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Against France united with England Spain manifests the most determined in resisting so atrocious an attempt, purposes of resistance to the unjust what could these powers have hoped aggressions of France. The king's to gain? Only disaster and ruin. reply to the address of the Cortes was
Actual hostilities, we are happy 10 highly patriotic; and the resolutions find, have not yet taken place. The adopted by the Cortes sound loudly strong and unanimous expression of the note of warlike preparation. The opinion in this country, to which we Spanish youth are said to present shall have occasion to refer, seems to themselves in crowds for the common have had some effect in restraining the defence. Hopes are expressed of an beadlong course of the French exe- accommodation between the moderate cutive government. With the govern- andmore democratic constitutionalists, ment, parliament, and people of Great and the British influence is stated to be Britain, alınost to a man,against them; powerfully used to produce this de. with every lover of justice and public sirable result. The proceedings in our liberty throughout Europe united on parliament were likely to be extenthe same side; with the Spanish peo- sively circulated and warmly hailed ple roused to unwonted exertion, and throughout Spain. almost inaddened at the thoughts of Turkey.- Almost the only com, another French invasion, not a whit munication from this quarter is the less unjust than the last; with an confirmation of the surrender of equally dangerous enemy in the dis- the important fortress of Napoli di content and disaffection of a large class Romania to the Greeks, in whose of the French themselves; with a favour the general balance of events press that awaits only the first signal seems still tu incline. We are perto explode all its long-bidden thun suaded that the more the nature ders; with a powerless navy; with of Turkish despotism is known and weak and endangered colonies; and considered, the stronger will be the with an army more likely at the first sympathies of Europe in favour of the sound of the vious of liberty to make Christian subjects, or rather slaves, of common cause with their enemy, than that proud, cruel, and unjust governto attack and subdue them; it must ment. “ Think," says a recent tra. evince more than an ordinary degree veller, the Rev. Mr. Fisk, one of the of political madness if the French American missionaries in Jerusalem, government do not pause yet a little " Think of a government, in which longer, and seize the first favourable every office is sold to the highest moment for “ backing out” of their ridder, and in which a criminal may rash and unjustifiable enterprise. Let almost uniformly obtain his freedom us not, however, forget, amidst the by the payment of money ;-think affliction which every British Christ- of schools, in most of which the only ian must feel at these proceedings, thing taught is to pronounce the words that we owe to all men, and certainly of a language which neither pupils not least to our near neighbours and nor teacher understand ;-think of allies, and for “ all who are in autho: places of public worship, in which rity" among them, the duty of forbcar- nearly all the exercises are performed ance, conciliation, and, above all, of in an unknowntongue ;-think of prayer, that He who has the hearts of one half the females in the country, kings and legislators in his power prohibited from going out without would graciously dispose them to those concealing their faces, while both measures which may best promote the laws and the religion of the his glory, and the peace and welfare country allow polygamy and concubiof mankind. We even venture to page;-think of a country in which suggest, as Christian Observers, whe- scarce one woman in one hundred can ther it might not be proper, during read, and where perhaps not half the the present season of Lent, for a day men are more fortunate ;-think of a of public prayer and fasting to be set country in which the governor bas apart to iinplore the Great Author of liberty to behead seven nien a day, Peace to avert the commencement of without assigning any reason what war and all its horrors. Even on po, ever for so doing, where a criminal is litical grounds, we can conceive that condemned without jury, and I had such a measure might produce a very almost said without trial or witnesses; beneficial and solemnizing effect, not and, after being condemned, is immeonly at home, but throughout Europe diately beheaded, strangled, or hung aud tbe world.
at the first convenient place in the SPAIN: The intelligence from street, and left hanging two or three
days;--think of a country in which, tering the currency. With this exin case of public disturbance, one half ception, even the Opposition loudly of the community can murder whom. applauded the speech, which was as soever they please of the other half follows. with in punity;-think of a country, in which an armed man will meet a « My Lords and Gentlemen, respectable inoffensive citizen in the “ We are commanded by his Majesty street of a populous city at mid-day,
to inform yon, that since he last met von and shoot him dead on the spot, and in Parliament, his Majesty's efforts have then sit down quietly and smoke his bren unremittingly exerted to preserve pipe in sight of the corpse, while even
the peace of Europe.
“'Faithful to the principles which his the guards of the city are passing by ;- Majesty has promulgated to the world, think of a country, in which the name
as constitnting the rule of his conduct. of Christianity exists, but only as a his Majesty declined being a partv to name for that superstition and idola- any proceedings at Verona, which could try which belong to paganism, and be deemed an interference in the intere, in which the delasions of the false nal concerns of Spain on the part of foprophet exist with all their impurities reign powers. And his Majesty has and all their abominations;-such a
since ised, and continnes to use, lis country, or rather much worse than most anxions endeavours and good of even this description, is Turkey."
fices to allay the irritation unhappily Let Christians and Britons remem
subsisting between the French and
Spanish Goveruments; and to avert, if ber these things, not however to exasperate their minds against their fel possible, the calamity of war between
France and Spain. low-men, of whatever name or nation; “ In the Eust of Enrope His Majesty but to lead them to renewed gratitude flatters himself that peace will be preto God for their own unmerited mer- served; and his Majesty coutinues to cies, and to awaken new sympathies in receive from his allies, and generally their bosom in the cause of the afflict- from other powers, assurances of their ed and oppressed. . And let not even nnaltered disposition to cultivate with the oppressor be forgotten in the peti- tis. Majesty those friendly relatione tions of that holy charity which im- which it is equally dois Majesty's object plores repentance, and mercy, and
on his part to maintain. pardon for all; especially on that ap- prize you, that discussions having long
“ We are further commanded to approaching solemnity in which our
been pending with the Court of Madrid, church, catching something of the respecting depredations committed on universal love of Him who, as on that the commerce of bis Majesty's subjects day, died for all mankind, teaches us in the West Indian Seas, and other to include “Turks” as well “ as Jews, grievances of which, his Majesty had infidels, and heretics," in the univer- been under the necessity of complaining, sal range of her intercessory suppli- those discussions have terminated in any cations.
admission by the Spanish Gyvernment of
the justice of his Majesty's complaints, DOMESTIC.
and in an engagement for satisfactory The satisfaction of mind, and gra
i. We are commanded to assure yon titude to God, with which in our last that his Majesty has not been oomindfu1 Number we expressed ourselves as of the Addresses presented to bím by turning homewards from the turmoil the two Honses of Parliament with reof continental oppressions, are greatly spect to the Foreign Slave Trade. heightened by the occurrences of ano- Propositions for the more effectual ther month. Parliament has met. suppression of that evil were brought The speech with which it was opened, forward by luis Majesty's Plenipotenand which was delivered by commis- tiary in the couferences at Verona, and
there have been added to the treaties sion, bis majesty, we regret to say, being too unwell to go through the upon this snbject already concluded be
tween his Majesty and the Governments fatigue, has excited very general ap- of Spain and the Netherlands, articles probation among persons of all parties which will extend the operation of those ihroughout the country. No amend- treaties, and greatly facilita le their exment was offered in either house, ex- ecution. cept a slight attempt by Lord Stan
“ Gentlemeu of the House of Com. hope, supported by only two other
mops, members, to pledge the Lords to an " His Majesty has directed the estiearly inquiry into the distresses of mates of the current year to be laid be. the agriculturalists, with a view to fore you. They have been framed with the micchioumie meisire of again al every attention ito economy; and tbe total expenditure will be found to be ma- opened his budget, and, in one of the terially below that of last year.
ablest and most luminous speeches “ This diminution of charge, com. which has probably ever been made bined with the progressive improvement on a financial subject, has given, upon of the revenue, has produced a surplus the whole, a very cheering view of our exceeding his Majesty's expectation. condition. In spite of our heavy burHis Majesty trusts, therefore, that yon dens, and in the midst also of loud vices of the year, and withont affecting complaints of agricultural distress, the pablic credit
, to make a further eonsi prosperity of the country seems to be derable reduction in the burdens of his unquestionably progressive. The expeople.
penditure of last year (including the “ My Lords and Gentlemen, interest of our debit, funded and un,“ His Majesty has commanded us to funded, amounting to nearly thirty state to you, that the manifestations of millions) was 49,449,911l. The relogalty and attachment to his person and venue was 54,414,6501., leaving a surgovernment, which his Majesty received ples of nearly five millions, subject, in his late visit to Scotland, have made
however, to a deduction of upwards the deepest impression upon his heart. . The provision which you made in of half-pay. The surplus of the pre
of two millions, to the commissioners the last sessiou of Parliament, for the relief of the distresses in considerable
sent year, subject to a like deduction, districts in Ireland, has been productive he estimated at 7,244,2021; of this of the happiest efiects, and his Majesty surplus he proposed that a part should recommends to your consideration such go to a remission of taxes, chiefly of measares of internal regulation as may the assessed taxes, to the amount of be calculated to promote and secure the 2,233,0001.The assessed laxes of Ireland tranquillity of that couutry, and to im- he proposed to do away with entirely, prove the babits and condition of the and at the same time to adopt some people.
other beneficial financial regulations “Deeply as his Majesty regrets the with respect to that country, calcucontinued depression of the agricultural lated at once to improve both its poliinterest, the satisfaction with which bis
tical and moral condition. The view Alajesty contemplates the increasing activity which pervades the manufactur- also which Mr. Robinson gave of the ing districts, and the flourishing condi- improvement of our general trade, in tion of our commerce in most of its prin- consequence of the gradual substitucipal brauches, is greatly enhanced by tion of juster and more liberal printhe confident persuasion that the pro- ciples of commercial policy, in the gressive prosperity of so many of the place of the narrow, selfish, exclusive interests of the country cannot fail to system which had hitherto obstructed contribute to the gradual improvement the reciprocal benefit of nations in of that great interent, which is the most their intercourse with each other, was important of them all."
gratifying in a very high degree. It
proves how essentially the law of The extent to which we have already kindness, and consideration, and libecarried our remarks prevenis us froni salily towards others, in national no dwelling upon the many important less than in individual transactions, topics of this speech. On the affairs is linked with the well-being of those of Spain, ministers have expressed who exercise it: and it affords reason themselves as became the members to hope that those vicious restrictions and ministers of a free government. which, to the detriment of the national Among the Opposition, and particu- interests, are still maintained among larly on the part of Sir James Mackin- us, will speedily be done away. We tosh and Mr. Brougham, the speech allude here more particularly to those of which last produced a very strong protecting duties by which the slaveimpression, the expressions of indig- labour of the West Indies is favoured, pation at the conduct of the allied so- in preference to the free labour of the vereigns were of course much more East--a preference which, while it rivid: but one general feeling appears costs the British public an immense to prevail, throughout parliament and annual sum drawu directly from their the country, on the great principles of pockets, is that alone which seems to the question, and this unanimity, as maintain in all its rigour and des ve have already stated, inust have formity the cruel system of bondage some influence upon the continental which, to the disgrace of this Christian powers.
country, is still maintained in our coThe new chancellor of the exche.' lonial possessions. But the whole of quer. Mr. Robinson, has already this momentous subject, we rejoice to believe, will undergo a thorough re- feeling in Ireland. A fresh Marriage vision in'the present session of Par. Bill has been introduced; and we liament,
would hope than an effort will be Many other important topics have made to effect the desirablc object, been brought before Parliament, but which we pointed out in our review we must pass them over for the present, of last year's Act, of consolidating all The Catholic question is postponed our marriage laws in one statute. A till the 17th of April, in consequence committee of the lords has been apof the present excited state of party- pointed for that purpose.
ANSWERS TO CORRESPONDENTS. M.Q.; L.; Z.; Senex ; M.; S.; S. P.; R.M.; D. A. B. ; A CLERGYMAN; have
been received, and will be duly weighed. In reply to the inquiry of OXONIENSIS, as to wliether we intend to review
Mr. Norris's last attack upon the Bible Society, we venture to extract a passage from the letter of a highly respected friend, to whow we committed that work, with another of kindred spirit. His reply speaks, we think, a very prevailing and increasing feeling among pious, morte. rate, and well-informed persons. “As to controversy in general," says our friend, and especially this most wretched of all wretched controversies, 1 bave cootracted such a thorough dislike to it, that I cannot bring myself, excep where duty calls me, even to read it. It seems to me that party spirit will say any thing, and that some modern writers, provided they can gratify their party, care not what mistatements they publish. It is far worse than wasting tine, in spend it on such productions." We quite agree with our friend. Does Oxoniensis imagine that mere arguments could be of any avail on the subject of the Bible or Church Missionary Society, with such writers, for example, as the condactors of the Christian Remembrancer, who, in their last Number, in allusion to "country anxiliaries," condescend to speak of "the humbug and quackery of evangelical spouting clubs?" The word "humbug" is not in our dictionary;' we therefore say nothing of it, as we might misrepresent its meaning: but what "clubs” and “quackery" are, is very clear; and we would candidly ask Oxoniensis, after perusing the names of the many noblemen,stalesmen, prelates, clergymen,--and respectable laymen, who are eurolled in the lists of the Bible and Church Missionary Societies, not forgetting the respected nobleman at the head of his Majesty's governmeni, whose share in this “humbng" and whose "quack” speech, at one of these “spouting clabs," have called forth Mr. Norris's displeasure,- whether he thiuk's any answer due to persous who so far forget the amenities of literature, the charities of religion and even the ordinary courtesies of society, as to write in the manner we have described. Those readers, however, who may wish for another answer to such attacks, after the many unanswerable ones already before the world, may consult Mr. Sholetield's able reply to Mr. Norris, which 'effectually refutes all that wears the semblance of argament, and much that has no such semblance, in that gentleman's publication. Our readers will see from the next Notice, that the Bible Society. with all its alleged faults, has succeeded in calling forth something better and more substaotial than “ loqnacity,” and “ostentation,” and that the desire of making speeches and figuring on a list of charitable contributions are not the only sources of its well dispensed iucome, We are requested to state that the half of a bank note, No. 9742, for 1001., sent
anonymously, has been received by the British aud Foreign Bible Society: The sentence omitted in transcribing Bishop Dehon's discourse on Luke xviii. 37,
as a family sermon, occurs in speaking of the change which takes place in conversion; and follows the sentence beginning " Faith, and hope, and clarity, and all the objects of the moral world,” &c. It stands as follows : « The sources of the good feelings, which, while they were blind, occasionally warmed their souls, and the fair complexions of the graces with whose bevevolent deeds they were occasionally refreshed, will be seen.' Our reason for omitting it was, that it did not appear to us to be expressed with sofficient ciearness and accuracy for a family sermon, and might leave an impression on the mind of the hearer,
contrary to the doctrine of the Thirteenth Article. In reply to an inguiry, respecting the authenticity of the Memoir of Thomas Hage,
we are permitted to give the name of the relator, the Rev. W. Read. The circumstances occurred at Midsummer-Norton, Somersetsbire, of which Mr.
Read was, at that time, the resident clergymun. The publication mentioned by “ A sincere Friend," we assure him, has not escaped
MEMOIR OF BOSSUET, BISHOP OF the first to urge the publication MEAUX.
of a work from which he consi(Continued from p. 74.)
dered himself to have derived so THE several stages in the life of much spiritual benefit. It was much
an author of such persevering industry as Bossuet, are perhaps best ly to themselves.” “ This use of the term marked by the dates of his succes- by Protestants seems to imply an acquiessive publications. We are now ar- cence in the unjustifiable assumption of rived at the period which gave birth the Church of Rome ; and is, in truth, emto his Exposition de la Foi Catho- ployed as an argument in its support (and lique—a work small indeed in its not an ineffective one) with the lower and dimensions, but attended with so
more uninformed classes of that commu
nion." much éclat, and productive of such
“ If it be said, that the appropriation of remarkable effects, that it seems to
the term here objected to is to be excused on demand particular attention.
the ground of civility, inasmuch as the deThis treatise Bossuet had com- nomination by which the members of the posed as early as the commence- Church of Rome were formerly described, ment of the year 1668, for the re- as in reference to the head of that church, ligious benefit of M. l'abbé de Dan- is now become offensive to that body, it
is to be answered, first, that no civility can geau ; though it does not appear to have been published before the year vital point of religion ; and, in the next
justify a falsehood, and that too upon a 1671 or 1672. The conversion of place, that there is a designation, which is this eminent person, who was after- not of an offensive character, and which is wards abbot of Clermont, proved reconcileable with truth ; the term Roman the first fruits of the author's la- Catholic, which implies a member of the bour. It has not perhaps often Roman branch of the catholic church. This happened that the intention of a presents a just view of the case, inasmuch writer has been so exactly accom
as our church, notwithstanding the corplished, as it was in the present in. ruptions of the Church of Rome, does not stance. But still greater triumphs the catholic pale which they refuse to us.
deny to its members that participation in followed the appearance of this The peculiar tenets of that church indeed wonder-working treatise. The ce
we must reject, as not catholic; not having lebrated Marshal Turenne soon after been universally received in the first ages of owned its power, by embracing the Christianity; but still there are preserved Roman Catholic* religion; and was in it, though mixed with rubbish and much
tarnished, some of the sterling treasures of “ The members of the Romish com- the church." munion,” remarks the present Archbishop “ Bishop Burnet, in speaking of the of Dublin, in his primary Charge, “deny to words of Cromwell, I die in the catholic Protestants any participation in the catho- faith, observes, that the term catholic lic church. They exclude them altogether was then used in England in its true sense, from its pale; and describe them formally in opposition to the novelties of the see of as heretics. Nor is it only in set theological Rome.' And Archbishop Cranmer uses expositions of doctrine that they express
these memorable words; I agree, that this demarcation, but in the daily use of that doctrine is catholic which was taught the term Catholics, as applied crclusive- fifteen hundred years ago." CURIST. OBSERY. No. 255.