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conspicuous in the primitive ages, after he had quitted his royal charge, and of which modern times: have he was studiously retained about afforded some delightful instances, the royal presence. Yet he not are too apt to be lost, or exchanged only preserved himself from the for the almost necessary distance temptations incidental to such cirand reserve of state. A bishop cumstances, but became a model of hardly ever communicates with the personal diligence and activity. He people but through the medium of continually “ stole away” from Verhis clergy; and sometimes the mi- sailles to Meaux, not so much to nister of humble station may fail of enjoy the repose of his diocese, as being received with that brotherly to perform its active duties. Whekindness and affability which are ther his intercourse with the court surely due even from a superior to of Lewis XIV. was as much disan inferior, when both are servants tinguished by boldness in reproving of the same Master, and engaged in vice, as it was by general prudence promoting a common cause of such and devotional habits, may be a grandeur and importance as the sal- matter of more doubt. I should vation of souls. The customary and apprehend that he could not have most emphatic signature of “bro- composed such an epistle for Lewis, ther in Christ,” may too often dwin- as our Burnet wrote to Charles II., dle into a mere form, and its mean- without forfeiting the favour of the ing vanish with the motion of the monarch, and being sent, like Fehand that has subscribed it. It nelon, into exile from the court. cannot be supposed that these ob- Whether if, in addition to his learnservations are intended as a reflec- ing, eloquence, and acuteness, he tion upon any particular individuals, had manifested that constant and whether dead or living. The evils elevated spirituality of mind which specified arise partly from the large so strongly characterized the Archand most inconvenient extent of bishop of Cambray, he could have many of our modern dioceses ; and it retained the favour of such a sois only supposing bishops to be men vereign as Lewis XIV. for so long of like passions and infirmities with a period, is again another question others, when it is remarked that their which I will not at present undertake secular dignity, unless its natural to decide. I shall have to speak effects be counteracted by a very of his intimacy and breach with high degree of vigilance, humility, Fenelon hereafter. At present, and prayer, may too often expose comparisons are uncalled for. The them to the danger of becoming greatest enemy of Bossuet, and the lords over God's heritage, instead of most strenuous opposer of the corbeing ensamples to the flock. rupt church of which he was a mem
I have been naturally led to these ber and defender, must allow that remarks by the account left us of there was much in his character Bossuet's conduct in the discharge and conduct to adorn the fearfully of his episcopal function. There responsible office of a Christian preis no other part of his character so late. well calculated to exalt him in
(To be continued.) the esteem of good men. He had long mingled with the great and the fashionable; he had the tunity of as much intercourse with Tothe Editorofthe ChristianObserver.
' them as he pleased; he might have If a child of seven years old were áspired to almost any preferment capable of arranging his ideas, and in church or state ; he was a fa- could find language to express vourite of the most splendid mo- them, he might be supposed to narch, and tutor to the heir of one reason thus :of the first crowns in Europe. Even “What strange inconsistent cha
racters are my parents! What a the uneven deportment of those to mixture of fondness and unkindness, whom it falls to superintend and severity and affection, do they ex- regulate its actions. Still, however, hibit in their behaviour towards the parent whose conduct towards me! At one moment they seem his children is governed by Christian inclined to gratify all my wishes: principle, might, upon the whole, they play with me, caress me, pro- satisfactorily reply to the above excure amusements and companions postulations. He might observe, for me, and buy toys for my diver- that the welfare and happiness of sion; at another time, all is denial his child were the object of all his and restraint. In the morning, I restraints and instructions; that to am compelled to sit still for hours, yield to his own feelings, by gratito improve myself in reading and fying the wayward wishes of his writing, or to learn Latin or French, children, would be a cruel and which I greatly dislike; or I am criminal sacrifice of parental duty to made to repeat prayers and hymns, selfishness; that he is sensible, that which I do not half understand. At his restrictions and impositions have dinner, although I see my parents an appearance of severity ; but that and others indulging their appetites in truth they are dictated by the with the most savoury dishes, I am most sincere affection; that the told that they are unwholesome, passions of children are strong, their and the plainest and most insipid reason weak, and their judgment unfood is allotted as my portion. Some- informed ; that it is the first duty of times, my appetite is stimulated by a parent to teach them the necessity indulgence; at others, I am denied of controlling their passions, and what I long for, because it would acquiring habits of self-denial and disagree with me. If I lean on a discrimination ; that no children are chair, or roll on the floor, or make so unhappy as those who are allowed a noise,-a nod, a frown, or a rebuke to indulge their ever-varying inclitells me to hold myself erect, and nations; and that children so into be quiet and silent. When I dulged, when arrived at years of want to go abroad, it is sometimes maturity, become the slaves of evil too hot or too cold; too dirty or too passions and habits, which it is then damp; my feet will be wetted or my very difficult to controul, and too clothes spoiled. At night, I am
At night, I am often purchase dearly-bought excompelled to go to bed before I perience, when it is too late to reap have any inclination to sleep, and the benefit of it; that our happiness to rise in the morning when I wish both in this world and the next to lie in bed. In short, I am the materially depends on the habits mere puppet of my father and mo- formed in infancy and youth, and ther; and it is still worse with my that the seeds of moral and religious sister, as she is under more restraints instruction, if not sown in early than even I am; yet I see other years, and carefully cultivated, are children allowed to do what they never likely, in the ordinary course like, without being subject to of God's providence, to vegetate have their inclinations perpetually and produce wholesome fruit: thwarted."
And now my readers may natuTo parents whose conduct is rally suppose that I am about to pen fairly open to the charge of incon- a lecture on the Christian discipline sistency I say nothing, except that of children; and certainly I am they would do well to reform it with anxious that those whom it concerns all practicable speed. It is indeed should thus apply the subject, and to be feared, that even the best are seriously meditate upon its importoo often uncertain and capricious, tance. But my chief object is to and that many of the faults and turn it to account for the spiritual sufferings of childhood arise from discipline of parents themselves. For are not parents too apt to reason the Author of every good and perlike children? Do they not too fect gift. When we inculcate the often forget that the performance of duty of prayer to God, or reprove those duties which they require from in our children the neglect or inattheir offspring is obligatory upon tentive performance of it, let us rethemselves? thus measuring their flect, whether we may not ourselves own conduct by one rule, and that have omitted, or irreverently offered, of their dearest relatives by another, our supplications and adoration at as if maturity of years relaxed the the same Divine throne ; and let bonds of Christian obligation.
us humble ourselves under the conSuch indeed is the condition of victions of an accusing conscience. human nature, that, without the aid Do we prescribe the constant perof Divine grace, we cannot even dis- usal of the holy Scriptures to our cern what is right, much less practise children? let us not forget to study it ; and others, as well as parents,
them ourselves. Do we enjoin the who undertake the tuition of the practise of self-government, temperyoung and uninstructed, stand in ance, kindness, benevolence, good perpetual need of admonition and nature, mutual forbearance, patience instruction themselves. In the under provocations, and the forschool of our nurseries, we may giveness of injuries and affronts ? learn, if so disposed, more practical let us remember that it is our duty wisdom than ever was taught in the to exemplify by our own conduct Lyceum, Portico, or Groves of Aca- the precepts which we inculcate; demus; and considering our chil- and thus in every instance, not dren as mirrors in which our own only practise what we recommend, characters are reflected, let us take but make our injunctions lessons of care that our own portraits cor- self-examination, respond with our instructions, and If the chastisement of children apply to ourselves the lessons which is sometimes an indispensible part we impart to them. Let us exa- of parental discipline, let a religious , mine ourselves attentively, whether parent on such occasions well conour own conduct exhibits any of sider the infinitely heavier punishthose faults and imperfections which ment which he himself merits at the we notice and reprove in our chil- hand of God; that thus, while, in dren. When they murmuri at our the spirit of love, he discharges the commands or correction, mingled as painful duty of reproof or correction, they must be in the best of us with he may not be himself unthankful much that is imperfect and excep- for the chastisement which he has tionable, let us seriously inquire, if received from the loving-kindness we have not ourselves merited the of his Almighty Father. He will Divine displeasure, by disobeying thus learn devoutly to say with St. the all-perfect commands of our Paul, “We have had fathers of our Heavenly Father, or by arraigning flesh which corrected us, and we the justice of his holy, wise, and gave them reverence ; shall we not merciful dispensations. When we much rather be in subjection to the find our children inattentive to our Father of spirits, and live ?” advice and instruction, let us ask if But so lamentably inconsistent we have duly regarded the precepts is human nature, that we sometimes and admonitions of our infinitely see parents, though professing the wise and gracious Parent who is in utmost anxiety for the moral and heaven. When we observe ingra- religious improvement of their chil. titude in them for our favours and dren, yet exhibiting in their own little acts of kindness, let us inquire behaviour a total disregard to the if we ourselves are duly grateful principles which they labour to for the inestimable benefits which inculcate; doing outward homage we daily and hourly receive from to Christian virtue, wliilst they live CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 255.
in the violation of its precepts. the wrath of man shall praise Thee." Thus, a man who is habitually giving To go no farther back than the beway to impatience and passion, will ginning of the Christian era, the reprove hastiness and
anger in his great persecution against the church child; another, who passes his days at Jerusalem mentioned in Acts viii. in frivolous amusements, or useless was overruled by the providence of occupations, will upbraid his children God for the promotion and extension for idleness or waste of time. The of hisspiritual kingdom; for by means slothful will require his children to of it many of the disciples were exrise with the dawn; the sensualist, pelled from Jerusalem; their narrow who gratifies his appetite without Jewish prejudices were forcibly borne restraint, will preseribe temperance down; and, being scattered throughand moderation in diet; and a man out Samaria and the neighbouring who seldom enters a church, or evuntry, theypreached,wherever they visits it only as a mere form, or who went, Christ crucified. Persecution desecrates his Sundays, regardless continued to be employed during the of the hallowed duties of the day, first ages, to extinguish the infant will still solemnly admonish his church. The disciples of Christ were children to keep the Sabbath holy. pursued by sword and fire throughout
Such inconsistency is doubly cri- the Roman empire at many different minal : it is not only sinful in itself, periods, and oftentimes under empebut is calculated to nullify the in- rors otherwise benevolent and hustructions imparted by those who are
But still their numbers inguilty of it. Children are watchful creased. Being persecuted in one city, observers: they often reflect justly, they obeyed the injunction of their and will naturally question the Lord, and fled to another, carrying utility of precepts inculcated by with them the glad tidings of salvathose whose example shews their tion, and scattering the seeds of righown habitual disregard to the sub- teousness around them on every hand. ject of their admonitions; and may And as the persecutions raised for perhaps even suspect the inculcator the purpose of exterminating the of hypocrisy
Christian name had thus the conIn conclusion, let those fathers trary effect of diffusing it more wideand mothers who neglect the per- ly over the world, so also they conformance of the duties which they tributed powerfully to preserve the prescribe to their children, or who internal purity of the church; the practise the vices and follies which early believers being in a great they censure in them, seriously re- measure excluded from intimacy flect on that awful day, when they with the heathen, and thus kept must give an account of their con- unspotted from the world. Their duct. The voice of conscience can
alamities united them then be no longer suppressed. Its in the bonds of mutual affection ; language will be, “Out of thine own and being exposed to every species mouth shalt thou be judged ;” while of suffering and worldly loss by the sentence of the Eternal Judge their attachment to the cross of will irrevocably confirm its verdict; their Saviour, they were led to seek for “ if I be a father, where is mine for consolation in the religion they honour? saith the Lord of hosts." professed, and to look daily for a
SENEX. better, even a heavenly, country.
So that in many ways God brought TotheEditorofthe Christian Observer.
good out of evil, and turned the
weapons of His enemies against THERE is no portion of the sacred themselves. Proceeding down the Scriptures which has received more stream of time, and passing over striking and frequent fulfilment than the period of the dark ages, the the words of the Psalmist ; “Surely dawn of the glorious Reformation:
presents us with a striking example mode of attack upon the church of of the truth under illustration. Christ has been often changed; but When Luther first appeared on the the result has ever been the same. theatre of the world he was a devoted In modern times, infidelity has been son of the Romish Church; and the most fierce assailant of true merely checked the venality and religion; and its partizans, by sophisunblushing flagitiousness of one of try, ridicule, and false philosophy, her abandoned underlings. Such have endeavoured to overthrow that an offence, however, could not be sacred edifice which had resisted brooked by the haughty pontiff and the rude assaults both of heathen his advisers. War was proclaimed persecution and unscriptural superagainst the offending monk. Angry stition in former ages. But vain bulls were issued; and the whole have been their most violent efforts: artillery of antichrist was brought instead of demolishing the bulwarks out and discharged upon the head of our Zion, they have eventually of an obscure and unaided indivi- fortified her more strongly than bedual. And what was the result of all fore. At whatever point infidels this wrath of man? Opposition led have made their assault, there has Luther to serious reflection, and to arisen a host of champions, who have a close examination both of his own not only repelled the present foe, conduct and of the church by which but have reared such impregnable he was so vehemently assailed. His ramparts as must effectually resist eyes were gradually opened; the every future assailant. In this Day-spring from on high visited manner have been brought forward bis hitherto benighted mind. His arguments of the most powerful courage to oppose and his patience kind, which might otherwise have to suffer were increased, and his remained in obscurity. Learned motives to both were purified by men have extended their researches the unreasonable injuries of his in every direction, and each sucblinded enemies. Their conduct ceeding discovery has strengthened precluded all compromise. The the cause of religion. solitary monk was obliged to erect I have been led into these rethe spiritual standard of the Cross, marks on two accounts; first, beand to oppose the united strength cause few occupations can be more of the whole Roman Church. But edifying and delightful to a pious God was on his side; and the evil mind than the contemplation of the designs of his enemies were made infinite wisdom of God thus emiin a remarkable manner to work in nently displayed in the defence of favour of that very purpose which His own word, not merely by raising they were intended to thwart. The up friends, but also by pressing his termination of this affair, which very enemies into his service; and, sprang from and was nourished by secondly, as an introduction to a the wrath of man, was the overthrow few observations which I am about of papal tyranny in a considerable to offer upon a most striking ex-' part of Europe ; the diffusion of ample of the general truth which evangelical light and liberty; and I have endeavoured to illustrate. the consequent promotion of God's I allude to the conduct of Judas glory, and the best interests of a Iscariot, which, closely considered, large portion of our race through strongly tends to prove, that our many generations. From such small Lord Jesus Christ was certainly no beginnings, and by such unlikely impostor; that he was the Messiah means, can the Almighty bring to promised to the fathers; and that a successful issue the great plans the religion he founded is conseof his all-wise and gracious provi- quently not a cunningly devised dence.
fable, but has for its author the God Since the days of Luther, the of truth. The materials of the argu