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The late Rev. J. F. Todd was Vicar of Liskeard, Cornwall, for twenty-four years.

He intended to publish this work himself, but was prevented by illness from revising it for the press.

He died in July, 1863. In compliance with the desire of many, who are anxious to have a memento of one whom they highly venerated and sincerely loved as a Pastor and Friend, this Commentary is now issued.

Had the life of the Author been prolonged, this work, no doubt, would have been improved, and in some parts perhaps have been re-arranged. It is printed from the Author's Manuscript without any alterations, except such as were necessary for the correction of clerical errors.

May the Great Head of the Church vouchsafe His blessing

H. T.


April 1864.



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§ 4. Exposition

(1) Events immediately preceding the call to Philippi (1–8), p. 75. (2)

That call and its immediate result; the conversion of Lydia, the baptism of
herself and of her household (9—15), p. 79. (3) The testimony of the damsel
possessed with a spirit of divination, and its consequences (16—24), p. 89.
(4) The occurrences in the prison at Philippi (25—34), p. 94. (5) The
liberation of Paul and Silas (35—40), p. 105.

[1.] Address and apostolic salutation to an organised Church (i. 1, 2),

p. 129. [2.] The Apostle's thankfulness on account of the manifest work of

divine grace amongst the Philippians; his joyful assurance that this would

be triumphantly completed, and his yearning love for them all (3—8), p. 143.

[3.] Prayer for their increase in grace and discriminating love (9-11),

p. 150. [4.] The Apostle relates the result of his own trial, the more gene-

ral announcement of the Gospel from various motives, his joy in this, and

his expectation of personal deliverance (12—20), p. 154. [5.] His readiness

to glorify Christ, either by life or death, but his desire rather to depart, and

to be with Christ. The blessedness of the dead. But personal gain is

willingly sacrificed for the sake of benefiting others, and thus exalting the

Saviour the more (21—26), p. 160. [6.] United effort in His service, and

perseverance and fortitude under persecution (which is to be accounted a

privilege as well as faith), are required of the brethren. The Apostle's

example should encourage them (27-30), p. 176. [7.] Earnest exhortation

to unity, lowliness of mind and disinterested love, by the remembrance of

our privileges (ii. 1-4), p. 180. [8.] And by the example of Christ, whose

preexistence, Divinity, self-denying humiliation for our sakes, and present

exaltation are therefore distinctly stated (5—11), p. 185. [9.] Consistency of

conduct and religious earnestness would render them lights to an evil world,

and be a source of abiding joy to the Apostle, and are imperatively required

(12—16), p. 206. [10.] He is ready to be offered up for them, and joyful

sympathy knits them all together in Christ (17, 18), p. 213. [11.] None of

his companions but Timothy, whom he highly commends, is ready to deny

himself to visit Philippi (19—24), p. 215. [12.] Epaphroditus, their zealous

messenger, had been sick, and anxious about them on account of their sorrow

on hearing this, but he was mercifully restored, and would speedily return

(25—30), p. 216. (13.) An exhortation to Christian joy, with a warning

against Judaizing teachers, and a description of the true people of God, that

nothing may hinder their joy. Familiar truths must be often repeated with

fresh earnestness (iii. 1–3), p. 219. [14.] The Apostle's illustrative expe-

rience. He had renounced all the outward privileges of a righteous Jew to

win Christ and His righteousness, in a deep sense of the surpassing excellence

of such knowledge (4-11), p. 225. [15.] There must be a constant progress

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