Martial Races: The Military, Race and Masculinity in British Imperial Culture, 1857-1914

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Manchester University Press, 2004 - History - 241 pages
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This book explores how and why Scottish Highlanders, Punjabi Sikhs, and Nepalese Gurkhas became identified as the British Empire's fiercest soldiers in nineteenth century discourse. As "martial races" these men were believed to possess a biological or cultural disposition to the racial and masculine qualities necessary for the arts of war. Because of this, they were used as icons to promote recruitment in British and Indian armies--a phenomenon with important social and political effects in India, in Britain, and in the armies of the Empire.

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Magray is a Martial Kashmiri tribe of Rajput origin. Magray sprung from Kashtri-un-Nassal Rajput. Kashtri-un-Nassal Rajput are one of the four classes
of Hindus. Kashtri were people of ruling class having responsibility for the defence of the state. Ladhay Magray was the forefather of Magray tribe. Magres accepted Islam at the hand of Syed Ali Hamdani in thirteenth Century. The first person who entered in Kashmir and settled there belonged to Magray tribe thus making Magray tribe, the founders of Kashmir. Magray tribe ruled over Kashmir for seven hundred years. They invited Mughals to enter Kashmir in order to end disturbances in the valley. However, subsequently Mughals were defeated and pushed back by the Magray tribe. Magray tribe is settled all over the world with majority in Kashmir Valley. In spite of being SARDARS of the time, people of Magray tribe felt proud to be called as MAGRAY.
1. Magray Village - District Bagh
2. Magray City - Kuttan, Neelum valley, Muzaffarabad
3. Magray Hills - Kanchikot, Rawalakot
4. Magray Abad - Rawalakot
5. Magray Gali - Lipa Valley, Muzaffarabad
6. Magray Abad - Attmaqam,Kel road,Neelum Valley
7. Magray Village - Motarin, khaigala, Rawalakot
8. Kharl Magrayan - District Bagh
9. Sardari Magrayan - Neelum Valley Muzaffarabad
10. Magray village marchkot - Abbaspur
11. Bandian Magray - Abbaspur
Magray is an ancient word, Magray means, "The Martials", "The Warriors", "Military and war like people". Magray is also spelled as Magrey, Magre and Magri, but the correct spelling is Magray. The plural of Magray is Magres.
All the historical books on Kashmir contain material on Magray tribe and their role in the history of Kashmir. Few of the historical Books are mentioned here for reference.
1. Magray in the Eyes of History - By Sajid Latif Magray
2. Magray A Warrior Kashmiri Tribe - By Abdul Qayyum
3. Valley of Kashmir - By Sir Walter Lirance
4. Imperial Gazettier of India - Govt of India
5. Tribes and Castes of Kashmir - By Muhammad Din Folk
6 .Castes and Tribes of Poonch - By Muhammad Din Folk
7. History of Kasmir - - By Khawaja Azamey
8. History of Kashmir - By Muhammad Hassan
9. History Kabeer Kashmir - By Haji M.Mohiudin
10.Raj Tarangi - By Pandit Kahlan
11. Tareekh-e-Kashmir - By Professors Nazir Ahmed Tashna
12. Kashmir in the Era of Muslim empires - By Ghulam Hassan Khoyami
13. Tareekh-e- Malkan - By Dr Sadiq Malik
14. Jalwa-e-Kashmir - By Dr Sabir Afaqi
15 Baharistan-e-Shahi - A Chronocle Mediaeval of Kashmir
16. Magray- The Martials and Warriors of Kashmir - By Sajiad Latif Magray
17. Tareekh-e-Kashmir,Islamia - By Dr Sabir Afaqi
18. Tareekh-e-Azmi - By M.Azam
19. Tribal geography of India Jamu and Kashmir - By M. Bashir Magray
20. A New History of India and Pakistan - By Quyyam Abdul


in the Rebellion of 1857
Highlanders Sikhs and Gurkhas in the Rebellion
The European threat recruiting and the development
Military influence and martial race discourse in British
the interimperial uses of a racially
life as a martial

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About the author (2004)

Heather Streets is Assistant Professor of British and British Imperial History at Washington State University.

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