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Debates on the Slave Trade, 1791, 1792, structed, to some thirty, some forty, some 1806, and 1807.

a hundred piastres per month; and even Wilberforce's Letter to his Constituents, then, with difficulty can I persuade them 1807.

to come, so ignorant and barbarous are the Pinckard's Notes on the West Indies, people of this country, whether Copts or 1815.

Levantines. I feel sensible of the liberality Professional Planter.

of the gentlemen who have commissioned Dixon's Mitigation of Slavery, 1814. Mr. Wolff to make the proposal, and, if Watson's Defence of the Methodist Mis- they are willing, shall have great pleasure sions in the West Indies, 1816.

in having their assistance in such a work; Report of the African Institution on Rea- but I recommend that it should be at my

sons for a Registry of Slaves, 1815. Lyceum. Let them send clever men, Review of the Colonial Registry Bills by capable of teaching the new system of the African Institution, 1820.

education and the sciences, and I will Sixteenth Annual Report of the African afford them every facility; that is, I will Institution, 1822.

collect for them as many scholars as I can Stephens's Letters to Wilberforce on the get together. Let them teach the lanRegistry of Slaves, 1816.

guages, Italian, French, and English, triCropper's Letters to Wilberforce, 1822. gonometry, or measuring of land, and Singleton's Report of the State of Sierra every thing connected with the science of Leone, 1822.

engineers; but let those they send be men Pamphleteer, No. XVI., containing Cos- of abilities: I shall be glad to contribute

ter on the Amelioration of Slavery, towards the payment of such men.” 1816.

Mr. Wolff, the gentleman mentioned in Wilberforce's Appeal to the Religion, Jus- this extract has been travelling at the ex

tice, and Humanity, of the Inhabitants pense of some gentlemen in England, as a, of the British Empire on behalf of Christian Missionary, chiefly to the Jews the Negro Slaves in the West Indies, in Syria and other parts of the East. He 1823.

had projected the establishment of a school Negro Slavery, as it exists in the United or college at Aleppo, and his proposal is

States and in the West Indies,especially stated to have met with warm approbain Jamaica, 1823.

tion from the inhabitants ; but, the earthCropper's Letter, on the Injurious Effects quake having set aside the project for a

of High Prices,and the Beneficial Effects time, he transferred his views to Cairo, of Low Prices on the Condition of Sla- where we shall rejoice to hear that it has

been carried into effect. Hodgson's Letter to Say, on the compara

tive Expense of Free and Slave Labour, SOCIETY FOR THE CONVERSION

1823. East and West India Sugar, 1823.

OF THE JEWS. Proeeedings in the House of Commons, on Slavery at the Cape of Good Hope, of the present state of the plans of the So

The following presents a summary view 1823.

ciety for the Conversion of the Jews.

1. The Episcopal Chapel, at Bethnal EDUCATION IN EGYPT. Green.

2. Schools, containing 38 boys, and 44 Mr. Salt has lately communicated the girls. following intelligence from Cairo. We 3. The Hebrew New Testament-More would earnestly hope, that, under the than 10,000 copies circulated. course of policy pursued by the present 4. German-Hebrew, and Judæo-Polish enterprising Basha of Egypt, that country New Testaments- Many thousands. will become increasingly open to the pro- 5. Tracts in various languages, on the gress of education and Christian light. subject at issue between Jews and Chris

“This morning,” says Mr. Salt, “I had a tians Many hundred thousands. conference with the Basha. His highness 6. Converted Jews, preaching the Gosobserved that he had received a visit from pel, including Mr. Moritz, employed by the Mr. Wolff, with whom he expressed him- Emperor of Russia Six. self much pleased ; and that that gen- 7. Missionary Agents of the Society tlemen had proposed to him to establish a abroad-Twelve. school on the new system adopted in 8. Stations where they have laboured England, at Boulak near Cairo. His high- Amsterdam, Frankfort, Leipzic, Dresden, ness said, I must first explain to you that Warsaw, Posen, Breslau, Wilna, Cracow, a project of this kind has great difficulties. Cochin, and Jerusalem. In Europe, people pay contentedly for the 9. Seminary for the education of Miseducation of their children; here, on the sionaries to the Jews. Six have gone forth. contrary, at our Lyceum at Boulak, I am Five are preparing themselves for their obliged to pay those who come to be in future labours. CHRIST. OBSERY. No. 255.

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very, 1823.


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10. Auxiliary Societies in England and “ The Society," remarks his lordship, Ireland-About one hundred and fifty. “ originated in the necessities of the dio

11. Societies abroad in connexion with cese; in its very imperfect means of clethe London Society-Nine.

rical education; and in the want of some A separate Fund'is open for the Hebrew establishment which might, in some conNew Testament, and another for Missions. siderable degree, supply the advantages of

an university education. And what has ST. DAVID'S CHURCH UNION SO. been the conduct of this provincial asCIETY.

sociation,' whose proceedings the reviewer

is sure are injudicious? The most cordial The Bishop of St. David's, in a learned co-operation of the clergy from all parts pamphlet just published, entitled “ The of the diocese; and even, with our poor Greek Original of the New Testament as.

endowments, the unwearied contribution serted,” (an extract from which appeared in of their best means for nearly twenty years, our last Number,) has introduced the follow. which, with the aid of English benefactors, ing statement relative to the operations of have raised our preparatory funds towards the St. David's Church Union Society, re- effecting our long projected establishment, spectingwhich several of our correspondents to the amount of 15,783. 198. 3d. in the have requested information. The statement three per cents. What now is the present occurs in reply to some strictures in the result of the zealous and persevering enlast Number of the Quarterly Review re- deavours of this provincial association ?' specting that Society, and Mr, Tebb’s The actual commencement of operations Essay, to which it lately adjudged its pre- for building a college near Lampeter, in mium for an Essay on Adultery and Di- Cardiganshire, for the education of young vorce*,

men intended for holy orders, who can

not afford the expense of an university It is not within our province to enter education; with the approbation and geinto this controversy; but we refer those nerous aid of the two univerities, crowned of our readers who may be interested in with his Majesty's most gracious and muthe subject, to Mr. Tebb's very satisfactory nificent donation of one thousand pounds. statements as respects himself (see our List The utility of an appropriate course of New Publications), and to the Bishop of studies for young men intended for of St. David's remarks as respects the So- holy orders, and the want of an instituciety. In reply to the Quarterly Review- tion which should unite in some considerer's charge of a misapplication of the So- able degree the advantages of an univerciety's funds, which the reviewer thinks sity education, by combining a progressive would have been better bestowed in fur- method of theology, literature, and science; nishing

Bibles to poor Welch families, than with the regularity of moral discipline, for an Essay on “ the Doctrine of Scrip- first induced the Bishop of St. David's, ture on Adultery and Divorce," the Bishop in the year 1804, to propose the establishstates, (referring for proof to the Reportsment of a clerical seminary at Llanddewi of the lists of the Society for promoting Brefi, for the education of future candiChristian Knowledge, and the Bible So- dates for orders in the diocese of St. ciety; the last of which, it is well known, David's, who could not afford the expense expressly originated in the necessities of of an university, education, The great the Principality,) that funds and exertions extent of the diocese, the poverty of its are very far from being wanting for satu- benefices, and the inability of the generating his diocese with Bibles; and that rality of candidates for the ministry in it the Society's 501. premiums are not sup- to pursue their studies at an university, plied from its own resources, but by “the rendered such an institution peculiarly negenerous munificence of a noble benefac- cessary in that diocese. Many objections tor.” This brief statement seems due having been made to Llanddewi Brefi, on not only to the Society, but to those who account of its remote situation, the want have subscribed to its objects, and might of a market, and its inaccessibleness for wish for an explanatian as to the alleged want of turnpike roads; the offer of anmisapplication of its funds. We will only other site, dry, airy, and healthy, in the add on the subject of Mr. Tebb’s Essay, precincts of Lampeter, a small market that we are glad to find so competent an town, a few miles distant from Llanddewi authority as the Bishop of St. David's Brefi

, was made by the lords of "he manor concurring in the pressing necessity of of Lampeter, with a benefaction of one strengthening our penal laws against the thousand pounds. The great superiority crime of adultery. Our present code is dis- of the new site over that of Llanddewi gracefully laxand inefficient. Mr. Tebb’s va. Brefi, gave a new impulse to the underluable work contains some reasonings and taking, and brought an accession of most suggestions of great momenton this subject liberal benefactions, which his Majesty which it is his main object to press upon was graciously pleased to augment with the attention of the legislature and the the above-mentioned munificent donation. public.

The college was in consequence founded last August, (see Christ. Observ. for 1822, rious articles of intelligence, highly inteP. 595.)

# The establishment of St. resting to those who have at heart the David's college,” remarks his lordship, extension of moral and benevolent insti5 though intended chiefly for one Welch tutions upon the continent of Europe. diocese, may eventually be useful to the This we may do at some future period. other three'; and in proportion as the At present, however, we must be content Welch clergy are employed in their minis- with briefly mentioning some of the ob terial duties in England, it may be bene- jects to which the Society has hitherto ficial to the whole church. It may also re- turned its attention; premising, in justice lieve the universities, by retaining at home to its infant efforts, that its labours have many young men who might otherwise necessarily in the first instance been chiefly venture beyond their means to resort to confined to procuring information, and them. The proof which the universities opening an extensive course of corresponhave given of their approbation of the dence, which promises in its result greatly undartaking, by their very liberal contribu- to benefit not only France, but every tions, affords a most encouraging testi- place where the influence or reaction of mony to its utility."

the Society may extend. Ainong the points to which the Society has directed

its views are the improvement of prisons PARIS SOCIETY FOR PROMOT- and prison discipline; the abolition of lotING CHRISTIAN MORALS. teries; the suppression of gambling houses;

the improved coustruction and management An institution was formed at Paris, of lunatic asylums; the extension and imtowards the close of the year 1821, entitled provement of education; the promotion “La Societé de la Morale Chrétienne," of principles of international peace ; the the plan and proceedings of which we feel extinction of the African Slave-trade; the great satisfaction in laying before our read- mitigation of the horrors of slavery, and ers. The objects of the Society are to the final abolition of slavery itself

. A keep alive the public attention to the pure considerable portion of the Society's initial precepts of the Gospel; to shew their bene- proceedings consists of a correspondence ficial influence upon mankind, and to pro- with private individuals and charitable inmote their wide extension in every work stitutions in this country connected with of peace and benevolence. The Society the above-mentioned objects; and many proposes to procure from every country, a ray of light, we trust, has been elicited, and under whatever form, interesting in- and many an engine silently set at work, telligence respecting measures in progress the beneficial effects of which may be felt for the moral and physical benefit of the long after the first promoters have rested human race; and to promulgate both in from their labours. "We are glad to see occasional publications, and in a regular in the list of the Society's members seveperiodical work dedicated to that express ral of our own countrymen, and shall be object, the result of their researches, with most happy if our recommendation of its a view particularly to stir up their coun- important objects should assist in addtrymen to enter warmly into every useful ing to their numbers, especially among design of Christian virtue and beneficence. our fellow-subjects residing or visiting in They wish to demonstrate that nothing France. The institution has commenced really true or good can be effected but its labours under highly respectable and upon the moral principles of the Gospel; liberal patronage, both French and foreign. at the same time avoiding all points of It may be necessary to add, that in de controversy among those who call them- clining theological controversy, the foundselves members of one common family. ers of the Society have

ted that they Politics and all other subjects irrelevant reject most earnestly the supposition that to the Society's benevolent objects, are they are indifferent to the distinctions of excluded from its proceedings. French- religious doctrines, or that they wish to men or foreigners are equally admissible merge the peculiarities of Christianity in as members, being proposed by two mem- the vague generalities of Deism. Their bers and balloted for. The minimum object being simply“ the application of the annual subscription for a member is 25 precepts of Christianity to the social refranes, for which he will receive the So- lations of life,” they justly consider that ciety's monthly “ Journal;" eight Num- this may be effected without sectarian disbers of which have appeared, and which putes ; as we see every day, in our own is to be continued regularly. Strangers country, in the conduct of charitable instimay purchase the work (forming annually tutions not immediately of a religious chatwo small 8vo. volumes) for 15 francs, in ractersuch as hospitals, prison discipline, Paris, or 18 in the departments. It may and anti-slave-trade societies. be procured from Treuttel and Wurtz, in We venture most respectfully and earParis, Strasburg, and London.

nestly to urge upon the conductors of the From the eight Numbers which have Society a rigid adherence to this leading come to our hands we might extract van principle of their institution.

hope, with a due sense of my follies, POOR PIOUS CLERGY SOCIETY.

and an experimental knowledge of his The following are extracts from letters Gospel. My curacy is 1001. per annum; received by the Committee of this Society, 501. I devote annually to my creditors, and in the course of last year. They atford 201. to insure my life for their benefit. I unhappily but too ample proof of the ne- have therefore left only 301. annually to cessity and utility of the institution. It subsist on, and the produce of a cow and is deeply afflicting in itself, and not a little garden not more than 61. besides." discreditable to a church and country so 4. “In consequence of the great agriculopulent as ours, that numerous instances tural distress, ten pounds per annum have of deep and bitter poverty should be found been withdrawn from the curacy of — among our clergy, and these not confined I feel quite ashamed again to solicit your to individuals of indifferent character or charity; but, alas! dire necessity has a tenprinciples, but too often among clergymen dency to banish those feelings which huof regular education, unblemished conduct

, mility would ever studiously foster. I leave scriptural piety, unwearied activity, and no other resource to which I can apply, extensive pastoral usefulness. This pain- being the eldest of ten unprovided for chilful subject deserves far greater public and drei. My income is 1151. We are FIVE parliamentary consideration and sympathy in family depending on my income for supthan it has received.

port. There is a Sunday-school in each 1. “ Notwithstanding all the economy used parish. We have also a Bible and Misby us, my debts are many, and often upon sionay Association. Every cottage, where my mind, from fear that I shall not be able any one of its inhabitants can read, conto discharge them; for, as my children ad

tains a Bible. Many Prayer-books, Hovance in years, their schooling, their cloth- milies, and Church-of-England Tracts, ing, and their maintenance, considerably have been distributed among the poor.".. increase, and my salary remains the same; 5. -"My dear wife has been heavily while the glebe-fields which I farm I made afflicted for half-a-year, quite unable to no profit of in the years past, and this year take care, in any degree, of her numerous I am a great loser, in consequence of the young family. The expenses attending wet harvest greatly damaging the wheat I her affliction, with those respecting my had for the use of my family. I hope the dear departed child which I had not overCommittee will have compassion on me, come, have caused my bills to be this and give me a helping hand. My salary year much more than usual, and my inis 801. per annum; no private income; come is the same. The physician advised SEVEN always in family. The average num- me yesterday to send her to ber of our monthly communicants is about I am afraid she is too weak to bear the forty. We have a National School, which journey, and I am destitute of the means I superintend. The District Society at

to support her there for a few weeks. My supply us with books."

income is seventy-four pounds. I have 2.

“ My incumbent, with a large six children dependent on me for support. family continues to be very poor, which, un- The number of my congregationis as fortunately for me, involves me in diffi- many as the church will contain, being culties. Out of forty pounds, my annual about 4 or 500, and the communicants but nominal income, I received no more about 140—Sacraments monthly.” than half the sum for the last twelve months, 6. “ The necessity of my circumstances The parishioners are kind people; but as excites me to make application to the Sothey are poor, they can afford me but little ciety. Like my blessed Loru and Master, I assistance. They are in general attending continue, it being his gracious will, in a low my ministry, and the church is pretty full estate in this world, tried with the painful every Sunday. The Sunday-school is incumbrances of debts. I have a family of thriving, and the number of communi- TEN children to support with a salary of cants increasing; but as I have a WIFE and fifty pounds per annum. The harvest last Your young children dependent upon my year was so bad that the corn was much stipend solely for livelihood, I find that I damaged, and almost spoiled; and I shall must, though much against my will, (unless be obliged to buy corn till the next harvest. I be helped from some quarter or another,) I trust I shall be considered a proper obundergo, before long, the very grievous ject of your charitable relief; and that the task of being separated from this kind Lord will bless and prosper all my benepeople.”

factors, is the earnest prayer of, &c.” 3. “ During great part of the time I was 7. " I beg leave to inform you of the at college, I was living totally without God death of my dear husband, who departin the world. The consequence was with ed this life in the assured hope of being me as with many others, 'I got sadly in- happy for ever! I was left with eight dear volved in debt. "My father, having a very children, to lament the loss of an affectionlarge family, was utterly unable to render ate husband and a most tender and indulme any assistance. At the latter part of gent parent: my oldest boy is now near my residence God visited me, I humbly 16. I have sex with me, one boy and five

> but

girls. This is a true statement. Can I overpowered with gratitude, at the bounty beg the favour of you to lay it before the of your Committee, and the kindness of Committee, from which we once received a gracious Providence. I trust the mercy a most bountiful present, and which re- will make a deep and lasting impression lieved the mind of my lamented partner on my mind, and cause me to be more greatly. It was of infinite service to us. diligent in the service of so good a Master. I feel very thankful to the Almighty for Were it not for the generous relief afforded the many kind friends he has at different by your Committee, 1 should be in great times raised us up. May he give us grace distress, and the cares and anxieties of my to make a right use and improvement of situation would have followed me into my all the mercies he bestows upon me. closet and my pulpit; but through their

8. “Being in very distressed circumstances; liberality, I now go on my knees with graand feeling unwilling to make a disclosure titude, sit down to my study with pleasure, of them to any other person, I have at

and shall to-morrow go into my pulpit length resolved to lay my case before you, with joy. Often did I endeavour to soothe for the information of the benevolent So- the dejected spirits of my dear partner by .ciety, for whom you act as Secretary. In that consolatory passage, The Lord will reply to the questions contained in your provide.' Often did I assure her, that he circular, I beg leave to state as follows:- cared for us. Now have we found, by Thirty pounds per annum salary-no pri- blessed experience, that he doth indeed vate income-number of congregation be provide, that he doth indeed care for us." tween three and four hundred-number 10. “ This situation is most important, of communicants when I first came to the as there is only one church to a population of parish two years ago were 9, now between ten thousand souls--income eighty pounds 50 and 60-one Sunday-school superin- nothing else from any certain or occatended by myself. I have distributed sional source—a wife and FIVE children many Bibles, Testaments, and prayer- (a sixth is soon expected) and all depenbooks, to nearly all the population.' dent upon the father's income for support.

9. “Yesterday I received your favour, in- During the last two or three years I have closing a bank-bill of

My dear been much exercised with affliction," partner and myself were astonished, and



have become popular favourites; and France. — The vote of a hundred the public indignation against the millions of francs for the war against ultra party has been every where Spain has been carried in the French warmly espressed. The Left side of chambers, but not without several in the chamber have absented themtemperate debates. In one of these, selves from the debates, not consiin the lower chamber, M. Manuel dering any act valid which may take having uttered some vehement re- place during the expulsion of a memmarks, in which he was considered, ber. It would appear to us, that in this though most unfairly, as justifying they are to blame; and the ultra party regicide, a general uproar ensued, and still more, in carrying matters to exthe sitting was obliged to be suspend- tremities, and particularly in not aled. The result was, that on a sub- lowing M. Manuel to make the explasequent day M. Manuel was expelled nation which he wished to make, and the chamber for the remainder of the which, judging from the remainder of session. The day after this vote he took the speech as it has been published his seat in the chamber with a party by himself, would have prevented of friends; and refused to retire till he all the subsequent proceedings which was dragged out at the command of have agitated 'France to its centre. He the president by the gendarmerie, the had only uttered half a sentence when National Guard having refused to he was interrupted: the second half execute the order. M. Manuel, and would have shewn that his meaning Mercier the Serjeant of the National was almost the reverse of what was Guard who declined obeying the order, attributed to him.-It cannot be denied

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