Community Interventions and AIDS
Edison J. Trickett, Willo Pequegnat
Oxford University Press, USA, 2005 - Medical - 296 pages
As news headlines report staggering numbers of people infected with HIV or AIDS across the globe and as stereotypes of typical AIDS patients become less and less specific to particular sexual orientations and ethnic backgrounds, the AIDS pandemic shows little sign of relenting. AIDS crosses geopolitical and social barriers, and social and behavioral scientists are confronted with the new challenge of developing scientific inquiry and corresponding interventions around participatory, community-based, and community-focused methods. These interventions are increasingly targeting the contextual influences on individual behavior, such as peer groups, social networks and support systems, and community norms. Community-level interventions also draw on local resources and are respectful of sociocultural circumstances and traditions. This book articulates how the social and behavioral sciences can respond to HIV/AIDS. It is written for all who have a stake in AIDS research, stimulating discussion and debate about the natures of community research and intervention broadly across such disciplines as public health, community health education, urban planning, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and philosophy of science. The book proposes alternative perspectives on means of ascertaining knowledge about the HIV/AIDS pandemic and the inclusion of community collaboration in interventions.
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Affecting the Community Context
Implications for Conceptualization Implementation and Evaluation of Interventions
HIV Circulating Knowledges and Local Resistances
4 The State of the Art in Community HIV Prevention Interventions
Implications to Community Impact and Sustainability
Promise and Problems
7 The Hartford Model of AIDS PracticeResearch Collaboration
8 Sustainability in HIV Prevention Research
How Can HIV Prevention Scientists Play an Effective Role in Practice?
Theoretical and Methodological Considerations
Overcoming Inadequacies of the Randomized Controlled Trial Paradigm
12 Toward the Next Generation of AIDS Interventions With Community Impact
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African American AIDS Education Altman American Journal analysis approach behavior change bisexual collaboration community impact community interventions Community Psychology community-based organizations community-level HIV prevention community-level interventions condom context cultural diffusion diffusion of innovation disease effects efforts epidemic ethnographic evaluation example Hartford Model Hispanic Health Council HIV infection HIV prevention interventions HIV/AIDS identified implementation individuals influence injection drug users institutions inter involvement issues Journal of Public Kelly Latino Latkin methods multiple munity narrative needle needs nity norms organizational outcomes paradigm participants participatory action research partners partnerships Patton perspective population potential prevention programs prevention research problems Public Health qualitative randomized rapid assessment relationships response risk reduction role safer sex sample Schensul settings sex workers sexual sexually transmitted diseases Singer social capital social networks strategies structure sustainability syndemic target technology transfer tervention theory tion trial Trickett vention women York