Community Interventions and AIDS

Front Cover
Edison J. Trickett, Willo Pequegnat
Oxford University Press, Sep 1, 2005 - Psychology - 320 pages
As news headlines report staggering numbers of people infected with HIV or AIDS across the globe and as stereotypes of typical AIDS patients become less and less specific to particular sexual orientations and ethnic backgrounds, the AIDS pandemic shows little sign of relenting. AIDS crosses geopolitical and social barriers, and social and behavioral scientists are confronted with the new challenge of developing scientific inquiry and corresponding interventions around participatory, community-based, and community-focused methods. These interventions are increasingly targeting the contextual influences on individual behavior, such as peer groups, social networks and support systems, and community norms. Community-level interventions also draw on local resources and are respectful of sociocultural circumstances and traditions. This book articulates how the social and behavioral sciences can respond to HIV/AIDS. It is written for all who have a stake in AIDS research, stimulating discussion and debate about the natures of community research and intervention broadly across such disciplines as public health, community health education, urban planning, psychology, sociology, anthropology, and philosophy of science. The book proposes alternative perspectives on means of ascertaining knowledge about the HIV/AIDS pandemic and the inclusion of community collaboration in interventions.

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Contents

Implications for Conceptualization Implementation and Evaluation of Interventions
28
HIV Circulating Knowledges and Local Resistances
56
4 The State of the Art in Community HIV Prevention Interventions
88
Implications to Community Impact and Sustainability
105
Promise and Problems
130
7 The Hartford Model of AIDS PracticeResearch Collaboration
153
8 Sustainability in HIV Prevention Research
176
How Can HIV Prevention Scientists Play an Effective Role in Practice?
196
Theoretical and Methodological Considerations
222
Overcoming Inadequacies of the Randomized Controlled Trial Paradigm
249
12 Toward the Next Generation of AIDS Interventions With Community Impact
278
Index
287
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