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JOHN USHER, Bookseller. Thomas 1672. Should be 1669. Example — God's Call to His People to Turn to Him, in 11 Sermons at two Publick Fasting Dayes by John Davenport. 4to. Cambridge printed by S. G. and M. J. for John Usher of Boston MDCLXIX.

John RATCLIFFE, Bookseller. A good example of his publications is a very rare book of which I do not trace any copy: A Poem, Dedicated to the Memory of the Reverend and Eccellent Urian Oakes, late Pastor to Christ's Flock, and Praesident of Harvard College in Cambridge ; fc., gc., fc. 4to. Boston in New England. Printed for John Ratcliff, 1682. Title, To the reader, 2 pages. pp. 1-16. (By Cotton Mather,) a juvenile production, and not in any list of his publications.

BENJAMIN HARRIS, Bookseller. Thomas 1690. He printed . in 1689 Massachusetts Charter. N. B.: This is the first

document in Hutchinson's volume of " Original Papers,” and of which he says in a foot note that it never had been printed

OBADIAH GILL, Bookseller. Thomas 1690. Should be 1685. Example – An Elegy on the Much-to-be-deplored Death of that Never-to-be-forgotten Person, the Reverend Dr. Nathaniel Collins, who after he had been many years a faithful Pastor to the Church at Middletown of Connecticut in New England, about the Forty-third year of his Age expired on 28th 10th month, 1684. (Texts fe.) Boston in New England. Printed by Richard

Pierce for Obadiah Gill Anno Christi 1685.—16mo. (Title, to the reader, 2 pages. pp. 20.) (By Cotton Mather) another juvenile production, not in any list of his publications.

Among Printers some mention ought to be made of GREGORY DESTER, who joined Roger Williams in Rhode Island. IIe had been a printer in London but never had an opportunity to exercise his craft in this country, but was in other respects a prominent man in that colony. Ile was the printer of the original edition of Roger Williams's Key into the Language of America. London. Printed

by Gregory Dexter, 1643. He probably printed also The Bloody Tenent. London, 1644.

PRINTING IN MARYLAND. Thomas says, first at Annapolis, by Green, about 1726. Should be 1700. Example. The Necessity of an Early Religion, being a Sermon Preached the 5th of May before the Honorable Assembly of Maryland by Thomas Bray, D. D. Annapolis, Printed by order of the Assembly by Tho: Reading for Evan Jones, bookseller, anno Domini 1700. Title, pp. 1-20. Also The Power of the Gospel in the Conversion of Sinners, in a Sermon Preach'd at Annapolis, in Maryland, by George Keith M. A. July the 4th. Printed and are to be sold by Thomas Reading, at the Sign of the George. Anno Domini MDCCIII. (pp. 19.)”


We add from the Boston Evening Post of Aug. 14, 1749, the name of OBADIAH Cookson, who, in 1749, was “at the Cross Pistols, in Fish Street, Boston.” He sold a few books, and many other articles.-H.



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The date of the newspaper mentioned in the note on page 4 (viz. Nov. 3d to Dec 30, 1640), is the earliest date of the Thomason Collection in the British Museum, of publications made during the period of the English commonwealth. These range from Nov. 3, 1640, to May, 1661. Besides the Perfect Occurrences of Every daies iournal in Parliament, we have a memorandum of another


with the title of Diurnal Occurrences in Parliament, the dates of which are given thus, “ from 3d Nov. 1640 to 3d Nov. 1641.”

“ The same from 22d Nov. 1641 to 28th March, 1642.” “ The same, to 17th Oct. 1642.”

“ The same, ending March 10th, 1618." In 1642 there was A Diurnal of Dangers.

The first daily newspaper published was supposed to be the Daily Courant, issued in London, England, on the 11th of March, 1702, soon after the accession of Queen Anne. A recent contributor to the London Times asserts that there had been an English daily journal forty-two years before that time. That in 1660, on the 8th, 9th and 10th of March, appeared three numbers of A Perfect Diurnal.

The title “ Diurnal,” or “ Perfect Diurnal,” did not necessarily imply a daily publication. The Perfect Occurrences of Every Day's Journal was printed at first once a month, and afterwards weekly. The Diary or Exact Journal was a weekly paper, notwithstanding its name.

The small newspapers of that day were numerous, and apparently there was much rivalry among them. The titles were often quite

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similar, and perhaps sometimes indicate the same paper at different periods. Mercuries were most common, with the addition of a distinctive appellation. Thus, in 1643, there were Mercurius Rusticus, Mercurius Civicus, Mercurius Aulicus, Wednesday's Mercury, Mercurius Britannicus, The Welsh Mercury, Mercurius CambroBritannus; in 1644, Mercurius Civicus, The Court Mercury, &c.; in 1645, Mercurius Veridicus, Mercurius Americanus (perhaps but one number) Mercurius Academicus ; in 1646 Mercurius Candidus, Mercurius Diutinus ; in 1647, Mercurius Populus, Mercurius AntiPragmaticus, Mercurius Elencticus, Mercurius Rusticus, Mercurius Melancholicus, Mercurius Bellicus, Mercurius Dogmaticus, Mercurius Pragmaticus, &c.

Other titles were: The Kingdom's Weekly Intelligencer, The Parliamentary Scout, The True Informer, The Compleat Intelligencer, Informator Rusticus, The Kingdom's Weekly Post, The Weekly Account, The Scottish Dove, The Spie, all of 1643; The Perfect Occurrences, The Spie from Oxford, A True and Perfect Journal, News from beyond Seas, The Flying Post, The London Post, The Country Foot Post, The Country Messenger, all of 1644. The Moderate Intelligencer, A Diary or Exact Journal (weekly), The Parliament's Post, The Exchange Intelligencer, The City Scout, The Kingdom's Scout, The City's Weekly Post, The Phoenix of Europe, Perfect Occurrences of Parliament, Perfect Passages of Each Dayes Proceedings in Parliament, all of 1645. There were also, Perfect Occurrences of Every Daie iournal in Parliament and other Moderate Intelligence, A Tuesday's Journall of Perfect Passages in Parliament, The Faithfull Post, &c. &c. Private memoranda.-H.

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