« PreviousContinue »
the Hindoos, I was induced to attend the the paper, and she was made to touch it, self-immolation of a Hindoo widow at as significant of her approval. The corpse Collyghaut yesterday. The preparatory being laid upon the funeral pile, she was ceremonies, if any, must have taken place raised from the ground and supported to previously to my arrival at the ghaut; for I the river, and after being bathed (for to found the unhappy victim of their idolatry bathe herself was beyond her power), she in a state of perfect insensibility. Though was dressed by the attending Brahmins in I was aware that her husband died at so a red scarf and ornamented with flowers, late an hour as twelve o'clock on Saturday and her head painted with red where her night, I laid aside all idea that grief for his hair parted: she was then led up to the loss was the actuating cause of her immo- pile, and performed, merely and solely by lation; and I am not disposed to think I the assistance of others, the required cerewas wrong in so doing, from the circum- monies: she was supported round the pile stances attending this barbarous custom. seven times, and after having performed It was about twenty minutes past eleven her task, her head fell on the shoulder of when I arrived: the Brahmins were the man on her left hand, and for upwards washing the body of the corpse of the of ten minutes she was to my idea in a husband in the river, and a few paces from swoon: but in the sequel I was well them sat the apparently unconscious vic- satisfied that the drugs that had been tim—the widow. She was twenty-one given her had begun effectually to operate. years of age, to my conception by far the The attendants waited this time, I supmost beautiful of any native female I have pose, in hopes of her reviving, and being ever seen. The interference of those who able to shew somewhat of voluntary action witnessed the sacrifice would, I believe, in the sight of the seven European gentlehave proved ineffectual to prevent her dis- men who happened to be present; but in solution, and that speedily; for, judging this they were disappointed, for she refrom her appearance, she was in a state of mained perfectly insensible to every obstupefaction. I spoke to several Brah- ject. And now commenced a scene so hormins, (and among them I found men in- rible, so revolting to every common printelligently delivering their sentiments, and, ciple of humanity, that one's blood shudexcept in acquiescing in the detestable ders at the recital. They listed her up, custom, men with whom I should have more dead than alive, and placed her on thought our enlightened views of Chris- the pile: she had not the power, when on tianity might be pressed with success,) it, even to lay her arm over the body of who said it was her fate; and added, that her deceased husband; but this was quickly if she were prevented or persuaded from done for her, as well as placing his head her purpose, she would die before three on her bosom. This was enough for me, o'clock.
and I left the scene of murder. The deUpon this intimation I was led to at- clarations of the Brahmins that she would tend more minutely to her situation. She not survive three o'clock, was a satisfacwas sitting on the ground near the river, tory conclusion to my mind, that the drugs supported by two men, and, as I said, in that might have been administered to her a state of insensibility: her eyes were were of the most destructive nature. It open, but apparently beyond the power would be well if Government would interof recognizing surrounding objects: here fere, in a similar case of self-immolation, to she remained until a paper was signed by
postpone the ceremony beyond the time at several Brahmins, who eagerly pressed which the death of the victim was propheupon the person in whose possession it cied; and, if it occurred, to subject the
While this was going forward, the body to the investigation of surgeons, in Thannadar asked her the usual questions order to discover the fact of murder or not. of her sacrifice being voluntary, to which, In the instance I speak of, the woman was in a feeble voice, she replied affirmatively; perfectly insensible ; and no part of this the pen was then presented to her, with abominable ceremony could be said to which the Brahmins had previously signed have had her consent."
LIST OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
Proposals for the Formation of a CleVindication of the Church and Clergyrical Provident Fund; by a Rector. Svo. of England against the Edinburgh Review; A Letter to the Bishop of St. David's, by a Beneficed Clergyman. 8vo. in reply to the Strictures of the Quarterly
Review of the Prize Essay on the Scrip- Tom and Charles, the History of Two tural Doctrines on Adultery and Divorce; Boys educated in Sheffield Charity School. by H. Tebbs, Proctor in Doctors' Com- 2s. 6d. mons.
Britton's Church of Canterbury: with A Letter to Lord Liverpool, on the engravings. 4to. 31. 3s. Catholic Question, Clerical Residence, Public Characters of all Nations, conand the State of Ordination; by the Rev. sisting of Biographical Accounts of 3000 R. Mitchell, D. D. 8vo. 1s.
Living Personages ; with 150 Portraits. A Sabbath among the Mountains ; & 3 vols. 18mo. 21. 29. Poem.
Memoirs of C. A. Stothart, F.S.A.; by Sequel to an unfinished Manuscript Mrs. C. Stothart. 8vo. 155. of H. K. White's, designed to illustrate Lives of the Scottish Poets. 3 vols. the contrast afforded by Christians and 18mo. 18s. Infidels at the close of life; by the Author Private Life of Marie Antoinette ; by of the Wonders of the Vegetable King- Mde. Campan, 2 vols. 8vo. 28s. dom Displayed. I vol. 12mo. 4s.
The Cabinet of Portraits : with BioAn Appeal to Scripture, &c. in Defence graphical Sketches ; by R. Scott. Part i. of the Bible Society's System of Visitation; 8vo. 2s. 6d. by the Rev. B. S. Claxson, M.A. 8vo. 2s. Cicero de Republicâ, e Codice Vaticano:
The Greek Original of the New Testa descripsit Angelus Maius. 8vo. 12s. ment asserted, in Answer to a recent Pub- The Odyssey of Homer; translated into lication, entitled Palæoromaica ; by the English Prose: with Notes ; by a MemBishop of St. David's.
ber of the University of Oxford. 2 vols. Short and plain Discourses, for the Use 8vo. 21s. of Families; by the Rev. T. Knowles, Hints to Mothers on Pestalozzi's System B.A. 3 vols. 12mo. 13s. 6d.
of Education. No. 1. ls. Twenty Discourses preached before the Views in Wales; by Captain Batty. University of Cambridge, being the Hul. No. 1. 5s. sean Lectures for 1822; by the Rev. C. The Art of Miniature Painting ; by L. Benson. 8vo. 12s.
Mansion. 12mo. 7s. A Brief Harmonized and Paraphrastic Roman Literature, from its earliest PeExposition of the Gospel; by the Rev. G. riod to the Augustan Age. 2 vols. 8vo. Wilkins. Svo. 9s.
11. Ils. 6d. The Inspiration of the Holy Scriptures Spanish and Portuguese Literature; by proved from Prophecy; by the Rev. T. F. Bowterwek: translated by T. Ross. Wilkinson. 8vo. 6s.
2 vols. 8vo. 24s. Sermons; by the late Rev. W. Hawkes. Juarro's History of Guatimala ; trans2 vols. 8vo. 24s.
lated by Lieut. Baily. 8vo. 16s. A Sermon on the Death of Mr. Robert The Hospitals of France, Italy, SwitzNewbald ; by the Rev. George Clayton. 8vo. erland, and the Netherlands ; by H. W.
Family Commentary on the New Testa- Carter, M.D. 8vo. 8s. ment, for the private reading of such per- Advice to Young Mothers on the Physons as have neither the leisure to read, sical Education of Children. 12mo. 7s.6d. nor the means of purchasing books of An Appeal to the Religion, Justice, and larger comment. In 4 vols. 12mo. 22s. 6d. Humanity of the Inhabitants of the British
The Tent and the Altar; or Short Fa- Empire, in behalf of the Negro Slaves in mily Prayers; by a Clergyman. 6d. or the West Indies; by W. Wilberforce, 25 for 10s. 6d.
Esq. M.P. A Sermon on the Death of the Rev.John The Voice of the Vaudois, or the Ma. Winter; by Robert Winter, D. D. 8vo. niac of the Valleys; a Poem.
A Letter to W. Whitmore, Esq. pointBythner's Lyra Prophetica. 8vo. 20s. ing out some of the erroneous Statements A'Dream in a Mail Coach. 6d. in Mr. Marryat's Reply to Pamphlets on
A Mother's Portrait; sketched soon the Equalization of the Duties on Sugars; after her Decease for the Study of her by the Author of a Pamphlet, entitled Children; by their Surviving Parent. I vol. East and West India Sugar. 12mo. 48. 6d.
ANTI-SLAVERY SOCIETIES. of humanity, policy, and Christian duty We feel it a solemn obligation to call the the mitigation and gradual abolition of serious attention of our readers to a subject the state of Slavery throughout the British now before Parliament and the country, dominions, and ultimately, we would earof the very highest importance as a question nestly hope, throughout the whole world.
As we shall have occasion to recur to the vincing, than this seasonable “ Appeal to topic in our View of Public Affairs, we all the Inhabitants of the British Empire shall content ourselves at present with who value the favour of God, or are alive announcing the formation of several so- to the interests or honour of their country; cieties for effecting this great object, and to all who have any respect for justice, or with annexing a circular issued by one of any feelings of humanity." We rejoice to them, which will shew the intentions of find that the pamphlet has been already the benevolent individuals engaged in widely circulated; and we earnestly recomcalling public attention and sympathy to mend it to the perusal of our readers. the measure, and the grounds upon which The motto is strikingly appropriate : they urge its claims to be solemnly heard “ Woe unto him that buildeth his house and decided. Liverpool, so long the focus by unrighteousness, and his chambers by of the abhorred and inhuman Slave Trade, wrong; that useth his neighbour's service and which since its abolition has sprung without wages, and giveth him not for up to gigantic greatness on its ruins, by his work.” And may we not add, without a bloodless and honourable commerce, has meaning any reflection upon individuals had the distinguished privilege of being whose misfortune it may have been to be the first spot in the British dominions in Slave-proprietors, that the present dilapiwhich a society has been formed for the dated state of our Slave-colonies is a moabolition of Slavery. A similar institution nitory example of the fulfilment of this
woe has since been founded in the metropolis; by an equitable retributive Providence ? and greatly do we deceive ourselves if a The London Anti-Slavery Society's cirspirit has not gone abroad, which, by the cular, above alluded to, is as follows.blessing of God, will before very long lead " Among the manifold evils to which to a safe and effectual extinction of this man is liable, there is not perhaps one foul blot from the whole face of the British more extensively productive of wretched dominions. But, be the struggle long or ness than PERSONAL SLAVERY. short, the duty of assisting in it stands on “ Slavery may, without exaggeration, be the broad principle of religious obligation, described as inflicting on the unhappy and will not fail to bring its reward to all subjects of it almost every injury which who embark in it upon the sacred prin- law, even in its rudest state, was intended ciple of love to God, and to mankind for to prevent. Is property an object of soGod's sake, without distinction of clime licitude? The Slave, generally speaking, or colour, as members of one common can neither acquire nor securely enjoy it. family, united in one common guilt, and is exemption from personal wrong indispurchased by the blood of one common pensable to comfort? The Slave is liable Saviour.
to indignity and insult, to restraint and We have not space at present to make punishment, at the mere caprice of anany extracts from the highly valuable and other. He may be harassed and rendered judicious papers issued by the Liverpool miserable in a thousand ways, which, so Society, or from some other pamphlets far from admitting of the proof that would which have been published on the sub- be requisite to obtain legal redress (even ject; which, however, deserve a large where any legal redress is ostensibly promeasure of public attention, particularly vided), can perhaps with difficulty be disMr. Wilberforce's “ Appeal to the Re- tinguished from such exercise of a master's ligion, Justice, and Humanity of the Bri- power as admits of no regulation or contish Empire, in behalf of the Negro Slaves troul. Even life itself may, with impuin the West Indies *.” Animated and nity, be wantonly sported with: it may eloquent as are this revered senator's be abridged by insufficient sustenance: it speeches and publications, we should be may be wasted by excessive labour; nay, at a loss to point out any thing from his it may be sacrificed by brutal violence, lips or pen more animated and eloquent, without any proportionate risk of adequate and we will add more sober, more states. punishment. man-like, more Christian, and more con- “ In short, the Slave can have no secu
rity for property, comfort, or life; because
he himself is not his own : he belongs to Another pamphlet, entitled “Negro another, who, with or without the offer Slavery," gives a most appalling picture of a reason or prétence, can at once sepaof the present state of that state of society, rate all from him, and him from all which in the British West Indies: we wish it gives value to existence. could be read by every man and woman “ Again : What sense of moral obligain the kingdom.
tion can he be expected to possess who is shackled with respect to every action and found: but they know that in suchplaces they purpose, and is scarcely dealt with as have existedat one time or other in a greater an accountable being? Will the man, for or less degree ; that in many places they example, whose testimony is rejected with are even now in full and fearful force; and scorn, be solicitous to establish a charac- that they are liable to be revived in all, ter for veracity? Will those who are Should this picture appear to some treated as cattle, be taught thereby to re- persons to be overcharged, they would strain those natural appetites which they refer them to the most decisive and unpossess in common with their fellow-la- questionable authorities. The felon Slavebourers in the team? Or will women be trader, indeed, they consign to the laws of prepared for the due performance of do- England,and to the recorded reprobation of mestic and maternal duties by being re- Europe. But for the accuracy of their defused the connubial tie, or by being led to lineation of the wretchedness and degraregard prostitution to their owner, or his dation connected with the condition of representative, as the most honourable personal Slavery, (willing as they are to distinction to which they can aspire ? admit the humanity of many of the owners
“From this source of Slavery, then, flows of Slaves, and the efforts which some of every species of personal suffering and them have made to mitigate the evils of moral degradation, until its wretched vic- colonial bondage,) they appeal to ancient tim is sunk almost to the level of the brute; and to modern history, and to every trawith this farther disadvantage, that not veller worthy of credit who has visited the being wholly irrational, he is capable of regions where that condition of society inspiring greater degrees of terror, resent- prevails. Three thousand years ago, a ment, and aversion, and will therefore heathen poet could tell us, seem to his owner to require and to justify! Jove fix'd it certain, that whatever day severer measures of coercion.
Makes man a Slave, takes half his worth “And let it not be forgotten that Slavery away.' is itself not merely the effect, it is also the And this might be shewn to be the convery cause, of the Slave Trade; of that current testimony of all ages. system of fraud and violence by which “The enemies of Negro freedom, in our Slaves are procured. If Slavery were ex- own age and country, were so sensible of tinct, the Slave Trade must cease. But this truth, that with great shrewdness they while it is suffered to exist, that murderous disputed the claim of the Negro face to be traffic will still find a fatal incentive in the regarded as men. They doubtless felt, solicitude of the Slaveholder to supply the with Montesquieu, that if Negroes were waste of life which his cupidity and cruelallowed to be men, a doubt might arise ty have occasioned. Thus, in every point whether their masters could be Christians.' of view, is Slavery productive of the worst This position, however, has been abandoned consequences to all the parties concerned. as untenable; and we may therefore inBesides all the direct and wide-wasting dulge a sanguine hope of at length reinjuries which it inflicts on its immediate covering for them the indubitable rights victims, it substitutes for the otherwise of humanity, so long and so cruelly with; peaceful merchant a blood-thirsty pirate held by the strong arm of oppression. trading in human flesh; and by ministering “Some persons, however, may here be to pride, avarice, and sensuality, by excit- disposed to ask, how it is possible, if Slaing the angry passions, and hardening the very were an evil so enormous as it has heart against the best feelings of our na- now been represented to be, that it should ture, it tends to convert the owner of Slaves not only have been tolerated, but recoginto a merciless tyrant.
nized and established as a legal condition “ The Society, be it remembered, are not of society, by so many polished, and even now endeavouring to rouse indignation Christian nations, up to this very day. The against particular acts of extraordinary Society admit, that, to a humane and concruelty, or to hold up to merited repre- siderate mind, nothing can seem more hension individuals notorious for their extraordinary than that this and other crimes. They are only exhibiting a just enormities, the removal of which lies obpicture of the nature and obvious tendens viously within the compass of human abicies of Slavery itself, wheresoever, and by lity, should yet continue to torment manwhomsoever practised. They are very far kind from age to age. But our past sufrom asserting, or supposing, that every pineness in no degree weakens the obligaone of the enormities to which they have tion we are under to attempt their removal alluded will be found to co-exist in all their when their real nature has been detected horrors in every place where Slaves may be and exposed. Nor will the plea of prescription and antiquity, or of previous con- “ That the individuals composing the nivance, justify the prolongation of prac- present meeting are deeply impressed
with tices which both religion and natural jus- the magnitude and number of the evils tice condemn as crimes. The African attached to the system of Slavery which Slave Trade, with all the abominations prevails in many of the colonies of Great accompanying its every stage, had been Britain ; a system which appears to them carried on for centuries, without attracting so be opposed to the spirit and precepts observation ; and, even after it had excited of Christianity, as well as repugnant to the attention of a few benevolent indivi- every dictate of natural humanity and duals, it cost many a laborious effort and justice. many a painful disappointment, before a “ That they long indulged a hope, that conviction of its inherent turpitude and the great measure of the abolition of the criminality became general, and its con- Slave Trade, for which an Act of the Ledemnation was sealed in this country. In gislature was passed in 1807 after a strugthe exultation produced by this victory it gle of twenty years, would have tended was perhaps too readily believed that the rapidly to the mitigation and gradual exColonial Slavery which had been fed by tinction of Negro bondage in the British the Slave Trade, would, when all foreign colonies ; but that in this hope they have supply was stopped, undergo a gradual, been painfully disappointed; and after a but rapid mitigation, until it had ceased lapse of sixteen years, they have still to to reproach our free institutions and our deplore the almost undiminished prevaChristian profession, and was no longer lence of the very evils which it was one known but as a foul blot in our past his- great object of the abolition to remedy. tory. It was this hope, joined to a libe- “ That under these circumstances they ral confidence in the enlarged and benevo- feel themselves called upon by the most lent purposes of the colonial proprietary, binding considerations of their duty as which prevented the immediate prosecu- Christians, by their best sympathies as tion of such further parliamentary mea- men, and by their solicitude to maintain sures as should have at once placed the un- unimpaired the high reputation and the happy Slave under the protection of the solid prosperity of their country, to exert law, and have prepared the way for his themselves, in their separate and collective restoration to those sacred and inalienable capacities, in furthering this most imporrights of humanity, of which he had been tant object, and in endeavouring by all unjustly dispossessed. But if, as is the prudent and lawful means to mitigate, and fact, every such hope has proved illusory, eventually to abolish, the Slavery existing and all such confidence has only served to in our Colonial possessions. render their disappointment more bitter and “ That an Association be now formed, mortifying, shall the friends of the African to be called The London Society for race be now reproached for waiting no mitigating and gradually abolishing the longer, when the real ground of reproach State of Slavery throughout the British is, that they should have waited so long? Dominions ;' and that a subscription be They place themselves then on the im- entered into for that purpose. moveable ground of Christian principle, “With respect to the means of carrying while they invoke the interference of Par- these objects into effect, they must, in liament, and of the country at large, to some measure depend on circumstances. effect the immediate mitigation, with a For such as are more obvious, partieuview to the gradual and final extinction, larly the obtaining and diffusing of informin all parts of the British dominions, of ation, considerable funds will be required; a system which is at war with every prin- and it will therefore be necessary to ciple of religion and morality, and out- promote subscriptions not only in the merages every benevolent feeling. And they tropolis, but in all parts of the kingdom." entertain the fullest conviction that the Subscriptions will be received by the same spirit of justice and humanity which Treasurer, Samuel Hoare, jun., Esq., at has already achieved so signal a victory, Messrs. Hoare, Barnett, and Co.'s, Lomwill again display itself in all its energy, bard Street; and by Messrs. Drummonds; nor relax its efforts until it shall have con- Charing Cross. summated its triumphs.
We subjoin a list of publications, con“ The objects of this Society cannot be taining important information on the submore clearly and comprehensively defined ject of Slavery, namely ;than in the following resolutions which Ramsay's Essay on the Treatment and were unanimously adopted at its first Conversion of African Slaves in the meeting.
British Sugar Colonies, 1784.