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mulgation. Till this point is not nected with the Church. - Jealousy enonly conceded but felt in common

tertained of these associations. - Origin

of the Societies for promoting Christian by all parties, vain will be the endeavour to reconcile the Biblist and Knowledge, and for the propagation of the

Gospel. Similarity of the history of these the Anti-biblist by the mutual sur

institutions, with that of the Bible Society. render of prejudices. And we be- – Distinctions, and their causes. — The lieve, on the contrary, that where open principle of the Bible Society, a a common feeling on that funda- recommendation to the first eminent mental point exists (and far be it churchmen who joined it. from us even in thought to limit

« Letter xvi. The Bible Society.that feeling to the bosoms of those The same subject continued. - Jealousy who think proper to support the entertained by the Church, of the Bible Bible Society), the removal of Society.--Union with it, the best security

against the dangers apprehended.—Real supervening prejudices on lesser danger to the Church, consists in the points will be comparatively easy, revulsion of sentiment, produced in the or at least the attempt to remove advocates of the Bible Society, by the vehethem will be fully worthy the pen mence of some of its opponents. -Prinof our excellent and judicious letter- ciple of the Society, not objected to, in its writer. We are at a loss, however, foreign relations. - Domestic objections. to discover what prejudice, at least

- Association with Dissenters. -Encouof an improper kind, there can be, in ragement of self-sufficiency and conceit.wishing for the universal distribution Consequent alienation from the Church of the Scriptures, and supporting a jections, and of others connected with

and Ministry.--Examination of these obSociety formed for that sole object; them.-Jealousy entertained

by the friends though there may, we readily confess, of the elder societies.No necessary be some degree of prejudice in de- incompatibility of interest between them. ciding that all who oppose it do so Proof of this, in the simultaneous growth from unworthy motives.

and prosperity of various charitable insti

tutions. Having said thus much in general,

“ Letter xvii. The Bible Society.we really know not what extracts to make in particular from the three sion of sentiment, produced by the oppo

The same subject continued.--Revulletters on this subject, where there sition to the Bible Society. --Depreciation is very

much that is worthy of note, of all comment upon Scripture.–Fallacy and that is pregnant with admo- of this objection.-Warmth of both parties. nition to that church which it es. —Principle of popular association, objectpecially concerns. It occurs to us ed to. — Purposes of such association, as the only method for putting our

should be considered. Possibility of readers in possession of the whole abuse, and necessity of guarding against it.

-Indiscreet language at public meetings subject-matter of these letters to give their table of contents entire ; still further restrained. --Final triumph

-has been discouraged, and might be after which, we may perhaps indulge of the Bible Society, probable And deourselves and them with a single sirable, in the present state of religion.specimen of the admirable temper in The Church might have stood, and might which the discussion is conducted. yet stand, at the head of this Society. The heads are:

Conclusion.” Letters, vol. i. pp. xiii.—XV.

It gives us pain of the deepest “ The Bible Society.–Of the Bible So- kind in rising from the perusal of ciety, as connected with the general subject: such remarks as occur in the course -Circulation of the Bible, a Protestant of these three letters, to reflect principle; and the distinction of all the that there should be amongst ChrisProtestant Churches. Some objections tians, even on such a subject, a diffenoticed. — Principles and practice of the

rence of opinion; and one so great Reformers, with respect to the circulation of the Bible. Subsequent abuses, an oc

as even to threaten us with the worst casion of prejudice. --Decline of religion consequences. Most heartily would under Charles II. -Revival under William we recal the least expression that and Mary. - Religious associations con- may have tended to irritate or inflame the minds of our fellow-Chris- Severe and strange, however, as tians on either side upon this most the contest stirred in a Protestant afflicting, and we must say surprising, church by the distribution of the subject. And, with almost tears of holy Scriptures might seem; heartfelt regret, we join in the terms this is less ominous than some other of lamentation which our candid contests to which the second brother adopts on the existing state volume of these Letters alludes, of affairs; though we can by no as exhibiting the result, and chameans allow with him that the oppo- racteristic operation of religious nents of the Society had the causes prejudice. It has often struck us, for complaint which his charity for in common with our letter-writer, their principles and motives is ready as a very remarkable operation of to hypotheticate. To the monitory Religious Prejudice, some where, tone, however, which the last letter that such different views have been assumes towards the injudicious ad- taken of the theological writings of vocates of this Society, we cannot the past age ; and also, we should too seriously call the attention of add, of that which preceded it. Our its friends and supporters. But to author dedicates much of his second all alike we would present the au- volume to the vindication of Tillotthor's concluding remarks.

son and Barrow, with Clarke and his

brethren the Boyle Lecturers, from “It may further be considered, that the dislike or at least neglect with whatever prejudice may have been excited, which their writings are received by by any freedom of speech at public meet

one class of religionists : we may ings, or by the apprehension of other local abuses, it is now TOO LATE, even if it were

add, that he might with much effect advisable, to arrest the progress of the have appended some corresponding Bible Society. This great institution, re

remarks on a similar prejudice encommended as it is, to all ranks and par- tertained by another class against ties, by its comprehensive principle, will such writers as Howe, Baxter, and certainly, though perhaps slowly, intro- Owen; not to mention our own duce itself into every district that can sup- Hopkins, Reynolds, Usher, Hall, port it, and, by the unquestionable excel- and other worthies. Even the relence of its object, will engage the judgment of all classes in its favour, while it spective prejudices of Calvinism interests their imaginations and affections, and Anti-Calvinism are not enough, by its annual assemblies and reports, and of themselves, to account for the anecdotes and orations. Popularity and phenomenon here alluded to. Nor publicity are, in fact, inseparable; and a indeed can this operation of relicertain degree of exhibition (if I may call it so) is necessary to the success of every church. A distinct avowal is made at public institution. It is not therefore by p. 407 of the importance of the alliance of a secession from this Society, or by any the ecclesiastical and civil establishment alteration of its general plan, that injury in this country; and the following note is to the church seems likely to be pré- added from Judge Blackstone :vented; but by the zealous and unanimous " It is the glory of the Church of co-operation of all the pious members of England,” says Blackstone, “that she the church, to promote its great object, inculcates due obedience to lawful authowhile they resist its abuses. The torrent rity; and hath been, in her principles and which the church CANNOT RESIST, she may practice, ever most unquestionably loyal. LEAD; and God forbid that she should The clergy of her persuasion, holy in their arrest it, if any partial or secular interest doctrines, and unblemished in their lives could tempt her to obstruct the progress of and conversation, are also moderate in truth*.” Letters, vol. i. pp. 430, 431. their ambition; and entertain just notions

of the ties of society, and the rights of * The full support given to the church- civil government. As in matters of faith man's views, on all occasions, in these and morality, they acknowlege no guide Letters is the best warrant for the since- but the Scriptures, so, in matters of exterrity of their author in every remark tend- nal polity and private right, they derive all ing to the welfare and prosperity of the their title from the civil magistrate."

gious Prejudice (we mean always, so their parts sometimes almost exaspefar as it is a prejudice) be fully de- rated into Antinomianism in their zeal veloped without searching higher against the hierarchy. This led to for still more active and terrific the doctrinal division of Calvinism operations of the same principle. and Arminianism. And in proOur letter-writer, therefore, after portion as Calvinism had predomistating the fact of this later pre- nated at one period of our history, judice in the first letter of the se- the next generation, embracing cond volume, proceeds, in five more, Barrow, Tillotson, &c. are shewn to give certain prefatory sketches to have gone over very geneof still earlier times. The Calvinistic rally to the opposite code, with all and its antagonist spirit are traced its apparatus of reasoning and geneto the period of the Reformation ralising abstraction; a measure very itself. Here, the popish excesses, naturally resulting from the intermet no doubt in some instances by mediate inroads of blasphemy and opposite excesses, are traced through scepticism for which religious entheir different ramifications in our thusiasm had paved the way. Here own,as well as foreign countries. The then we find ourselves landed again wretched conflicts respecting Puri- in the age to which so large a portion tanism are sketched out in their bear- of this volume is devoted. But this ing even upon the present feeling of is matter too important to be disour own theological generation. Op- patched in the few remaining coposite jealousies are adduced as suc- lums which alone we could devote cessively producing and reproducing to it in our present Number: we each other. At one time, the jeae shall therefore reserve the subject lousy of popish good works is as- for our next; when we hope to be serted to have given too exclusive able to conclude not only what rea preponderance to the doctrine mains for us to remark under this of justification by faith, as if no third head of our review; but also other part of Divine revelation was the fourth, in which we proposed to of any moment. At another, the consider the cure, or at least the jealousy of innovation in discipline is due regulation, of the prejudices we shewn to have inflamed the bierarchy so deeply lament. against the Puritans; who were on

(To be continued.)


&c. &c.


subjects for the present year are:-For the PREPARING for publication :-Picturesque Senior Bachelors: “Quænam sunt Ecclesiæ Voyage round Great Britain; by W. Legibus stabilitæ Beneficia et qua Ratione Daniell ;— The Lives of Corregió and maxime promovenda ?”–Middle BacheParmigiano ;-A Short Treatise on Music, lors : "Qui Fructus Historiæ Ecclesiasticæ designed to simplify its principles, and to Studiosis percipiendi sunt ?”- PORSON save time both to the teacher and the Prize. Shakespeare, Henry VIII. Act pupils.

5. Scene vi. beginning with “ This Royal In the press :— Travels to the Rocky Infant,” &c. and ending with “And so Mountains of America ; by Major Long; stand fix’d.” The metre to be Tragicum -Fifteen Years in India ;-Memoirs Iambicum Trimetrum Acatalecticum. of Miss Shenston; by her Brother and Sister.

His Majesty, with great liberality, has

signified his intention of presenting the Cambridge.-MEMBERS' Prizes. — The late King's highly valuable library at CHRIST. OBSERV, No. 255.

2 B


Buckingham House to the Nation; and under the exhausted receiver of an airarrangements are to be made for a suitable pump. building to receive it.

The following has been given as a toleMr. Fosbroke; in his “Encyclopedia of rably accurate synopsis of the advancement Antiquities," now in a course of public of civil liberty within the last fifty years. cation, considers the following as, in his It must be gratifying to Britons to reflect opinion, after great research, the most sa- that it is from the example of this country tisfactory hypothesis relative to Stone- that the free institutions of modern times henge. “ It is probably the temple of the have, in a large measure, emanated. To Sun in Britain, mentioned by Diodorus. the present moment, the principles of reIt is circular, as were all temples of the ligious liberty, so happily diffused among Sun and Vesta. The adytum, or sanctum us, are almost unknown under some consanctorum, is oval, representing the mun- stitutions boasting of their free principles. dane egg, after the manner that all those We owe much to a merciful Providence adyta, in which the sacred fire perpetually in these respects: and most forcibly should blazed, was constantly fabricated. The we apply to ourselves the injunction of an situation is fixed astronomically; the Apostle : “Use not your liberty for a cloak grand entrance, and that of Abury, being of maliciousness ; but, as the servants of placed exactly north-east, as all the gates God, honour all men ; love the brotheror portals of the ancient cavern temples hood ; fear God; honour the king." were, especially those dedicated to Mithra, Fifty years ago, the number of persons that is, the Sun. The number of stones living under free governments, wereand uprights in the outward circles, making in the British dominions, about 12,000,000 together exactly sixty, plainly alludes to In Holland........

2,300,000 that peculiar and prominent feature of In Switzerland..................... 1,500,000 Asiatic astronomy, the sexagenary cycle; while the number of stones forming the

15,800,000 minor cycle of the cove, being exactly In the year 1823 nineteen, displays to us the famous Me- British subjects in Europe......16,000,000 tonic, or rather Indian cycle; and that of United States of America......11,000,000 thirty repeatedly occurring, the celebrated French......

..29,000,000 age or generation of the Druids. Further, Dutch and Netherlanders....... 3,200,000 the temple being uncovered, proves it to South-American Republicans, have been erected before the age of Zoro- about.....

.13,000,000 aster, 500 years before Christ, who first The Brazils

3,500,000 covered in the Persian temples. Finally, Spain.......

9,000,000 the heads and horns of oxen and other Portugal..

2,500,000 animals, found buried under the spot, prove that the sanguinary rites, peculiar to

87,200,000 the solar superstition, were actually prac- Thus eighty-seven millions have arisen tised within the awful bounds of this hal- from fifteen in less than fifty years. lowed circle."

INDIA. Sir Everard Home has lately published At the last annual examination at Fort a theory, that carbonic acid forms a large William College, the Governor-general proportion of the blood, and that this fluid • expressed the following sentiments, which is of a tubular structure. He asserts, that

we transcribe as justly descriptive of the carbonic acid gas exists in the blood in the high sense of honour and duty which very large proportion of two cubic inches to an generally actuates the public functionaries ounce ; and that it is given out in large in that country. “With exultation,” requantities from the blood of a healthy per- marked his lordship, “I have learned son after a full meal, and very little from from all quarters, the kind, humane, and the blood of a feverish person. The ap- fostering spirit manifested towards the napearance of the tubes passing through tives by the yonng men whom the Colevery particle of the blood, Sir Everard was lege has sent forth to public trusts. led to discover by observing the growth of a General information is now so widely grain of wheat daily through a microscope. spread among our countrymen, that there He first saw a blob, and then a tube pass- are few who, even in their very early days, ing from it: the blob was the juice of the cannot discriminate what constitutes real plant, and the tube was formed by the ex- glory from the pageantry of factitious and trication of carbonic acid gas. Reasoning transient elevation. They feel that dignity from analogy, he examined a globule of consists not in a demeanour which exacts blood, and found it composed of similar a sullen stupid submission from the multubes, which he was enabled to inject titude, but in a courtesy which banishes apprehension, yet exercises sway because fully in reforms of various kinds. During it plights protection. They comprehend the last festival of Jaggernaut, the pilgrims that to inspire confidence is to assert pre- present were so few as to be unable to eminence, because he who dispels alarm drag the car ; nor could any devotee be from another is the superior. They know persuaded, by the brachmins, to sacrifice that the observance and enforcement of himself to the idol. The priesthood are equity is imposed on them, not by their for removing the rath to a more central cath of office alone, but by the eternal ob- situation, from an apprehension that, ligation which the Almighty has attached without such removal, the bigotry of thirty to power, in rendering man responsible for centuries will disappear. A large portion its due application. Conscience breathes of the population of Bengal are receiving a sublime dictate to our souls. She pre- the rudiments of an improved education, scribes the extension of gentle, cheering, from thousands of elementary works that parental encouragement to the millions are circulating through the empire. Hinwhom Providence has arrayed beneath our doo women, against whom widowhood rule. Let it never be forgotten how that and burning alive are denounced for learnsupremacy has been constructed. Benefit ing the alphabet, and who must not read to the governed has been the simple but the Veda under pain of death, place their efficacious cement of our power. As long daughters at the public schools. The as the comforts and the gratitude of the celebrated Hindoo reformer, Rammohun Indian people shall testify that we perse- Roy, has long held public monthly meetvere in that principle, so long may Heaven ings at Calcutta, wherein the tenets of uphold the domination of Britain here! their religion are freely discussed, and the No longer!"

eruelties which it sanctions are exposed We could corroborate this pleasing and reprobated.” testimony by numerous admissions of Direct missionary efforts and the translaforeigners. At a late sitting, for in- tion of the Scriptures are not immediately stance, of the Institute of France, a me- mentioned in this passage; but taking only moir was read on the geography and state the preceding acknowledged facts,(especialof Hindostan, from which we copy the ly if we compare them with the state of following passages.

things in India, even so recently as when “Conquerors will doubtless favour their Mr. Burke made his celebrated complaint countrymen : and the English government that nothing had been done for the moral raise theirs to the highest posts and ap- or civil welfare of the country,) how loudly pointments; but numbers of the natives do they call upon British Christians to are admitted into the army, and put into “thankGod and take courage"in their efforts the exercise of civil power. Of enemies, to benefit their fellow-subjects in that pothe latter have become friends; and from pulous and important portion of the globe! the consolidation of interests, though dif- A sense of duty impels us to insert the ferent in colour, language, and manners, following account of one of those disgracethe English possess a force much superior ful scenes of inhumanity which are still in firmness to that of the Mohammedan permitted to take place under the toleradynasties.

tion of our otherwise truly enlightened « On the whole, notwithstanding errors and benevolent government in India. and defects in publie men and measures, Can it for a moment be doubted that a a quick eye may readily discover, that the case like the following called for the inrevolution which has taken place is greatly terference of a paternal legislature and to the profit of the population at large, and executive? Surely the option ought not (to the honour of the local administrations to be allowed to a young woman thus be it spoken) that solid improvements in circumstanced to consent, if she were ever principles and practice are rapidly ad- so willing, to her own destruction: for as vancing. Protection has been afforded long as such permission continues, an against foreign depredations, and internal opening will be left for her murderers to commotions; a double advantage, un- practise on her hopes and fears and creknown in Hindostan during the lapse of dulity with their juggling incantations, or, many years.

should these fail, with intoxicating potions, “ Superstition is rapidly declining in to render her an easy victim of their su. British India, and a surprising moral perstitious cruelties. The letter from which change has been in progress. The effect the following is an extract is dated July 1, of seven native presses, constantly at work 1822. in Calcutta, has been to triumph over Prompted by curiosity to endeavour many inveterate abuses, operating power- to investigate the religious ceremonies of

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