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weekly, on Thursday. Imprint, " Newbern: Printed by James Davis, at the Printing-Office in Front-Street; where all persons may be supplied with this paper at Sixteen Shillings per Annum: And where Advertisements of a moderate length are inserted for Three Shillings the first Week, and Two Shillings for every week after. And where also Book-Binding is done reasonably."

This paper was published about six years, after which it was discontinued.

On the 27th of May, 1768, it again appeared, numbered one, and enlarged to a crown sheet, folio; the imprint, after the title, was: "Printed by James Davis, at the PostOffice in Newbern." The price of Advertisements, and the paper per annum, the same as in 1755. It was continued after the commencement of the war.


A newspaper was published in this place about the year 1764. I am not certain respecting the title of it, but if I recollect aright, it was

The Cape-Fear Gazette and Wilmington Advertiser.1

A small cut of the king's arms was in the title. This Gazette was printed on a sheet of pot, on pica and long primer types, by Andrew Steuart, who styled himself "Printer to the King's Most Excellent Majesty." It was discontinued before or during the year 1767.

1 Mr. Lossing says it was called the North Carolina Gazette and Weekly Post Boy; that the first number was printed in September, 1764.— M.

The Cape-Fear Mercury.

"Quod verum atque decens curo et rogo, et Omnis in bor Sum."

The Mercury was first published October 13, 1769.1 It was printed weekly, on Friday, on paper of crown size, with pica and long primer types. A cut of the king's arms was in the title. The imprint was long and singular, viz: "Boyd's Printing-Office in Wilmington, Cape-Fear, where this Paper may be had every Friday at the Rate of 16 s. a year, one half to be paid at the time of Subscribing, or at 8 s. every six months. Subscriptions for this Paper are taken in by Gentlemen in most of the adjacent Counties, and by A. Boyd, who has for sale sundry Pamphlets and Blanks; Also: Epsom and Glauber Salts by the lb. or larger quantity. N.B. Advertisements of a moderate Length will be inserted at 4 s. Entrance, and 1 s. a Week Continuance: Those of an immoderate Length to pay in proportion."

This paper was badly printed; and although destitute of system in the arrangement of its contents, it was, I believe, continued until 1775.

1 Lossing says, Oct. 1767.


The publication of a newspaper was not attempted in this colony till the year 1732.


The first newspaper published in the Carolinas, made its appearance in this city January 8, 1731-2, printed by Thomas Whitmarsh.' It bears the title of

The South-Carolina Gazette.

Containing the fresheft Advices, Foreign and Domestick.

"Omne tulit punctum, qui miscuit utile dulci.
Lectorem delectando, pariterque monendo.”


It was published on Saturdays, through that year, and, as circumstances required, on a sheet or half sheet of paper, pot size, but soon after was discontinued, on account of the sickness and death of its publisher. See Appendix M.

There is an indication that Eleazer Phillips, Jr., printed the first paper in Charleston. We learn from King's Newspaper Press of Charleston, that Phillips died in July, 1732, and that his father advertised nearly two years after, for settlement of debts due the former for six months subscriptions to the South Carolina Weekly Journal, a paper which is not named in any of the early records of the press, and of which no other trace can be found. It will be seen by reference to the first volume of this work, p. 340, that Phillips was the first printer in the colony.-M.

Imprint, "Charles-Town: Printed by T. Whitmarsh, at the Sign of the Table Clock on the Bay. Where Advertisements are taken in, and all Persons may be supplied with this Paper at Three Pounds' a Year.”

The South Carolina Gazette.

After the Gazette published by Whitmarsh had been discontinued some months, another paper with the same title was, in February 1734, begun by Lewis Timothy. This gained a permanency. It was published weekly, on Saturdays, printed on a half sheet of paper of pot size, but sometimes on a whole sheet, and often on a type as large as english, and at other times on long primer. Price 15s. currency, per quarter.

Timothy died about the year 1738, and the paper was continued by his widow for a short time, with the aid of her son. The son, in 1740, published it on his own account. His imprint was, " Charles-Town: Printed by Peter Timothy, in King-street, where Advertisements are taken in. Price 15s. a Quarter." Some years after, it was printed "in Broad-Street."

The size of this Gazette was enlarged from time to time, until the year 1760, when it was printed on a sheet of the size of medium, four columns in a page; and a cut of the king's arms was added to the title. The day of publication was changed to Monday; but it seldom made its appearance on that day. No mail was then established between the southern and northern colonies, and the Gazette depended on the arrival of vessels from distant ports for supplies of intelligence. The publisher often waited. several days for arrivals; but the Gazette dated Monday was always issued within the week.

'Equal to two dollars.

The publication was interrupted a few weeks in 1765, at the time the British stamp act was to take place. The Gazette had a large number of advertising customers; and it was ably conducted. It supported the cause of the country, and energetically opposed the measures of the British administration.

In 1772, this Gazette was printed by Thomas Powell, who continued it two or three years, at Timothy's printing house. Powell, during this time, accounted to Timothy, the proprietor, for a certain proportion of the proceeds.

About May, 1775, the Gazette was discontinued; but it was revived by Timothy in April, 1777, when the title was altered to The Gazette of the State of South-Carolina. Timothy conducted this paper until the city was about to be surrendered to the British in 1780, when it was again suspended, and the publisher became a prisoner of war.

After the restoration of the city, Timothy being dead, his widow, Anne Timothy, revived the Gazette, and from December, 1782, published it twice a week, on Monday and Thursday, until her death, which took place in 1792.

On the death of Anne Timothy, the Gazette was published by her son, Benjamin Franklin Timothy, who soon took a partner, and the Gazette appeared under the title of The South-Carolina State Gazette, and Timothy and Mason's Daily Advertiser. "Printed at the corner of Bay and Broad Streets." When the partnership of Timothy and Mason was dissolved, the Gazette was printed by B. F. Timothy until 1800. In that year the publication of it finally ceased. B. F. Timothy died in 1804.

[See Peter Timothy, 1, 342; Thomas Powell, 1, 345.]

'Peter Timothy Marchant, great grandson of Lewis Timothy, was in 1807 and 1808, one of the members of the house of Marchant, Willington & Co., editors of The Charleston Courier.

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