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The South-Carolina and American General Gazette.

This paper was first published in 1758, by Robert Wells. It was printed on a medium sheet, four columns in a page; the day assigned for the publication was Friday, but although so dated, it did not regularly appear, but was at times delayed several days; it was published, however, without intermission once in a week. It had a cut of the king's arms in the title; and, some time after its first publication, the following motto from Horace was adopted: “Nullius addictus jurare in verba magistri.” Imprint, Charlestown: Printed by R. Wells and G. Bruce, for Robert Wells, at the Great Stationery and Book-Store on the Bay.”

After this Gazette had been printed a few years by Wells and Bruce, the connection between them was dissolved, and Wells printed and published the paper in his own name, a short intermission excepted when the stamp act of 1765 was to have taken effect, until 1775. Wells being a royalist he went to England soon after the war commenced, and this Gazette was continued by his son John Wells until 1780, when the city fell into the possession of the British; on which event the paper was discontinued, and John printed a Royal Gazette. Very few original essays appeared in The South Carolina and American General Gazette; but while it was published by the senior Wells, the intelligence it contained was judiciously selected, and methodically arranged, and it had a large share of advertisements; for which reason it was often accompanied by an additional half sheet.

After the younger Wells became the editor, it supported the cause of the country until about the period when it was discontinued.

The South Carolina Gazette, and Country Journal.

Containing the freshest Advices, both Foreign and Domestick.

This paper was established in opposition to the British American stamp act, November, 1765, and was published without stamps about the time the act was to have taken effect. The title bore a cut of the king's arms. Tuesday was the day of publication, and it was printed on a sheet of demy, folio, from a new bourgeois type. It was often accompanied by a half sheet supplement. Imprint, “CharlesTown: Printed by Charles Crouch at his Office in EliottStreet, Corner of Gadsden’s Alley.”

The general opposition of the colonies to the stamp act induced the public to patronize this Gazette. It immediately gained a large list of respectable subscribers, and a full proportion of advertising customers.

Of the three newspapers printed at that time in Charlestown, this only appeared regularly, on the day it was dated. These papers were all entitled Gazettes, in order to secure certain advertisements, directed by law to be “inserted in the South Carolina Gazette."

Crouch published his Gazette till he died in 1775. His widow continued it a short time, but it finally ceased.

GEORGIA.

SAVANNAH.

:

The Georgia Gazette, Was first published on the 17th of April, 1763, printed on a new long primer type, on a foolscap sheet, folio, two columns in a page, and continued weekly, on Wednesday. Imprint, “Savannah: Printed by James Johnston, at the Printing-Office in Broughton-Street, where Advertisements, Letters of Intelligence, and Subscriptions for this Paper, are taken in.—Hand-Bills, Advertisements, &c., printed on the shortest Notice.” After a few years, it was enlarged and printed on a sheet of crown size.

The publication of this Gazette was for some time suspended, like that of several others on the continent, when the British American stamp act was to take place in 1765; but it was, at the end of seven months, revived. It reappeared in May, 1766 ; and, in September of that year, a cut of the king's arms was introduced into the title. It was again suspended for some time during the war. The Gazette was published twenty-seven years by Johnston, and continued by his successors. It was the first and only newspaper published in the colony, before the revolution.

NEW STATES, &c.

VERMONT.

In February, 1781, the first newspaper printed in Vermont was published at Westminster; it was entitled, The Vermont Gazette or Green Mountain Post-Boy. Motto

“ Pliant as Reeds, where streams of Freedom glide;

Firm as the Hills, to stem Oppression's Tide.

It was printed on a sheet of pot size, and published weekly, on Monday, by Judah Paddock Spooner and Timothy Green. Green resided in New London, and Spooner conducted the Gazette, which was continued only two or

three years.

In 1810 there were not less than fourteen newspapers in this state, which forty years before was an uncultivated wilderness.

After the establishment of peace, the settlement of the uncultivated country progressed with a rapidity unparalleled, perhaps, in history. The press seems to have followed the axe of the husbandman; forests were cleared, settlements made, new states were formed, and gazettes were published.

KENTUCKY.

A Gazette was first published in this state in September, 1786, by John Bradford, in Lexington. Another newspaper was soon after printed at Frankfort. Others speedily followed in various towns.

TENNESSEE.

In 1793, R. Roulstone, from Massachusetts, settled at Knoxville; and, in that year, first published The Knoxville Gazette.

OHIO.

Printing was introduced into this state at Cincinnati in 1795, by S. Freeman f Son; and they published a newspaper. A second newspaper was published at that place in 1799. Then a press was established at Marietta, from which was issued The Ohio Gazette ; and, there are now (1810), other newspapers published in the state ; particularly two or three at Chillicothe.

MISSISSIPPI TERRITORY.

A press has been established at Natchez, and a newspaper published.

1 The Ohio Patriot, a newspaper published in 1811, contains the following remark, “ The progress of population in the state of Ohio is truly astonishing. Large districts of country, extending hundreds of miles, over which one of the editors wandered thirteen years ago, amid the gloom of the groves, without viewing the human face divine,' except in the persons of his military companions, or the solitary Indian hunter, are now covered with populous towns, in several of which newspapers are published.”

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