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Halt thou, fpirit,
My brave fpirit!
Not a soul
3 -and all bis quality.) i. e. all his confederates, all who are of the same profeflion. STEEVENS.
4 Performd to point) i. e. to the minutest article. STELVENS.
5 - now on the beak,] The beak was a strong pointed body, at the head of the ancient gallies; it is used here for the forecastle, or the bolte Sprit. JOHNSON.
6 Now in the waist,] The part between the quarter-deck and the forecastle. JOHNSON.
7. Burton says, that the Spirits of fore, in form of fire-drakes and blazing stars, oftentimes fit on ship-maits," &c. Melancb. P. I. $2. p. 30. edit. 1632. T. WARTON,
Š rea, bis dread trident shake.] Left the metre should appear defective, it is necessary to apprize the reader, that in Warwickshire and other midland counties, foake is still pronounced by the common people as if it was written haake, a disfyllable. FARMER.
But felt a fever of the mad, 9 and play'd
Why, that's my fpirit!
Close by, my master,
Not a hair perish'd;
Of the king's ship,
Safely in harbour
9 But felt a fever of the mad,] If it be at all necessary to explain the meaning, it is this: Not a foul but felt sucb a fever as madmen feel, wben ebe frantick fit is upon them. STEEVENS.
< --sustaining--] 1. e. their garments that bore them up and supported them. Mr. M. Mason, however, observes that “ the word fustaining in this place does not mean supporting, but enduring; and by their fuftaining garments, Ariel means their garments which bore, without being injured, the drenching of the sea,” STEEYENS.
3 From the fill-vex'd Bermoothes,] Smith, in his account of thefe ilands, p. 172, says, “ that tbc Bermudas were so fearful the world, that many call'd them The Isle of Devils.-P. 174.-10 all feamen na leto terrible than an incbanted den of furies." And no wonder, for the cline was extremely subject to storms and hurricanes; and the islands were surrounded with scattered rocks lying lhallowly hid under the surface of the water. WARBURTON.
The mariners all under hatches stow'd,
Ariel, thy charge
Paft the mid feafon.
Ari, Is there more toil ? Since i hoa dost give me pains,
How now? moody:
I pray thee
The epithet here applied to the Bermudas, will be beft understood by those who have seen the chafing of the sea over the rugged rocks by which they are surrounded, and which render access to them so dangerous. It was in our poet's time the current opinion, that Bermudas was inhabited by monsters, and devils. Setebos, the god of Caliban's dam, was an Ame. rican devil, worshipped by the giants of Patagonia. HENLEY.
The opinion that Bermudas was haunted with evil spirits continued fo late as the civil war. PERCY.
Bermudas was on this account the cant name for some privileged place, in which the cheats and riotous bullies of Shakspeare's time assembled.
STEEVENS. the Mediterranean flote,] Flote is wave. Flot. Fr. STILYENS. 5 Doff thou forget-o]. That the character and conduct of Prospero may be understood, something must be known of the system of enchant
From what a torment I did free thee?
I do not, fir.
Ari. No, fir.
Thou hast: Where was the born ? speak';
O, was the fo? I must,
Ari. Ay, fir.
Pro. This blue-ey'd hag was hither brought with child, And here was left by the failors : Thou, my llave, As thou report't thyself, waft then her servant : And, for thou waft a fpirit too delicate To act her earthy and abhorr'd commands, Refufing her grand hests, she did confine thee, By help of her more potent minifters,
And ment, which supplied all the marvellous found in the romances of the middle ages. This fyftem seems to be founded on the opinion that the fallen fpirits, having different degrees of guilt, had different habieations allotted them at their expulfion, fome being confined in hell, some (as Hooker, who delivers the opinion of our poet's age, expresses it) dispersed in air, fome on eartb, fome in water, orbers in caves, dens, or minerals under iba eartb. Of these fome were more malignant and mischievous than others. The earthy spirits seem to have been thought the mast depraved, and the aerial the least vitiated. JOHNSON. in Argier.] Argier is the ancient English name for Algiers.
And in her most unmitigable rage,
Yes ; Caliban her son..
1 thank thee, matter..
Do fo; and after two days.
That's my noble master !:
Pro. Go make thyself like to a nymph o' the sea ;?: Be subject to no sight but mine ; invisible To every eye-ball else. Go, take this shape,, And hither come in't : hence, with diligence. Exit ARIELAwake, dear heart, awake! thou haft flept well; Awake!
mm. to a nympbo' the fea;} There does not appear to be sufficient cause why. Ariel Thonld aflume this new shape, as he was to be invisible te ali' eyes but those of Prospero, STIEVENS.