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After living in Boston three or four years, he removed to Newport.

The chief of the printing done in Cambridge and Boston, previously to the year 1750, was for booksellers; printers did but little on their own account. Even the laws, acts, &c., of the government were printed for booksellers. The books printed during a century, in New England, were nearly all on religion, politics, or for the use of schools.

BOOKSELLERS' MEETING, 1724. The booksellers of Boston, in 1724, had a meeting for the purpose of augmenting the prices of sundry books; an addition to the prices was agreed on; but, I believe not generally adopted.

CAMBRIDGE, MASSACHUSETTS. 1641. HENRY DUNSTER, the first president of Harvard college, sold such books as were sent from England by Joseph Glover.

1650. SAMUEL GREEN, the second printer at Cambridge, sold school books, versions of the Psalms, and some other religious works, principally such as were printed at his press.

CHARLESTOWN, MASSACHUSETTS. 1715. ELEAZAR PHILLIPS, removed from Boston to that place. He was a dealer in books, which were printed in New England.


NEWBURYPORT. 1760. BULKELEY EMERSON, was a binder, and sold a few books. He was the only one of the trade who did business in that place before 1775. The office of post master was held by him many years.


1686. John Dunton, opened a store, and sold a quantity of books which he brought from London. He returned to England.

1761. MASCOL WILLIAMS, was a binder, and traded principally in school books, and stationery. He was postmaster.

These are all the booksellers who lived in Massachusetts previous to the war, or at least they are all concerning whom I have been able to make any discoveries.

PORTSMOUTH, NEW HAMPSHIRE. 1716. ELEAZAR RUSSELL, sold books, principally such as were used in schools.

The laws of New Hampshire were printed in Boston, anno 1716, “ for Eleazar Russell at his shop in Portsmouth.” He died in May, 1764, aged seventy-three years.

1757. DANIEL FOWLE, kept a very small stock of books for sale, but never paid much attention to bookselling.

Before the revolution there was not a bookstore of any note in New Hampshire.

1770. WILLIAM APPLETON, served his apprenticeship in Boston, and sold books in common use. He died a few years after he settled in Portsmouth.

NEW HAVEN, CONNECTICUT. 1743. J. POMEROY, bookseller, and postmaster.

1749. SAMUEL Cook, imported and sold some English books, but did not continue long in business.

1756. JAMES PARKER & Co., printers, dealt, in a small way, in books and stationery.

1759. JOHN HOTCHKISS, sold merchandise of various kinds; and dealt somewhat largely in books, supplies of which he received from New York.

1763. BENEDICT ARNOLD. well known afterwards as a major general in the American army, and as deserting the cause of his country, combined the bookselling business with that of a druggist, and was in the trade from 1763 to about 1767; he imported books from England.

1768. JAMES Lockwood, dealt largely in books until about the year 1775.

1768. Isaac BEERS. A respectable bookseller. He died in August, 1813.

HARTFORD. 1726. Solomon Smith, was a bookseller and druggist from 1763 to about 1775.

NEWPORT, RHODE ISLAND. 1760. C. CAMPBELL, bookseller and postmaster.

PROVIDENCE, RHODE ISLAND. 1762. ANDREW OLIPHANT, a Scotchman of good education. He was an acquaintance of the poet Thomson, author of The Seasons. He resided but a few years in Providence and then removed to South Carolina.


1743. CATHARINE ZENGER, sold pamphlets and some articles of stationery.

1747. ROBERT CROMMELIN, "near the Meal-Market;" he was from Scotland, and became a dealer in books, and in English and Scotch goods.

HUGH GAINE, “at the Bible and Crown in HanoverSquare.” IIe was from Ireland, where he had been brought up a printer. IIe came to New York about 1745, and worked as a journeyman about six years in Parker's printing house; first, at Is. currency (one dollar and an eighth) per week, and found himself; and afterwards he had a small allowance for board. His economy was such that from these wages he contrived to lay up money; having accumulated the sum of seventy-five pounds, he found a friend who imported for him a press and a few types, the cost of which exceeded the sum he had saved about one hundred dollars. With these materials he opened a printing house, and by persevering industry and economy was soon enabled to discharge the debt he had contracted for his press and types, and to open a book store. Eventually he acquired a large fortune.

1761. GARRAT NOEL, “near the Meal Market," afterwards " next door to the Merchant's Coffee-House." He was a publisher, and dealt largely, for a bookseller of that time, in imported books and stationery. After he had been in business a number of years, Ebenezer Hazard became his partner, under the firm of Noel & Hazard.

1761. Rivington & Brown, “ Hanover-Square.” After a lapse of several years this partnership was dissolved, and the business was continued by

JAMES RIVINGTON, who dealt largely in books and stationery. He commenced printing in 1773.

1765. Join HOLT, “Broad-Street, near the Exchange;"> his principal business was printing, but he sold books seve


ral years.

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1768. NICHOLAS Bogart, “near Oswego-Market,” sold

BOGART Dutch books, and published a Dutch version of the Psalms, &c.

1759. ROBERT MACALPINE, “book-binder, in Beaver Street;" he also sold books.

1772. NOEL & HAZARD. Garrat Noel entered into partnership with Ebenezer Hazard; they dealt largely in books and stationery.

1773. SAMUEL Loudon, “at his shop on Hunter's-Quay," was not brought up to bookselling ; but about this time he commenced the business, and afterwards that of printing.

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1774. VALENTINE NUTTER, “ opposite the Coffee-House Bridge,” bookbinder and bookseller.

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PHILADELPHIA. 1692. WILLIAM BRADFORD, sold pamphlets and other small articles.

1718. ANDREW BRADFORD,“ sign of the Bible, in SecondStreet.” He was also a printer and binder.

1718. John COPson, bookseller, but dealt chiefly in other goods; he was concerned with Andrew Bradford in the first newspaper which was published in Pennsylvania.

1729. BENJAMIN FRANKLIN, “in Market-Street.” He likewise was a printer and binder.

1741. ALEXANDER ANNARD, “ in Second Street, near the Church."

1742. WILLIAM BRADFORD, the younger, “in SecondStreet."

1742. John BARKLEY“ at the Sign of the Bible in SecondStreet; from Great Britain."

1742. JAMES REED, “next door to the Post-Office, in Market-Street."

1742. JOSEPII GOODWIN,“ in Second Street, near BlackHorse Alley.” He afterwards, removed into Blackhorse alley. Goodwin was from England, and was a bookseller, binder, and stationer. It appears that he was a considerable dealer.

1743. STEPHEN POTTS. “at the Bible and Crown, in Front-Street."

1743. J. SCHUPPEY, " at the Sign of the Book in Strawberry-Alley;" he was a binder, and sold a few books. It is probable that he was a German.

1743. CORNELIA BRADFORD, “ in Second-Street.”

1748. DAVID HALL, "in Market-Street.” He was a printer, and the partner of Franklin; he dealt largely in books and stationery.

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