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fit. How many, like Satan, take envy or malice, in plotting and ac-' delight in wieked speculations which complishing the fall of the human they may have no opportunity to Within a short time after, put in practice! Satan cannot be a we find him causing jealousies and glutton or a drunkard, yet he doubt- hatred in the first family of manless delights to behold these and all kind, and leading on the eldest son other evil works; he listens, we may of Adam to the crime of murder. imagine, with pleasure to profane That Satan was the instigator of oaths and exclamations ; and is pre- this deed of darkness is plain from sent at all the consultations of the Scripture; for it is said, that “Cain wicked. Do not then those resem- was of that wicked one, and slew ble him who adopt a similar line of his brother Abel.” The reason why conduct ?
he slew him, was " because his own 4. Akin to the last mentioned works were evil, and his brother's particular is that of endeavouring to righteous." Thus we see how closely efface religious impressions in others. the malignant passions are united; This is a peculiar province of the how soon, for example, envy or redevil ; for in the explanation of the sentment, if unrestrained by the Parable of the Sower, in the Gospels, checks of conscience and the fear we are told, “ Then cometh Satan, of God, or at least by the dread of the wicked one, and taketh away temporal punishment, might lead to the seed which was sown in the the most dreadful acts of revenge. heart, lest they should believe and Truly, our Lord knew what was in be saved.” So also, when Elymas the man, when he coupled unprovoked sorcerer “sought to turn away the anger with murder, and an unchaste deputy from the faith," St. Paul said look with adultery. Following the to him, “ Thou child of the devil.” Old-Testament history, we find SaThis feature of likeness continues tan still retaining the same characstill too common. No sooner does ter of a tempter and accuser, and a person appear anxious respecting “walking about as a roaring lion, his salvation, no sooner does he be- seeking whom he might devour.” gin seriously to read the word of Nor did his power or his evil disposiGod, and to pray for the pardon of tion cease when the Lord of life and his sins, and to take up his cross glory himself entered into the world. and to follow his Saviour, than one The envy and malice displayed by or another is found endeavouring the Jews towards the Messiah sprang to do away these sacred impres- from, or were fomented by, his sesions: to tell the inquirer he is too cret suggestions. Thus Christ himyoung to think of religion; or that self says, “Ye are of your father, he has been too moral to need it; or the devil, and the lusts of your fathat it will make him gloomy and mi- ther ye will do: he was a murderer serable,--for that its doctrines and from the beginning," as we have commands are unnecessarily strict, seen just exemplified in the first reand that he may be content to live corded act of violence and blood. like other men, and leave such mat- Again ; that most awful deed of ters for the hour of sickness, old ingratitude, rebellion, and perfidy,
Thus in various the betraying of our Divine Lord, ways do the servants of Satan shew was the work of this same evil spitheir likeness to their master, by rit; for it is said, that “Satan entheir hatred to God and godliness. tered into Judas," when he “went
Secondly, The malignant passions immediately out," and began to put constitute another striking feature of in execution his dreadful design. In resemblance to Satan. He is a lover the closing book of the New Testaof strife, and the author of conten- ment, we find a similar character tion. The first action recorded of this given to him. He was "the accuevil spirit was one either of extreme ser of the brethren;" who “ came
age, or death.
Connenu NA 955
down in great wrath,because he knew to eat grass like the ox: by means of that he had but a short time ;” and it “cometh contention :" it “bringto his dominion and influence are at- eth a man low;" for “the high ones tributed, in the second chapter of that of stature shall be hewn down, and book, the persecution and martyrdom the haughty shall be humbled.” No of the saints of Christ. If, therefore, feature of the image of Satan is we allow any malignant passion to more opposed to that of God than reign in our hearts; if we wilfully this ; for God, though infinitely wise, cherish envy, hatred, malice, or un- powerful, and exalted, is not proud. charitableness, however slight their "Thus saith the High and Lofty One degree, or plausible the excuses we that inhabiteth eternity, whose name may make for their indulgence; too is Holy; I dwell in the high and truly must we apply to ourselves the holy place, but with him also that is words ofour Lord, that we are the chil- of a contrite and humble spirit.” dren of Satan, whose likeness is in And accordingly our Lord pronothing more visible than in sins of nounces a blessing upon those who this black and debasing character. resemble their Father in heaven, in - Thirdly, There is however ano- this important respect ; “Blessed ther class of sins, which, though less are the poor in spirit, for theirs is discreditable in the general estima- the kingdom of heaven.” tion of the world than those just Fourthly, Another striking feamentioned, are yet deeply heinous ture of resemblance to the image of in the sight of God, are fraught with Satan, consists in every species of injury to mankind, and are fatally deceit. For he is “the father of injurious to the welfare of the im- lies; and our Lord says of him, mortal soul. This class consists of that “he abode not in the truth, those sins which spring from pride. because there is no truth in him.” Pride was the condemnation of the He uttered a falsehood, even in
padevil; and in all ages of the world, radise, to Eve; he was “a lying that great enemy of our souls has spirit in the mouth of Ahab's prosucceeded in drawing men into this phets;" and he put it into the hearts dangerous and seductive snare. In of Ananias and Sapphira to assert families, in neighbourhoods, in ci- a deliberate falsity to the Holy ties, in empires, and even in the pro- Ghost. Religious hypocrisy in parfessed church of Christ, what innu- ticular is one species of deceit which merable evils spring from this bitter characterises his likeness ; for he root! Pride may pass in current esti- well knows how to transform himmation for a generous virtue, a no- self into an angel of light. He that ble spirit, a dignified ambition ; but “feareth the Lord and serveth him" in Scripture language it is one of the must do it, as Joshua urged upon the works of the flesh and the devil: it people of Israel, “in sincerity and led the ambitious builders of Ba- truth;" for “the Lord looketh not bel to attempt erecting a tower up upon the outward appearance, but to heaven, “ that they might make upon the heart:" he has pronounced, themselves a name :" it caused Pha. Cursed be the deceiver;" and has roah to harden his heart against numbered the “liar” among those God: it prevented Naaman's re- " who shall have their part in the ceiving his cure through the sim- lake that burneth with fire and ple means appointed by Jehovah : brimstone." it lifted up Uzziah to his destruc- Fifthly, Various spiritual sins, tion: it brought Hezekiah to a bed such as presumption (to which Satan of pain and sickness, and Haman to tempted Christ himself), the denial an untimely end: it led David to of the truth of God's holy word, and number his people, and thus to bring idolatry, are striking features of the upon them a devouring pestilence: image of the devil. The last, init expelled Nebuchadnezzar from deed, is peculiarly so ; for idolatry, great Babylon, which he had built, in all its forms, is the worship of the
spirit of darkness, instead of the duct to our spiritual adversary; for living and true God. The heathen though he may suggest what is evil
, live most plainly within the limits of yet ours is the guilt if we fall into this his visible kingdom ; but even it. He has no encouragement to too many who call themselves Chris- assault us, but what we give him by tians are not far removed from it, our own readines to yield to his and every ungodly man is a mem- suggestions. He is not all-wise or ber of it in heart by his idolatrous all-powerful, like Him who is on preference of the world and sin to our side, and who, if we look for his the service of the Most High.
divine assistance, as we are priviBut, not to dwell longer upon the leged to do, will lift up a standard enumeration of those features which against this our enemy. constitute the peculiar image of Sa- resist the devil, he will flee from us. tan in the corrupt heart of man, let It is only when we parley with his us apply the subject to our own temptations, when our own corrupt cases. Whose are we, and whom hearts unite in league with his sugdo we serve? Whose image and gestions, when we bare our bosom superscription does our character as it were, to his fiery darts, that he bear? Are we the children of God, is suffered to obtain the victory over or the slaves of Satan? Let us judge us. Let us then
power of our true condition by the fore- of Satan by the power of Christ: in going test. Are we earnestly en- the hour of peril, let us look to the deavouring to mortify the above men- Strong for strength: and let us “put tioned, and all other evil affections on the whole armour of God, that opposed to the will of God, and at va- we may be able to stand against the riance with that moral and spiritual wiles of the devil ; for we wrestle image of our Creator in which our not only against flesh and blood, forefather was formed, but which has but against principalities, against been debased by the introduction of powers, against the rulers of the sin? We must not think to lay the darkness of this world, against spiblame of our unholy tempers or con
ritual wickedness in high places.'
nication between the Tennessee and LETTERS WRITTEN DURING A JOUR
the Black Warrior. They have also NEY THROUGH NORTH AMERICA.
some prospect of the completion of (Continued from p. 91.)
two canals, which have long been Richmond, Virginia, June 20, 1820. projected, and appear in the maps of I CONCLUDED my letter this morn- the United States, and which would ing, because I did not wish to in- connect the waters of the Tennessee 'flict more than two sheets upon you with those of the Tombigbee and at once; but it did not bring me so the Alabama, and afford a passage far on my route as I intended. I for the produce of East Tennessee however pass over a few days of my to Mobile and the Gulph of Mexnarrative, as they afforded no very ico. This would supply a great 'peculiar occurrences. In speaking stimulus to industry ; as Mobile at of East Tennessee, a delightful present obtains a large proportion 'country, of which I have the most of her flour from New Orleans, by agreeable impressions, I forgot to way of Lake Borgne and Port Charsay that the inhabitants are anti- train,-a channel of communication cipating considerable advantage from rendered so expensive by a heavy improvements in the land commu- tonnage duty, that four was selling
at Mobile when I was there extra- of the daughters, a nice modest vagantly higher than at New Or- girl, sat by Dr. Kingsbury, my misleans.
sionary friend, who had called here We had for some days been al- on his way to Brainerd, and left the most insensibly ascending the Alleg- “Life of Harriet Newell,” which had hany mountains ; but to the 12th greatly interested all the family. we saw nothing which indicated Soon after breakfast we reached the any extraordinary elevation. On top of the Alleghany, where to our that afternoon, however, we had surprize we found a turnpike-gate, a very extensive, though not a par- the first we had seen for many ticularly interesting, view ; and the months. The view was extensive, air was so cool, that I was glad to ride though disappointing as a whole : in my great coat. Our mountain the loss of one magnificent proride gave us an appetite before the spect, however, was far more than end of our days' journey; and we compensated by the succession of stopped to take coffee at a small beautiful and interesting valleys, house on the ridge, where we were through which we continued to pass detained till it was nearly dark,- for several days, surrounded by the universal custom of making ranges of lofty mountains at differ and baking fresh bread for you ent distances. Soon after we began being a sad detention to travellers, to descend, we stopped for some who ought never to order breakfast cold water at an attractive inn, or tea unless they can afford to stay' where we found the people assitwo hours. About nine o'clock we duously and cordially civil, like our arrived at the bottom of one of the honest and best kind of inn-keepers little valleys very common among at home. They offered to fetch us the Alleghany mountains, and took some seed-water if we would wait up our abode for the night at the a few minutes.
The long steep ferry-house on the Kanawa, a large descent from the top of the Allegriver, which falls into the Ohio. hany rendered us very sensible of We crossed it in a ferry-boat at the truth of an observation I had half-past four o'clock the next morn- frequently heard here, that the land ing (the 13th), and breakfasted at on the eastern side of the range is Major 's, a fine friendly old lower than that on the western. gentleman, whom I found sitting In the course of the day, we several in his neat white porch, and whose times crossed the winding Roanoke, respectable appearance rendered me which we viewed with a sort of almost ashamed to ask if he enter- affection, as a distant link connecttained travellers; although I am now ing us in some degree with our napretty well accustomed to consider tive home, it being the first river neither the imposing aspect of a discharging its waters into the house, nor the sounding title of its Atlantic which we had seen since we inhabitants, whether Dr.
left the Oakmulgee on our Alabama Colonel
Judge or route in March. In the evening we Parson
as any indication passed through Salem to the house that they do not keep private enter- of a well-meaning awkward German, tainment." The old gentleman was (the German houses are always remuch interested in hearing about cognized by their flower-gardens), England, the native land of his intending to sleep there; but my grandfather. His wife, who made intentions were frustrated by little breakfast for me, was a sensible assailants, who had no mercy on a well-read gentlewoman, who might tired traveller, but drove me at midfairly pass in any society, incredible night into the porch, where I dozed as this may seem in the wilds of a little before daybreak. I was glad America within twelye miles from to feel myself on horseback again the summit of the Alleghany. One before sun-rise (14th), though more tired than on my arrival the pre- in connexion with calling at Mr. ceding nightAt Lock's, where we Jefferson's at a proper hour, it would staid and breakfasted, ten miles dis- cost me an entire day. tant, I went to bed for an hour, as I left his house about five o'clock, the country was far too beautiful to and rode for some distance, surbe wasted on a sleepy traveller. rounded by the most magnificent We were now fairly in the valley scenery I had seen in America; the between the North mountain and Blue ridge with the peaks of Otter the Blue ridge; the whole of which being very near. Towards night I is often indiscriminately called the crossed James's river, and soon after Valley of the Shenandoah, although reached Captain 's, an innthe inhabitants confine the name to keeper still of the English school. that part of it which is watered by He has 1500 acres of land in this the river, and which commences a rich valley, (300 of which are this little above Staunton. With the year under wheat, rye, and Indian richness of this luxuriant valley I corn), with 200 sheep and 50 head know you are alreadv acquainted; of cattle. Yet he took off our and of the sublimity of its mountain saddle bags, his Black servant scenery, it would be in vain to at. standing by, and carried them up tempt a description. Our host and stairs, and shewed all the civility his habitation were truly English; you would wish to receive from a and it required no great stretch of common landlord of an inn. We set imagination to fancy myself near off early in the morning (15th), to see Windermere.—We left Fincastle a the celebrated natural bridge, which little to our right, and proceeded to was only two miles out of our way, Judge - 's, to whom I had a and which Mr.Jefferson considers the letter of introduction from the greatest natural curiosity in America. Governor of the State of Mississippi. It is certainly a wonderful scene, I found him without his coat in the and one which it is impossible fully middle of his corn-fields, gladdening to embrace without seeing it several his heart and relaxing his brows by times. Having surveyed it in its contemplating the beneficence of different aspects, I left it with renature, whose favours, or rather luctance; and we proceeded sixteen those of her Almighty Creator, ap- miles to breakfast, having previously peared to be liberally scattered over fortified ourselves with a single cup his farm. As soon as I delivered my of coffee, which we begged from a letter, he led me up to a large sub- Negro at a little cottage where his stantial brick-house, where he in- party were breakfasting near the sisted on ordering dinner; for the bridge. In this part of the country family had dined. I found him a the houses are generally of brick, well-read reflecting old gentleman. substantial and convenient; but not He was engaged in studying the in good taste, or in harmony with history of England at the period the rural beauty of the surrounding of the Revolution, and seemed to scenery. Occasionally we heard a think we were now approaching an clock, which at first startled me, as era at least as eventful. Thus you I had not seen one since we left see the operations of our Radicals Georgia, and scarcely one since have penetrated even the tranquil we set out from Washington; every valley of the Shenandoah, and thing being regulated by the sun. awakened its more intelligent in- If you ask what time it is, it either habitants to philosophical reflec- wants so many hours of noon, or it tions on the destinies of our native is so much before, or so much after land.—The Judge was a little dis- sun-down. Meals are regulated by pleased that I would not stay all the sun even in families where there night; which I wished much to do, is a watch, or a time-piece as it is but found, on looking forward, that, called; and I have very often heard