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Seb. Do I stand there! I never had a brother :
Nor can there be that deity in my natare,
Of here and every where. I had a fifter,
Whom the blind waves and surges have devour'd:-
Of charity,+ what kin are you to me? [TO VIOLA.
What countryman? what name? what parentage ?

Vio. Of Meffaline : Sebastian was my father ;
Such a Sebastian was my brother too,
So went he suited to his watery tomb:
If fpirits can assume both form and fuit
You come to fright us.

A fpirit I am, indeed;
But am in that dimension grossly clad,
Which from the womb I did participate.
Were you a woman, as the rest goes even,
I should my tears let fall upon your cheek,
And say, Thrice welcome, drowned Viola!

Vio. My father had a mole upon his brow.
Seb. And so had mine.

Vis. And died that day when Viola froin her birth
Had number'd thirteen years.

Seb. O, that reco'rd is lively in my foul!
He finished, indeed, his mortal act,
That day that made my fiiter thirteen years.

Vio. If nothing lets to make us happy both,
But this my masculine ufurp'd attire,
Do not embrace me, till each circumstance
Of place, time, fortune, do cohere, and jump,
That I am Viola; which to confirm,
I'll bring you to a captain in this town,
Where lie my maiden weeds; by whose gentle help
I was preserv’d, to serve this noble count:
All the occurrences of my fortune since
Hath been between this lady, and this lord,
Seb. So comes it, lady, you have been mistook :

(To OLIVIA. But nature to her bias drew in that, You would have been contracted to a maid;

Nor 4 i. e, out of charity, tell me, &c. STEEVINS. 5 I believe our author wrote occurrents. MALONE.

Nor are you therein, by my life, deceiv'd,
You are betroth'd both to a maid and man.

Duke. Be not amaz’d; right noble is his blood.
If this be so, as yet the glass seems true,
I shall have share in this most happy wreck :
Boy, thou hast said to me a thousand times, [T. VIOLA,
Thou never should'st love woman like to me.

Vio. And all those sayings will I over-swear ;
And all those swearings keep as true in soul,
As doth that orbed continent the fire
That fevers day from night.

Give me thy hand;
And let me see thee in thy woman's weeds.

Vio. The captain, that did bring me first on shore,
Hath my maid's garments : he, upon some action,
Is now in durance ; at Malvolio's fuit,
A gentleman, and follower of my lady's.

Oli. He shall enlarge him :- Fetch Malvolio hither :-
And yet, alas, now I remember me,
They say, poor gentleman, he's much distract.

Re-enter Clown, with a letter. A most extracting frenzy 6 of mine own From my remembrance clearly banilh'd his.How does he, sirrah?

Clo. Truly, inadam, he holds Belzebub at the stave's end, as well as a man in his case may do: he has here writ a letter to you, I fhould have given it you to-day morning; but as a madman's epistles are no gospels, so it skills not much, when they are delivered.

Oli. Open it, and read it.

Clo. Look then to be well edified, when the fool delivers the madman.-By the Lord, madam,

Oli. How now! art thou mad?

Clo. No, madam, I do but read madness: an your ladyship will have it as it ought to be, you must allow vox.?

Qli. bi.e. a frenzy that drew me away from every thing but its own object.

WARBURTUN. ? I am by no means certain that I understand this passage, which, in

Oli. Pr'ythee, read i'thy right wits.

Clo. So 'I do, madonna; but to read his right wits, is to read thus : therefore perpend, my princess, and give ear. Oli. Read it you, firrah.

[TO FABIAN. Fab. (reads.] By the Lord, madam, you wrong me, and the worlà shall know it: though you have put me into darkness, and given your drunken cousin rule over me, yet have I the benefit of my senses as well as your ladyship. I have your own letter that induced me to the semblance I put on; with the which I doubt not but to do myself much right, or you much Jame. Think of me as you please. I leave my duty a little anthought of, and speak out of my injury.

The madly-used Malvolio, Oli. Did he write this? Clo. Ay, madam. Duke. This favours not much of distraction, Oli. See him deliver'd, Fabian; bring him hither.

[Exit FABIAN. My lord, so please you, these things further thought on, To think me as well a fifter as a wife, One day shall crown the alliance on't, so please you,9 Here at my house, and at my proper coft. Duke. Madam, I am moft apt to embrace your offer.

Your deed, the author of The Revisal pronounces to have no meaning. I suppose the Clown begins reading the letter in some fantastical manner, on which Olivia asks him, if be is mad. No, madam, says he, I do but barely deliver the sense of this madman's epiftle; if you would bave it read as it ougbe to be, that is, with such a frantic accent and gesture as a madmas would read it, you must allow vox, i. e. you must furnish the reader with a voice, or, in other words, read it yourself. But Mr. Malone's explanation, I think, is preferable to mine. STEEVENS.

The Clown, we may presume, had begun to read the letter in a very loud tone, and probably with extravagant gesticulation. Being repri. manded by his mistress, he justifies himself by saying, If you would best it read in chara&ter, as fucb a mad epifle ougbt to be read, you must permit was 80 asume a frantick tone. MALONE.

8 To reprefent his present state of mind, is to read a madman's letter, as I now do, like a madman. JOHNSON. 9 The word on't, in this place, is mere nonfenfe. I doubt not the poet

an't, so please you. HEATH. This is well conjectured; but on's may relate to the double character of fifter and wife. Johnson.


Your master quits you ; [To VIOLA.] and, for your service

done him,
So much against the mettle of your sex,
So far beneath your soft and tender breeding,
And since you call'd me master for so long,
Here is my

shall from this time be
Your master's mistress.

A fifter --you are she.

hand; you

Re-enter FABIAN, and MALVOLIO.
Duke. Is this the madman ?

Ay, my lord, this fame :
How now, Malvolio ?

Madam, you have done me wrong;
Notorious wrong.

Have I, Malvolio? no.
Mal. Lady, you have. Pray you, peruse that letter:
You must not now deny it is your hand,
Write from it, if you can, in hand, or phrase;
Or say, 'tis not your seal, nor your

invention :
You can say none of this : Wel, grant it then,
And tell me, in the modesty of honour,
Why you have given me such clear lights of favour;
Bade me come Imiling, and cross-garter'd to you,

put on yellow stockings, and to frown
Upon fir Toby, and the lighter 3 people :
And, acting this in an obedient hope,
Why have you suffer'd me to be imprison'd,
Kept in a dark house, visited by the priest,
And made the most notorious geck, 4 and gull,
That e'er invention play'd on? tell my why.

Oli. Alas, Malvolio, this is not my writing,
Though, I confess, much like the character
But, out of question, 'tis Maria's hand.

And 2 So much against the weak frame and constitution of woman. Mettle is used by our author in many other places for spirit; and as spirit may be either high or low, mettle seems here to fignify natural timidity, or deficiency of spirit. MALONE. 3 People of less dignity or importance. JOHNSON,

-geck,] A fool. JOHNSON,

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And now I do bethink me, it was the
First told me, thou wast mad; then cam't in smiling, s
And in such forms which here were presuppos’d6
Upon thee in the letter. Pr’ythee, be content:
This practice hath most sheewdly pass'd upon thee;
But, when we know the grounds and authors of it,
Thou shalt be both the plaintiff and the judge
Of thine own cause.

Good madam, hear me speak;
And let no quarrel, nor no brawl to come,
Taint the condition of this present hour,
Which I have wonder'd at. In hope it shall not,
Most freely I confefs, inyfelf, and Toby,
Set this device against Malvolio here,
Upon some stubborn and uncourteous parts
We had conceiv'd against him :P Maria writ
The letter, at fir Toby's great importance ;*
In recompence whereof, he hath married her.
How with a sportful malice it was follow'd,
May rather pluck on laughter than revenge ;
If that the injuries be justly weigh'd,
That have on both sides paft.

Oli. Alas, poor fool! how have they baffled thee?

Clo. Why, some are born great, fome atchieve greatness, and some have greatness thrown upon them.

I was one, fir, in this interlude; one fir Topas, fir; but that's al one ;--- By the Lord, fool, I am not mad;-But do you, remember? 9 Madam, why laugh you at such a barren


Si. e. then, that thou cam't in smiling. MALONE.

I believe the lady means only what she had clearly expressed: " then thou cameft in smiling ;" not that she has been informed of this circumstance by Maria.' Maria's account, in short, was justified by the subsequent appearance of Malvolio. STEEVENS.

Presupposod, for imposed. WARBURTON. Presuppos'd rather seems to mean previously pointed out for thy imitation; or such as it was supposed thou would'it allume after thou hadit read the letter. The supposition was previous to the act. STEEVENS. 9 Surely we should rather read-conceiu'd in him. TYRWHITT.

Importance is importunacy, imfortunement. STEEVENS.
The old copy points this passage erroneously : But do you re-



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