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number of the single benefices, will occa- Acts, granting exceptions, authorising plusion patronage to be sought for to render ralities, and fixing legal distances, were the legal exceptions available, or to obtain repealed: and if the wisdom of Parliament pluralities under the prescribed terms and should be able to devise and establish some within the limited distances : prohibitory new regulations, providing that, in all and penal enactments can only confine the cases where an incumbent shall be perexercise of patronage, and the effecting of mitted to hold more than one benefice, exchanges, to the strict letter of the law, the preferments shall be contiguous ; so although its spirit and intention be largely that by residing upon one of the benefices, contravened; for within those limits the he might, at the same time, take a pere consequences follow which leave so large sonal charge and superintendence of the a number of benefices without resident other also. incumbents. By the operation of the “ Thus those parishes that are without exceptions and legal distances, benefices the absolute residence of an ineumbent are now held at so great a distance from might be made to partake of the benefits each other, that the incumbent is gene- of his personal care, his personal examrally precluded from performing, in one of ple, his personal hospitality, and his his parishes, any personal duties, and tak- personal discharge of the various duties ing any personal charge of the manners, of his pastoral office; and a participation the improvement, the temporal and the in these advantages might be gradually and eternal interests of the people, whose ultimately extended to the 5,900 benefices misfortune it is to be intrusted to a spiri- now deprived of them." tual care and superintendence so unfa- “The union proposed is not a union of vourably circumstanced.
parishes, but of patronage, and that not “Two benefices are tenable with each necessarily a permanent one ; but either other at any distance if one of them be permanent or temporary at the discretion under the annual value of 8. in the King's of a disinterested and impartial board. In Books ;-if both be above that value, the all cases the parishes retain the same effect Canon Law provides that they shall not upon the tenure, after union of possession, be tenable at a greater distance than thirty as when held at a distance. The exchange, miles from each other; which is now in- and union of patronage are intended not terpreted to extend to forty-five of the to increase but to remove the injurious. present measured miles, and this interpre- consequences of non-residence, by placing tation rests upon decisions made in the contiguous parishes instead of distant ones courts of law.
under the charge of the same incumbent, “ All difficulties are met, and many en- with the assistance, as before, of a curate snaring dangers are encountered, to effect to perform the duties of one church while the numerous exchanges required from the incumbent is employed in the other. time to time to bring the tenure of bene- The advantage to be gained is the personal fices within the present permission of the inspection of the incumbent in both palaw; and which, after all, leave the state rishes, and all the pastoral labours and and the people subject to the great defi- beneficial influence of the incumbent and ciency that has been noticed in this ad- curate given to each parish, though the dress.
habitation of the incumbent be only in, “ May it not then be thought an object one of them; labours and influence which most worthy of your lordship's benevo- cannot possibly be given to both when the lent intention, to consider whether these two preferments are forty or fifty miles difficulties and dangers might not be re- distant." moved, and whether these exchanges Reserving general principles, we are which are now, and long have been, car- disposed to think that this plan, if carried ried into effect, in too many instances, into effect, might be an approximation with injurious consequences to the church towards superseding non-residence ; but and to the country, might not, by an aite- it is clogged with so many difficulties, that ration of the law, be made highly benefi-, if the legislature could make up their cial to both ; and at the same time pro- minds to adopt such a measure, they ductive to the individuals of much less would act most simply and desirably by anxiety in effecting them, and of much going one step farther, and abolishing plumore satisfaction in performing the duties ralities altogether ; not of course interand enjoying the remunerations of their fering with those at present existing, but benefices.
by a prospective enactment, which could ." These advantages might possibly be injure no person. We should however attained, if those parts of the present be glad, in default of more decisive mea
sures to see some such plan as Dr. Yates imposing ceremonials will be succeeded by proposes carried into eitect, not because a cordial reception of the religion of the we think even contiguous pluralities free Bible in its elevating purity of doctrine, from exception, but on account of the and its holy and self-denying effects upon additional impediments which his measure the life. The general distribution of the would throw in the way of pluralities alto- Seriptures, the Christian education of chilgether; as the requisite exchanges, we are 'dren and youth, and the simple unoştenconvinced, could not in many instances be tatious prenching of the Gospel, thougà made, at least till the contiguous livings they might not have suddenly drawn toge becamé gradually vested in the same ther, as if by magic, “ five thousand compatron, and assumed the exceptionable municants, who never received the sacraform of Unions, the evil of which is so ment before," or emptied the markets of strongly felt in Ireland.
poultry during Lent, would, in our ProDr. Yates carries his views beyond the testant judgment, have laid a much safer parochial clergy, and particularly urges the and surer foundation for a genuine and impropriety of plurality of offices in the rational revival of scriptural piety, among higher departments of the church. We the mueh neglected population of France cannot find room for further extracts; but than all the pomp of spectacles and halwe strongly recommend his publication lowed relics. We are not, indeed, insento the perusal of all who have the power sible to the decencies and public advanand the heart to assist in effecting the tages of the outward forms of religion ; great objert of improving the pastoral but these may, and often do, exist where ethiciency of our venerable Establishment. there is none of its power, and are always' As we are not reviewing his publication, the more dangerous in proportion as they but only extracting some of his statements lead men to substitute the one for the other. for the information they convey relative to We are thankful, however, that even the present condition and prospects of the "one young servant girl” should have Established Church, we forbear, at least had her conscience awakened to a practifor the present, entering upon a regular cal duty, and we would hope that in her consideration of the various topics, and the instance, and many others,“ chief measure, above mentioned, proposed was, what the word really means, genuine in the work.
repentance and that at least here and THE PLANTING OF THE CROSS there a true penitent in these promiscuous
AT MONTPELLIER. assemblages was brought in heart to the It is deeply to be lamented, that the foot of that Cross, and the obedience of laudable zeal of the Ultra Royalist and that Saviour, whose representation was, Ultra Catholic party in France to awaken as we think, superstitiously, if not proa sense of religion among the people, should fanely, obtruded on their outward senses. have been expended chiefly in reviving the The extract is as follows: most frivolous mummeries and supersti- “ April 19, 1821.-We this day retraced: tiofts of the Church of Rome, undefecated our steps to Montpellier, and took up our by the scriptural light of the Protestant abode at l'Hotel du Palais Royal. In our Reformation, or even by the moderate promenades about this place, we could not counsels of those members of the Gallican avoid being struck with the astonishing hierarchy itself,—the Pascals, the Fene- alteration which the mission appears to lons, and the Arnaulds of a former age, have operated in the manners of the who, with all their attachment to a cor- inhabitants, since our visit a few months rupt church, inculcated a far more pure before. Those who, during the season of and spiritual system than that which the the carnival, seemed to be occupied only itinerating missionaries of the pap al power in dancing, dressing, and card-playing, are now zealously endeavouring to intro- were now to be seen constantly attending duce. These new fopperies, studiously ac- their churches and processions, The commodated to the taste of the French town looked desolate, and the market nation, will too probably tend to fanaticize was absolutely deserted. In all the poulone part of the people, and to disgust the try market was only to be found one other; leaving both, alas ! at a distance woman with a few couples of chickens ! from the pure and heart-searching doc- The part appropriated to vegetables was trines and duties of our holy religion. The not quite so abandoned. Many of the style in which these spectacles are arranged shops were filled with engravings of the for the public edification may be learnedfrom Holy Family, and sacred pietures; but the following graphic description of “the among them M. l'Abbé Guyon and the planting of the cross" at Montpellier. It is cross were the most universal. There is extracted from the tour of a recent female no doubt that the mission has done much traveller. We are not wholly satisfied with good here: five thousand individuals have one or two of the writer's incidental remarks, communicated, who never received the and should be inclined to subtract some- sacrament before. A young servant girl, thing from the “much good” which she who had stolen some articles from her states to have been done by the Catholic mistress, confessed her crime to M. Guyon, missions till we are better assured than restored the stolen goods, and submitted ke at present are that these splendid and to the penance imposed on her.
" April 27.—How shall I describe the their turn to carry the cross, two hundred singular ceremony of the plantation of the in each division : a third company were cross? Such an élan of popular feeling as relieved by a fourth, at the foot of the it excited is scarcely to be rendered by esplanade'; the remaining şix relieved description. The procession moved from each other at the various stations appoint the hospital about eleven o'clock; and we ed for that purpose. At each of these first perceived it, as the foremost part places was erected a species of canopy, came winding down the street to the formed of high posts, festooned with ever-
, esplanade. A body of cavalry preceded; greens, and connected with wreaths of the followed by the Penitens blancs, in their same, intermixed with artificial white white dresses and veils, with the usual flowers : from many were suspended masks, walking four abreast, two on each crosses formed of lilacs, stocks, &c. side of the road. Among this band were “ Then came the cross itself, the first several vases adorned with flowers, and a sight of which was accompanied by loud temple, supported by statues representing cheers from the assembled multitude, cry, angels, in the interior of which were gilded ing “Vive la Croix! hurra, hurra!" It images of the Virgin and Child ; the ca
was forty-five feet long; and the wooden nopy was omamented with white feathers. figure of our Saviour was painted with the Next came the Penitens blues, distinguished blood flowing from the wounds. It was by a blue ribbon round their necks; after to me an unpleasant spectacle, and I them, the boys and men of the hospital, involuntarily closed my eyes. The artifiand the school of orphans. Then follow- cers of the image it seems thought it really ed the body of the inhabitants, who formed was alive; and in consequence, declared the great mass of the procession, distribut- to the Abbe Guyon that they would not ed according to their respective parishes.. nail it to the cross ; which office the mis
“ The unmarried females preceded, sionary was obliged to execute himself. mnounting, to an immense number; M. Guyon was in this part of the proeesveiled, and attired completely in white, sion, marshalling the men, giving the word and each holding a small blue flag, on of command, now jumping on the cross, which the cross was worked in white then on the frame work, in the prosecusatin. Among them were all the prin- tion of his arduous office, and reminded cipal young ladies of the city, easily dis- me of David dancing before the ark. tinguishable by the elegance of their attire, * The bishop and clergy followed the from those belonging to inferior classes. cross ; after them, the authorities, and last They wore caps and veils of gauze, of of all a regiment of soldiers and band. I lace; muslin dresses, beautifully trimmed, have emitted to mention that two thin and white satin shoes. They sung psalms lines of infantry extended throughout the and hymns as they proceeded. When whole length of the procession, to keep off this part of the female procession reached the crowd. the esplanade, they made a pause, and the “ The procession took two hours in different divisions sung in parts, those passing by the spot on which we were behind responding to those in the fore stationed; it consisted of fifteen thousand ground. This scene was very interesting : individuals : about sixty thousand were pre and it was impossible to see so many ele- sent, including the spectators assembled gant young ladies in this bridal attire, and in different parts of the town to view it. to hear their harmonious voices chaunting “To this immense multitude, M. Guyon sacred music, without the imagination addressed a few words of exhortation, being transported to the multitude having first from the cross, and afterwards from a white robes and palms in their hands," stone pedestal, which, prior to the revoand to the harpers harping with their lution, supported a statue. During this harps,' which the Apocalypse presents to short harangue, which lasted only a few the scriptural reader. I felt how strongly minutes, this extraordinary man addressed the Roman Catholic religion addresses an appropriate word of exhortation to itself to the senses ; and how calculated every class of people present. He spoke it is to obtain and preserve power over the to the bishop and authorities, paying them multitude, since even I, a Protestant, am the highest reverence; to the clergy, the not insensible of the seductive and touching officers, the soldiers, the nobility, the merinfluence of some of its ceremonies. chants, the trades-people, and artizans ;
“ Each parish was preceded by a band the ladies, the females of the lower orders; of music, making, by its martial melody, the young, the old, the rich, the poor. rather a singular contrast with the religi- Above all, he exhorted them to concord, ous chaunt which so soon succeeded to it. oblivion of parties and past injuries,
“ After this almost countless train of loyalty, religion, and universal charity. white females had slowly swept along, “ When the cross began to be raised, a came a sable suite composed entirely of general shout of acclamation burst from the married women, who were all in the assembled multitude. A young lady black, with the exception of a white veil. near me (who had escaped from the proMadame de F. only, the lady of the first cession, alarmed by the vicinity of the President, wore a black veil to distinguish horses) exclaimed, · Que c'est edifiant her from the rest. Next followed two cela.' 'I smiled internally, but reflected companies of men, who had already taken that it was well for her if she was edified.
• VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
We have given this passage entire, FOREIGN
because it forms a most important FRANCE. — The speech of the king of and memorable document, and has exFrance,at the opening of the chambers cited a strong degree of surprise and on the 28th of January, disclosed in indignation among persons of all parstrong language those intentions of ties in this country, and throughout the French government towards Spain every part of the continent where men which had been partially foreseen, are allowed to form and to expressa from the tenor of the several docu- fair judgment upon state proceedings. ments mentioned in our last Number. For ourselves, it is with the greatest After stating various domestic im- griefand concern, we would not willingprovements, and particularly the filou- ly use the word indignation, that we witTishing state of the finances of the ness the Frenchgovernment-untaught kingdom, the speech proceeds to use by the miseries of five-and-twenty years the following extraordinary language: of disaster and revolution, and un
mindful of those lessons of patriotism “ Divine justice permits, that, after and political wisdom which, during having for a long time inade other na. that period of humiliation the house tions suffer the terrible effects of our of Bourbon had most ample oppordisorders, we should ourselves be ex tunities of learning, in the free and posed to dangers brought about by si hospitable kingdom that welcomed milar calamities among a neighbouring them as outcasts to its bosom-reviv.people.
"I have made every endeayonr to ing, in contempt of public feeling guarantee the secority of my people, even in France itself
, and in violation and to preserve Spain herself from the of the best interests of mankind, the extremity of misfortune. The infatua. exploded servilities of the darkest feufion with which the representations made dal days, and assuming the right of at Madrid have been rejected, leaves hostile interference in the purely doAittle hope of preserving peace.
mestic affairs of foreign and indepen“ I have ordered the recal of my mi. dent countries, although these have nister: one hundred thonsand French- not, like revolutionary France, justineo, comnianded by a prince of my fa. fied such interference, by having inmily,—by him whom my beart delight* vited the subjects of other states 10 to call my son,
are ready to march, in. fraternize with them, or having venyoking the God of St. Louis, for the sake of preserving the throne of Spain to a
deavoured to.now the seeds of discord descendant of Henry IV.; of saving that among their neighbours. It is difficult fine kingdom from its ruin, and of recop
to kunw which part of the speech calls ciling it with Europe.
for the strongest reprobation, whe“ Our stations are about to be rein. ther the mockery of pretending to be forced in those places where our mari. actuated by the benevolent motive time commerce bas need of that protec. of " saying that five kingdom from Lion. Cruisers shall be established every ruiņ;" or the bigotry and absurdity of where, wherever our arrivals can possi- repreventing all civil rights as a mere bly be aonoyed. ** If war is inevitable, I will use all berty to give or withhold just as suits
boon from princes, which they are at limy endeavours to narrow, its, circle, to Himit its duration : it will be undertaken their fancy or convenience, without reonly to conquer a peace, which the pre. sporsibility or appeal; or the profanesent state of Spain would render impos- ness of invoking the Almighty, not for sible. Let Ferdinand-NII. be free to the holy purpose of restoringorcementgive to his people institutions which ing peace and concord, but, through a they cannot hold but from hini, and deluge of blood and all ihe fearful which by securing their tranquillity, borrors of war and desolation, to inwould dissipale, the just inquietudes of terpose his omnipotent arm in order France : bextilisies shall cease from that
" to preserve the throne of Spain to a moment. I make,gentlemen, before you, descendant of Henry the Fourth !" this solemn engagement.
What judgment the great body of the “ I was bound to lay before you the state of onr foreign affairs. It was for Freuch people will form of such prinme to deliberate. I have done it ma.
ciples it is easy to conjecture, though turely. I have consulted the dignity of the French press dares not at present my crown, the honour and security of make the disclosure. The two chamFrance. Gentlemen, we are French-bers have voted, though not without men; we shall always be agreed to de. warm debates and a proposed amench fend such intereste.'
ment, addresses which are an echo 'te
the speech, and couched, like the speech men!' But though this sentimental itself, in that miserable strain of senti- effusion was sufficient, it seems, to mentalism which in this country would cause it to be taken for granted that be generally disgusting, and must be so in declaring war against Spain the goto every man in France possessed of vernment was perfectly right and reatrue taste and right feeling. "The sonable, and that no inquiry whatever king," says the peers' address," would was necessary respecting the motives, have been able to fulfil the dearest the justice, or the probable results of wish of his heart," (namely, in taking such a measure, a more explicit anoff a considerable portion of taxation, swer was necessary to satisfy those instead of asking aud receiving a loan ultra friends of despotism who comof five millions sterling,) “ if the ge- plained that this just and necessary nius of evil which hovers over Spain war had been too long delayed. To had not interposed to retard this great this accusation M. Villele, one of the benefit."
most moderate of the French ministry, " Why,"continues the address, “must and whose sentiments have been statthe memorable example of the rapid uu. ed to be uniformly against the comexpected return of our prosperity, after mencement of hostilities, is reported unheard-of misfortunes and losses, be to have replied, in the secret sitlost to Spain, when that return is evi- ting of deplities, that "every thing dently due to the triumph of legitimary, which could be done against the conas well as to the intimate alliance of restitutional system had been done; that falality have the disinterested connsels it was difficult to supply the extravaof a monarch whose wisdom is respect. gant demands of the chiefs of the ed, and whose good faith is honoured by army of the faith for men and money; Europe, been rejected by those who holi but that assistance was given them, under the yoke a nation with which we and insurrection was stirred up wherhave not only the relations of vicinage ever it was possible." This speech, and reciprocal wants, but also the ties however, has been disavowed; and the which arise from political interests, a editors of the journals which inserted common faith, and the kindred of the it are to be prosecuted. It would, insovereigns? Sire, to preserve Spain deed, have been a most perfidious profrom an imminent ruin, the consequenceeding that the French government ces of which would be fatal to our own should have themselves planned or tranquillity, you have summoned to arms fomented those disturbances, on the marches a prince of your family of existence of which they have for that angust family always prodigal of its months been grounding the duty of blood when its glory and onrs are at hostile interference; and we shall be stake. Such an army is worthy of hav. glad to see not only the speech which ing for its chief a prince of tried valour: states it disclaimed, but the fact itself his virtues form the sure pledge which distinctly disavowed and disproved. your majesty presents to the people No one, however, will be slow in adwhom you wish to deliver; to the people mitting the possibility of such conduct, to whom is offered a saintary support to on the part of the present government assist them in finally escaping from the avarchy which devour's them, and in
of France, who is aware of the manguaranteeing at the same time their own ner in which its solemn engagements bappiness and the repose of nations,
respecting the slave trade have been under the protection of institutions fulfilled. freely emanating from legitimate au
Against the more liberal party mithority,"
nisters defended themselves, by pleadIn acknowledging the just and con- ing that had they abstained from hosstitutional power of the king to make tile measures towards Spain, it would war or peace, both chambers seem to have heen under the certainty of scehold very lightly the privilege and ing foreign armies again violate their duty of the national representatives to own territory, in order, if not to force demand and receive such statements the co-operation of France in putting as to its expediency or necessity as down the Spanish constitution, at may justify them in voting the sup- Jeast to effect that object themselves. plies for conducting it. It belonged Had those who now govern France, to your majesty alone,” continues the however, not been the willing agents address, " to deliberate on the great in this work of iniquity and oppresquestions of war or peace, We receive sion, such a menace on the part of with respect this communication, and Russia, Austria, and Prussia, might Tepeat with you thut we are Freuck- have been treated with contempt.--