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faults than he will find in the book before us. The Künstler-Lexicon' itself contains an almost unparalleled mass of blunders which at the present day common industry would not fail to avert; and half the modern, and three-fourths of the old, books on Art are mere compilations, of the crudest kind, written by critics whose boast is that they are independent, because they are completely ignorant of Art. How much cause then have we to be grateful to one who, like the author, is not only in love with his subject, but a master of its history, and possesses the experience essential to the writer of a new Maberly with modern improvements. We look for the comDORE'S GREAT PICTURE of 'CHRIST LEAVING the PRE: pletion of Dr. Meyer's "Nagler," as the greatest

desideratum in this way.

TORIUM,' with Night of the Crucifixion,' 'Christian Martyrs,' 'Francesca de Rimini,' 'Neophyte,'' Andromeda,' &c., at the DORE GALLERY, 35, New Bond Street. Ten to Six.-Admission, la.

parthenogenesis, or the reproduction from virgin females, of Artemia salina, a curious phyllopod crustacean which makes its appearance in certain salt-pans when the brine attains a definite degree

of concentration.

FINE ARTS

The SOCIETY of PAINTERS in WATER COLOURS. - The TWELFTH WINTER EXHIBITION of SKETCHES and STUDIES by the MEMBERS is NOW OPEN, at their Gallery, 5, Pall Mall East. Ten till Five.-Admission, 18. ALFRED D. FRIPP, Secretary.

The SHADOW of DEATH.' Painted by Mr. HOLMAN HUNT. -NOW on VIEW. From 10 till 5.-39B, Old Bond Street. Admission, 18.

INSTITUTE of PAINTERS in WATER COLOURS. — The EIGHTH WINTER EXHIBITION, is NOW OPEN from 10 till 6.Admission, 18.-Gas on Dark Days.-Gallery, 53, Pall Mall. JAMES FAHEY, Secretary.

An Introduction to the Study and Collection of Ancient Prints. Illustrated. By W. H. Willshire. (Ellis & White.) This book is designed to supply the want, so often felt by students of prints, of a trustworthy and comprehensive manual, or book of reference, for those who have some knowledge of the bibliography of the art of engraving, and of a guide to others who are not so well informed on the subject. Dr. Willshire has endeavoured to give a systematic summary of our knowledge of a subject which is at once widely scattered and extensive, and to furnish useful directions for tyros in print collecting.

He remarks:—

"There is one drawback connected with icono

graphy-common, it is true, to all knowledge obtained in recent years: viz., the literature of particular subjects and masters is so widely spread through ephemeral publications, as to make it frequently difficult, both to know what has been written on any given topic, and to procure special

information when we are conscious that it exists. Fugitive tracts, reviews long demised, and out-ofthe-way journals are obtainable often only with much trouble, and sometimes not at all. Such a library even as our own national one, may not be able always to satisfy the wants of those engaged in working out a particular subject."

Dr. Willshire is perfectly right. Everyone knows that there is no book conceived and executed in the spirit which modern criticism requires, and dealing with prints in a way at once comprehensive, exact and exhaustive. The subject is too large to be dealt exhaustively with in a single volume, or even in three; and no comprehensive and exact treatise has made its appearance in modern times. Gilpin, Cumberland, and the minor writers on this subject are now out of date. The 'Merveilles de la Gravure,' by M. Duplessis, is a mere sketch, although, within its limits, a sketch of considerable value. The translation of this book into English, which we noticed not long since, has made it familiar to many, but it is quite insufficient for more than "popular" needs. Maberly's 'Print Collector' is the best book on the subject, and it is not only rather scarce, but it is thirty years old. Dr. Willshire has done well to form his book on that of Maberly, but he has done a great deal more than was possible to, or intended by, Maberly, and he has done it with zeal, care, learning, and taste. The subject is so great and recondite a one that the reader who here and there detects errors and omissions will not be surprised, but, on the contrary, will be disposed to condone far greater and more numerous

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Dr. Willshire defines the term "engraving" as referring to the process of producing originals from which copies may be taken by transfer or pressure. The older process, known to scriptural and classic authorities, which we also style engraving, is literally that of incising on materials without the intention of producing copies. Our author, of course, names Aholiab and Bezaleel as the most ancient oldest known names of artists; but who shall ciseleurs on record. These are, to be sure, the say what is the antiquity of that process the results of which are identical with the drawings of rare merit engraved on numerous relics from the drift, bones and horns, by cavedwellers belonging to periods which are unascertained, but which are ethnographically, if not chronologically, far more remote than the days of the decorators of Aaron's garments? Refer Aholiab and Bezaleel to their ancestors who incised horn and bone, and we get a notion of the antiquity of the craft of the engraver.

Dr. Willshire has generally abstained from citing his own opinions, " choosing rather," as he says, "to hint and suggest them while offering the conclusions at which others have arrived." We have one or two rather amusing instances of this, where, as it appears to us, our author has quoted the opinions of quacks and pretenders, in order that they may be gracefully refuted by a comparison of authorities; but he has, once or twice, to say the least of it, given currency to the conclusions of lay men and lay ladies on strictly technical matters, about which they have no right to entertain opinions. This is an undesirable practice. On the other hand, we find that Dr. Willshire has awarded the honour of criticisms and discoveries to those who have the best claim; he has not dressed other people's notions in his own terms, and taken the credit to himself. In fact, this book is an honest compilation. Our author gives abundant references to the sources of knowledge, so that the student can follow the writer and sift authorities for himself. This is especially the case when Dr. Willshire comes to consider the more important points of the history of the subject, such as the origin of the art of engraving; whether or not the ancients possessed this art. We find a tolerably full assemblage of opinions, without a decision. This collection of opinions has been carefully made, and comprises references to out-of-the-way illustrations of the subject, including the history of engraving plates of latten for monuments, commonly called monumental brasses. It would be too much to expect that on such a point as this

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Dr. Willshire should have exhausted the tion, otherwise we might be puzzled by the f following:-"The most ancient known exist ing specimens were, when Mr. Boutell wrote, the brasses of Sir John D'Aubernoun, A.D. EN 1277 (fifth of Edward the First), and of Sir that Roger de Trumpington, A.D. 1289." The fact remains as in the days of Mr. Boutell, the latest comprehensive writer on this subject: no more ancient brass than that of Sir J. D'Aubernoun I. has been found, but Dr. Willshire appears to hesitate in affirming as much.

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Dr. Willshire, although declining to be critical in some cases, especially on æsthetic matters, has at times not hesitated to express his own opinion on questions which require the simple exercise of logical and discriminating faculties. For example, after giving a succinct account of the so-called 'Story of the Cunios,' circulated by Papillon rather more than a century ago, to show the comparative remoteness of the art of engraving, and after quoting pro and con on the subject, he does not hesitate to express his agreement with Chatto's conclusions on this important subject, which are adverse to the assertions of Papillon, countenance or support. This is, of course, the and leave his legend about the Cunios without common-sense view of the matter; it is also safer than the opposite opinion. In a valuable résumé of opinions on the history of engraving on wood, apropos of the well-known "St. Christopher" dispute, a matter which vexed the souls of men a few years since, and in which the late Mr. F. Holt made himself conspicuous by passion rather than research, we with the following quiet touch of satire: "The desire of the late Mr. Holt to bring discredit on Temanza by affirming that the latter simply worked up to a preconceived theory, based on the discovery of Heinecken, cannot be responded to, seeing that Temanza preceded Heinecken some years in his investigations." This is indulgent, but there is another reference to the same person which is much below our notions of what his troublesome conduct required: Mr. Holt is called "the persistent and ingenious, if not convincing arguer that Albert Dürer was the designer of the Fairford windows." The fact is, that Mr. Holt's argument on this subject was the reverse of ingenious; it was a string of assertions, accompanied by an ignorance of style, the testing power in this question, which accounted for the audacity of his statements. We have referred to this subject, not in order to revive the memory of the dispute, but because the false importance which the indulgence of editors of periodicals gives to these crudities is to some extent imitated by Dr. Willshire, who, with less justification, continues the same practice by devoting several pages to the vagaries of the deceased amateur on a matter the investigation of which demands the utmost patience. We think it would have been better had Dr. Willshire, in dealing with his materials, avoided quoting every opinion of every man or woman whom fortune may have compelled to write on Art. He would surely have done well to omit repeating the fancies of persons unqualified by technical knowledge to speak on matters of execution, who have discussed such difficult questions as whether or not Dürer cut blocks with his own hand. That there is great diversity in the merits of the blocks which

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conveyed Dürer's designs is unquestionable; but it does not follow from that circumstance alone that the finest pieces of wood-cutting are due to Albert himself. Mr. Reid has pointed out that Mr. Thompson, when examining original wood - blocks now in the British Museum, demonstrated that more than one hand had been employed in cutting designs which were due to a single designer. There is no reason to doubt that Dürer, like other great artists, occasionally engraved on wood; but even experts are far from being able to assert, on the internal evidence of the works themselves, what he did and what he did not do. One thing at least is quite certain, that there were wood engravers in Nuremberg about 1509, and doubtless before that date who were capable of noble work.

So much for the charge of superfluous compilation, the sole objection of weight to which this book is liable. A taste for redundancy appears also in the occasional, but quite needless, dissertations and extracts, giving opinions for and against such men as Dürer: refer to pages 209, 210, 211, 212, where Cumberland's ignorance and want of sympathy are contrasted with Mr. Hamerton's sympathy and taste. Both aspects of the question are foreign to Dr. Willshire's subject,

and should not have been introduced here.

con

46

Cursory examination suggests a few matters which may be worth Dr. Willshire's attention. On page 257 he incidentally mentions Mercurius Civicus as the first illustrated newspaper which appeared in England, and puts the date at 1643. We are not cerned to dispute the priority of this periodical; yet it would be well to say that Mercurius Civicus was preceded by a countless host of illustrated tracts and broadsides, all dealing with current events, which differed but formally from the Mercurius and were by no means confined to a report of a single event. For example, Old Newes newly Revived dealt with "the discovery of all occurrences happened since the beginning of the Parliament,” and was published two years before Mercurius. A Perfect Tiurnall; or, Welsh Post, with a portrait of Charles the First: London, printed for her Welsh Post, to carry to her countrymen in Whales, 1643 (Sat., Feb. 4, to Sat., Feb. 11), 1643," may be called an illustrated newspaper, and must approach very closely to Mercurius. It points to other and previous issues. It is probable that the portrait of the king which decorates the lastnamed periodical was not new; and it is certain that that which accompanied the former made its appearance again and again. In speaking (page 345) of English engraving, "the OldEnglish School," as beginning with Hogarth, and numbering but few members, Dr. Willshire does scant justice to several able men whose names remain to us; for, to say nothing of the elder Faithorne, W. Marshall, and R. Gaywood, there were W. Hole, Cockson, and T. Cecil, who deserved a word from an English writer on engraving. A few misprints require correction: e. g., "Parthez" occurs more than once for Parthey.

MESSRS. CHATTO & WINDUS send us a welcome volume, a reproduction of the sketches by Maclise, or Alfred Croquis, representing individuals celebrated in London, 1830-8, which were published in Fraser's Magazine This reproduction includes the notices

that

of the sketches, written chiefly by Dr. Maginn. To these are added notes by Mr. W. Bates. The book is called A Gallery of Illustrious Literary Characwell known, that we need not write at length about them. Few who care for such matters at all have forgotten the humour, strong character, and piquant satire of many of these portraits, in producing which the artist greatly surpassed his literary coadjutor; for it must be admitted that Maginn's sketches are but too often vulgar, or, rather, to use a cant literary term of modern invention, they are "greasy." Considering the fact jects of these sketches remain alive, they have very few of the celebrities the subalready acquired the value of history. Their humour is of a fine kind. Look at this tailor's Adonis, Count D'Orsay, the flashy man about town: what a volume of humour there is in the slight exaggeration of his swagger. book-shop, which many "unco guid" folk actually Here is William Godwin, shuffling along past that believe to this day was a haunt of horrid reprobates-good folks who would not have been surprised if the earth, opening, had swallowed it up; hands linked behind his back, a voluminous there goes Godwin, with his prodigious hat, his trousers on his legs, and yet with a face which, as "dress" coat on his body, wonderfully badly-cut Maclise saw, had its merits, even something that might be called beauty. Here is a good and rather caricatured sketch of Leigh Hunt, whom it was editor of the Age; Captain Ross, sipping toddy, caricature. Here is Westmacott, the

with his heels on the hob; and Miss Harriet Martineau and her cat: Maclise designed the cat, with laughable zest and great artistic spirit. Here is Mr. George Cruikshank, seated on a barrel in a taproom, making sketches on his hat; Coleridge, with beautiful, if somewhat inflated, not to say flabby, features, and weak limbs; Talleyrand, seated, a figure like a frog, in a chair by the side self, and highly ornamental. of a fireplace; and Bulwer, ever conscious of him

MR. W. BEAMONT's History of the Castle of Halton and the Priory or Abbey of Norton (Warrington, P. Pearse) will have considerable attractions for the antiquaries of Cheshire and the shires which border on that county, Welsh as well as English. Halton Castle belonged to the Brookes, and had a somewhat lengthy history, which, however, presents few salient points such as would justify us in reviewing the book at length. In fact, the said history is, to use a mildly expressive term, extremely dreary to readers who have no particular need to study it. Occasionally, however, Priory, for its claim to be called an "abbey" is a weak one, is, as a building, much better worth studying. There is a good and very rich doorway of Transitional character; there are also some sepulchral slabs, incised with floriated crosses, which in themselves present no novel features.

material for the student. Norton

MESSRS. DULAU & Co. send us M. A. P. Martial's

Nouveau Traité de la Gravure à l'eau forte pour les Peintres et les Dessinateurs, an extremely practical treatise on the processes of this now popular branch of art. As this essay is entirely technical, we can but commend it to practitioners and would-be practitioners as one of the most valuable works of its kind which are known to us. This is saying a good deal, for several tolerably good handreached us. On the whole, however, this is probably books on the practice of etching have before now the tersest and most rigidly, yet sufficiently, practical. Of one portion of this work we may, perhaps, speak particularly we mean the illustrations, etchings by M. Martial himself, who is well known as a first-rate artist in this mode. Those who do not care for the book, and have not the faintest idea of becoming etchers, will, if they care for the art itself, buy the publication for the sake of the plates, which comprise a group of etcher's implements-acid bottle, feather, and needles-deliciously executed. Very rich is Planche 8, a sketch of a lady at half-length; capital is Planche 9, a canal in a city, with fine effect of light. We commend also Planche 11,

an interior, with contracted light, and admirably treated.

SALE.

THE collection of engravings and drawings by Mr. Hugh Howard has, during the last week, formed at the commencement of the last century been sold by Messrs. Sotheby, Wilkinson & Hodge, and produced 4,6061. Campagnola, ings: A. Dürer, Adam and Eve, 594,an early impression of St. John, 1311. EngravMelencolia, 40%.,-Angles of the Sistine Chapel, G. Ghisi, 801.,-Temptation of Adam, by Lucas

van Leyden, 281.,-Lot and his Daughters, 181, Virgin and Child, 691.,Mars and Venus, 36l.,— 301.,-An Oriental, by B. Montagna, 511.,—and Hercules Fighting the Serpent, by A. Mantegna, Portrait of Aretino, by Marc Antonio, 780l., the highest price ever given for a single print since Guilder Piece, bought by Mr. Palmer for 180l., the sale, at the same rooms, when Sir Charles Price's impression of Rembrandt's Hundred was re-sold for 1,100l., and purchased by M. Du Eve, 691.,-Massacre of the Innocents, 777.,— Thuit. Engravings by Marc Antonio: Adam and Last Supper, 105.,-Mary and Martha Ascending Madonna Lamenting the Dead Christ, 381.,-The the Steps of the Temple, 311.,-Madonna Seated

on the Clouds, 180,-Christ Seated on the

Clouds, 59,-Cupid and the Graces, 251.,-Apollo and Hyacinthus, 381.,-Trojan Victorious, 321.

Fine-Art Gossip.

66

IN electing Mr. Pettie to occupy the place of Sir E. Landseer, the Royal Academicians have used for the last time officially the premises which they have occupied so long in Trafalgar Square. These premises were, it will be remembered, accepted by the Academy in lieu of those which, more than a hundred years ago, George the Third granted to the body in Somerset House, these being a portion of the private property of the Crown. Eleven Mr. Pettie obtained twelve votes, Mr. Durham nine, names of artists were scratched" at this election. Mr. O'Neil seven; another artist had six, another four, another two votes; five gentlemen obtained one vote each, making forty-five in all. It appears, therefore, that there were not fewer then twenty absentees in a body comprising at least sixty-five members. Considering the season of the year, and that the Academy comprises very few who, like London, this proportion is much greater than one landscape-painters, follow their studies out of portion of the members care but little about the would expect. It seems to prove that a large proelections, which are the most important, and, one

would have supposed, the most interesting events of the academical year.

AMONG the curiosities of modern engraving is a fact which is sure to become interesting by and by. M. Blanchard engraved a very fine plate, in the line manner, from Maclise's picture, 'The Eve of St. Agnes,' representing the heroine of Keats's poem going to rest,-a picture which was in the Royal Academy a few years since. By mistake, the name of Mr. Holman Hunt was put to the early artist's proofs of this plate. This may have been due to the fact that M. Blanchard's plate being intended to serve as a companion to an engraving from a work by Mr. Hunt. Years ago, Mr. Hunt painted mistake was discovered, a few impressions of the from the same poem a different subject. Before the plate, with the artist's name in error, were distributed. The number was but small, and, of course, their value by and by will be very great, not only on account of their rarity, but because the error shows the earlier impressions. One of these impressions reached New York, and the art-critic of a leading journal there descanted impressively on the qualities of the picture, as illustrating the powers of Mr. Hunt, who did not escape censure for alleged defects in Maclise's work. An eminent European artist, having occasion to address the New York journal respecting an engraving from one of his own pic

tures, incidentally pointed out the error to our learned brother on the other side of the Atlantic. It was in vain, for, notwithstanding the high reputation of the corrector, the New York writer emphatically, and somewhat superciliously, pointed to the name, "William Holman Hunt," engraved below M. Blanchard's print, and triumphantly averred that his correspondent was himself in

error.

THE private view of the exhibition of the works of Sir E. Landseer takes place to-day (Saturday), at the Royal Academy. The galleries will be opened to the public on Monday next.

Ir appears that the Exhibition of English and Foreign Water-Colour Drawings, lately held in New York, cannot take place on the conditions which obtained last year. the intended Exhibition will, therefore, be returned The drawings received for to the artists, with an explanation of the circum

stances.

SEVERAL of our larger provincial cities have recently taken steps to provide themselves with collections of works of art, and to this end have made purchases of valuable pictures. Birmingham has been among the first to act in this way, having bought one of Mr. Leighton's best pictures. This year the representatives of the same place have turned their attention to landscape, and have acted wisely in buying Mr. Brett's A North-Westerly Gale off the Long Ships Lighthouse,' which will be remembered at the last Academy Exhibition. This has been done by subscription; and the most gratifying feature of the case is, that the list of subscribers was headed by the local society of artists with a donation of one hundred pounds.

THE Journal of the Archæological Institute last issued contains several papers of considerable interest, especially one by Mr. Clark, on Richard's Castle, Herefordshire; an essay on Architecture in the Eleventh Century, by Mr. J. H. Parker, which we commend to students; and a third paper, by Archdeacon Trollop, on Durobrivæ.

MR. WATTS's portrait of Mr. Mill, in the possession of Sir Charles Dilke, is to be engraved by M. Rajon.

THE museum of copies from pictures by great masters, which has interested so many visitors to the Palais de l'Industrie, Paris, is to be suppressed We must say that, although the merits of the works in question were by no means equal, and a considerable number of the copies are of an undesirable kind, the probabilities of a collection of copies being serviceable are very great and this act of his successor, the Marquis de Chennevières, makes us regret even more than we should otherwise have done the removal of M. C. Blanc from the post of Director of the Fine Arts in France.

WE have received from Messrs. Seeley, Jackson & Halliday the first number of The Portfolio for the new year. This is unusually interesting, because it contains a good etching by Mr. W. Wise, from the new Mantegna in the National Gallery; likewise a capital etching by M. Jacquemart, borbowed from the magnificent catalogne of Mr. Wilson's pictures, which we noticed not long since, reproducing the portrait of Elizabeth de Valois, Queen of Spain, after A. Moro. The text of the periodical in question contains several readable

essays.

THE Gazette des Beaux-Arts, for January, contains a capital paper, by M. Paul Mantz, on English jewellery; an essay on Rubens's 'Chapeau de Paille,' by M. A. Michiels; the conclusion of M. Champfleury's paper on satirical prints for and against the Reformation; an article on drawings, by Géricault; and other contributions. There are, likewise, an etching by M. Rajon, from the 'Chapeau de Paille,' a rich and powerful etching by M. J. Brunet-Debain, after Decamps's picture, Intérieur de Cour en Italie,' and a third etching by M. G. Greux, after L. Verschuur's 'La Meuse à Dordrecht,' and many excellent woodcuts.

MUSIO

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ROYAL ALBERT HALL CHORAL SOCIETY.-Conductor, Mr. Baroby.-Hadyn's CREATION' on Thursday, January 8, at Eight o'clock. Madame Lemmens-Sherrington, Mr. Sims Reeves, and Signor Giulio Perkin. Organist, Dr. Stainer.- Boxes, 31. 38., 21. 108. and 11 108.; Stalls, 78. 6d. and 58.; Balcony, 38; Admission, 18. Tickets at Novello's, 1, Berners Street and 35, Poultry; the usual Agents; and the Royal Albert Hall.

MUSIC OF THE FUTURE IN EDINBURGH.

THE Directors of the Edinburgh Philosophical
Institution, being desirous of affording their mem-
bers some notion of what is termed the "Music of
the Future," lately engaged Mr. Dannreuther, the
pianist, to give two lectures on the Wagnerian creed.

The Music Hall in George Street was hired for the
purpose, and on each occasion was filled with an
audience of upwards of 1,800 listeners. In the first
musical art from ancient Greece to the present
lecture Mr. Dannreuther traced the growth of
period, sketching its connexion with the stage and
with dramatic instrumental music, illustrating it
by references to the programme music from Beet-
hoven to Liszt, and commenting on Herr Richard
Wagner and his tendencies. In the second lec-
ture he gave an account of the lyric drama-its
origin, development, merits, defects, and alleged
inevitable decay, and, as a result, the Wagnerian
resuscitation. The lecturer explained Herr Wag-
ner's system, his poetical subject-matter, his division
of scores, verse, orchestra, and pointed out the
difficulties of attaining correct performances.
The pianoforte illustrations were Sebastian Bach's
Capriccio, On the Departure of a Friend,'
Chopin's 'Adagio and Grand Polonaise,' Dr.
Liszt's Rhapsodie Hongroise, No. 13'; with
excerpts from Wagner's operas, 'Der Fliegender
Holländer,' 'Tannhäuser,' Lohengrin,' and 'Die
Meistersinger.' The two lectures were supple-
mented by a concert of vocal and instrumental
music, in which the pianist had the co-operation of
Herr Straus, Mr. Mackenzie, Mr. Zerbini, and
Signor Piatti as the string quartet, and Fräulein
Helene Arnim as vocalist; the selections being
from the works of Veracini, Geminiani, Handel,
Beethoven, Schubert, and Schumann, and from
those of the living composers, Liszt, Wagner,
Brahms, Joachim, and Randegger.

THE Tonic Sol-Fa College has held its Christ mas Session at the Aldersgate Literary Institution from the 29th ult. to the 2nd inst. Various dis cussions and papers, as also competitions con nected with the system, were included in the programme.

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MISS EMMA L. BEASLEY has gained, for the second time, the Westmoreland Scholarship at the has been re-elected for the Potter Exhibition. Royal Academy of Music, and Mr. Walter Fitton

NOTHING daunted by the failures of M. Devilliers and of Signori De Bassini and Gilandi, the tenors, the Italian Opera-house directors in Paris are going to try M. Génévoix as Edgardo, in 'Lucia.' Cenerentola, it is now stated, will be the next characterely for Malle. Anna de Bellocca, whose fame has hitherto rested on her Rosina (Il Barbiere"). Madame Carvalho's re-appearance as Juliette, in M. Gounod's opera, has been heartily greeted at the Opéra Comique, but the lady looks in vain for a Romeo, M. Duchesne being found no adequate representative of the part.

Musical Gossip.

MR. JOHN BOOSEY re-commences his London Ballad Concerts this evening (the 3rd inst.). On resumed; on the 17th, the Saturday Concerts and the 12th, the Monday Popular Concerts will be the Sydenham orchestral programmes; on the 22nd, the British Orchestral Society will open its second season; and on the 23rd, the Sacred Harmonic Society will produce Dr. Crotch's oratorio, 'Palestine.'

THERE were two disappointments at the Christmas performance of the Messiah' by the Royal Albert Hall Choral Society-neither Mr. Sims Reeves nor Signor Giulio Perkin sang; the former was replaced by Mr. Vernon Rigby, and the latter by Signor Agnesi. Mr. Barnby promises the appearance of the two absentees for the 'Creation,' on the 9th inst., with the co-operation of Madame Lemmens and Mr. Raynham. Mr. W. Carter's Choir sang in the 'Messiah' on New Year's evening, having as principals Mesdames Lemmens and Patey, Mr. Lloyd and Signor Agnesi.

THE Welsh residents of Liverpool and Birkenhead celebrated Christmas-Day in the former town at the Royal Amphitheatre, by holding the seventh annual Eisteddfod, with Mr. Brinley Richards, the composer, as president, who delivered a long address. Besides the customary competitions for compositions, for singing, and for playing, prizes were awarded for essays, epigrams, translations, pencil drawings, Berlin wool-working, carving in oak, &c. There was also a concert, conducted by Mynnddog (Mr. R. Davies), with Miss Edith Wynne, Miss M. Davies, Miss M. Williams, and Mr. T. J. Hughes as solo singers, and Mr. Aptommas, harper-not harpist, a word which we are cautioned not to print, under penalty of being excommunicated by the Bards of the Principality.

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THE Governor of Paris having prohibited the performance of the new three-act comic opera, by M. Laurent de Rillé, libretto by MM. Busnach Menus-Plaisirs, where the work was produced, and Liorat, the Director of the Théâtre des has closed the establishment. The piece, it seems, went even beyond the licence of 'Abélard et Héloise' and the 'Timbale d'Argent'—if, indeed, the honteuses inconvénances could any further go than in those two flagrant operas.

SUCH has been the success of Handel's Messiah' in Paris, that a third performance will be given on the 9th inst.

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ONE of our correspondents has sent us details of a visit he paid last week to the works at the new Opera at Paris. The stage is two yards wider than that of the old Opera, and there are two more boxes in each circle of the house, but it is the great size of the passages, lobbies, and crush-rooms that causes the new Opera to look like a city in itself. The ballet-green-room is one of the most floridly decorated apartments. To it will be admitted as spectators of the practice, only sovereign princes passing through Paris, ambassadors, and subscribers who subscribe for three nights a week It will take fifteen months to finish the decorations.

Mart

OUR Naples Correspondent writes, under the date of the 19th of December:-"The concession granted by the Municipality to Signor Musella has been definitively settled and signed, and San Carlo is to be opened in the first week of January. The Municipality accords a subsidy of 300,000 fr., as you already know, and Musella deposits as caution-money 2,000 fr. of Rentes. There are to be eighty performances. 'Aïda' is in course of preparation; La Sauz and La Krauss have arrived; and at this social and festal season, the theatrical fever will doubtless run high. On Saturday, the musical season of the Philharmonic will commence, under the direction of Signor

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A COMPOSER'S name which is now often coming before the public in Germany and in France, but has been rarely seen here, is that of Herr Max Bruch, the composer of the two operas, Lorely' and Hermione' ('Winter's Tale' of Shakspeare). At the eighth Gewandhaus Concert, in Leipzig, his symphonic poem, 'Odysseus,' was produced, for orchestra, chorus, and soli, the latter sung by Frau Amalie Joachim, the Berlin contralto (wife of the s violinist), the baritone, Herr Gura, and Fräulein Friedländer. The violin concerto, by the same German composer, after being twice played by M. Sarasate at the National Concerts in Paris, was w next introduced by the same artist at M. Pasdeloup's Popular Concerts; and, finally, the concerto has had the honour of being executed (also by M. Sarasate) at the Conservatoire Concerts. Herr Joachim has also performed the same work in Germany. We remark also that two movements out of Mr. Henry Litolff's fourth pianoforte concerto (the adagio religioso and scherzo) have been played by M. Theodore Ritter, at the Cirque d'Hiver (Sunday Popular Concerts.)

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in the list the scenas and cantatas by Signor Ponchielli; the Parlatore Eterno' and the Lord of Burleigh,' by Signor Schira; Tramonto,' by Signor Coronaro; and Tesoro o l'Avaro Burlato,' by Signor Sbolgi. Our Milanese contemporary consoles himself by remembering that fifty-six operas were produced in 1872, only one of which bas survived. We remark that the new works of the past year came out at Milan, Naples, Bologna, Turin, Parma, and Genoa. Lisbon is quoted, because 'Caligola,' composed by an Italian, is to be heard at the Scala, in Milan. In the enumeration of operas to be performed on the opening nights of the Carnival and Lent season at the leading Italian Opera-houses in Italy, there are specified the 'Africaine' and 'Dinorah' of Meyerbeer; the 'Faust' of M. Gounod; the 'Aïda,' the Forza del Destino,' 'Macbeth.' 'I Vespri Siciliani,' and 'Rigoletto,' of Signor Verdi; the 'Semiramide' and 'Guglielmo Tell' of Rossini; the Promessi Sposi' of Signor Ponchielli and of Signor Petrella; the Esmeralda' of Signor Campana; the 'Ruy Blas' of Signor Marchetti; the 'Vestale of Mercadante; the Sonnambula' of Bellini, &c. 34 In Venice, Herr Wagner's 'Rienzi' is to be mounted. At Cairo, where 'Aïda' was first heard, Signor Verdi's last opera continues to be popular, with Signora Stolz as the heroine, and Signori Fancelli, Steller, and Medini in the cast.

'Aïda'

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Prestreau, and on Christmas Eve the Fondo will be re-opened. We say re-opened, for it was closed during the cholera epidemic, as several artistes Ave up their engagements rather than risk teir lives. It is to the honour of Signor Molinari,

who had no interest in the preceding Impresa, that he has offered, to those who have already paid their subscriptions for the season, the conEnuation of the Recite promised at the beginning. The performances will be carried on till the end of the Carnival, and will begin with 'Don Pasquale,' of Donizetti, to be followed by the Ballo in Maschera' and 'Marta.""

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THE Milan Trovatore supplies a list of twentyfour new operas produced in Italy in 1873, out of which only three are likely to remain in the répertoire, namely, 'Caligola,' by Signor Braga, the violoncellist, brought out at the San Carlos, in Lisbon; 'Il Mercante di Venezia,' by Signor Pinsuti; I Goti, by Signor Gobatti, both given at the Teatro Comunale, in Bologna; and Morovico, by Signor Dominicetti, now playing at the Dal Verme, in Milan. The Trovatore does not include

has also met with immense success at Buenos Ayres,

with Signora Pizzoni.

A short after-piece at the Lyceum, entitled A Husband in Clover,' is a tolerably free adaptation of the well-known trifle, 'Un Mari dans du Coton.' It is played with spirit and gaiety by Miss Virginia Francis, who makes in it her first appearance this season, and by Mr. John Clayton. Horace has been too much pampered and coddled by his Lydia. So evenly and uninterruptedly flows the stream of domestic felicity, that he pines for a change-would welcome a danger even that should relieve the monotony of existence. With the gentleness and loving care of his own wife he contrasts the airs and tantrums he occasionally sees in the wives of his neighbours, and he comes to the conclusion that anything is better than the unbroken sunshine of his life. Fortunately for himself, he is cured before the disease is far advanced. Lydia discovers the source of his discontent, and succeeds in playing a part that convinces him he has been too hasty in -A Husband in Clover,' a New Comedietta, in believing that there is nothing worse than

THE WEEK.

DRURY LANE.-Jack in the Box.'
COVENT GARDEN.-'Red Riding Hood and her Sister
Little Bo-peep.'
PRINCESS'S-Little Puss in Boots.'

One Act.
GAIETY-Battle of Life,' Drama, in Three Acts. By
Charles Dickens, edited by Charles Dickens, jun.
HAYMARKET. Raymond and Agnes,' a Melo-drama, in
Two Acts.

domestic serenity. When once relieved from
his fears, he accepts with thankfulness the
state of affairs he previously found so tire-
some, and welcomes with gratitude and eager-
ness a little formula of affection that had
before seemed to him the very climax of
stupidity. Full justice to these scenes is
done by two competent exponents, and the
grace and humour of the interpretation are
equal.

"

THE revival of Herr Wagner's 'Tannhäuser' has not been a financial success at the Brussels

Théâtre de la Monnaie.

DRAMA

THEATRE ROYAL DRURY LANE.-Sole Lessee and Manager, F. B. Chatterton-JACK in the BOX; or, Harlequin Little Tom Tucker,' Grand Christmas Comic Pantomime, will be performed every Evening, preceded by the Farce of HIDE and SEEK.' Doors open at Half past 6, commence at 7. Prices, from 6d. to 5l. 58. Morning Performances every Monday, Wednesday, and Saturday. Children and Schools at reduced prices to First Circle, Dress Circle, and Stalls. Doors open at Half-past 1, commence at 2. Box-Office open from 10 till 5 daily.

Drury Lane blends together humour and
fancy in a manner thoroughly characteristic of
the author, and introduces some amusing allu-
sions to current events. At Covent Garden,
splendour of accessories compensates for the
absence of literary pretension; and at the
Princess's, the taste of grown folk is less
consulted than that of children. A due
amount of glitter and brilliancy is to be
found in all the western, and at most of the
If the combinations of
outlying theatres.
colour in the transformation-scenes are in no
case particularly artistic, they are always
effective from a popular standpoint, and the
mechanical effects are such as no other coun-
try is able to rival. The pleasure derived
from this source is liable to be marred by the
reflection that the lives of the poor creatures
exhibited in the spectacular tableaux must
always be sacrificed, should one of the behind-
scenes fires, not uncommon in theatres, ever
get the upper hand. It is not easy to con-
jecture what can be the feelings of the fairies,
who, from the top of the stage, where they are
immovably fixed, see the house on fire beneath,
and speculate on the chances of success of the
efforts to suppress it. A considerable number
of ballet-girls were once, at least, provided
with an excitement of the kind, and were aware
the while that were the performances suspended,
which they were not, twenty minutes must,
under the most favourable circumstances,
be occupied in getting them down. So little
novelty is displayed in the choice of subjects
or the arrangement of materials, that the
recapitulation of the names of the pantomimes
is unnecessary. There seems little reason
why the different theatres might not, on
the arrival of Christmas, pass on to their
neighbours the pantomimes of the previous
year, after the manner in which new works
are circulated in a country book club.

THE production of so many novelties was anticipated or deferred to avoid the Boxingday crush, that Boxing-day passed off without a crush. Not a single drama of importance competed with the pantomimes, which this season had something like a monopoly of novelty. There is nothing in this year's pantomimic contribution calling for special comment. Mr. Blanchard's "annual' at

12

The Battle of Life,' at the Gaiety, is neither wholly a novelty nor altogether a repro

duction. Previous adaptations of the well-known
Christmas story are in existence, and some of
these resemble pretty closely the latest version.
Mr. Charles Dickens, jun., has executed
competently the task of adaptation, or, as he
calls it, editing for the stage, and the play he
has produced shows few traces of being ex-
tracted from a novel. Its interest is con-
tinuous, if it is never very strong, and the
well-known characters of the story preserve
their physiognomy. If the explanatory scenes
between the servants were shortened or sup-
The
pressed there would be artistic gain.
comic interest overrides the serious. It is
difficult, if not impossible, to feel a profound
sympathy for a lady whose theories of life
lead her to the conclusion it is her duty, in
pursuit of a sentimental will-of-the-wisp, to
sacrifice the feelings of her lover and the
honour of her family. This is done by Marion
Jeddler, the heroine, who, with a mistaken
notion of self-sacrifice, leaves her home and
her betrothed, whom she persuades herself her
sister loves. There is tenderness in Miss

Carlisle's presentation of this eccentric specimen of womanhood; but the character remains unsympathetic and unreal. Quite otherwise is it with the comic characters. Clemency Newcombe, in the hands of Miss Farren, is the most brusque and honest of country waitingmaids. Mr. Toole makes Ben Britain a very stolid and humorous serving-man. Mr. Lionel Brough is good as Snitchey, the lawyer; and Mr. Maclean gives a clever picture of the eccentric Dr. Jeddler. Mr. Reece's burlesque of Don Giovanni' followed the drama.

It is

When

'Raymond and Agnes; or, the Bleeding Nun of Lindenberg,' a melo-drama, first given at the Haymarket in 1811, is the piece Mr. Buckstone has selected for revival. difficult to conceive any motive stronger than that of desiring to show the superiority of his own management over that of his predecessors that can have influenced Mr. Buckstone in so strange a selection. No exceptional popularity attended this melo-drama at its first production, and the taste for the kind of horrors with which it deals has passed away. the 'Monk' first took the town by storm, a ballet at Covent Garden was constructed upon the most decent episode-perhaps the only decent episode-in the book. This ballet supplied the story of the drama, which, in all literary and artistic respects, is worthless. Of its two acts, one is all but independent of the other, and its bogies are of the veriest "rawhead-and-bloody-bones" type. In the first act the hero and heroine meet accidentally at a cottage in a forest, the host of which is one of a band of brigands. They escape, thanks to the wife of the peasant, who, weary of a succession of horrors, bids Raymond look at his bed, still bloody from past murders. After reaching the Castle of Lindenberg, the home of Agnes, where his reception, in spite of having saved the life of the maiden, is the reverse of hospitable, Raymond arranges an elopement with Agnes, who, in order to deceive the guards and profit by their affright, dresses herself as the bleeding nun, a spectre which haunts the castle. He takes the ghost for his mistress, and elopes with her, leaving Agnes to fall again into the hands of the robbers, and so affording room for a scene which combines a wildly improbable extermination of the brigands with a convenient but

.

uncalled-for apotheosis of the spectre.

This

wonderful piece of extravagance was fairly SAMPSON LOW, MARSTON & CO.'S NEW LIBRARY BOOKS,

acted by the company, but excited little curiosity and no interest.

To ask for at all Libraries and Booksellers.

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M. SARDOU'S 'Merveilleuses' is a failure, in spite of the wonderful acting of Madame Chaumont. M. Dumas's 'Monsieur Alphonse' has made the hit of the Paris season.

'LE BORGNE,' a drama, in five acts and six scenes, has been given at the Ambigu-Comique, with a singular result. The piece aims at serious THE LAND OF interest, and presents the spectacle of the wanderings in Ireland of James the Second, King of England, after his defeat, sheltered by a certain Lord O'Neil. His attempts at escape are constantly frustrated, however, by a one-eyed beggar. This omnipresent worthy proves to be Lord Athol, who, having a private grudge as well as a political animosity against the Stuarts and O'Neil, takes this way of demonstrating it. The villain of the plot is Lord Nevil, Viceroy of Ireland. So much emphasis was given intentionally to the extravagant speeches of the play, and so much prominence to the more ridiculous incidents, that the whole obtained a burlesque triumph which seems to promise well for the treasury.

‘HENRI III. ET sa Cour,' by Alexandre Dumas, will be the next important revival at the Porte Saint-Martin Theatre. The principal roles will be sustained by Mdlle. Dica-Petit and M. Dumaine.

M. SARDOU'S 'L'Oncle Sam' has been produced

at the Théâtre du Parc, Brussels. The new work

of this indefatigable dramatist, forthcoming at the Palais Royal, will be entitled 'Marius Boussignol.' THE forthcoming production, at the Union Square Theatre, New York, of a play by Mr. Boucicault, entitled 'Astray,' is announced from America. The villain of the piece is said to be a successful novelist, who has adopted ideas current in some portions of America concerning free love.

MISCELLANEA

SPECIAL NOTICE.-NEW WORK by the AUTHOR of The GREAT LONE LAND.'

CAPTAIN

BUTLER'S

THE

WILD NORTH

LAND,

Price 18s. (not 16s. as previously advertised), is NOW READY.

"Captain Butler's volume of travel, adventure, and discovery in the wide regions of the American Continent which lie beyond the limits of civilization, appears very opportunely at this Christmas season. The long winter evenings at home are just the time when such stirring narratives can be thoroughly enjoyed. The most splendid field for enterprising travel lies within the territory of the British Empire."-Daily News.

My neam is Dick Bradley,
A bwoy as loves pleazhur,
In cwourtin' and kissin'
I spends all my leizhur.

Ri tol, &c., p. 34 (with music). There are others, as 'The Saddle,' p. 67; 'The Harnet and the Bittle,' p. 96; The Harvest Home,' p. 122, with music; smaller pieces at pp. 36-7. Mr. Akerman also produced' A Glossary of Provincial Words and Phrases in use in Wilt

shire,' London, 1842; and a book of tales, 'Legends
of Old London,' which was published by my late
firm.
A. HALL

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In One Volume, demy 8vo. cloth extra, 18s.

THE
THE WHITE ELEPHANT:

SIGHTS and SCENES in SOUTH-EASTERN ASIA. A Personal Narrative of Travel and Adventure in Farther India,
embracing the Countries of Burmah, Siam, Cambodia, and Cochin-China (1871-72). By FRANK VINCENT, Jun.
With Maps, Plans, and numerous Illustrations.
[Now ready.
"Farther India is still more or less a sealed book to most of us, and one could not desire a more pleasant tutor in fresh
geographical lore than our author. He won our heart at once by plunging in medias res, instead of devoting a chapter to the
outward voyage, and he tells us sensibly and intelligently, in a natural and unaffected style, what he saw and heard....The
book is exquisitely got up. The printing is beyond praise, and the numerous illustrations and maps make the book intelligible
to the dullest capacity."John Bull.

"The work presents us with a personal narrative of travel and adventure in farther India, embracing the countries of Burma, Siam, Cambodia, and Cochin-China. Mr. Vincent is an American gentleman, and his travels took place in the years 1871-2, so that his volume has the great advantage of reflecting the actual existing state of these lands."-Daily News.

CAPTAIN MARKHAM'S RETURN FROM THE ARCTIC REGIONS.

A WHALING CRUISE TO BAFFIN'S BAY

MISTRESS the Union MISTRESS

AND THE GULF OF BOOTHIA.

With an Account of the Rescue, by his Ship, of the Survivors of the CREW of the POLARIS; and a Description of Modern
Whale Fishing. Together with numerous Adventures with Bears, &c. By Captain A. H. MARKHAM, R.N. With
Introduction by Admiral SHERARD OSBORNE. Demy 8vo. cloth extra, 2 Maps and several Illustrations, 18s.

[Now ready.

NEW

NOVEL S.

NOTICE.—Mr. DUTTON COOK'S New Novel, YOUNG MR. NIGHTINGALE,' now appearing in the pages of 'ALL THE YEAR ROUND,' will shortly be ready for publication, in Three Volumes.

MISS NEILSON'S latest performance in Phil

adelphia has consisted of Julia in the Hunch- A CHRONICLE of the FERMORS: Horace Walpole back,' which she has given for the first time in America. One of her critics likens the actress in this part to "the roses before the shrine of Aphrodite." English criticism is incapable of IN the ISLE of WIGHT.

such flights as are common across the Atlantic.

cloth, 218.

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SWEET NOT LASTING: a Novel. By Annie B.

LEFURT. 1 vol. crown 8vo. cloth, 10s. 6d.

[Nearly ready.

in Love. By M. F. MAHONY (Matthew Stradling), Author of 'The Misadventures of Mr. Catlyn,' 'The Irish Bar-
sinister,' &c. In 2 vols. demy 8vo. with Steel Portrait of Horace Walpole. Price 248.
[Now ready.

The late Mr. Akerman. -The book inquired after seems to be "Wiltshire Tales, by John Yonge

VICTOR HUGO'S NEW NOVEL.

Akerman," London, 1853; the matter is extracted IN the YEAR '93 (Quatre-Vingt Treize).

crown 8vo.

from Bentley's Miscellany, in which it was produced under the pseudonym of "Paul Pindar." It contains several songs illustrative of the local dialect, ex. gr.

2 vols. crown 8vo.

[Now ready.

BETTER THAN GOLD. By Mrs. Arnold, Author

of His by Right,' 'John Hesketh's Charge,' 'Under Foot,' &c. 3 vols. crown 8vo. 81s. 6d.

3 vols.

N.B.-In consequence of an arrangement made with the proprietors of the GRAPHIC, for the Issue of the Translation of this Work in weekly portions, the publication in a complete form in Three Volumes has been postponed for a few months.

NEW WORK BY AUTHOR OF LORNA DOONE.

ALICE LORRAINE: a Tale of the South Downs.

3 vols. crown 8vo.

N.B.-This Work is also withdrawn for the present, and will first a pear in the pages of BLACKWOOD'S MAGAZINE.

NEW WORK BY HAIN FRISWELL, AUTHOR OF THE gentle LIFE,' &c.

OUR SQUARE CIRCLE. 2 vols. crown 8vo.

cloth, 218.

[In the press.

ARGUS FAIRBAIRN; or, a Wrong Never Righted.

By HENRY JACKSON, Author of 'Hearth Ghosts,' &c. 3 vols. crown 8vo. cloth, 31s. 6d.

[Next week.

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London: SAMPSON LOW, MARSTON, Low & SEARLE, Crown Buildings, 188, Fleet-street.

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JUDITH: a Cambridgeshire Story.

By C. C. FRASER-TYTLER, Author of 'Jasmine Leigh.' 2 vols. small post 8vo. cloth extra, price 16s. [Now ready at all Libraries. "Its graceful delineations of character, the many truthful and picturesque descript ions of nature scattered over its pages, and the racy talk of its rustics, combine to form a whole of very unusual merit."-Daily News. "We do not remember ever to have read a story more perfect of its kind than 'Mis tress Judith'; and, since Mrs. Gaskell's TOI 'Sylvia's Lovers,' we have not read a sadder one.....A story from which we would willingly quote could we find where to begin and where to leave off; but which we doubt if a person who felt deeply could ever have borne to tell."-Athenæum.

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