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LONDON:

PRINTED BY RICHARD CLAY, BREAD STREET HILL, А

NEW GENERAL

BIOGRAPHICAL DICTIONARY,

PROJECTED AND PARTLY ARRANGED

BY THE LATE

REV. HUGH JAMES ROSE, B.D.

PRINCIPAL OF KING'S COLLEGE, LONDON.

IN TWELVE VOLUMES.

VOL. III.

LONDON:

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BAHUSEN, (Benedict,) an “ arithme- towards the spreading of his works, which tician” of Amsterdam, about the middle also collected and published. of the seventeenth century, a great col- Leo Allatius mentions also many of his lector of theological books. He pub- manuscripts. (Leonis Allatii Apes Urbanæ. lished various works of ascetic divinity by J. N. Erithreus elog. Baiani in Pinacoother persons, but wrote nothing himself. theca.) His books were sold by auction in 1670, BAÍARDI, or BAIARDO, the name a year after his death. (Biog. Univ.) of two old Italian writers.

BAIADUR, (Abulghazi Khan,) a ce- 1. Andrea, a poet of Parma, who floulebrated Tartar historian, descended in rished at the end of the fifteenth and a direct line from Jaghatai, the second beginning of the sixteenth centuries, and son of Jenghis Khan, lived about the enjoyed the favour of Ludovico Sforza, middle of the seventeenth century. He duke of Milan. He was rich, possessing composed a work, in Turkish, on the the castle of Albari, in the Parmesan, history of his nation, of which the origi- which was taken and dismantled in 1482. nal MS. is preserved in the imperial His poetry possesses no great merit : his library of Petersburg, and a copy of it in principal work, entitled Libro d'Arme e the library of Göttingen. A translation of d'Amore nomato Philogine, &c., went this work, into French, was made by the through numerous editions at Parma and Swedish officers, who were sent prisoners Venice. (Biog. Univ.) to Siberia after the battle of Pultova, and 2. Ottavio Antonio, an ecclesiastic and was published under the title, Histoire antiquary, born at Parma about 1690, and Généalogique des Tatares, traduite du employed by Charles III. king of Naples, Manuscrit Tartare d’Abulgazi Baadur to publish the description of the antiquiChan, enrichie d'un grand Nombre de ties then recently discovered in the city Remarques sur l'Etat présent de l'Asie of Herculaneum. He was a man of great Septentrionale, par D. *** (de Varennes), learning, but little judgment; and his 8vo, Leyden, 1726, with maps. From Prodromus to the great work, in five this French translation a Russian one vols, 4to, yet unfinished, is a signal exwas made by Vasili Nikitich Tatischew. ample of ill-arranged erudition. He had The latest German edition is a transla

or less share in all the earlier tion from the original Turkish, by Daniel volumes of the great work, Le AntiGottlieb Messerschmidt, Petersburg, 1780. chità di Ercolano esposte ; but his Abulgazi derives the Tartars from an vanity led him to quarrel with the Neaancestor Tatar, the seventh from Japheth. politan government, and he returned to

BAIANUS, (Andreas,) called also Rome, where he had previously shone as Baiaon, an Indian from Goa, perhaps an ecclesiastic, and where he held several born of Portuguese parents, who took high offices. The date of his death is the degree of Baccalaureus at Coimbra, not known, but it was posterior to 1760. and went subsequently to Rome, where (Biog. Univ. Suppl.) he published, Oratio de S. Joanne Evang. BÀIDHAR, or BAISSAR, according habita coram Paulo V. in Sacello Vatic. to some Arab authors, was a king of Romæ, 1610, 4to; Panegyricus de Joanne Egypt, who divided his kingdom amongst Samoscio Cancell. Polon. Romæ, 1617, his four sons, Cabth, Ishmoum, Atrib, 4to; and some other works. Baianus and Ssa. The time at which he reigned composed subsequently many poems in does not appear quite clear. (Champolpraise of the men who had contributed lion, l'Egypte sous les Pharaons.)

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VOL. III.

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BAIDHAVI, (Nassereddin Abusaid versity of Halle, he was appointed Abdallah ben Omar,) the author of a cele- professor of theology there in 1694, a brated commentary on the Koran, entitled, choice which he owed as much to his Anwar Attanzil va asrar attawib, was a mildness, moderation, and aversion to native of the town of Beidhah; was Cadi controversy, (a rare quality in those of Shiraz, and afterwards of Tebriz, times,) as to his known learning and where he died in the year of the hegira, ability. But a difference between him 685; or, according to other accounts, and his colleague, on the proper course 692 (A.D. 1286 or 1293).

Of his com

of study to be pursued by their classes, mentary the sieur Du Ryer made great shortened his continuance in this office, use, in his French translation of the and in the following year he went to Koran, and in some instances he has Weimar, where he held important eccleinterwoven passages of it into the text. siastical offices, but he died in the same Baidhavi wrote several other works, year, (1695.) He wrote Compendium among which was one entitled Atta- Theologiæ Positivæ, which appeared first valeh, On the foundations and principal in 1686, and was nine times reprinted doctrines of the Mohammedan religion. between that date and 1750. He also The author of the Lebtarikh quotes a composed Compendium Theologiæ Mowork by him, entitled Nezam Attawa- ralis, 8vo, Jena, 1697; and a vast numrikh, A general history.

ber of dissertations. BAIDU KHAN, son of Targai, and BAIER, (Johann Wilhelm,) eldest son grandson of Hulaku, was placed on the of the above, was born at Jena, in 1675, throne of Persia by the Mogul nobles, studied there and at Halle, and was A.D. 1295, (A.H. 694,) on the deposition chosen professor of mathematics and of his cousin Key-Khatu, or Ganjatu. natural philosophy at Altdorf in 1704, obHis reign, however, was short; after tained a theological tutorship in 1709, holding the supreme authority only eight and died in 1729. His works consist months, he was dethroned and put to chiefly of dissertations, and he edited death by Ghazan, son of Arghun, and several of his father's works. nephew of Key-Khatu. The brief rule BAIER, (Johann Jacob,) a celebrated of Baidu (who was the sixth of the dy- physician and naturalist, was born at nasty of Hulaku,) presents no event of Jena in 1677, studied medicine, and importance. (D'Herbelot. De Guignes. graduated at the university of that city, Malcolm.)

and afterwards resided at Halle, where BAIER, (Ferdinand Jacob,) a cele- he divided his time between lectures and brated physician, son of John James the practice of medicine; afterwards he Baier, born at Altdorf, Feb. 13, 1707, removed to Nuremburg, and after that, and studied at that university, and at (in 1704,) to Altdorf, as professor of Weimar and Wurzbourg. He travelled physiology and surgery. He was also a into Holland, and remained some time member of the imperial academy of at Leyden ; he visited the mines of natural history, who elected him in 1729 Saxony, and returned to his native director, and in 1730 president of their country in 1730, when the degree of body. He died at Altdorf in 1735. His doctor of medicine was conferred on him works are, Oryctographia Norica, 4to, at the university of Altdorf. He was Nuremburg, 1708; Sciagraphia Musei also admitted into the College of Phy- sui, 4to, Nurem. 1730; Monumenta Resicians of Nuremburg, and in 1732, rum Petrificarum præcipua, fol. 1757; elected a member of the Academy of Adagiorum Medicorum Centuria, 4to, the Curious in Nature, and became its Altdorf, 1718; Horti Medici Academiæ president in 1736. He died at Altdorf, Altdorfianæ Historia ; accedit ejusdem Oct. 23, 1788. He published several Auctoris Commemoratio celebr. Germaprofessional works, and edited vols 4, 5, niæ Hortorum Botan. Medicorum, 8vo, 6 and 7, (from 1770 to 1783,) of the Acts Alt. 1727 ; Biographia Professorum Meof the Academy of the Curious in dicinæ qui in Academia Altdorfiana Nature, and wrote many papers inserted vixerunt,* 4to, Nuremburg and Altdorf. in those volumes.

1728; Orationum varii Argumenti FasBAIER, (Johann Wilhelm,) a learned ciculus, 4to, Alt. 1727; Animadvertheologian, was born at Nuremburg, in siones Phys. Med. in Novum Testamen1647, studied at Altdorf and Jena, and tum, 4to, Alt. 1736; and a number of in 1674 was appointed tutor of theology letters, which were published by his son and church history in the latter univer- with the answers.

He wrote also many sity. On the foundation of the uni- dissertations, often under other names,

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