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But though for the enjoyment of Hudibras it may be necessary to see for the time being with the eyes of its author, the student, one need hardly say, must beware of drawing from Butler his conclusions as to the real course of events in those days, or as to the rights and wrongs of the struggle between King and Parliament. The men of that time who fall under the lash of Butler's satire were many of them grand men who fought a grand fight. The ridicule aimed at them by Butler may provoke our mirth, but it cannot cancel the debt their country owes them, nor efface their claim to the gratitude of each libertyloving Englishman who knows the story of his fatherland.

It only remains to say that the labour of editing Iludibras is necessarily severe, and that the present editor has to acknowledge his obligations to various predecessors, without whose aid he would have set himself more than a life-task. Had it not been for the sympathetic industry of Dr. Zachary Grey, which has been freely laid under contribution here, a great deal of Hudibras would be by now but faintly understood. It is hoped, however, that the references here given will be found correct, a point in which Grey is often at fault. There are other editions of Hudibras, but from them the editor has derived but small assistance. Thanks are due to Dr. W. E. Grigsby, of the Inner Temple, for the explanations he has kindly furnished of many of Butler's now antiquated legal phrases. The text generally followed is that of 1674, after collation with other editions.

It is unfortunately necessary to point out that Butler is very frequently coarse. In this edition the impurities have been rigidly expurgated by the omission, whenever possible, of the whole passage in which anything objectionable occurs, no exception being allowed in favour even of such indecent passages as are directly quoted from Scripture. For convenience of class teaching the original numbering of the lines has been preserved.

In conclusion it must be observed that the editor's aim has only been the modest one of usefulness. He will be satisfied if that aim has not been altogether missed-at least he would plead that by that aim he may be judged.

Α. Μ..

August, 1881..

HUDIBRAS.

PART 1.-CANTO I.

THE ARGUMENT.

Sir Audibras his passing worth,
The manner how he sallied forth ;
His arms and equipage are shown ;
His horse's virtues, and his own.
Th' adventure of the bear and fiddle
Is sung, but breaks off in the middle.

5

JHEN civil fury first grew high, WHEN

And men fell out, they knew not why; When hard words, jealousies, and fears, Set folks together by the ears, And made them fight, like mad or drunk, For Dame Religion, as for punk; Whose honesty they all durst swear for, Though not a man of them knew wherefore:

When Gospel-Trumpeter, surrounded
10 With long-eared rout, to battle sounded,

And pulpit, drum ecclesiastic,
Was beat with fist, instead of a stick;
Then did Sir Knight abandon dwelling,
And out he rode a colonelling.

A wight he was, whose very sight would Entitle him Mirror of Knighthood;

15

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