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M. T. CICERONIS
PRO TITO ANNIO MILONE
WITH A TRANSLATION OF ASCONIUS' INTRODUCTION
MARGINAL ANALYSIS AND ENGLISH NOTES.
Edited for the Syndics of the University Press
REV. JOHN SMYTH PURTON M.A.
PRESIDENT AND TUTORST CATHARINE'S hall,
HE text of Orelli has been generally followed in
the present Edition, with occasional variations, adopted chiefly from Matthæi. The most important of the various readings have been specified in the footnotes appended to the Text. The numbering of the Sections, as arranged by Orelli and other modern editors of Cicero, has been retained for purposes of reference, and is denoted by the smaller figures in the margin.
Q. ASCONIUS PEDIANUS'.
|ICERO delivered his defence of Milo on the eighth of April [B. c. 52, u.c. 702], and in the third consulate of Cnæus Pompeius. During the progress of the trial the Forum and all the temples in its neighbourhood were occupied by troops, as we learn, not only from the following speech [§§ 1, 2] and the records of the period, but also from the treatise ascribed to Cicero, entitled De optimo genere Oratorum. [ch. 4. § 10].
2 The candidates for the office of consul [in the year 52] were T. Annius Milo2, P. Plautius Hypsæus3, and
1 Q. ASCONIUS PEDIANUS was born about the commencement of the Christian era. He wrote commentaries on the speeches of Cicero, fragments of which are still extant. The genuineness of those on the Divinatio and the first two speeches against Verres has been disputed by Madvig and other modern critics: see Madvig's Disputatio Critica de Q. Ascon. Ped. Commentariis.
2 MILO was a name common amongst gladiators in the south of Italy, and therefore, probably, a nickname given to him on account of his notoriety as captain of some of the paid assassins which infested Rome and its environs at this time. His real name was Titus Annius Papianus; the second being derived from his adoption by T. Annius Luscus, his maternal grandfather; the third, from
his father C. Papius Celsus, who married Annia. He was born at Lanuvium, and in B.C. 57 married Fausta, daughter of the dictator Sulla. In the same year, as tribune of the plebs, he came into collision with the ex-tribune Clodius. Failing in an attempt to prosecute him for his acts of violence, he collected a band of armed gladiators; and thus began the series of contests which ended so fatally in the death of Clodius. In the year 53, when canvassing for the consulate, he was charged in the senate with insolvency by Clodius, and defended by Cicero in a speech entitled de are alieno Milonis, of which only a few fragments remain. The events with which the next year opened form the subject of the present speech.
3 P. Plautius Hypsæus was tribune of the plebs in B. c. 54, and afterwards