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widely extending the education of fe shewn powerfully the cause of the evils males in India and other parts of the East. of Ireland-namely, ignorance, through The importance of educating those who in want of education and religious knowa few years will be the chief instruments ledge. In the North of Ireland, where of forming the minds of another genera- all was order, and where discontent and tion, begins to be widely felt; and highly disloyalty scarcely existed, and disturbfavourable at present are the openings for ances were not thought of, the proportion effecting this great object. The native of the population under education was as prejudices in India are beginning to be one to twelve ; whilst in the South the shaken; and nothing seems wanting þut proportion was as one to 965! It was funds and perseverance to extend eventuale in the South (in Limerick, for instance, ly the blessings of education, under a wise where this darkness and want of educaand prudent system, to the extreme limits tion chiefly existed) that they heard of of our eastern possessions. Already has those constant insurrections, disturbances, one lady in particular, Miss Cooke, assist- midnight murders, and atrocities which ed in organizing fifteen female schools in made humanity shudder. The proportions Calcutta; and we strongly recommend which he had' mentioned gave also a disour readers to encourage the Church tinct idea of the relative temporal condiMissionary Society by their liberal con- tion of the two parts of the country. The tributions and exertions to pursue with remedy for all the evils which now afflictlarge hearts and aims the career now ed Ireland, was to give the population a providentially opened before them for be- religious education. Now what had been nefiting in this most essential manner the the course taken from the earliest times to vast population of India and its depen- promote religion in Ireland ? In the reign dencies and viciaage.
of Henry VIII. an Act of Parliament had A third and overwhelming topic of ge- been passed, enacting, that to convert the neral interest at these meetings has been Irish, two churches should be established the unhappy state of Ireland. The two from which the ministers should preach momentous subjects just mentioned are in to the wild’ and poor Irish in English. a great measure new to the public,and can be If no English preacher could be found, scarcely expected to have as yet made that why then they were to catch an Irishman wide and deep impression which we are per- to preach—the meeting would probably suaded will not long be wanting; indeed, suppose in Irish-No; it was enacted that it has already commenced with no slight the Irish should then be preached to in energy; but the case of Ireland is now Latin. This had been the course purfamiliarly known, and the necessity of dis- sued until Elizabeth ascended the throne. covering a radical cure for the maladies of She adopted the true and wise course of that unhappy country is every where ac- giving instruction to the Irish in their own knowledged. We are not insensible of the tongue, and actually had types founded weight due to suggestions of a political in the Irish character for the purpose of and judicial kind in reference to Ireland; distributing the Scriptures in the Irish but we most earnestly rejoice that the language ; but, unfortunately for Ireland, subject has begun to be widely viewed in the Jesuits obtained possession of the a still higher aspect. At the meeting of types, and conveyed them to France. The the Bible Society, Lord Harrowby strongly Irish still were suffered to go on in their pointed out the necessity of religious edu- ignorance, with scarcely one salutary effort cation, giving the Scriptures to the Irish to rescue them, until the arrival of Bishop in their own tongue, as the grand specific Bedel, who did so much honour to Enfor the maladies of Ireland. This just sen- gland, and to whom Ireland had so much timent has been reiterated in a variety of reason to be grateful. He printed a prayerreports and speeches; particularly in a most book in the Irish language, and became impressive speech by the Rev. R. Daly, master of the language of the people for at the Bible Society meeting. Mr. Daly de- the purpose of instructing them. But livered the following, among other state- beyond the exertions of this good man, ments on the subject.
very little had been done to instruct the “ He had in commission to express the unfortunate Irish in the only mode by obligations of the Sunday-school Society which instruction could be efficiently adin Ireland, for the copies of the Scriptures ministered—namely, in their own lanbestowed upon them. This Society had guage.- The Irish were superstitiously published an account of the comparative fond of their native tongue. It was the state of the numbers of the population under only vehicle by which instruction could be education : from this statement would be made attractive or palatable to them. But although there were more than two mil- obliging offer induced us to consider whelions of human beings who could only ther we ought not to avail ourselves of so speak or understand the Irish tongue, favourable an opportunity to convey the there was now scarcely a copy of the Gospel to the Marquesas. Nor did the Scriptures in the Irish tongue to be found. necessity we should be under of going He had sought among all the book-shops first to the Sandwich Islands, pain us ; but and stalls, and found only one copy, which we rather rejoiced in the prospect of seewas sold to him for 21. as a curiosity. The ing for ourselves the condition of those only effectual mode of remedying the con- islanders, and the state of the American dition of Ireland was by giving the people mission, which we learned had been estareligious instruction ; and this could only blished there. By the will of God, we be. communicated, to that portion which had a prosperous voyage; and, after a stood most in need of it, by teaching them month's sail, we came in sight of the in their own language."
islands. Our reception, by our brethren We will only add, that, amidst the mul- and sisters, the American missionaries, tiplied agency which is now in operation was most affectionate. Besides these for the benefit of the world, one predo- four families, there are two other missionminant feeling has been most apparent in ary families, on the neighbouring island of the reports and speeches at these meetings Atooi. The way was opened, for the admis-that the work of regenerating human sion of missionaries here, in a remarkable society can prove successful only under the
manner: Divine Providence having insacred influences of that Divine Being, duced the King, Rehoreho, (in consequence without whom "nothing is strong, no- of what he had been informed had taken thing is holy.” May this devout feeling place in Otaheite, &c.) to cause the idols of mind increase from year to year ; pow- and morais of these islands to be destroyed, erfully pervading every Christian mind, just before our friends came. As their yet far from any approach to whatever is
entrance upon the islands was providensuperstitious or enthusiastic, or would wi- tially facilitated, so their establishment ther the hand of strenuous exertion by here is very comfortable. They have the consounding the silent and ordinary with approbation of the King and the principal the miraculous agency of the Spirit of all Chiefs; and have been used to have one grace and truth.
service in the chapel on Lord's-day, and
one evening service in the course of the PROGRESS OF CHRISTIANITY IN week. An unpleasant circumstance arose
THE SOUTH-SEA ISLANDS. which at once cut us offfrom all expectation The encouraging progress of Christianity of visiting the Marquesas, and placed at an in the Society Islands seems likely to be indefinite distance our possible return to followed up with perhaps equally delight Huaheine. ful results in the Sandwich Islands, where “From our first reaching these islands, the population is considered to be five they appeared to us to present a missiontimes greater than in the former group. ary field of the first magnitude, and of the The following extracts from a letter to the greatest promise ; and while lying at Directors of the London Missionary So- Owhyhee, before we saw our missionary ciety, will exhibit, in a pleasing manner, friends here, we frequently said to each the circumstances attending this new and other, Would God, that missionaries unexpected opening for Christian missions.
were here, to speak to these people, of The letter is dated Honarooroo, in Woa- the wonderful works and the grace of Jehoo, one of the Sandwich Islands, near hovah in their own language !' Whilst Owhyhee, 10th August, 1822.
we were at Owhyhee, the chief of that “ His Britannic Majesty's cutter the fine island and many others greatly deMermaid, from New Holland, called at sired that the pious natives who had come Huaheine, in February 1822, where we with us, and Mr. Ellis, would remain in had then been six or seven weeks. The these islands, to teach them the good cutter was on its way to the Sandwich Book, and all the good things which had Islands, to convey a schooner, as a present been learned in the Society Islands." from George IV. to the King of those When we reached this island, many exislands. Captain Kent offered a free pas- pressed the same wishes. Auna (which sage to us and a missionary, and a few is the name of one of the excellent natives, to the Sandwich Islands, and to deacons of Huaheine) and his wife have the Marquesas, at which he said he in- been teaching the Queen's household, tended to touch on his return; and said which is large, many useful things, and he would bring us back to Huaheine. His also praying with them, morning and
evening. They brought a message from they all said it was mailai (good) to learn the King and Queen of Atooi and many these things, and to worship Jehovah; chiefs ; which was, that Auna and his and that as soon as the King told them wife might stay here, and teach them and to do go, they would all come to learn. the people to read and to write, &c., and At one place (Varua) we were kindly to worship Jehovah. Also, that Mr. Ellis received and hospitably entertained by an would go, and fetch his wife and children, intelligent chief, who was one of the printo settle here as a missionary, to teach them cipal priests of the abolished system. He all good things.
made many inquiries about the nature of “ We quickly invited our American this new religion, and proposed some brethren to a consultation. Auna related difficulties for solution. Among other before them what he had previously told questions, he asked whether Jehovah us, and we desired their sentiments freely. could understand if they prayed to him Our missionary friends unanimously de- in Owhyeean, or whether they must all clared their opinion, that the thing was learn English. When he had received from God; that, at present, there appeared answers which appeared to satisfy him, he a decisive indication, that Mr. Ellis and said it was maitai (good), and he was ready the Tahitians should enter this missionary
to receive instruction, and to worship Jefield; and that if, after due deliberation, hovah, as soon as Rehoreho (the King) inquiry, and prayer, it should continue to should order it. All seems to hang on appear so, they should rejoice to receive the word of the King. The goverument them as brethren.
of these islands is an absolute monarchy: - “Mr. Ellis has composed four hymns, there is no law but the King's will. The in the Owhyeean language, which are sung
King (Rehoreho) says that by-and-by he in the chapel. You will hardly be able to will tell his people that they must all learn conceive the delight we had in hearing the good word, and worship Jehovah ; but these people, for the first time, uniting to
that the missionaries must teach him first, sing the praises of Jehovah in their own and get well acquainted with the Owhyeean tongue! A scene of great usefulness ap- language. Two weeks ago the names of pears to be opening here. One, indeed, twelve persons were given in, who appear: of greater interest and importance, than to be sincerely attached to the word of that which is presented by the Sandwich God; so that ere long we hope the adIslands, could scarcely be found. A group ministration of Christian baptism to the of twelve or thirteen fine fertile islands, natives will commence. in one of the most delightful climates per- “ We trust you will desire our Chriskaps any where to be met with, rising tian brethren and sisters in Britain to rapidly into consequence as places at which unite with us in thanksgiving to God for vessels may refresh in passing from the this remarkable opening for still more exwestern side of the new world to the tensive missionary influence; and in eareastern parts of the old world, and as the nest prayer for the Divine blessing upon the port for repairs and refreshments to great joint efforts of the American and English numbers of Pacific-Ocean whalers ; having missionaries in these islands, that the prealso a population of above 200,000 inhabi sent most promising appearances may be tants, must have great importance as a abundantly realized.” missionary field.
In a postscript, it is added : “We made a tour round the greater part
“ The King's decision is made in favour of this beautiful island, accompanied by of the Gospel! He, his queens, and chiefs our missionary friend, Mr.Bingham, and a
are all learning from day to day. Two messenger from the King, and were every days ago the chapel overflowed with all where received with the greatest kindness, the royalty and other dignity which these both by chiefs and people. While we
islands afford. All connected with the deeply mourned over the deplorable state mission are fully employed in commuof ignorance, vice, and wretchedness, in nicating instruction in reading and writing which we found the people of all ranks, to kings, queens, and chiefs, old and we could not but rejoice at the readinéss young. Verily Jehovah is a God hearing we every where found to listen to the and answering prayer! 'O for grace and Gospel, which was addressed to various wisdom to all concerned, rightly to imåssemblies; sometimes within a house, prove this remarkable providence !” sometimes under a tree, or in the shade of a rock. We did not find any native
MORAVIAN MISSIONS. who had the least notion who it was that An auxiliary association has been lately made the sea, the sky, or themselves; but formed in Bristol, in connexion with the CHRIST. OBSERV. No. 257.
London Association in aid of the Missions must long since have relinquished a great of the United Brethren. Auxiliary asso- part of its missionary stations, and yielded ciations had been already formed at Liver- up these Christian inclosures a prey to the pool, Leeds, and Hull; and an encou- powers of darkness, but for the sponraging, but by no means adequate, mea- taneous bounty of benevolent friends, sure of assistance has been rendered to chiefly in England and Scotland, by whose these invaluable missions. The Com- aid and exertions upwards of 40001. per mittee of the Bristol Association have cir- annum have been collected in aid of the culated the following statements.
missionary fund. Still an annual sum of “ In thirty-three missionary stations- 20001. remains to be provided for ; to in Greenland, Labrador, North America, which are to be added unliquidated defithe West Indies, Surinam, South Africa, ciencies of former years; and, during the and Tartary—there are about 32,000 present year, this defieiency has been conChristian converts, under the care of 168 siderably augmented, owing to the dreadmissionaries ; whose attention is not, how- ful devastations produced by hurricanes ever, exclusively confined to them, for on two of the South-African stations.” they also preach the Gospel to many thousands of the heathen in their respective SOCIETY FOR THE PROPAGAvicinities. The direct expense of all these TION OF THE GOSPEL. stations amounted, in 1820, to 66771. 9s. At a very numerous and respectable 9d., a sum incredibly small in proportion meeting of the Bath District Society for to the magnitude and extent of the good the Propagation of the Gospel in Foreign. effected. But there were arrears and Parts, the following very important ad. contingencies to be added, partly for the dress was proposed and unanimously carmaintenance of aged missionaries worn 'ried. out in the service, or of the widows of de- “ We, the undersigned, incorporated, conceased missionaries, or for the education tributing, and associated Members of of their children: these arrears, when the Society for the Propagation of the added to the preceding sum, produced a Gospel in Foreign Parts, being astotal of 94311. 17s. Ild.
sembled in the Guildhall of the city “ The smallness of the expenditure is of Bath, on Tuesday, April 29, 1823, to be accounted for, not merely by the to celebrate our District Anniversary, rigid economy and the self-denying habits do unanimously resolve to present the of the missionaries, but also by the gra- following Address to our Parent Board tifying fact, that, in some of the stations, in London :trades, or manufactures, carried on under “ Being deeply impressed with a sense the superintendence of the brethren, have of the many signal advantages which have been so productive as nearly to cover the resulted from the past exertions of this whole of the expenses. In the Danish Society to several of the plantations, coloWest-India islands, containing 12,000 nies, and factories belonging to the British Negro converts, the missionaries have ex- empire, and being more particularly senerted themselves so effectually as even to sible of its recent services when the quesremit 750L during the year 1820 toward tion of an ecclesiastical establishment for the maintenance of other missions. India came before the Legislature, we are
“The congregations of the Brethren, on the more desirous of recording our senthe continent and elsewhere, amount not, timents as to that which appears to us on an average, to more than 8000 per- the duty of this Society, at the present sons, and these chiefly belong to the moment, with respect to our West-India humbler classes of society, so that their colonies, means of contributing to this expenditure “ As it is generally understood that are very small: yet they were able to questions of great importance relative meet it, in a great measure, until the to these colonies are shortly to engage difficulties and devastations attendant on the attention of Parliament, we are dethe late war had so impoverished the cidedly of opinion, that this is the proper continental congregations, as to throw time for calling the attention of his Mathe burden almost exclusively on those of jesty's Government towards the expediGreat Britain. With every effort, how- ency of forming a regular ecclesiastical ever, on their part, they are not able to establishment for these colonies, similar raise above 20001. per annum ; less than a to that which has lately been given to fourth part of the whole annual expense. our Eastern empire. When we consider The Society labours, in consequerce, under the peculiar circumstances of these islands, heavy pecuniary embarrassments, and we are persuaded that motives of sound policy, not less than those of Christian if approved, to continue them with him, duty and benevolence, concur to recom- unless sent to one of the universities, till mend this proposal, both as it regards the ready to be offered as candidates for holy English colonists and the Negroes, a pro- orders. It is an obvious defect in this posal to which we rejoice to think that course, that the Committee and officers no suspicion of endangering the property of the Society can have but an imperfect or security of the colonies can attach. By acquaintance with the character of the thus imparting the blessings of Christian- missionary ; and the advantages connected ity and civilization, the feelings of grati- with mutual knowledge in their future titude and good will may be mutually en- correspondence are consequently in a great gendered; and we may finally hope to see measure lost : neither are such opportuthe heathen slave exalted into the Chris- nities afforded by this course for the chatian servant.
racter of the candidate to develop itself, “We are persuaded that this object, as more constant intercourse with other if it can be obtained, will open a new har- missionary students would furnish ; nor vest for our Society's labours; and that can those means of instruction and immany and splendid as are the achieve. provement be so well supplied, with rements which distinguish the present reign, ference to the students who do not go to there will be none for real glory to com- college, in small and insulated circles, as pare with that of its having communicated may be brought into action when a larger the benefits of the English
Church both to number are collected together. The duty the Eastern and Western Hemispheres.” of adopting the best practicable system of
We must forbear at present entering preparation for the Society's missionaries on the many momentous points which is obvious : advantages are afforded for arise from the consideration of this ad- this object by the vicinity of the metrodress. We shall have other opportunities polis, which cannot be elsewhere secured: of alluding to the subject; but we cannot means, for example, of acquiring from forbear expressing our gratitude to God, living instructors the elements of various that, in this and so many other quarters, heathen languages are thereby offered, the spiritual welfare of our fellow-subjects which may obviate much of the evil arisin the West Indies, without distinctioning from the early application of misof name or colour, is beginning to be sionaries to that object in debilitating and so zealously and judiciously supported. unhealthy climates. A further advantage Earnestly shall we rejoice to see the will be obtained, the importance of which great weight and influence of the Society has been strongly represented to the Comfor the Propagation of the Gospel, and of mittee by several friends of the Society all our other religious and charitable in- who have returned from India; which stitutions, duly exerted in promoting the is, that the capacity or incapacity of a best interests and welfare of this important student to acquire the requisite languages branch of his Majesty's dominions. may be thus ascertained, before the ex
pense of sending him abroad shall be inCHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY. curred.
The Committee of the Church Mis- “ In contemplation of these and other sionary Society have circulated an address, advantages, the Committee have availed of which the following is the substance. themselves of an opportunity to purchase
“Of all parts of the Society's proceed- a house and an eligible piece of land in ings, the preparation of suitable mission- the parish of Islington. A special Comaries is confessedly one of the most im- mittee having been appointed to consider portant. On them, under the Divine the best mode of rendering these premises blessing, depend all the hopes of the So- available for the purposes of the Society, ciety for the attainment of its objects. In it appears, on an examination of the numthe choice and preparation of missionaries, ber of students and missionaries likely to the Committee have hitherto availed them- be brought together, that an average of selves of the best means in their power; not less than twenty should be taken ; for but these means are becoming so inade- whom, together with the necessary teachquate to the increasing wants of the mis- ers, suitable apartments must be prosions, that the Committee have found it vided : with these apartments must be requisite to adopt some more efficient connected a hall or common dining room ; measures. In the choice of students, it and a lecture room, which might also has been their usual practice to place serve for a library. The buildings at prethem with a clergyman for six months, sent on the premises may be rendered on probation ; and, in their preparation available to the objects for which the pur