The Gentleman's Magazine, Volume 165

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F. Jefferies, 1838 - Early English newspapers

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Too much stress is laid on the article in The Gentleman’s Magazine by Ayurvedic proponents to establish the authenticity of Sushruta’s rhinoplasty. But the fact of the matter is that there is no reference at all to Sushruta in the Gentleman’s Magazine. It is a clear evidence that Sushruta was not known in 1794 and this fictitious figure was created only several decades after 1794. The Gentleman’s magazine of October 1794 edition gives a bizarre account of a curious operation of making a nose from a forehead flap of one Cowsajee. It is quite weird to note that the so-called operation was performed not by an Ayurvedic physician but by an illiterate man belonging to ‘brick-maker’ caste. The condition of the patient mentioned in the Magazine causes further doubt. It is alleged that Cowsajee, the patient, was caught by Tipu sultan’s men and they cut off his nose and one hand. It is also stated that he lived “for about 12 months without a nose.” On the face of it everything appears uncanny, inscrutable and strange. How could Cowsajee escape infection when his one hand and nose were amputated? This account is sent in the form of a letter addressed to the Gentleman’s Magazine by a person who had not divulged his name and address, but only the initials “B.L.” To give credence to this story, he has also given the names of two surgeons, Thomas Cruso and James Trindlay, who were alleged to have witnessed the operation. The surgeons’ identity has not been proved and they have not given any statement. They have not also published such a feat in any medical journal. Even the details of the grafting procedure and the figure of the patient shown in the Magazine were all diagrams and painting, and were published at third hand in London in 1794. In those days scholars belonging to Asiatic Society invented stories to become famous. In the absence of printed texts, and with no manuscript library, it was easy for them to get spurious manuscripts and claim inventions. Edward Pococke had hundreds of such fabricated manuscripts and he attempted to prove that Pythagoras got his ideas from India. William Jones, for instance, gave several arguments to prove that a group of Egyptian priests had in some remote age settled down in India. Reuben Burrow tried to prove that the Binomial Theorem was known to ancient Indians. Francis Wilford was cheated by Brahmin pundits employed by him when they interpolated into the old Sanskrit texts material cleverly forged so that the Sanskrit texts specifically mentioned Adam, Abraham and other Biblical personages. The forgery was detected by Wilford himself, but only after he had contributed quite a lot of material on the subject in The Asiatic Researches --- which he sorely regretted. (Kejariwal,O.P., The Asiatic Society of Bengal, p.43)It is against this backdrop that we have to view the letter sent to The Gentleman’s Magazine describing skin grafting by one ‘B.L.’ was fabricated in view of the fact that without sterile technique, anesthesia and antibiotics an illiterate ‘brick maker’ could not have performed plastic surgery.  

Contents

JULY 1838
5
Minor CORRESPONDENCE Author quoted by Lord Hailes ? Birds found
21
STOURTON CHURCH Wiltshire and the Sepulchral Memorials of the Family
33
Admission of a Vicar by the Commissioners for Publick Preachers 1657
40
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS
49
FINE ARTS Drawings in the Royal Academy Carnes Constantinople
73
ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES Society of Antiquaries 80 Greek
82
Domestic Occurrences
88
Nonaffinity of Welsh and GaŽlic
263
The Coronation Medal with a Cut
272
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS
281
FINE ARTS The Art Union 300 School of Design c c
301
ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES Proceedings of the Numismatic
308
HISTORICAL CHRONICLE Proceedings in Parliament 308 Foreign
315
Births Marriages
319
CLERGY DECEASED c c
336

CLERGY DECEASED c c
104
Bill of MortalityMarketsPrices of Shares 111 Meteorological Diary
112
AUGUST 1838
115
Anecdotes of Coleridge the Poet and of London Newspapers
124
his share in the Conspiracy of the Spaniards against Venice
134
Servetus and Religious Toleration
141
The Success of Sir Humphry Davy
150
FINE ARTS Stained Glass at Oscott Oxford and Newtown 171 Sir
173
ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES Roman Remains at Cirencester Tomb
182
HISTORICAL CHRONICLE Proceedings in Parliament 183 Foreign
188
OBITUARY with Memoirs of the Duke of Leeds the Marquis
219
Bill of MortalityMarketsPrices of Shares 231 Meteorological Diary
232
Minor CORRESPONDENCE Burial of Excommunicated Persons Rev J
235
DIARY OF A LOVER OF LITERATURE BY Thomas Green Esq
249
Bill of MortalityMarketsPrices of Shares 343 Meteorological Diary Stocks
344
Embellished with a View of STOURTON CHURCH Wiltshire and the MAUSOLEUM
346
By SYLVANUS URBAN GENT
479
The H‘TEL DE CLUNY at Paris with a Plate
482
Glossary to the Zetland Dialect
489
On a Roman ticket of freestone found in North Wiltshire with a Cut
495
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS
505
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE
530
HISTORICAL CHRONICLE Foreign News 537 Domestic Occurrences
538
OBITUARY with Memoirs of Lord Carrington Lord Farnham Rt
545
CLERGY DECEASED c c
559
Bill of MortalityMarketsPrices of Shares 567 Meteorological Diary
568
Views of two Belfries at BIDDESTON Wilts
593

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