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Enter ARIEL.
Ari. All hail, great master! grave fir, hail ! I coma
To answer thy best pleasure ; be’t to fly,
To swim, to dive into the fire, to ride
On the curl'd clouds; to thy strong bidding, tak
Ariel, and all his quality,3

Halt thou, fpirit,
Perform'd to point 4 the tempeft that I bade thee?
Ari. To


I boarded the king's ship ; now on the beak,
Now in the waist, the deck, in every cabin,
I Alam’d amazement : Sometimes, I'd divide,
And burn in many places ; 7 on the top-mast,
The yards and bowsprit, would I flame distinctly,
*Then meet, and join : Jove's lightnings, the precursors-
O'the dreadful thunder-claps, more momentary
And fight-out-running were not : The fire, and cracks
Of sulphurous roaring, the moft mighty Neptune
Seem'd to besiege, and make his bold waves tremble,
Yea, his dread trident shake. 8

My brave fpirit!
Who was so firm, fo constant, that this coil
Would not infect his reason?

Not a soul


3 -and all bis quality.) i. e. all his confederates, all who are of the same profeflion. STEEVENS.

4 Performd to point) i. e. to the minutest article. STELVENS.

5 - now on the beak,] The beak was a strong pointed body, at the head of the ancient gallies; it is used here for the forecastle, or the bolte Sprit. JOHNSON.

6 Now in the waist,] The part between the quarter-deck and the forecastle. JOHNSON.

7. Burton says, that the Spirits of fore, in form of fire-drakes and blazing stars, oftentimes fit on ship-maits," &c. Melancb. P. I. $2. p. 30. edit. 1632. T. WARTON,

Š rea, bis dread trident shake.] Left the metre should appear defective, it is necessary to apprize the reader, that in Warwickshire and other midland counties, foake is still pronounced by the common people as if it was written haake, a disfyllable. FARMER.

But felt a fever of the mad, 9 and play'd
Some tricks of desperation : All, but mariners,
Plung'd in the foaming brine, and quit the vessel,
Then all a-fire with me: the king's fon Ferdinand,
With hair up-ftaring (then like reeds, not hair)
Was the firit man that leap'd; cried, Hell is empty,
And all the devils are here.

Why, that's my fpirit!
But was not this righ shore ?

Close by, my master,
Pro. But are they, Ariel, safe ?

Not a hair perish'd;
On their sustaining a garments not a blemish,
But fresher than before: and as thou bad'it me,
In troops I have dispers’d them 'bout the ille:
The king's fon have I landed by himself;
Whom I left cooling of the air with sighs,
In an odd angle of the isle, and fitting,
His arms in this fad knot.

Of the king's ship,
The mariners, say, how thou hast dispos'd,
And all the rest o' the fleet?

Safely in harbour
Is the king's ship; in the deep nook, where once
Thou call dit me up at midnight to fetch dew.
From the still vex'd Berinoothes, there she's hid :

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9 But felt a fever of the mad,] If it be at all necessary to explain the meaning, it is this: Not a foul but felt sucb a fever as madmen feel, wben ebe frantick fit is upon them. STEEVENS.

< --sustaining--] 1. e. their garments that bore them up and supported them. Mr. M. Mason, however, observes that “ the word fustaining in this place does not mean supporting, but enduring; and by their fuftaining garments, Ariel means their garments which bore, without being injured, the drenching of the sea,” STEEYENS.

3 From the fill-vex'd Bermoothes,] Smith, in his account of thefe ilands, p. 172, says, “ that tbc Bermudas were so fearful the world, that many call'd them The Isle of Devils.-P. 174.-10 all feamen na leto terrible than an incbanted den of furies." And no wonder, for the cline was extremely subject to storms and hurricanes; and the islands were surrounded with scattered rocks lying lhallowly hid under the surface of the water. WARBURTON.

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The mariners all under hatches stow'd,
Whom, with a charm join'd to their suffer'd labour,
I have left asleep: and for the rest o' the fleet; i ;
Which I dispers'd, they all have met again ;
And are upon the Mediterranean flote,
Bound fadly home for Naples ;
Suppofing that they saw the king's ship wreck'd,
And his great person perish.

Ariel, thy charge
Exactly is perform’d; but there's more work:
What is the time o' the day?

Paft the mid feafon.
Pro. At least two glasses : The time 'twixt fix and now
Must by us both be fpent moft preciously.

Ari, Is there more toil ? Since i hoa dost give me pains,
Let me remember thee what thou haft promis'd,
Which is not yet perform'd me.

How now? moody:
What is't thou can st demand ?

My liberty.
Pro. Before the time be out? no more.

Remember, I have done thee worthy service;
Told thee no lies, made no mistakings, fervid
Without or grudge, or grumblings: thou didst promise
To bate me a full

Doft thou forgets


I pray thee

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The epithet here applied to the Bermudas, will be beft understood by those who have seen the chafing of the sea over the rugged rocks by which they are surrounded, and which render access to them so dangerous. It was in our poet's time the current opinion, that Bermudas was inhabited by monsters, and devils. Setebos, the god of Caliban's dam, was an Ame. rican devil, worshipped by the giants of Patagonia. HENLEY.

The opinion that Bermudas was haunted with evil spirits continued fo late as the civil war. PERCY.

Bermudas was on this account the cant name for some privileged place, in which the cheats and riotous bullies of Shakspeare's time assembled.

STEEVENS. the Mediterranean flote,] Flote is wave. Flot. Fr. STILYENS. 5 Doff thou forget-o]. That the character and conduct of Prospero may be understood, something must be known of the system of enchant

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From what a torment I did free thee?

Pro. Thou doft ; and think'st
It much, to tread the ooze of the falt deep ;
To run upon the fharp wind of the north;
To do me business in the veins o' the earth,'
When it is bak'd with frost.

I do not, fir.
Pro. Thou liest, malignant thing! Haft thou forgot
The foul witch Sycorax, who, with age, and envy,
Was grown into a hoop? Hast thou forgot her?

Ari. No, fir.

Thou hast: Where was the born ? speak';

tell me.
Ari. Sir, in Argier.

O, was the fo? I must,
Once in a month, recount what thou hast been,
Which thou forget'ft. This damn'd witch, Sycorax,
For mischiefs manifold, and forceries terrible
To enter human hearing, from Argier,
Thou know'ft, was banish'd ; for one thing she did,
They would not take her life: Is not chis true?

Ari. Ay, fir.

Pro. This blue-ey'd hag was hither brought with child, And here was left by the failors : Thou, my llave, As thou report't thyself, waft then her servant : And, for thou waft a fpirit too delicate To act her earthy and abhorr'd commands, Refufing her grand hests, she did confine thee, By help of her more potent minifters,

And ment, which supplied all the marvellous found in the romances of the middle ages. This fyftem seems to be founded on the opinion that the fallen fpirits, having different degrees of guilt, had different habieations allotted them at their expulfion, fome being confined in hell, some (as Hooker, who delivers the opinion of our poet's age, expresses it) dispersed in air, fome on eartb, fome in water, orbers in caves, dens, or minerals under iba eartb. Of these fome were more malignant and mischievous than others. The earthy spirits seem to have been thought the mast depraved, and the aerial the least vitiated. JOHNSON. in Argier.] Argier is the ancient English name for Algiers.


And in her most unmitigable rage,
Into a cloven pine ; within which rift
Imprison'd, thou didi painfully remain-
A dozen years ; within which space she died,
And left thee there; where thou didft vent thy groans,
As fast as mill-wheels strike! Then was this ihand,
(Save for the son that she did litter here, .
A freckled whelp, hag-born(not honour'd with
A human shape.

Yes ; Caliban her son..
Pro. Dull thing, I say fo:; .he, that Caliban,
Whom now I keep in service. Thou beit know'st
What torment I did find thee in:: thy groans
Did make wolves howl, and penetrate the breasts
Of ever-angry bears; it was a torment
To lay upon the damn:d, which Sycorax
Could not again undo; it was mine art;.
When I arriv'd, and heard thee, that made gape:
The pine, and let thee out.

1 thank thee, matter..
Pro. If thou more murmur'ft; I will rend an oaks.
And peg thee in his knotty entrails, till:
Thou hast howl'd away twelve winters.

Pardon, master:
I will be correspondent to command,
And do my spriting gently

Do fo; and after two days.
I will discharge thee.

That's my noble master !:
What shall I do? say what? what shall I do?

Pro. Go make thyself like to a nymph o' the sea ;?: Be subject to no sight but mine ; invisible To every eye-ball else. Go, take this shape,, And hither come in't : hence, with diligence. Exit ARIELAwake, dear heart, awake! thou haft flept well; Awake!


mm. to a nympbo' the fea;} There does not appear to be sufficient cause why. Ariel Thonld aflume this new shape, as he was to be invisible te ali' eyes but those of Prospero, STIEVENS.

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