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THE

ANCIENT HISTORY

THE EGYPTIANS, CARTHAGINIANS, ASSYRIANS, BABYLONIANS, MEDES

AND PERSIANS, GRECIANS AND MACEDONIANS.

BY CHARLES ROLLIN,

LATX PRINCIPAL OF THE UNIVERSITY OF PARIS, PROFESSOR OF ELOQUENCE IN THE
ROYAL COLLEGE, AND MEMBER OF THE ROYAL ACADEMY OF INSCRIPTIONS

AND BELLES LETTRES.

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FROM THE FIFTEENTH LONDON EDITION, REVISED AND CORRECTED.

VOL. IV.

Philadelphia:
PUBLISHED BY BROWN & PETERS.

Stereotyped by L. Johnson.

1829.

KD 689944

NARD COLLEGES
(Mov.19,191910

Walter S. Burka 1. Canlaidge

CONTENTS OF THE FOURTH VOLUME.

Page

12

14

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- 62

of the government of Athens - - - -

. .

SECT. I. Foundation of the government of Athens according to Solon's plan

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CHAP. I.

CHAP. II.

Spor I State of Greece from the time of the treaty of Antalcidas. The Lacedæ.

ana declare war against the city of Olynthus. They seize by fraud and vio-

lence upon the citadel of Thebes. Olynthus surrenders

. ibid.

Sur In Sparta's prosperity. Character of two illustrious Thebans, Epaminondas

Pelopidas. The latter forms the design of restoring the liberty of his country.

Conspiracy against the tyrants wisely conducted and happily executed. The cita-

del is retaken -

Secr. UI. Sphodrias, the Lacedæmonian, forms a design against the Piraeus without

success. The Athenians declare for the Tbebans. Skirmishes between the latter

and the Lacedæmonians

Secr. IV. New troubles in Greece. The Lacedæmonians declare war against Thebes.

They are defeated and put to flight in the battle of Leuctra. Epaminondas ravages

Laconia, and marches to the gates of Sparta. - - -

SECT. V. The two Theban generals, at their return, are accused, and acquitted.

Sparta implores aid of the Athenians. The Greeks send ambassadors to Artaxerxes.

Influence of Pelopidas at the court of Persia

Sect. VI. Pelopidas marches against Alexander, tyrant of Phere, and reduces him to

reason. He goes to Macedonia, to appease the troubles of that court, and brings

Philip to Thebes as a hostage. He returns into Thessaly, is seized by treachery,

and made a prisoner. Epaminondas delivers him. Pelopidas gains a victory

against the tyrant, and is killed in the battle. Extraordinary honours paid to his

memory. Tragical end of Alexander

• 208

SECT. VII. Epaminondas is chosen general of the Thebans. His second attempt

against Sparta. His celebrated victory at Mantinea. His death and eulogy -

Sect. VIII. Death of Evagoras, king of Salamis. Nicocles his son succeeds him.

Admirable character of that prince -

SECT. IX. Artaxerxes Mnemon undertakes the reduction of Egypt. Iphicrates the

Athenian is appointed general of the Athenian troops. The enterprise miscarries

by the ill conduct of Pharnabazus the Persian general-

- 228

SECT. X. The Lacedæmonians send Agesilaus to the aid of Tachos, who had revolt-

ed from the Persians. The king of Sparta's actions in Egypt. His death. The

greatest part of the provinces revolt against Artaxerxes

SECT. XI. Troubles at the court of Artaxerxes concerning his successor. Death of

that prince -

SECT. XII. Causes of the frequent insurrections and revolts in the Persian empire 236

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