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medal. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society It is proposed to send out a special series of telegraphic in 1877. He received the military medal for his time signals beginning at 11.55 p.m., United States services in the Mutiny. He was also a Fellow of Eastern Standard Time (mean time of the 75th meridian Calcutta University, and from 1879 to 1881 he was west from Greenwich), on May 3, and ending at midpresident of the Asiatic Society of Bengal.
night, according to the plan followed daily at noon. These W. T. B.
special time signals will be sent out by request of the
American Railway Association, with the approval of the NOTES.
Secretary of the Navy, in honour of the International The report on the natural history collections made in the
Railway Congress, which is to meet in the capital of the Antarctic regions by the Discovery Expedition, to be pub principal observatories of the world will make efforts to
United States on the following day. It is hoped that the lished by the trustees of the British Museum, and edited by Prof. E. Ray Lankester, F.R.S., promises to be of
receive and time these signals accurately, and reports of
such observations may be made at once, without expense, particular interest and importance. The working out of the collections has been entrusted to nearly fifty naturalists, through the courtesy of the various telegraph and cable each of whom will deal with material in which he is
companies. This was done in the case of the New specially interested. Inquiries concerning the zoological
Year's Eve time signals from the United States Naval and botanical collections should be addressed to Mr. F.
Observatory, which are reported to have reached the Jeffrey Bell, British Museum (Natural History), Cromwell
Toronto Observatory in o.oos. ; Lick Observatory, 0.05s. ; Road, London, S.W.
City of Mexico, 0.115. ; Manila, 0.375. ; Greenwich, 1.335. ;
Sydney, Australia, 2.255. ; Wellington, N.Z., 4.00s. ; and The council of the Institution of Civil Engineers has
Cordoba, Argentina, 7.75. From the rapidity and accuracy made the following awards for papers read and discussed
with which these time signals are transmitted over conbefore the institution during the past session :-Telford necting land lines, as a result of long experience in transgold medals to Lord Brassey, K.C.B., and Mr. C. S. R.
mitting the daily noon signals, it seems very probable, if Palmer ; a George Stephenson gold medal to Mr. Lyonel the telegraph companies will take especial care in their E. Clark; a Watt gold medal to Mr. J. F. C. Snell ;
transmission and not interpose any secondary clocks or Telford premiums to Messrs. L. F. Vernon-Harcourt,
human relays, that they may serve to give fairly accurate R. W. Allen, and Wm. Marriott; a Crampton prize to determinations of longitude at any telegraph station on Mr. A. Wood-Hill, and the Manby premium to Mr. E. D. the American continent where they can be noted exactly Pain. The presentation of these awards, together with and compared with accurate local time. those for papers which have not been subject to discussion and will be announced later, will take place at the in
It was decided in the Chancery Division of the High augural meeting of next session. Sir Alexander Binnie has
Court on April 19 that the public has not the right of free been elected president of the institution in succession to Sir
access to Stonehenge. The question of free access was Guilford Molesworth, K.C.I.E.
raised by an action in which the Attorney-General claimed MR. W. E. COOKE, Government astronomer for Western
an order against Sir Edmund Antrobus to remove the Australia, writes to us from the observatory at Perth to
fencing which now encloses Stonehenge, and an injuncdirect attention to an unusual seismic disturbance in that
tion to restrain him from erecting any such fencing. The place. During March 5 there were three marked earth
claim was based on two grounds :-(1) that Stonehenge quakes in the space of a few hours, and these reached their
is a national monument of great interest and is subject to maxima at 16h. 25.8m., 19h. 0.jm., and 13h. 42.6m. The
a trust for its free user by the public; (2) that there are
public roads running up to and through Stonehenge, and times are given in Greenwich civil time. Each maximum
that those roads have been blocked by the defendant's was preceded by tremors from fifteen to twenty minutes earlier, and by a large wave from ten to fifteen minutes
fencing. Mr. Justice Farwell, who heard the action, de
cided that both these claims were untenable ; and he therebefore the maximum. It is noteworthy that the transit
fore dismissed the action, with costs. In concluding this circle was displaced considerably in both level and azimuth. Another earth tremor, the greatest yet registered on the
judgment, his Lordship is reported by the Times to have
remarked :-_“I hold that the access Milne seismograph at Perth, occurred on March 19. There
to the circle was were no preliminary tremors; the disturbance proper com
incident only to the permission to visit and inspect the menced abruptly, and reached a maximum in 19.6m.
stones, and was, therefore, permissive only, and, further,
that the tracks to the circle are not thoroughfares, but The workers at the Port Erin Biological Station during lead only to the circle, where the public have no right this spring vacation include Prof. B. Moore, Dr. H. E. without permission, and, therefore, are not public ways. Roal, and Mr. B. Whitley (all from the biochemical de- The action accordingly fails, and ought never to have partment of the University of Liverpool), Mr. J. A. Dell been brought. It is plain that the vicinity of the camp and Mr. E. Standing (from the University of Leeds), Prof. and the consequent increase of visitors compelled the Herdman, Mr. W. Dakin, and Mr. W. A. Gunn (from the defendant to protect the stones if they were to be preUniversity of Liverpool), and Mr. Chadwick, the curator. served ; and he has done nothing more than is necessary Prof. Moore and his party are investigating the changes for such protection. I desire to give the relators credit produced in the growth of embryos by alterations in the for wishing only to preserve this unique relic of a former constitution of the sea-water and other conditions of the age for the benefit of the public, but I fail appreciate environment. The other workers are engaged on various their method of attaining this. The first claim to dislines of zoological research. The fish-hatching is now possess the defendant of his property is simply extravagant, going on rapidly, and more than three millions of plaice so much so that, although not technically abandoned, no fry have already been turned into the sea this month. The serious argument was addressed to me in support of it. parent plaice in the spawning pond were evidently about The rest of the claim for rights of way over the neta fortnight carlier in reproducing this season than last, as work of tracks shown on the plaintiff's plan-if successful the first fertilised eggs were obtained on February 14, and would defeat the relators' object. If these ways were left in large quantity, as against March 3 in 1904.
unfenced and heavy traffic passed through the circle, there
would be great risk of injury, and even without such lying Nutrition," on May 12 by Prof. E. Fox Nichoils un traffic there is great risk from the increased numbers of The Pressure due to Radiation," and on May 19 by Sir passers-by. As Sir Norman Lockyer (whose interesting Charles Eliot on “ The Native Races of the British Eas: application of the orientation theory to Stonehenge has Africa Protectorate." recently appeared) says in one of his articles :—' The real
The annual meeting and conversazione of the Selborne destructive agent has been man himself-savages could
Society will be held by kind permission in the theatre ard not have played more havoc with the monument than the
halls of the Civil Service Commission, Burlington Gardens, English who have visited it at different times for different
on the evening of May 3. Lord Avebury will give the purposes.' I feel no confidence that the majority of tourists have improved, nay, rather Aetas parentum, kammatograph pictures of opening flowers, Mr. Find
annual address, Mrs. Dukinfield Scott will show hes pejor avis, tulit Nos nequiores.' It is only fair to the
Enock will describe the work of a wood-boring wasp with defendant to say that he is not acting capriciously, but
the help of some moving slides, Mr. Oliver G. Pike will on expert advice for the preservation of the stones. If, on the other hand, the roads are all fenced off, the general promised to give an account of the actions of a young
contribute a short lecture, while Mr. Percival Westell has appearance would be ruined, and no human being would
cuckoo, and to show photographs in illustration of them. be in any way the better. It is not immaterial to remark
There will also be many exhibits, including microscope that this is not the action of the district or the county
lent by members of the Royal Microscopical Society and council to preserve rights of way, but is brought on the
the Quekett Club. All particulars may be obtained from relation of strangers on the score of the public interest in
the honorary secretary, Mr. Wilfred Mark Webb, 26 Stonehenge."
Hanover Square, W. The death is announced of Prof. A. A. Wright, professor A LARGE portion of the second part of the first volume of geology and zoology at Oberlin College since 1874. of the Proceedings of the Manchester Field Club is takrr. The Rome correspondent of the Daily Chronicle reports
up by the beautifully illustrated article on protective re that Vesuvius is again in full eruption, and that earth
semblances in insects, by Mr. M. L. Sykes, which was quake shocks are frequent in the Vesuvian communes.
summarised in NATURE of March 30. In addition
a number of shorter articles, mostly the reproductions of The French Government, says the British Medical
addresses delivered at meetings of the club, the volume Journal, has granted a subvention of 4000l. in aid of the
contains the reports for the years 1900 and 1901, together International Congress on Tuberculosis, which is to be held
with lists of officers and council. in Paris next October.
The first article in the Irish Naturalist for April is Dr. L. F. Barker, professor of medicine at the Rush
devoted to an illustrated description of the Pattersun Medical School, Chicago, has been appointed to the chair
Museum in the new People's Palace at Belfast. The of medicine in Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, in
greater portion of this natural history exhibition is consuccession to Prof. Osler.
tained in a lofty chamber 75 feet in length by 25 feet in A DINNER will be given at the Hotel Cecil on May 10,
width. The work of planning the cases and obtaining under the presidency of Mr. Chamberlain, and with the specimens with which to fill them was entrusted by the support of the present Secretary of State for the Colonies, managers of the palace to Mr. R. Patterson, who seems in aid of the funds of the London School of Tropical
to have carried out his task with conspicuous succes Medicine.
Specimens were contributed by a large number of donors.
and Mr. Patterson himself has consented to act as honorarı We learn from the Times that the twenty-fifth anniversary of the return of the Vega from Arctic regions after accomplishing the north-east passage
From the Bergen Museum we have received copies uit Nordenskjöld was celebrated at Stockholm on April 24. the Aarsberetning and the Aarbog for 1904. The former The King of Sweden and the Crown Prince and the other contains photographs of three exhibits added during the members of the Royal Family were present at the com- year to the vertebrate series. Of these, the groups of memorative meeting, as well as Admiral Palander, Minister snowy owls and of sea-eagles appear unexceptionable, but of Marine, who commanded the expedition.
we cannot congratulate the authorities on the plan of
placing a red deer mounted on a quadrangular wooden A DISTINCT earthquake shock was felt shortly after stand in front of a background formed by a picture of a 1.30 a.m. on April 23 over a large area in the north of fir-plantation bordering a church. In the Aarbog tbe England, including parts of Yorkshire, Derbyshire, most important communication is one by Mr. R. Høye Nottinghamshire, and Lincolnshire. The shock is reported dealing with the methods of curing salt and kippered to have been unmistakable, and to have lasted several fish, and describing the mycetozoa frequently developed seconds. There is a want of agreement in the reports as during or after the process. to whether the movement was from west to east, or vice verså, and it is not clear if one or two shocks occurred.
We have received a bound copy of the second volume of A heavy rumbling sound is said to have been heard at
“ Marine Investigations in South Africa," issued at Cape Sheffield, Selby, Worksop, and other places.
Town by the Department of Agriculture of Cape Colors.
Although the title-page is dated 1904, the whole of the On Tuesday next, May 2, Prof. L. C. Miall will deliver eleven papers contained in the volume were published during the first of three lectures on the Study of Extinct 1902 and 1903. The subjects include Crustacea, by the Animals," on Thursday, May 4, Sir James Dewar will Rev. T. R. R. Stebbing ; Mollusca (two papers), by Mr commence a course of three lectures on “ Flame," and on G. B. Sowerby ; fishes (three papers), by Dr. Gilchrist. Saturday, May 6, Prof. Marshall Ward will begin a course deep-sea fishes, by Mr. Boulenger ; corals, by Mr. Gardiner ; of two lectures on “ Moulds and Mouldiness." The Friday sponges (two papers), by Mr. Kirkpatrick; and occan evening discourse on May 5 will be delivered by Prof.
Several of the articles have been noticed in our H. E. Armstrong, the subject being “ Problems Under- columns as they were issued.
To the April number of the Journal of Anatomy and in the Bridger Eocene is of much interest from a distriPhysiology Dr. A. Keith contributes a thoughtful article butional point of view. It is noteworthy that these animals on the nature of the mammalian diaphragm and pleural were described under the name of Metacheiromys, under cavity. The pleural cavity he considers to have been formed the impression that they
allied to the aye-aye by a hernia-like outgrowth from the general body-cavity, (Chiromys). the diaphragm thus being formed by a portion of the original outer wall of that cavity. Considerable interest
In a communication published in the American Journal also attaches to a paper by Dr. A. A. Gray on the mem
of Science for April, 1904, Prof. Osborn summarises the branous labyrinth of the internal ear of man and the seal,
palæontological evidence in favour of the theory that in the course of which it is shown that seals possess in
mammalian teeth are derived from a primitive tritubercular this region large otoliths comparable to those of fishes.
type, and comes to the conclusion that it strongly supports Although the precise function of these structures is at
the theory. Reference may also be made to the preface present unknown, it would appear from their occurrence in
to vol. ii. of the Bulletins of the American Museum (1898– the two groups that they are correlated with an aquatic
1903), in which Prof. Osborn gives an interesting aocount existence.
of the explorations and researches carried out by the de
partment of vertebrate palæontology during that period. In the second of a series of articles on Canadian life, Special endeavours have been devoted to collecting the published in the April number of the Empire Review, dinosaurian remains from the Upper Jurassic of Wyoming Mr. A. P. Silver, of Halifax, gives a graphic description and Colorado. of the wild, or feral," horses inhabiting in large droves the storm-swept Sable Island. This island, which lies
A CATALOGUE of second-hand books in various branches about eighty miles to the eastward of Nova Scotia, consists
of botany, offered for sale by Mr. F. L. Dames, Berlin, of an accumulation of loose sand, forming a pair of ridges
has been received ; the sections best represented are the united at the two ends and enclosing a shallow lake; tracts
diatoms and desmids, floras, and the works on anatomy
and physiology. of grass are to be met with in places, as well as pools of fresh water. The droves of wild horses, or ponies, and
An abridged report on the experiments with seedling and herds of seals appear to be the chief mammalian in
other canes in the Leeward Isles in 1903–4, forming No. 33 habitants of the island. It is generally supposed that the
of the pamphlet series of publications of the Imperial original stock was landed from a Spanish wreck early in
Department of Agriculture for the West Indies, shows a the sixteenth century, although some writers make the
certain amount of divergence from the results of previous introduction much later. Five-and-twenty years ago the
years in the list of canes arranged according to sugar number of ponies was estimated at between 500 and 600 ;
production ; Dr. F. Watts, the officer in charge, attributes at the present day there are less than 200, divided into
it to the dryness of the season. In Antigua, Sealy Seedfive troops. Not more than two-thirds of these are pure
ling, a cane of great vegetative vigour, appears first on bred, the remainder being the offspring of mares crossed
the list, while B 208, which still retains its character of with introduced stallions. The introduction of these
producing the purest juice, drops to the fourth place. A foreign stallions (which is to be regretted by the naturalist)
system of comparing the plants according to the number has been a matter of great difficuity, as the strangers
of stations in which they figure among the first seven were attacked and wounded by the leaders of the droves.
promises to determine those most suitable for general The author comments on the striking likeness of these wild
planting ponies to the horses of the Parthenon frieze and to the now exterminated tarpan of Tartary. They also seem to A FLORA of the Calcutta district, where the district exresemble the wild horses of Mexico, although their coat tends sixty miles south and forty miles in other directions, is doubtless longer. These resemblances seem to point to has been compiled by Dr. Prain, and is published as reversion to the primitive type of the species. All colours vol. iii., No. 2, of the Records of the Botanical Survey of save grey characterise the pure-bred stock; but chestnut, India under the title of the " Vegetation of the Districts with a dark streak on the back and on the withers, is the of Hughli-Howrah and the 24-Pergunnahs." The larger most common tint, after which come bays and browns. part of the district is alluvial rice-country, but a dry area
occurs in the north-west, and the West Sunderbuns in the PROF. H. F. Osborn has been good enough to send us
south comprise swamp forest and muddy creeks. The fora a collection of papers published by himself during the past is not confined to wild plants, but includes crops and trees year, some of which have been already noticed in our
or shrubs of cultivation. The list of crops, with the columns. Among the latter is one on a re-classification of original home of each, brings out very clearly the varied reptiles, from the American Naturalist of February, 1904, sources from which they are derived ; as compared with in which it is proposed to divide the class into the brigades fifty native plants, twenty-five are traced to the MediterDiapsida and Synapsida. This plan is further elaborated
ranean area, and about twelve each to Africa and America, in part viii. of the first volume of the Memoirs of the besides other Asiatic species. American Museum, which is well illustrated, and gives the leading characteristics of a number of the chief groups. Before vacating the post of Government mycologist in The budget also includes three papers from the Bulletin Ceylon, Mr. J. B. Carruthers placed on record in the of the American Museum, one dealing with sauropod Circulars (vol. ii., Nos. 28 and 29) of the Royal Botanic dinosaurs, the second with new Oligocene representatives Gardens his observations on two cankers, caused by species of the horse line, and the third with armadillos from the of Nectria, on tea bushes and rubber trees respectively. Bridger Eocene. An interesting feature recorded in the The tea canker which has been known in India for some first of these is the discovery that in some at least of the years was found over a large area of the tea districts, sauropod dinosaurs the first digit of the fore-foot was alone more especially at the high elevations and on some of the furnished with a claw, or, at all events, with a claw of finest tea plantations; the fungus spreads in the soft tissues large size. The discovery of what are regarded as ances- under the bark, but produces cracks where the spores are tral armadillos (apparently furnished with a leathery skin) formed. The Nectria on the Para rubber trees is more
insidious, as there is generally little or no evidence of the The next meeting of the American Institute of Mining disease until the bark is peeled. The same remedy, that Engineers will be held at Washington in May. Special of cutting out and around the diseased areas, is recom- attention will be devoted to the discussion of papers te mended in both cases.
lating to the genesis of ore deposits. The Transactions of the Leicester Literary and Philo- The gas turbine has been regarded as the logical sophical Society (vol. ix., part i.) contain useful notes on successor of the steam turbine, and numerous devices have the excursions made by the several sections. The society been suggested to convert the energy of the confined preseems to have gone far afield in its studies. Thus Mr. ducts of combustion into mechanical power. In a paper Fox Strangways conducted a highly interesting excursion in the current issue of the Engineering Magasine Dr. to Whitby, and Dr. B. Stracey contributes a sketch of C. E. Lucke examines the thermodynamic principles inthe igneous rocks of Morven and the Inner Hebrides. volved in such devices, and shows, as the result of experi.
ments conducted at Columbia University, that this con. MR. G. K. GILBERT has submitted to the trustees of the version is not effected by free expansion in simple nozzles. Carnegie Institution (“Year Book " No. 3, Washington)
In short, the pure gas turbine, provided with the simple a plan for the investigation of subterranean temperature- nozzles used by steam turbines, is a failure commercially gradient by means of a deep boring in plutonic rock. It and cannot be otherwise until some method has been found is proposed that the boring be carried to a depth of to make results by free expansion more nearly equal to 6000 feet, and that a site be selected in the Lithonia dis- those obtained in cylinders. trict of Georgia. Here a fairly uniform and massive granite extends about three miles in one direction and ten In the Engineering and Mining Journal Mr. J. B. Jaquet miles in another. It is regarded as of early Palæozoic or
gives particulars of a severe explosion of rock that occurred in the New Hillgrove Mine, New South Wales, on
December 15, 1904. The shock was felt throughout the In an article on the pre-Glacial valleys of Northumber
country for a mile or two around, and the area affected was land and Durham (Quart. Journ. Geol. Soc., February), Dr.
more than 300 feet long and 100 feet high. These sudden D. Woolacott points out that while borings have proved outbursts have long been a source of anxiety to the miner's buried valleys in the lower reaches, the higher parts of the ancient valleys belong to the present drainage. The
of Hillgrove, and there is evidence to show that they are
increasing in violence as greater depths are reached. Tyne and Tees were the major rivers, and the land stood
Explosive rocks have been described as occurring in mans at a higher elevation than now. The greatest recorded
parts of the world. In the Derbyshire lead mines, for thickness of drift is 233 feet, and the maximum depth
example, slickensided rocks were described by Mr. J. below sea-level is 141 feet. The author discusses the
Strahan as being liable to burst on being scratched with character of the uplift, the distribution of the drift, and its
a pick. It has been suggested that the bursts are due to subsequent erosion.
molecular strain, to occluded gases, or to a compression THE Nile flood in relation to the variations of atmo
of the slates upon their being intruded by a mass of
granite. Mr. Jaquet believes that the Hillgrove bursts are spheric pressure in north-east Africa has been the sub
due to the walls being in a condition of strain and to the ject of investigation by Captain H. G. Lyons, DirectorGeneral Survey Department of Egypt, and the important
fact that the slate will not bend ; it only breaks and dis
integrates into a number of fragments. results of the inquiry were recently communicated to the Royal Society. The paper itself is too lengthy to allow On account of their resistance to the action of seats of even a brief abstract being made in this place, but a water and of their mechanical properties when heated, a résumé of the conclusions at which Captain Lyons has number of special brasses have during the past few years arrived may be given here instead. The curve of the
been applied in naval construction. In view of this, 3 Nile flood on the average varies inversely as the mean
paper published by M. L. Guillet in the Bulletin de la barometric pressure of the summer months, high and low
Société d'Encouragement becomes of
generai pressures accompanying low and high floods respectively.
interest; it deals in detail with the changes in the The pressure variations are similar over wide areas from
mechanical properties and in the microstructure of typical Beirut to Mauritius, and from Cairo to Hong Kong, and brasses which are caused by the addition of lead, tin, are generally of the Indian type of curve of the Lockyers
aluminium, and manganese. The influence of aluminium or Bigelow's direct" type. Sometimes the pressure at is particularly noteworthy. On adding from 0-5 per cent. Beirut and Cairo is in disagreement with that of the rest to 5.0 per cent. of this metal to a brass containing 60 per of the area, approaching the “ Cordoba ” type of pressure
cent. of copper and 40 per cent. of zinc, a deep golden of the Lockyers or the “indirect type of Bigelow. Con
colour is produced, whilst after adding more than 5 per sidering monthly means of atmospheric pressure, this
cent. of aluminium the alloy becomes superbly rose relation is more clearly shown, and pressure above or coloured. This effect is at its maximum at 7 per cent., and below the normal in months of the rainy season of
with 10 per cent. of aluminium the colour has become a Abyssinia coincides closely with deficiency or excess of
silvery white. Correspording with these variations of rainfall. From 1869 to 1903, an accurate prediction of the
colour, striking changes in the internal structure of the flood from month to month could have been made in six
alloy may be traced. It may be added that aluminium years out of seven. Using the conclusions derived from brasses have been applied in France in the construction of the above discussion for the condition of the Nile flow
submarines, but they have not as yer given complete during the present year, Captain Lyons writes :—“ With satisfaction. weak suminer rains and high pressure conditions in September and the first part of October, no large amount of The March number of the Gassetta contains an interestwater can have been stored up in the soil of Abyssinia, ing paper by Nicola Pappadá on the coagulation of dilute so that the springs will run off early, and a very low stage solutions of silicic acid under the influence of various sub may be expected in 1905."
stances. Organic compounds such as glucose, saccharos,
the alcohols, &c., do not produce coagulation, and the been largely re-written and thoroughly revised. Two phenomenon seems to be initiated solely by the presence of interesting tables are included, one showing the losses the positive ion of an electrolyte. The negative ion appar- sustained by the Russian and Japanese forces in the preently is quite without influence on the rate of coagulation; sent war, and the other showing the penetrative power equivalent quantities, for instance, of sodium chloride, of the projectiles used. As usual, the maps and diagrams sodium nitrate, and sodium sulphate cause coagulation to are numerous, well executed, and of great value--among occur at exactly the same rate. The nature of the positive them may be mentioned one showing the new naval ion, on the other hand, exercises great influence on distribution scheme, and one illustrating the British meat coagulation; in the case of the alkali metals the rate imports from abroad. The “Statesman's Year-book is depends on the atomic weight, there being a regular likely long to retain the high place it has held for many sequence in the order lithium, sodium, potassium, rubidium, years among books of reference. cæsium, the metal of greatest atomic weight bringing The annual report of the Board of Scientific Advice for about coagulation most rapidly. Traces of acids and of India for the year 1903-4 has been received. With the acid salts, however, inhibit coagulation, an abnormal exception of that part of the report relating to the work behaviour of the hydrogen ion being thus indicated, whilst of the Survey of India, it is based upon the departmental alkalis always increase the rate of formation of a
reports for the year under consideration. The information coagulum.
included is arranged under the following headings :Messrs. BURGOYNE, BURBIDGES AND Co. have recently trigonometrical survey, topographical survey, forest survey, sent us a new edition of their price list of pure chemicals cadastral and traverse survey, geographical surveys and and reagents manufactured by them. Part ii. of the cata- reconnaissances, total outturn, geodetic, marine survey, logue contains a list of chemical and physical apparatus astronomical work, meteorology, geology, zoological for laboratory or lecture purposes.
survey, veterinary science, botanical survey, applied botany, We have received the May issue of the Stonyhurst and chemistry. It is worthy of note that the report conMagazine, an excellent example of an illustrated college
tains no list of names of the men of science constituting magazine. The “ science notes," which are entirely astro
the Board of Scientific Advice, nor are there reports of nomical, are illustrated by drawings made at Stonyhurst any meetings of the Board. The portion of the report Observatory of the great sun-spot of February. There is relating to the work of the Survey of India is based on also a collection of notes on the bird-life of the college
the report of that department for 1902–3 published in 1904, district.
and certain other items embodying information of later The Cambridge University Press has published the first
date than the period covered by any of the other reports. supplement of the second volume of “ The Fauna and
The publication a whole
may be described as Geography of the Maldive and Laccadive Archipelagoes,
résumé of individual departmental reports; it contains being the Account of the Work carried on and of the
scarcely anything in the way of recommendations for the Collections made by an Expedition during the Years 1899
future guidance of departmental work, and little that is and 1900,” which is being edited by Mr. J. Stanley
to be identified as the special function of a Board of Scien
tific Advice. Gardiner. An index is course of preparation, and will be published shortly.
OUR ASTRONOMICAL COLUMN. Prof. J. J. Thomson's work on Electricity and
ASTRONOMICAL OCCURRENCES IN MAY:Matter," containing six lectures delivered by the author May 1. Vesta 6° S. of B Leonis. at the University of Yale in 1903, has been translated into
gh. 38m. Minimum of Algol (B Persei). Italian by Prof. G. Faè, and published as one of the
6h. Epoch of Aquarid meteoric shower (Radiant Hoepli manuals. In the opening paragraph of a short
338-2°). introduction to the work, Prof. Faè quotes the remark
3. 18h. Jupiter in conjunction with the Sun.
6. 5h. 28m. to 6h. 3om. Moon occults a Tauri (Aldemade by Sir Oliver Lodge in our columns that the volume
baran). is “ Altogether a fascinating and most readable book for 8. 8h. Mars in opposition to the Sun. students of physics and chemistry."
8h. 46m. to gh. 53m. Moon occults A Leonis (mag. We have received from Messrs. Taylor, Taylor and Hob
4:6). son, Ltd., of Leicester, a very neatly got up catalogue of
„ 15. Venus. Illuminated portion of disc=0'100; of Mars their photographic lenses. These, as is well known, are of
Ioh. Mars in conjunction with Moon, Mars 5° 10' S. many varieties, and the particular features are that they
23h. Mercury at greatest W. elongation, 25° 26'. are composed of three thin glasses, uncemented, and
uh. 20m. Minimum of Algol (B Persei). accurately adjusted to produce with full aperture sharp
,, 24. Saturn.
Outer major axis of outer ring=39":50 ; definition evenly throughout the plate. The principles of
minor axis of outer ring=5":88. the action of a lens are clearly described and illustrated
», 25. 13h. Saturn in conjunction with Moon, Saturn I° 39' S. by Mr. William Taylor, and an interesting series of illus
Elements and Ephemeris For Comet 1905 a (GIACOBINI). trations is given showing the manipulation of the glass in
-A set of elements and an ephemeris (April 6–30) for comet
1905 a have been communicated, by General Bassot, of their works from the rough blocks to the finished lenses.
the Nizza Observatory, to No. 4010 of the Astronomische THE 1905 issue of the “ Statesman's Year-book' has Nachrichten. These were computed from observations now been published by Messrs. Macmillan and Co., Ltd. made at Nice on March 26, 28, and 30, and the elements The statistical and other information in the new issue has
agree closely with two other sets computed at Harvard been brought up to the latest available date, in some cases
and Paris respectively, and published in the same journal.
The elements and an extract from the ephemeris are here to the end of 1904. Much alteration has been involved by given :the Anglo-French Convention of 1904 and by the adminis
Elements. trative re-arrangement of French West African possessions.
T = 1905 April 4'141 (Paris M.T.) The space devoted to Germany as a whole, especially
co = 358 18:0 education, has been increased ; Bulgarian statistics have
8=157 7:1 1905'0 been much extended; the Philippine Islands have been
i = 40 24:8) treated more fully; and numerous other sections have
log q =0'04836