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chase was made : but other buildings will rigible or at their own request. The rest be required, and for these the grouud remain offers a very eligible site.
Temporary assistance has been affordi « In contemplation of the opening of a ed to 55 persons, who did not require separate subscription for the attainment admission into the establishment. A of the proposed object, the Committee temporary refuge is also provided, to have advanced about 25001. for the pur- which, on the payment of 7s. per week, chase of the premises in their present the Committee of this, and of the Mendistate: but as the regular income of the city and Prison Discipline Societies, may Society is barely sufficient to meet the send objects as candidates for the esta current demands of the various missions, blishment : 120 persons (70 males and the Committee hope to be enabled to 50 females) · have been thus admitted replace this sum for the general use of during the past year. the missions. The sum required for the All the objects are daily taught to read necessary alteration of the present build- and understand the Scriptures; and to ings, together with the erection of such make them the rule of their life and new structure as is found requisite, fur- conduet. · The Sabbath is particularly nishing the whole, and replacing the employed in Divine worship and religious money advanced, will not exceed 10,000/ instruction, The Committee are satisfied, not only The employments of the females are that the preparation of the Society's mis- chiefly washing and household work. The sionaries will be rendered more efficient males are employed in tailoring, shoeby means of this institution, but that the making, book-binding, cutting wood, &c. annual charge of such preparation will be according to their capacities. very considerably diminished. They have no doubt, therefore, that on this repre- LONDON ANTI-SLAVERY SOsentation of the facts of the case to the
CIETY. Society's members and friends, the requi- The Committee of the London Society site sum will be cheerfully contributed. for mitigating and gradually abolishing Benefactions in aid of the proposed plan the State of Slavery throughout the Briwill be thankfully received at the house tish Dominions, understanding that a of the Society, and by the members of the strong and very general desire prevails, parent and local committees,"
in all parts of the country, to be furnished
with a compendious view of the nature REFUGE FOR THE DESTITUTE. and effects of Negro Slavery, as it exists : The object of this institution is to pro- in the Colonies of Great Britain, have vide a place of refuge and reformation for circulated the following summary of inpersons discharged from prisons or the formation on that subject. Surely no hulks ; for unfortunate deserted females Christian, no person of common humaand others,who, though willing to work, are nity, can read these affecting statements - unable, from loss of character, to earn an without wishing to co-operate in the behonest maintenance. During the seventeen nevolent efforts of the Society. years from its establishment (in 1805) the “In the colonies of Great Britain there means of returning from the ways of vice are at this moment upwards of 800,000 and misery, have been afforded to more human beings in a state of degrading perthan 1600 persons of both sexes, who sonal slavery. would otherwise probably have been left “ These unhappy persons, whether to perish in the depths of crime, want, and young or old, male or female, are the despair.
absolute property of their master, who There are two distinct establishments may sell or transfer them at his pleasure, -for males and females. During the last and who may also regulate according to year 50 males have been received in addi- his discretion (within certain limits) the tion to 60 previously in the house. Of measure of their labour, their food, and these, 18 have been restored to their their punishment. friends, and 16 put out to service or to Many of the slaves are (and all may trades: I has died, and 7 have been ex- be) branded by means of a hot iron, on pelled or have withdrawn. The rest re- the shoulder or other conspicuous part of main. In the female establishment, 62 the body, with the initials of their master's have been admitted in addition to 58 be- name, and thus bear about them, in indefore in the house. Of these 31 have been lible characters, the proof of their debased put out to service, 19 restored to their and servile state. friends, and 11 discharged, either as incor- “ The slaves, whether male or female,
are driven to hard labour by the impulse struction, as well as the absence of any of the cart-whip, for the sole benefit of marriage tie, is, that the most unretheir owners, from whom they receive strained licentiousness, (exhibited in a dewages ; and this labour is continued, grading, disgusting, and depopulating pro(with certain intermissions for breakfast miscuous intercourse,) prevails almost and dinner,) from morning to night, universally among the slaves; and is enthroughout the year.
couraged, no less universally, by the de“ In the season of crop, which lasts baucheries of their superiors the Whites. for four or five months of the year, their “ The evidence of slaves is not ad. labour is protracted not only throughout mitted by the colonial courts, in any civil the day, as at other times, but during or criminal case affecting a person of free either half the night, or the whole of condition. If a White man, therefore, every alternate night.
perpetrates the most atrocious acts of bar“ Besides being made to work under barity, in the presence of slaves only, the the lash, without wages, during six days injured party is left without any means of of the week, the slaves are further obliged redress. to labour for their own maintenance on “ In none of the colonies of Great that day which ought to be devoted to Britain, have those legal facilities been repose and religious instruction. And as afforded to the slave to purchase his own that is also their only market-day, it follows, freedom, which have produced such exthat · Sunday shines no Sabbath-day to tensively beneficial effects in the colonial them,' but is of necessity a day of worldly possessions of Spain and Portugal, where occupation, and much bodily exertion. the slaves have been manumitted in large
“ The colonial laws arm the master, or numbers, not only without injury, but any one to whom he may delegate his with benefit to the master, and with deauthority, with a power to punish his cided advantage to the public peace and slaves to a certain extent, without the in- safety. On the contrary, in many of our tervention of the magistrate, and without colonies, even the voluntary manumission any responsibility for the use of this tre- of slaves by their masters is obstructed, mendous discretion; and to that extent and in some rendered nearly impossible, he may punish them for any offence, or by large fines. for no offence. These discretionary pu- “ It is an universal principle of colonial nishments are usually inflicted on the law, that all Black or Coloured persons naked body with the cart whip, an instru- are presumed and taken to be slaves, unment of dreadful severity, which cruelly less they can legally prove the contrary. lacerates the flesh of the sufferer. Even The liberty, therefore, even of free perthe unhappy females are equally liable with sons is thus often greatly endangered, the men to have their persons thus shame- and sometimes lost. They are liable to lessly exposed and barbarously tortured at be apprehended as runaway slaves; and the caprice of their master or overseer. they are further liable, as such, to be sold
“ The slaves being regarded in the eye into endless bondage, if they fail to do of the law as mere chattels, they are lia- that which, though free, nay, though born ble to be seized in execution for their perhaps in Great Britain itself, they may master's debts, and, without any regard be unable to do,-namely, to establish the to the family ties which may be broken fact of their freedom by such evidence as by this oppressive and merciless process, the colonial laws require. to be sold by auction to the highest bidder, " Let it be remembered also, that many who may remove them to a distant part thousand infants are annually born within of the same colony, or even exile them to the British dominions to no inheritance another colony.
but that of the hapless, hopeless, servitude “ Marriage, that blessing of civilized which has been described; and the geand even of savage life, is protected in neral oppressiveness of which might be the case of the slaves by no legal sanction. inferred from this striking and most op.It cannot be said to exist among them. probrious fact alone, that, while in the Those, therefore, who live together as man United States of America the slaves inand wife, are liable to be separated by the crease rapidly, there is, even now, in the caprice of their master, or by sale for the British colonies, no increase, but, on the satisfaction of his creditors.
.contrary, a diminution of their numbers. “ The slaves in general have little or “ Such are some of the more prominent no access to the means of Christian in- features of Negro Slavery, as it exists in struction.
the colonies of Great Britain. Revolting " The effect of the want of such in- as - they are, they form only a part of those circumstances of wretchedness and tained that the certain result of that mean degradation which might be pointed out sure would be the rapid mitigation and as characterizing that unhappy state of final extinction of the colonial bondage being.
which had sprung from it, and which in * Confining, however, our view to the its principle is equally indefensible: particulars which have been specified, “ Sixteen years, however, have now every enlightened Christian, nay every elapsed since the British Slave-Trade was reasonable man, must allow that it is a case abolished; but, during that long period, which calls loudly for interference. Is it no effectual steps have been taken, either possible that any free-born Briton should in this country or in the colonies, for micontemplate such a state of things, with- tigating the rigours of Negro bondage, or out the liveliest emotions of shame and for putting an end to a condition of society grief and indignation; or that, satisfied which so grievously outrages every feel_ with the recollection of his own comforts, ing of humanity, while it violates every he should refuse to listen to the cry of recognized principle both of the British the wretched Negro ? These things being constitution and of the Christian religion. made known to us, we are bound without “ The Government and Legislature of hesitation or delay to come forward and this country have on various occasions, address our earnest petitions to the Legis- and in the most solemn and unequivocal lature, that a remedy may be applied to terms, denounced the Slave Trade as im such enortrous evils, and that our country moral, inhuman, and unjust; but the lemay be delivered from the guilt of par- gal perpetuation of that state of slavery, ticipating in a system so fraught with the which has been produced by it, is, surely, grossest injustice and oppression to hun- in its principle, no less immoral, inhuman, dreds of thousands of our fellow-subjects. and unjust, than the trade itself.
“It will hardly be alleged, that any man Notwithstanding those solemn denmi can have a RIGHT to retain his fellow-crea- ciations, thousands of children are still antures in a state so miserable and degrading nually born SLAVEs within the British domias has been described. And the absence nions,and upwards of 800,000 of our fellow of such RIGHT will be still more apparent, creatures (the victims of the Slave Trade, if we consider how these slaves were ori- or descended from its victims,) are still reginally obtained. · They, or their parents, tained in the same state of brutal depres were the victims of the Slave Trade. sion. They are still driven like cattle to They were obtained, not by any lawful their uncompensated toil by the impulse of means, or under any colourable pretext, the lash. They are still exposed to severe but by the most undisguised rapine, and and arbitrary punishments. They are the most atrocious fraud. Torn from their still bought and sold as mercharidize. homes and from every dear relation in They are still denied the blessings of the life, barbarously manacled, driven like marriage tiè, and of the Christian Sabbath. herds of cattle to the sea-shore, crowded And, in a variety of other respects, they into the pestilential holds of slave-ships, continue to be an oppressed and degraded they were transported to our colonies, and race, without any adequate participation there sold into interminable bondage. in the civil privileges, or in the religious
“Great Britain, it is true, has abolished advantagcs, to which, as British subjects, her African Slave-Trade, and branded it they are unquestionably entitled. as felony; and it is impossible to reflect “Even if it were admitted, that inconvé without exultation on that great act of nience might have arisen from immediatenational justice.
ly relaxing the bonds of the actual victims “ The grateful acknowledgments of the of the Slave Trade, or of their adult de country are also due to the Government, scendants, yet no satisfactory reason can for their persevering efforts to induce other be assigned, why, since the abolition of nations to follow the same course, and that trade, the children of those who thus to rescue Africa from the desolating we proclaimed to have been unjustly deeffects of the Slave Trade. Those efforts, prived of their liberty should continue to though hitherto unattended with all the inherit the unhappy condition of their success they merit, it is hoped, will be parents. strenuously and unremittingly continued, “It is by no means intended to attribute until that nefarious traffic shall be de the existence and continuance of this most clared PIRACY by the concurrent voice of opprobrious system to our Colonists' exall nations.
clusively. On the contrary, the guilt and “When the British Slave-Trade was abo- shame arising from it belong mainly to lished, a confident expectation was enter- the people and parliament of this country. But on that very account are we the more slave-owner as it is cruel and oppressive to rigidly bound to lose no time in investi- the slave; and that its abolition, instead gating the state of colonial bondage, and of proving an injury to either, will prove in adopting such measures as shall bring an unspeakable benefit to both. it to the earliest termination which is com- The Colonists say, that they shall suspatible with the well-being of the parties tain a great actual loss by the proposed who sustain its grievous yoke.
change of system. If so, they will of course “But besides our paramount and indis- have an opportunity of preferring and espensable obligations, on moral and reli- tablishing their claim to indemnity. But gious grounds, to relieve our colonial whatever the extent of that claim may be bondsmen from the cruel and degrading proved to be, it is obvious that it attaches state to which we have reduced them, and not to the Negro bondsman, but to the to remedy as far as we can the numberless British nation. It would be repugnant to, wrongs of which we have been the crimi- every idea of equity, if we were to disnal authors; it is further due to the cha- charge any debt we may owe to the Coloracter of Great Britain, in the eyes of fo- nists, not from our own resources, but reign nations, that we should act agree with the toil and sweat and blood of our ably to the principles which, in our dis- African brethren. cussions with them relative to the African “ But, in whatever degree it may be Slave-Trade, we have professed to make found necessary to indemnify the Colothe basis of our representations. It would nists for any loss which may arise to them be vain to expect that they should regard from the abolition of Negro Slavery; yet, those professions as otherwise than insin- while that state of society continues uncere, or that they should defer to our re- changed, there will be an insuperable obpresentations, however urgent, if we exhi- jection in the mind of every conscientious bit in our own conduct the glaring incon- individual to the adoption of any measures sistency of sanctioning as legal, in our own of pecuniary relief, by means of protecting dominions, practices of the very same na- duties or bounties on their produce, or ture, in effect, with those which we repro- otherwise; because it is obvious that such bate and denounce as immoral, inhuman, measures, however modified, would inand unjust, when they occur on the coast volve the people of this country in the of Africa.
farther guilt of upholding a system which, , “ It is therefore our clear and indisputa- when the facts of the case are known, it ble duty completely to reform our present is impossible not to feel to be utterly recolonial system, even if it should require pugnant to the principles of justice and large pecuniary sacrifice to accomplish humanity, and to the whole spirit of that object. But the proposed change,
Christianity. ve believe, is prescribed to us, not more “ In any event, it is hoped, that this by moral and religious principle than by momentous subject will be taken into the the soundest views of political expe- earliest consideration of Parliament, with diency. In the present advanced state of the view of providing an effectual remedy knowledge, it can no longer be a question for the evils of colonial bondage, and raisthat the labour of slaves is much less pro- ing the unhappy subjects of it from their fitable than that of freemen, and that it present state of wretchedness and degracan only be supported at a very heavy dation, to the enjoyment of the blessings expense to the community at large. In of civil freedom and religious light : and proof of this, it will be sufficient to ad. it appears the unquestionable duty of the duce the protecting duties and bounties friends of humanity, in all parts of the afforded to the growers of sugar in the kingdom, to address their early and earWest Indies; and without which they de- nest petitions to the Legislature for that clare it would be impossible for them to purpose.” continue its culture. Indeed, we are per- Donations or annual subscriptions, in suaded that no institution which is di- aid of the Society's object, are received rectly at variance with the will of the Su- by Samuel Hoare, Esq. Treasurer to the preme Governor of the Universe can Society, No. 62, Lombard Street; and at prove a source of permanent advantage Messrs. Drummond's, Bankers, Charing either to nations or individuals. And, in Cross. the present case, it might be clearly de- Communications may be addressed to monstated, that the personal slavery which the Committee, of the Society, at No. 18, deforms the face of society in the British Aldermanbury; or at Messrs. Hatchard's, colonies, and stains the British character No. 187, Piccadilly, London. is as detrimental to the interests of the
VIEW OF PUBLIC AFFAIRS.
are yet in store. The arrival of the ŞVAIN.—The French invaders have not invaders at Madrid may probably be made the rapid advances which had the sigual for all parties to declare been generally expecied; though very their intentions; and especially forlittle active resistance has been hi- the Spanish Generals to begin their, therto offered by the Spaniards to active operations. We await these, their progress. Pampeluna and St. events with no small anxiety. A ruSebastian continue to hold out; but mour indeed is afloat, but requires this has not prevented the duc d'An- confirmation, that the Spanish Genegoulême pursuing his advance towards ral, Mina, had already interposed his the capital. On the 9th of May his corps between the invaders and the head quarters were at Burgos : hence French frontier. his army pushed on to Valladolid ; and no serious obstacle appeared in the
DOMESTIC. way of his arriving at Madrid before The conduct of our government rethe close of the month. Saragossa specting the interference of France has heen taken, having been aban- with Spain has been very warmly doned by the Spanish troops. While canvassed in both houses of parliathe western and central portions of the ment. In the House of Lords, Lord invading army have been thus occu- Ellenborough brought forward a mopied. Marshal Moncey has entered tion for an address to the Crown exthe country on the east. The town pressive of the opinion of the House, of Rosas was readily occupied ; and that the line of proceeding taken by Figueras had been summoned, but ministers in the late negociations was continued to hold out. Mollitor's not calculated 10 avert a war; that the corps occupies the south of Catalonia; attempt to effect a change in the Spaso that the whole country north of the mish Constitution was unbecoming the Ebro, with the exceptions just men- character of the British Government; tioned, as well as a purtion south of and that no reliance was to be placed that river, in the direction of the duc upon the forbearance of France from d'Angouléme's march, were in posses- views of aggrandisement. The resosion of the enemy. The slow advance lution was superseded, after a long of the French bas been allributed by debate, by an amendment applauding runjour 10 some pending negotiations the conduct of ministers.-In the between the belligerents : but other House of Commous the subject was circumstances may also account for discussed at great length, in a debate it; and not least, the fear of the duc continued by adjournments from Mond'Angoulême's being too far separated day evening to Wednesday, and which from the eastern part of the army, and did not conclude till Thursday mornalso of his supplies from France being ing. In the course of this memorable cut off. The Spanish Generals are debate, almost all the members who slated to have been endeavouring to are accustomed to address the IIouse get to the north of Moncey; and ef- delivered their sentiments. Among forts are in progress for forming strong inany minor divisions of opinion, we guerilla parties, to scour the whole are happy to find that all the speakers, country between the Pyrenees and with two or three exceptions, conthe Ebro, and every where north of curred in opinion as to the duty of not the enemy's march, to intercept com- plunging this country into a state of munications and supplies. The real warfare, so long as it can be honourfeelings of the Spanish people can at ably avoided. But with regard to the present be only conjectured: they cer- sentiments entertained respecting the tainly do not seem have hitherto unjust aggression of France, there was generally roused themselves to an en- no diversity of sentiment; all conthusiasm worthy of the occasion; but curred in reprobatinig, with more or as yielding before the stream was a less severity, the conduct of that gopart of the plan of operations laid vernment. The debate arose out of a down for the conduct of the campaign, inotion of Mr Macdonald's, censuring it is not certain that no energetic deuds ministers for not having 'made the