Sustainability Assessment: Criteria and Processes
Sustainability assessment is now emerging as a more transparent, comprehensive, integrated and far-sighted approach to decision making. Its basic demand is that all significant undertakings must make a positive contribution to sustainability. To apply this test, decision makers need criteria based on the core requirements of sustainability and the particularities of the context. As well, they need appropriately designed public processes; guidance on the weighing of alternatives, trade-offs and compromises; a supportive policy framework; suitable tools and inspiring examples. Drawing from transdisciplinary theory and practical case experience, the book addresses these matters and many of the surrounding controversies. While sustainability assessment must always be adjusted to particular circumstances, the generic approach set out in this book is applicable virtually anywhere.
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acceptable agenda alternatives application approach approval assessment requirements attention basic biophysical biosphere reserve broader Brundtland Commission Capital Regional District complex components concept concerns considerations context core cultural decision criteria deliberations ecological economic ecosystem efficiency enhance ensure environment environmental assessment processes Environmental Impact Assessment equity evaluation example factors framework future gains global human identified Impact Assessment implementation implications initiatives Innu integrity intergenerational equity Inuit involved jurisdictions level assessment livelihoods longterm mining mitigation monitoring natural capital negative effects Newfoundland and Labrador objectives options overall participants particular planning positive potential practice precautionary principle principles programmes project level pursuit of sustainability recognized regional requirements for sustainability response Rhön significant adverse effects social socioecological systems specific stakeholders strategic level strategy sufficiency and opportunity sustainability appraisal sustainability assessment process sustainability criteria sustainability requirements Sustainable Development Tahltan tradeoff rules traditional UNDP Voisey's Bay wellbeing