MINERALS, including fine specimens of Cornish Candidates must be not less than 23 nor over 33 years of age, have a Uranites, Cuprites, Liroconites, &c., Gold Specimens and robust constitution, and possess a University Degree or College Diploma in Agriculture. Preference will be given to applicants having experience of
Chalcedonies, also several well-made Cabinets. Agricultural Practice and Teaching. In addition to Agriculture, the Lecturer appointed will be required to teach elementary Agricultural May be viewed and Catalogues had, 54 Pall Mall. Botany and Entomology.
Salary, £295 per annum (4Eg.24 per mensem), rising to £393 per annum (£Eg:32 per mensem). Allowance for passage out to Egypt. Applications, with full statement of qualifications, and accompanied by
NATURAL HISTORY SPECIMENS. copies only of testimonials, must be sent in before May 4, 1905, 1o W. C.
TUESDAY, APRIL 18, at 13.30. MACKENZIE, Esq., D.Sc., Principal, School of Agriculture, Ghizeb, Egypt, to whom candidates may apply for further information.
MR. J. C. STEVENS will offer at his
Rooms, 38 King Street, Covent Garden, London, W.C., Rare and UNIVERSITY COLLEGE OF WALES,
Valuable Birds' Eggs; Entomological Specimens, British and Exotis:
Fine Cabinets, Books, Heads and Horns of Big Game, Fine Lion and ABERYSTWYTH.
Tiger Skins, and many general specimens. The COUNCIL invites applications for the post of REGISTRAR and
Catalogues and all particulars on application. SECRETARY of the COLLEGE, at a Salary of £300.
Applications and 70 copies of Testimonials to be sent by May 10 to the undersigned, from whom further particulars may be obtained.
T. F. ROBERTS, Principal. TO SCIENCE AND MATHEMATICAL
THE LARGEST MAKER IN ENGLAND MASTERS.--Required (1) for important Grammar School
of Apparatus in all Departments of London, Master for Physics and Mathematics. Salary, 6130, non-res. (2) Graduate qualified to teach Mathematics. $120. School in Lon. don. (3) Mathematical Master for Public School, Sea-side. £150. (4) Science and Maths. £100, resident. Army Coaching Establishment. (5) Mathematics and English, Wanted in September. 4100, including Radiography, High Frequency, Hydro-Electric and resident. Grammar School. - For particulars of above and other Science Light Baths, Finsen and other Light, Cautery, Electrolysis, &e. and Mathl. posts, address Griffiths, Smith, Powell & Smith,
Tutorial Agents (Estd. 1833), 34 Bedford Street, Strand, London. INDUCTION COILS AND STATIC MACHINES A SPECIALITY. APPLICATIONS are invited for the First
CONTRACTOR TO THE WAR Office, INDIA OFFICE, AND ADMIRALTY,
BRITISH AND FOREIGN HOSPITALS, &c.
LISTS ON APPLICATION. University graduates, under 30 years of age, and unmarried. For particulars apply to Professor WORTHINGTON, Mohuns, Tavistock. 82 HATTON GARDEN, LONDON .
ALFRED E. DEAN,
MARBLE REDUCED TO QUICKLIME IN
with our NEW BLAST WARNING.
BUNSEN BURNER AND Observe that the
MIDGET FURNACE. Regulator of
We make these in two sizes at Burner, Body of
present, "" and ", and the prices Furnace, and
are-Burners only, 1/6 and 2/6; Hood are all dis.
complete with Furnace, 4/6 and tinctly stamped
6/in the metal
The consumption of gas is the “BREWSTER,
same as with an ordinary Bunsen, SMITH & Co.,
but the heat derived' is three LONDON."
times as great, and a number of Beware of imita
interesting experiments can be tions that do not
performed with them, which contain the essen.
have only been possible before tial feature of this
with very expensive furnaces. burner's success.
We are the SOLE MAKERS. 1 Nature says :-"The combination of furnace and burner is very convenient. These little furnaces are not only useful for reducing calcium carbonate to lime, but also work very well in fusion experiments.' BREWSTER, SMITH & CO., 6 CROSS ST., FINSBURY PAVEMENT, LONDON. Makers and importers of every description of Scientific
Apparatus and Chemicals. LABORATORIES FITTED & FURNISHED THROUGHOUT. Our NEW CHEMICAL APPARATUS LIST post free, 1/
Gratis to Colleges and Laboratories.
ELECTRICAL AND PHYSICAL
BY STANDARD MAKERS, IN PERFECT WORKING ORDER, AT
EXTREMELY MODERATE TRICES. As supplied to the National Physicil Laboratory; Aberdeen, Aberystwyth, Birmingham, Nottingham and Glasgow Universities ; Bedford, Bradford, Clifton, Heriot Watt and Yorkshire Colleges; and twenty other Scientific
Institutions, Polytechnics, &c. IT NATURE says: “Teachers requiring efficient apparatus at a low co it for lecture or laboratory purposes, might consult the list with advantage."
List on application by mentioning Nature.
SECOND-HAND TELESCOPES. 6 in. Dallmeyer Equatorial, Clock, complete, £100. s} in. Alvan Clark, Equatorial by Cooke, £50. Several 3 in. Student Telescopes, by
leading makers, £4 10s., £6 10s., £8 10s., £10. SECOND-HAND SPECTROSCOPES, Single, 2, and 3 Prism, by Browning, £4 10s., £8 10s., £10.
SECOND-HAND MICROSCOPES. Watson's Edinburgh H., 3 powers and fittings, complete, as new, £16 10s. Swift Army Bacteria, complete, £15. Leitz 2b, with rack,
substage, and fittings, £6 10s. MANY OTHERS, ALL KINDS. LISTS ON APPLICATION. A. CLARKSON
CO., 28 BARTLETT'S BUILDINGS, HOLBORN CIRCUS, LONDON.
(Late MOTTERSHEAD & CO.),
FREDK. JACKSON & Co. 14 CROSS STREET, MANCHESTER LABORATORY FURNISHERS,
Goods Entrance : 10 Half-Moon Street.
Apparatus for estimation of sulphur in speot oxide.
Importers, Manufacturers, and Dealers in
Plain and Stoppered Bottles,
List of Chemicals, free on application.
Telephone Number-7238. MICROSCOPIC SLIDES. MARINE OBJECTS, Hydrozoa extended without pressure, sponge sections, &c. Apply for Lists.
Dispersal of Mr. HORNELL'S collection. Flower and Leaf Buds, Stems, Roots, &c., new, from zid. each. Lists.
Exhibition Groups of Diatoms, &c, in symmetrical patterns. EDINBURGH'H., by Watson, for sale, and others : several Objectives, Condensers, &c. PRISMATIC BINOCULARS, LANTERN SLIDES, Church Architecture, Swiss, Egypt and Holy Land views, all first class.
Fine mounted collection of Grasses, Mosses, Ferns, Marine Algæ.
Tel. :-1316 CENTRAL.
BY THE SAME AUTHOR.
Well Illustrated. Price 75. 6d.