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have it in common, that they are alto- barous nations of Asia in his time, if gether greedy of gain, and to that end he had sought them. Excellent ! risk both life and virtue. It is among Even the noble stiffness of the style their singularities, that they are excited denotes that this fragment is only a to astonishment or laughter, if one works translation. Meantime, I do not befor another without a remuneration, or lieve in its authenticity. We have sacrifices his property (or goods) to the nothing of Pythias, to my knowledge, commonwealth. They talk a great deal of noble sentiments and magnanimous
but-" conduct, but these are only manifested,
Olivier interrupted me with peals of without being derided, on the stage. But laughter and exclaimed, “Oh child of the inhabitants of Thule quite resemble the eighteenth century, who always the actors, and they have great dexterity gropest about the shell of a thing and in the art of making anything appear forgettest the kernel, who always hast other than it is. No one speaks freely to to do with the appearance and not with another what he thinks. For that reason, the essence, dost thou not see and hear they call the knowledge of men, the most that thou art thyself a citizen of Thule? difficult art, and prudence, the highest What! Asia ? No,-a wise man of wisdom.
ancient Greece would have spoken thus “Meanwhile, they cannot conceal them- of us Europeans, if he could have seen selves so that their knavery or awkward
us in his day!" ness shall not be detected. For while they live in perpetual contradiction to hu- didst not suffer me to finish. I will
* Thou art right, Olivier; but thou man reason, teaching one thing and doing still add, that there is in this fragment another, feeling one thing and saying another, and often choosing the mosi re- the manner of the Lettres Persannes, pugnant means for the accomplishment of The account relates to us. Its exquis. their ends, their unskillulness is made ite truth cannot be mistaken." manifest. In order to encourage agricul “I grant thee but half, thou judge of ture, they burden the farmer with the men. Not so; dost thou consider the heaviest taxes and the greatest neglect; art of the author, whether he has hit to stimulate intercourse and trade, they the truth? Or thinkest thou that the institute innumerable custom-houses and truth has struck thee?" prohibitions; that they may furnish and 6 Both! but thou said'st before that improve fallible men, they shut them up it made a painful impression on thee; together in a public prison, where they thou didst lie with this book in the reciprocally poison each other with vices shade of a maple. Tell more !" still worse, and from which they return accomplished rogues to the society of
“Well, there lay I. When I had men; to cherish the healths of their bo- read the fragment, I threw the book dies, they subvert the order of life; some from me, reclined my head back upon are awake during the night, and others the grass, stared up into the dark blue sleep away the day; others destroy the of the eternal heavens—up into the deep energy of their bodies by hot drinks and of the shoreless universe, and thought spices, which they buy in large announts of God, the all-perfect-all imbued in the Indies, so that hardly a poor house with Love and Glory-of the eternity hold is to be found which satisfies itself of my being; and in this moment of with the products of its own fields or elevated conception, understood much flocks, without adding the drinks of Ara- better many words of Christ—of him bia, the spices of the Indies, and the fishes the Revealer of the divine relations of of the most distant seas."
our spirit. “In my father's house there are many mansions,' or, unless you become as liule children,' &c. •Whoever will be my disciple, let him deny the foolishness of this world, and take up my cross willingly.' And I never
saw the divinity of Christ more clearly Here Olivier finished reading. He than then. I thought of the degenelooked towards me with inquisitive racy of men, who from century to ceneyes.
tury have wandered further from the Laughing, I said, “One must grant, truth, simplicity, and happiness of Nathe tone of it is well kept up. Doubt- ture, to a brutal, sensual, foolish and less, one of the old wise men of Greece painful life. I flew back in thought would have spoken just so of the bar. to the dawn of time, to the earliest
THE EFFECT OF THE FRAGMENT OF
people, to the simple wisdom of the I remembered my determination. I lofty ancients. I sighed, the tears saw the perilousness of my daring. I came into my eyes. I was again in wavered. Still I was compelled to my fancy a child of God. Wherefore acknowledge the truth of my yestercan I not feel truly, think truly, speak day's conviction. "Whoever would truly, act truly, as did Jesus Christ? be my disciple, must forsake all,' &c. Can I not break the chains of custom? I thought over my domestic and pubWhat but stupid timidity hinders me lic relations. The rich young man in from being a reasonable godly man, the gospel, who seemed sorrowful at among delirious and perverse barba- the words of Christ, occurred to me. rians ? I said this. In my imagina- Then I asked myself again, 'Hast tion I was one already. I closed my thou courage ?' And with a louder eyes. I felt an unspeakable happiness voice answered, “I will have it.' And in being free from the tormenting sen so I determined from that hour to live suality of the world, again to be recon- rationally, in the least, as well as in ciled, and at one with God, Nature, the the greatest things. The first step Universe, and Eternity. So I lay a taken, the scorn of the world is not long while; then, as I opened my eyes, thought of, and each subsequent step the sun had gone down, and the glow becomes easier." of evening suffused and gilded all “I tremble for thee, thou noble enthings."
thusiast,” cried I, grasping his hand; “I recognize this holy state," ex “but wilt thou not tell me the issue of claimed the Baroness.
thy daring ?" “ Then I rose up in order to return “Wherefore not? But such things to the city," continued Olivier; “I dis- must take place in the open air, under covered my uniform-it went through the broad sky, beneath the trees, in sight me like a flash. Loathsome lay the of the wide waving sea,” said Olivier; world in all its foolishness, in all its “for, dear Norbert, in a room, between nonsense before me; never had I seen walls and partitions, many things seem more clearly than in that moment, the rational, which, in open Nature, where frightful departure of mankind from the soul loses itself in the broad pure the Eternal, the True, and the Holy. all, appear quite fanciful and dreamI perceived how Socrates, had he lived like. “And we find outdoors, in the at this day, would once more have been presence of God's creation, where the obliged to drink the poisoned cup; that Eternal and the True stand for ever, Christ would have found in every city that many things are perfectly right, another Jerusalem-would have been which, beiween the walls of a dwellingled to the cross by Christian sects un- house full of conventionalities, or withanimously, and would have been con- in the walls of a philosophical lecturedemned by princes as an Enemy to the room, an audience-chamber, a dancing good old ways, as a Seducer of the saloon, or a gorgeous parlour, appear people, as an Enthusiast. I shudder as an extravagant silliness, an enthued. Then I asked myself on the way, siasm, or idiotcy. Come, then, into *Hast thou courage ? A firm reso- the open air !" lution seized me. I answered with a He took me by the arm. The Baloud voice, I have courage. It shall roness went to her children. Olivier be. I will live rationally, come what led me through the garden to a little
hill, where we reclined in the shadow “The next morning, after I had a brac- of a wall. Above us, in the broad ating sleep, and quite forgotten all that mosphere, swung the tender branches I had thought of the previous evening, of the birch : below us rolled the sparkthis book again came under my eyes. ling waves of the eternal ocean.
(To be concluded in our next.)
Is a remarkable and interesting man; temper, and kindliness, he exhibits a and however little he may be appreci- certain innocent simplicity of character, ated or understood by those who will and a fervor of faith in abstract convicnot approach him within reach of sym- tions, which can rarely fail to awaken pathy or comprehension, his name is in a high degree the confidence, inwell worthy the notice we are glad of terest, and esteem of those who are an opportunity here to bestow upon it. brought into any intimacy of inter
He is now somewhat extensively course with him. Looking abroad known, as the leading advocate in this with a far ranging eye, and a heart country of the doctrine or system of of large and loving sympathy, over the FOURIER, which proposes a re-organiza- boundless expanse of suffering and tion of society, on principles assumed wrong which may be said to constitute to be sufficient to add pleasure and the present life of the human race on dignity to every species of industry; to the earth, he is thoroughly imbued secure abundance, happiness, and har- with the conviction that all this need mony to the entire mass of the human not be—ought not to be—was not derace; to banish at least nine-tenths of signed by God for ever to be,—and that all the wretchedness, degradation, and the new philosophy of “ Association crime, which now everywhere afflict and Attractive Industry," as taught by the earth; and to bring forth out of the Fourier, contains a full and perfect unfathomed capabilities of the moral, remedy for it all,--if men could but be mental, and physical nature of man, a brought to open their ears to listen to full realization of its highest possibility it, their minds to understand it, and for goodness and greatness, and the their hearts to sympathize in it. Thus full development of the destiny for believing, thus feeling, it will not exwhich it was adapted and designed, by cite the surprise of any whose characa Creator, all-loving, all-powerful, and ters are not yet wholly petritied by the all-wise.
selfishness which seerns the very esWe thus state in broad general terms sence of our present system of civilisathe scope and the hope of Fourierism, tion, that he should be animated with that the reader may understand the a deep, intense, and all-absorbing ennature and the force of that peculiar thusiasm in behalf of this doctrine and enthusiasm by which Mr. Brisbane is cause. His whole life is devoted to it, characterized in a degree superior to with an untiring industry, an unflagging any individual we have ever encoun- ardor, rarely indeed accorded to any tered,-a degree which constantly leads pursuit of mere abstract truth and dissome of his friends who have no faith interested philanthropy. In moderate nor interest in his views, to impute to circumstances, though beyond the nehim an amiable, while highly intellec- cessity of labor for bread, he scorns tual insanity. He is yet a young man, with a generous contempt to waste a about thirty-two years old, and a na- thought, or to raise a finger, for the tive of Batavia, in the State of New prosecution of any form of business York; though the greater part of his which, for the acquisition of a selfish life, since the attainment of manhood, individual wealth, should divide his has been spent, either in studies at the time or talents with his present higher European universities and capitals, or and holier mission of usefulness to his in travel over almost every portion of kind, as he regards it. To thi his that continent, including Turkey, from whole life is devoted, his every thought, which his rambles extended also into act-we had almost said his every Asia Minor. He is a well and highly word-seeming to have some reference, educated man, of active and vigorous more or less direct, to its leading ideas, mind, with a keen analytical vision, and to his great end and aim, that of and a large power of generalization. propagating them as widely and estabWith a great deal of candor, good fishing them as firmly in the minds of
men, as it may be possible to him within trine to which he is thus devoted, we his allotted reach of ability and span of have nothing to say-having never yet time. Yet if thus possessed with all the bestowed upon its deeper metaphysics zeal and singleness of purpose of a fa- that consideration necessary to the naticism, he is singularly free from its formation of a judgment on a problem fierceness, and even from its intoler at the same time so vast and so varied. ance. It is true that, though rather a We have, indeed, not a few points of modest and self-distrustful man, he yet opinion in common with it, and look looks down, from the assumed elevation upon its discussion and its progress of his truth and his cause, with a with an interest proportioned to the contempt the most ineffable on all the magnitude of the existing Evil it aims minor questions, as he regards them, to overthrow, and of the possible Good which for ever divide and convulse so- it professes to be able to erect in its ciety, in all its struggles of politics, stead. We have, therefore, cheerfully, religion, and philosophy. But whether in some former Numbers, opened the it proceeds from the native tendency of pages of this Review to Mr. Brisbane, a good and kindly heart, or from that io enable him to lay before its readers, habit of mind favored by his own per- over his own name, and on his own petual preaching, which teaches him to responsibility, such an exposition as ascribe all that is wrong in the charac- those limits would permit of his theory ters and conduct of men chiefly to the and object.* For many, these articles organization of their present society, have probably had but little attraction. certain the result is, whether from the Others, however, we doubt not, wheone cause or the other, that he is usually ther convinced or not by his pleading found tolerant and patient of dissent, for his cause, will have looked upon it and even of antipathy, to a degree rarely with some interest, as being at least met with, even in men of less intense one of the most imposing of the maniconvictions and less fervent feeling. festations of the very evident tendency Fully conscious, moreover, that he is of the age towards a social reconstruclooked upon, by all the cold and care- tion, on the basis of the idea of volunless common sense" of society, as a tary Association. Those manifestavisionary more than half insane in tions are to be seen by the observant the “ fond folly” of his philanthropy, eye in many directions, and in many though he feels this at times oppres- aspects. How many projects of this sively, and even sadly, yet he never kind do we not see brought forward, suffers it either to dim his own faith, with a most earnest confidence on the to dampen his ardor, or to discourage part of their advocates,-how many do his labors, instant in season and out of we not see applied to practice, on season, and through every mode and limited scales, indeed, and often in channel of action he can find. Now, right combination with false principles, neor wrong, there is in all this a moral cessarily fatal to success; yet still genbravery, fortitude, and faith, which are erally attended with a partial success, noble in themselves, and which are affording great encouragement to perentitled in a high degree to respect and severance, at the same time that it sympathy. Of the truth of the doc- remains easy to refer their respective
It is proper to state that Mr. Brisbane prepared a fish article, designed as a conclusion to the series already published. This article, in accordance with an intimation given in the former ones, contained a detailed practical statement of the organization of one of the proposed Associations. But the former articles having been contained within the Tenth Volume, which closed with our June Number-and the fifth one, here referred to as having been prepared, being of very inconvenient length, it has been thought proper not to insert it, the conclusion of a past series, in the new volume, which commenced in July with a general change of typographical style and arrangements. Its insertion was, therefore, declined, with the assent of the author -in justice to whom this explanation of its non-appearance is due. Mr. Brisbane has announced in the papers his intention to issue shortly a semi-monthly Magazine, specially devoted to this subject, in which the article in question will, of course, find a place; and in which it shall be sent to any of the subscribers to the Democratic Review who, having read the former ones, may signify a desire to receive it.
degrees of failure to those defects of importance to the idea of distinct indiorganization, which thus become use- vidual property and acquisition. It ful warnings for avoidance in future avows iis reverence for the marriage still progressive experiments. The tie, and for all the precious charities mind of ihe age, dissatisfied with the and sanctities of the domestic relapresent results of all its boasted civilis- tions; and claims to be protective, ation, seems to be groping anxiously rather than destructive, of the allforward in this direction. Fourierism essential principle of the complete is one of these gropings,-whether it freedom and development of the indihas, as it claims, found and seized the vidual man. And at the same time that true clue which is to guide society up- it comes as a gospel of proffered temward again out of the present labyrin- poral salvation and moral ameliorathine gloom and perplexity, to the light tion to the poor, it addresses itself and air of freedom and happiness, it is equally to the rich, with words of innot for us, it is not for any, yet to pro- vitation to a state of improved wellnounce. It is making a remarkable being, physical and moral, which it progress in the
favor of public opinion declares to be totally inaccessible, even in France and England, as well as in with all their outward advantages, in this country; and we are assured that the present false and discordant state it numbers among the converts it ac- of society. Such are its pretensions. quires many entitled to high respect How well they may be founded, can in every point of view, both of intelli- only be judged by those who may have gence, education, and social position. made themselves fully masters of its Preparations are already far advanced philosophy,-how well they may be for a practical experiment of it, under verified in practice, can only be known the auspices of a gentleman of great by the result of experiments yet to be wealth in France, Arthur Young (a tested. But it has a right, meanwhile, grandson of Arthur Young the agricul- at least to fair play, and a candid hearturist), who has purchased for the pur- ing,—and such advocates of it as the pose a large estate and spacious man- gentleman whose name is prefixed to sion, called Citeaux, the ancient prince these remarks are eminently entitled ly residence of the Abbés of Citeaux, to personal respect and sympathy. It built in 1772, by the architect Lenoir, may be all a fallacy, but it is at least near Dijon, in the province of Burgun- an honest and a generous one; while, dy; and who has thus far, as we are if a truth, it is the grandest, noblest, informed, invested in the enterprise an and best that mere human intellect has amount not less than about six hundred ever yet bestowed upon the world. thousand dollars. The progress and And when we reflect upon all the results of this experiment we shall not wretchedness which pow seems to fail to observe with deep interest. make the very atmosphere of our globe
It should not be forgotten that Fou- an atmosphere of sighs—the utter anrierism, notwithstanding the French tagonism of the selfish spirit of our origin which in the minds of many present civilisation to that of Christwould doubtless be calculated to excite ianity-and the infinite distance at a prejudice against it, lays claim to an which all human society now is from eminently Christian character. “ The anything resembling that millennial Bible and the Book of Nature are state of good and happiness promised the standard of our faith. The Uni- by the Bible, as the destined result and versal Word and Work of God, and reward of its principles—when we universal unity in Christ, is our reli- reflect upon all this, and then behold gious doctrine,”—such is its own pro- any new scheme or theory of social refession, as we find it inscribed on the organization, proffering such pretenfront of its organ in England, the “Lon- sions as we have above ascribed to don Phalanx Magazine.” Repudiating this, we cannot but bid its disciples a the error of a community of property, most earnest God-speed, and at least which (together with other defects and indulge the imagination with the hope vicious principles) has been the bane that it may prove indeed to be a living of other social schemes of a similar Truth. general object, it attaches a cardinal