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and Impartiality of what He relates, may be believ'd not to have made any wilful mistakes.

However, all things of this Nature must be submitted, as this is, with great deference to the judgement of the equal Reader; who will meet, in his progress through this work, with many passages, that, he will judge, may disoblige the Posterity of even well meaning Men in those days ; much more then of such as were crafty, cunning, and wicked enough to design the mischiefs that ensued: But he shall meet with none of Malice, nor any but such as the Author, upon his best information, took to be Impartially true. He could not be ignorant of the Rules of a good Hiftorian ( which, Cicero Jays, are such foundations, that they are known to every body) That he should Not dare to speak any Falsehood; and should dare to speak any Truth. And we doubt not, but through the whole progress of this History, he will be found to have given no occasion of suspečting his writings guilty of partial favour, or unjult enmity; and we hope, that the representing the Truth, without any mixture of private Pallion or Animosity, will be so far from giving offence to any Ingenuous Man of this time, that it will be received rather as an Infruction to the present Age, than a Reproach upon the last.

Moreover, the Tenderness that might seem due, out of Charity, good Manners, and good Nature, to our Country, Men, our Neighbours, or our Relations, bath been indulged a long space of time ; and might possibly be abused, if it should not give way, at last, to the usefulness of making this work publick, in an Age, when so many Memoirs, Narratives, and

pieces of History come out, as it were on purpose to justify the taking up of Armes against that King, and to blacken, revile, and ridicule the Jacred Majesty of an Anointed

head in difress; and when so much of the Sense of Religion to God, and of Allegiance and Duty to the Crown, is so defaced, that it is already, within a little more than fifty Tears since the Murther committed on that Pious Prince, by some Men made a Mystery to judge , on whose fide was


the Right, and on which the Rebellion is to be charged.

We hope therefore it will be judged neceßary as well "as useful, that an impartial Account of the most material Passages of those unhappy times foould at last come out'; and that We shall have the general Approbation, for baving contributed thus far to Awaken Men to that Honesty, Justice, Loyalty, and Piety, which formerly English Men have been valuable for, and without rehich it is impallible any Government, Discipline, or Autbority can be long maintain'd.

There is no doubt, but this good King had some Infirmities, and Imperfections; and might thereby be misled into foine mistakes in Government, which the Nation, in Parliament represented, might have reformed by moderate and peaceful Counsels. But the Reformation loft it's Name, and it's Nature too, when so many Ait's passed by him in Parliament, that did restrain the Prerogative of the Crown from doing the Mischiefs it bad been taxed with, had not the effe&t they ought to have met with, of restraining the People too from farther demands ; and when the inordinate Ambition, Anger, and Revenge of fome of the great Leaders could not be limited within any Bounds, iill they had involv'd the Nation in Blood, destroyed many Thousands of their own Country Men, and fellow Cițizens, and brought at last their own Soveraign to lose his Head on a Scaffold, under a pretended forin of an High Court of Justice, unprecedented from the beginning of the World; and, to Finish their work, bad overthrowon all tbe Laws of their own Country, in the Defence of which, they would have had it thought, tbey bad been oblig'd to draw their Swords.

Without question, every body that fhall duly consider the whole Account of these Transactions, will be able to impute mistakes, miscarriages, and faults enough to both Sides: And we shall leave ihen to their own sedate and composed Reflections. But We cannot omit making this one Observation, that where any King by ill Judgiment, or ill Fortune, of his own, or Those entrusted by him in the chief Administration of his Government, bappens to

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fall into an Interest contrary to that of his people, and will pursue that mistake, that Prince must bave Terrible Confiets in the course of his Reign, which way foever the Controversy ends : On the other hand, that people, whe, though Invaded and Oppressed in their just Rights and Liberties, shall not rejt fatisfied with reasonable Reparations and Securities, but, having got Power into their bands, will make unjustifiable Use of it, to the utter Subversion of that Government they are bound in Duty and Allegiance to Support, do but at luft make Rods fór their own Backs, and very often bring upon themselves, from other hands, a more severe Bondage than that they bad shook off

To demonstrate this General Observation, let it be con. fiderd in particular, what was the Advantage this poor Nation gaind from all the Victories obtain'd over King Charles in the Field, and, afterwards, in the Imprisoning, and Prosecuting him to Death: What amends did it make for the Infringement and Prejudice, they complain'd of, in their Rights and Liberties, to set up the Protector Cromwell, who, under a Thoufand Artifices and Cruelties, intended no other Reformation, but, instead of Whips, to chastife the poor People with Scorpions; and, instead of their Idol Common-wealth, which forne had vainly imagin'd to Themselves, to make himself that very hated thing, a King, which had been so abominable in his own Sight? And after him, what did all the other several sorts of Government, set up fometimes to gratify the Ambition of one Party, and sometimes of Another, end in, but so many several ways of Oppreffion; which, after many years Spent in Exhausting the Blood and Treasure of their Country, at length made way for the happy Restoration of the Son, and Family of that King (whom they had jo Barbarously brought to an untimely End) with the utmost Scorn, and Derision of all that pretended to Rule in His stead?

Here We might descend into Particulars, to make out. the other part of our Obfervation, by giving instances, how some of our own King's have, unhappily, been led

into very dangerous mistakes in their Government; and how many Tears have pased almost in one perpetual Strife, and unfortunate Contention between the Prince and the People, in Points of the highest consequence; and especially those which have brought the Prince, Sometimes, under the disadvantageous suspicion of being inclined to the love of Arbitrary Power, and favouring the Popish Religion; than which the most mortal Enemies to the Crown of England cannot possibly contrive, or wish, more miserable circuinstances for it to be involv'd in. But We are rather desirous to draw a Veil over all the Calamities, that have proceeded from this Cause; as well because the impressions those mistakes have made, and the marks they have left behind them, will not easily be worn out ; as that it might look like insulting over Their Misfortunes, who have been the Chief Losers by them; which We have, in no kind, the Inclination, or the Heart to do: Neither would we be thought to give Countenance, by what We write, to the Opinions of those, who would Justify the Rising up in Armes of Subjects, to do themselves Right in any Controversy between them and their King

Non hæc in fædera

The Nature of our excellent Government bath provided, in the Constitution of it, other remedies, in a Parkamentary way; wherein both the Prerogative of the Crown, and the Rights of the People may be better secured. And besides, We know 10 whom Vengeance peculiarly belongs, and that He who challenges that Power 10 Himself, will not suffer it to be Communicated to any orber.

But We should think our felves very fortunate, if, in the Reflections we have been making on this Subject, We have represented the Truth, on both Sides, with that Fairness and Impartiality, in the perplexed condition of our Own Affairs, that all Princes may see and judge, that it can never turn to their Advantage, to be in an Interest contrary to that of their People, nor to give their


Subje&t's unreasonable Provocations. For (as in other Cafes, where the Laws both of God and Man are too often broken, though very striet and positive, lo in this point too) the People may not always be restrain d from attempting by force to do themselves Right, ihough they Ought not.

And we hope no less, that the People will be convinced, that it were wiser and better for them, to obtain the Redress of their Grievances by such ways, as the Ancient Laws of this Kingdom bave provided : and that the Constitution of King, Lords, and Commons, is the bap. piest Composition of Government in the World; and jo suited to the Nature of English Men generally, that though it be expelled for a Time, yet it will return.

We would therefore heartily wish both for Prince and People, if either of them should be guilty of any irregular Deviations from their own Channels, that they who are injured would content themselves with gentle Applications, and moderate Remedies, left the last error be worse than the first: And above all

, that whosoever may bave a thought of Ruling in this Land, may be throughly convinced in his own judgement, that it is a Crown of Briers and Thorns that must be set on his Head, without he can satisfy all reasonable Men, that it is his fixed Principle and Resolution, inviolably to defend our Religion, and preserve our Laws.

Upon the whole matter, We have often wonder'd, and. reft fill amazed, that any Prince should care to Govern a People against their Nature, their Inclinations, and their Laws. What Glory can it be to a Prince of a great Spirit, to subdue, and break the Hearts of his own Subjects, with whom he should live properly as a Shepberd with his Flock? If two Lovers, who should pass their time in renewing, repeating, and returning all the Offices of Friendship, Kindness, Tenderness, and Love, were, instead

of that, unluckily contriving always to Cross, Oppose, and Torment one another, what could be the effect of such a Conversation, but Vexation and Anguilla in the beginning, a foori livéd Correspondense, and Hatred, and Contempt in the conclusion

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